Moh. Yani
Departemen Teknik Industri Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB)

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PRODUKSI GAS KARBON DIOKSIDA SELAMA PROSES BIOREMEDIASI LIMBAH HEAVY OIL DENGAN TEKNIK LANDFARMING Charlena, Charlena; Mas’ud, Zainal Alim; Anas, Iswandi; Setiadi, Yadi; Yani, Moh.
CHEMISTRY PROGRESS Vol 3, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Sam Ratulangi University

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Abstract

Bioremediation is defined as biological degradation process of organic or inorganic wastes in a controlledcondition to control and reduce their amount in the environment. In this study, the soil which had been polutedby heavy petroleum oil fractions, i.e. heavy oil waste (HOW), was used as sample. The bioremediationtechnique used in this study is an ex-situ technique. This study was conducted to determine the amount ofproduced CO2 gas during the HOW degaradation process. Treatment of heavy oil waste with biostimulation andbioaugmentation. Production of CO2 gas were placed in impiger and analysis with titrimetry method. The highestCO2 production mean was obtained from the bioaugmentation treatment with compost adding, i.e. 244,5 mg/m3.Generally, graphs CO2 gas production followed a similar sinusoidal pattern. From these results it can beinfered that the degradation process of HOW happened during the treatments in aerobic condition.
PENERAPAN PRODUKSI BERSIH UNTUK PENANGANAN AIR TERPRODUKSI DI INDUSTRI MINYAK DAN GAS Hasiany, Sillak; Noor, Erliza; Yani, Moh.
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management) Vol 5, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (JPSL)
Publisher : Graduate School Bogor Agricultural University (SPs IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.5.1.25

Abstract

Produced water is the largest volume waste from oil and gas productions especially from old well and had a complex mixture of organic and inorganic compounds like BTX, phenol, and TDS. The untreated produced water discharges may be harmful to the surrounding environment, so is necessary to have produced water management that tend to have  reduce a risk for the enviroment and human. Cleaner Production (CP) is a continuous application of an integrated, preventive, environmental management strategy to increase overall efficiency and to reduce risks to humans and environment. the aims of this research are (1) identify cleaner production opportunities from produced water management  which can be implemented in company (2) solved a problem from existing produced water management. Research can be done by primary and secondary data collecting direct field observation, and laboratory analyze of produced water. Analysis were done by using Quick Scan that consisted in two phase, preparation and implementation, evaluation of Cleaner Production opportunities and evaluation of environmental and economic assessment. The result showed that Produced water is the largest volume waste from oil and gas production with a total value worth 3.939.370 barel for 2012 and also water injection is the most effectif and effcien technology to manage produced water than those other surface discharge methods for company. Replacement of produced water pipes from type B to type A is the application of Cleaner Production opportunities in companies that benefit from the economic and environmental. Keywords: produced water, cleaner production, water injection
Penilaian Daur Hidup (Life Cycle Assesment) Produk Kina Di PT Sinkona Indonesia Lestari Parameswari, