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Proposal of an Operations Strategy Formulation in PT ABC Djunaedi, Arie Rachmadi; Yudoko, Gatot
The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration Vol 2, No 11 (2013)
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration

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Abstract

ABC is a heavy-duty equipment and support equipment assembler, provides chrome plating and engineering solution. Problems in the development of the company is how to increase the production in each production line. Constraints incurred in the company due to non optimal operation performance system. This is an obstacle for the company to expand its business. That problem causes difficulties for the company in determining the long-term strategic plan. Evolving business issues will be discussed through strategic audit that is expected could achieve strategic fit. The discussion includes the current situation of the company, corporate governance, external environment, internal environment, and strategic analysis. Constraints on the performance of the operation will be solved by formulating operations strategy. Ability to carry out operations management requires performance measurement. Measurement in meeting customer needs includes productivity, efficiency, effectiveness, and health and safety workplace. Measurement is fundamental to know the capabilities. Thus the company will know the capacity and productivity of the plant. The ability to recognize this capacity will be a fundamental consideration of the company in making a  development strategy decision to achieve long-term targets. Changes will occur in the basic  performance records, knowledge of the exact production capacity, also in opportunities to make working methods improvement and an appropriate investment. By knowing the production capacity accurately, the coordination of each division in achieving target will be synergic. Holistic measurement of corporate performance can be started by this basic measurement. Key Words: operation strategy, capacity, productivity, measurement
Proposed Corporate Strategy of PT. Pikiran Rakyat Bandung Noezar, Firra Astria; Yudoko, Gatot
The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration Vol 2, No 14 (2013)
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration

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Abstract

PT. Pikiran Rakyat Bandung (PT. PRB) is a region-level conventional newspaper company positioned on the 8th biggest market share of newspaper in Indonesia with 5.89% market share in year 2005. Today, the using of mobile phone and internet has risen to 62% and 42%. Indonesians are expected to be very responsive to the development of gadget and internet. This era is feared by PT. PRB can bring down the company. One of the symptoms is the decreasing of the revenue from year 2010-2012 by 1.4% in year 2011 and 3.12% in year 2012. The company has intention to do early precautionary strategy before the decreasing goes too far. Methodology in this final project is by evaluating the external and internal environment in order to get the SWOT. From the SWOT, corporate strategy can be created using TOWS matrix and Grand Selection Matrix. The building of the Grand Selection Matrix is supported by IFAS and EFAS table. After generating the corporate strategy, evaluation is done using cost and benefit analysis. Using the method above, it is found that the score of IFAS and EFAS are 2.21 and 2.00 respectively. Therefore, it is located in the third quadrant which is retrenchment strategy. The cost and benefit analysis resulting weighted score of 1.63 for conglomerate diversification which is the best solution for the company. To implement the strategy there are several actions should be done in 5 years of time horizon. Keywords: Internal Analysis, External Analysis, Strategy Formulation, Corporate Strategy, Information Industry, Newspaper Business
Optimizing Spare Parts Procurement to Enhance Plant Availability Triwidodo, Stepanus Ady; Yudoko, Gatot
The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration Vol 2, No 15 (2013)
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration

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Abstract

During operation all equipments in Plant need spare part to replace its damage element to maintain Plant Availability. Variation in spare part, spare part’s life service, and procurement lead time tend to increase number of spare part request. On the other hand, huge number of inventories has no direct correlation with plant availability as the fact that many break-down equipment need extended repair time due to unavailable spare part. Inventory also became main topic on company performance especially on financial side. This paper will discuss spare part procurement method on Steel Making Plant that projected able to maintain and increase Plant Availability and concern to inventory level. The working method started by spare part classification, inventory policy for each spare part classification, and procurement method. Spare part classification according to three mains criteria, which are: usage value, critically, and usage frequency. Spare part will divide by 27 different classes to decide inventory policy. These are three inventory policies:  with-out stock, one piece stock, and more pieces stock. Spare part procurement method should able to support defined inventory policy and concern to vendor availability. There are some spare part procurements method alternatives that have individually strong and weak point.  For evaluate spare part procurement method use “Kepner-Tregoe Decision Analysis” and to analyze potential problem that may rise from chossen procurement method is “Adverse Consequences”. Keywords: spare part, equipment availability, inventory, spare part classification, inventory policy, spare part procurement method.
Strategy Formulation Of PT. Ajisaka Destar Utama Hardi, Krisna Uvala; Yudoko, Gatot
The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration Vol 2, No 10 (2013)
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration

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Abstract

PT Ajisaka Destar Utama (PT. ADU) is one of Indonesian leading company in survey mapping industry. Further, the entrance of newcomers and the possibility of politic and economic instability will be a challenge for the company in the future. PT. ADU needs to have a strategy that will help the company reach its vision. The formulation of strategy started from external and internal environment using PESTEL and Porter’s Five Forces Analysis, Value Chain Analysis and Resource Based View Analysis. The information from external and internal environment analysis then used to generate strategy alternatives. The company needs to a vision, mission and values in order to align the strategy to their vision, mission and values. After stating their vision, mission and values, the company can choose the strategy starting from corporate level strategy until functional level strategy. In conclusion, PT. ADU currently has competitive advantage in the industry, but the company needs to prepare for the future challenge. Through analysis of the company’s environment, there is several strategy alternatives can be chosen by the company to achieve their dream in the future. Keywords: Survey Mapping, Strategy Formulation, Vision, Mission, Values, Corporate Strategy, Business Strategy, Functional Strategy
Review of Hydraulic Equipment Maintance Strategy to Reduce Oil Consumption Cost in Hot Strip Mill PT KS Suwarto, Agus; Yudoko, Gatot
The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration Vol 2, No 15 (2013)
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration

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Abstract

Currently, every company should do efficiency to reduce the production cost in order to increase it product competitiveness in both local and international market. Maintenance activity cost is the one of management concern to reduce without sacrificing the reliability of equipment and machine performance. The average lubricant usage cost in Hot Strip Mill PT. KS is Rp 1.149.464.558,- per-month or total Rp 13.793.574.699,- for year 2011, and this is a serious problem because it tends to increase every year. There are many kinds of lubricants (oil and grease) which are used in Hot Strip Mill PT. Krakatau Steel as bearing lubrication system, gear lubrication system and as fluid media in hydraulic system to move the equipment with heavy load. To reduce the lubricant cost is by doing identification of hydraulic equipment which is using the biggest of oil consumption cost for Rp 3.287.476.000,- per-year. Because there are some hydraulic system in Hot Strip Mill, therefore the research is focusing on hydraulic system in Finishing Mill area which is the biggest contributor on oil consumption by 825.691.647,- per-year.The main cause of high oil consumption cost is leakage on hydraulic hose and hydraulic cylinder seal because there is no periodically replacement schedule. Therefore, it is suggested to implement the maintenance strategy both for preventive and predictive maintenance strategy based on equipment criticality factor or impact will occur when equipment failure such as: workforce safety, production downtime, product quality, equipment duty of operation and the inspection possibilities during equipment running. By implementing an appropriate maintenance strategy, the company will get cost saving Rp 87.838.138,- per-year or 10,6 % from oil consumption cost. Keywords: lubricant usage cost, preventive and predictive maintenance strategy, increase company competitiveness.
Analysis Using Open System Model on Logistics Department in Rumah Sakit Ibu dan Anak Kenari Graha Medika Fauzi, Muhamad Ibnu; Yudoko, Gatot
The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration Vol 2, No 14 (2013)
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration

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Abstract

The Logistics department in Rumah Sakit Ibu dan Anak Kenari Graha Medika (RSIA KGM) where this research is the department that act as the key of cost structure of firm that support the whole operation. The department focused on targets that stated as goals to be achieved that consist of stock, store supplies, administration, distribution to units, monitor and control, and response. Currently logistics department couldn’t fulfill the target of their operation. The root cause of the research is the lack of standardized operational guidelines. The root cause is causing confusion in the department that resulting lost sales, defect supplies, and expired supplies. The method that used to reach the goals is open system model. The model acts as the guide to make a better system. The model which draws the input-throughput-output model with feedback looped to adapt throughput to the environment. The environment consist of all elements outside the system that have the potential to affect that all part of the system. The result will generate feedback that will be used for future transformation. The solution in this research will show the procedure of all logistics activities. Logistics activities in RSIA KGM consist of 6 main activities, they are order supplies, accept and check supplies, store supplies, grant request of supplies, return supplies, and documentation. The usage of stratified random sampling, colored tag, control card, Reorder point, and risk mitigation plan will become the way for logistics department to reach their targets. Even though the old system is simpler, but it is subjective and have disorganized activities. The proposed system have structured activities and standardized procedure, but in the other side the system is quite complex and it will need well trained employee. Keywords: Open system model, standard operational procedure, Reorder point,  Logistic, Rumah Sakit Ibu dan Anak
Performance Improvement of Cold Rolling Mill to Contribute more for The Profitability of PT Krakatau Steel Wirawan, Wahyu; Yudoko, Gatot
The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration Vol 2, No 15 (2013)
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration

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Abstract

Management is currently facing a difficult dilemma because of the three products that generate revenue for the company only one that gives a good profitability. Cold Rolled Coil (CRC) is one of the products that currently contribute less profit for the company even tend to contribute loss. Management is always worried if the volume of CRC is increased will further increase losses, but if the volume is too small then the cost of production will rise due to the high fixed costs. On the other hand, Hot Rolled Pickled and Oiled (HRPO) which is also the output of Cold Rolling Mill (CRM) always give a positive contribution and need to be increase its production volume and sales. This increase in volume of HRPO will of course affect to how much of CRC can be produced due to the space of Continuous Pickling Line (CPL), the first line of CRM,  will be occupied to produce HRPO. Performance improvement is needed to get the best margin by increasing the sales volume of HRPO while CRC is not being sacrified.  Keywords: Performance Improvement, Profitability, Efficiency, Effectiveness, Hot Rolled Pickled and Oiled (HRPO), Cold Rolled Coil (CRC), Cold Rolling Mill (CRM).
Proposal for Supplier Relationship Management at PT XL Axiata Tbk Pratama, Aji Nugraha; Yudoko, Gatot
The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration Vol 2, No 17 (2013)
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Business Administration

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Abstract

The telecommunication industry in Indonesia is growing rapidly in the last fifteen years. The habit slowly changed from voice and short messaging service into data. Nowadays, the challenge for the telecommunication company is to provide good quality of network. To fulfill the challenge, XL has been developing a partnerships scheme with suppliers and has been creating a performance measurement to keep partnerships work in the right path. The last supplier performance measurement report shows that the result is not meet the target. The unsatisfying result show that something wrong in the partnership with supplier. To find the core problem, this paper uses a Current Reality Tree (CRT) method. Based on CRT analysis, the core problem that arises is poor coordination. To eliminate core problem, a strategy is created. Strategic Supply Management is used as a framework to create strategy in eliminating core problem. Four critical enablers in the strategic supply management are analyzed to find solution for the problem. Those four critical enablers are organizational design, supply measurements, information systems, and human resources. The suggested and recommended solution based on analysis are improvement in business process, developing responsibility assignment matrix (RAM), create web-based application, and developing skill and knowledge people in supply organization.Keywords: telecommunication industry, supplier relationships, current reality tree, supply management
Multipe Regression and Productivity Analysis of Modjopanggung Sugar Factory mutaqin, tatag; Yudoko, Gatot
Journal of Business and Management Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Journal of Business and Management

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Abstract

Modjopanggung sugar factory is located in Tulungagung have problem in sugar production and productivity that less effective, based on that case, question of this research is  about some factor of productivity, how to increase sugar production, and productivity, and the purpose is to know the most significance factor that influence sugar production and to measure productivity of Modjopanggung in 2010.The step to start this research, first problem formulation, theoretical foundation, model formulation, data collection and analysis, and conclusions and recommendations. In this research use multiple regression model that use sugar production as dependent variable ,and factories sugarcane own field wide, farmer sugarcane field wide, sugarcane sucrose content  average from factories sugarcane field,sugarcane sucrose content average from farmer sugarcane field, factories efficiency, truck unit, yesterday sugarcane remnant ,sugar milling day amount, milling capacity as independent variable, and in productivity measure use labor, sugarcane material, capital, fuel, electricity as input and income from sugar and tetes as output. Methodology of research is by interview and observation to factory. The result is amount of truck unit and farmer sucrose content is the most significant among all variable to increase sugar production with positive sign, mean increase in them also increase sugar production, adjusted r square 0.997 mean 99.7% of sugar production can explained by result of independent variable, t value in 0.1298 that still inside acceptance area, mean no difference in forecast and reality of sugar production. Productivity in 2010, ratio of partial output and input all more than 1 mean output can cover input, but in multifactor and total factor less than 1  mean addition of input productivity factors actually can not cover by output factor, with lowest partial output factor is electricity and highest partial output factor is sugarcane material. The suggestion is better policy to increase truck unit and farmer’s sugarcane content and effectivity in labor quality, sugarcane dividend with farmer, capital usage, fuel alternate and usage, electricity efficiency. Keywords: Sugarcane production, multiple regressions, productivity analysis, PG Mojopangung
KEUNGGULAN KOMPETITIF INDUSTRI KECIL DI KLASTER INDUSTRI KECIL TRADISIONAL DENGAN PENDEKATAN BERBASIS SUMBER DAYA: STUDI KASUS PENGUSAHA INDUSTRI KECIL LOGAM KIARA CONDONG, BANDUNG Widjajani, Widjajani; Yudoko, Gatot
Jurnal Teknik Industri Vol 10, No 1 (2008): JUNE 2008
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

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Abstract

Small-scale industries play an important role in the betterment of society. Industrial cluster approach has been used by government as an alternative government policy to increase competitiveness of small-scale industries in Indonesia. An industry cluster consists of core enterprise(s) and related enterprises in which the core acts as a pulling agent for the other counterparts. Therefore, developing the core enterprises is expected to increase competitiveness of the whole cluster. This research is a strategy process research, aiming at identifying and modeling strategic behavior of a successful entrepreneur in a metal-making cluster industry at Kiara Condong Bandung, West Java. Based on the literature review, qualitative research methodology is used in this research by combining soft systems methodology (SSM) and grounded theory. The major findings of this research indicate four kinds of strategic behavior models, namely behavior model of strategy setting, behavior model of production operations, behavior model of research and development and innovation and behavior model of marketing operations. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Industri kecil mempunyai peranan penting dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat. Pendekatan klaster industri dicanangkan oleh pemerintah sebagai alternatif kebijakan pemerintah untuk membangun keunggulan kompetitif di industri kecil. Di suatu klaster industri kecil yang terdiri dari unit usaha inti dan unit usaha penunjang, unit usaha inti merupakan gerbong penghela klaster. Oleh karena itu mengembangkan usaha inti sehingga mempunyai keunggulan kompetitif diharapkan dapat mengembangkan klaster secara keseluruhan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian proses strategi (strategy process research) yang meneliti perilaku strategis manajer pemilik industri kecil dalam mengelola usahanya untuk membangun keunggulan kompetitif dengan pendekatan berbasis sumber daya (Resource-Based View atau RBV) dan mengambil studi kasus pengusaha industri kecil yang berhasil di klaster Industri Kecil Tradisional Logam Kiara Condong. Paradigma penelitian yang digunakan adalah interpretatif-induktif-kualitatif dengan penggabungan antara soft systems methodology (SSM) dan grounded theory. Hasil dari penelitian ini berupa model konseptual yang menggambarkan proses Industri Kecil Logam di Industri Kecil Tradisional Logam Kiara Condong dalam membangun keunggulan kompetitifnya. Perilaku strategis yang ditemukan pada penelitian ini terdiri dari empat model, yaitu model perilaku penentuan strategi, model perilaku pelaksanaan produksi, model perilaku pelaksanaan litbang dan inovasi, serta model perilaku pelaksanaan pemasaran. Kata kunci:industri kecil, keunggulan kompetitif, perilaku strategis, resource based view (RBV), soft systems methodology (SSM), grounded theory.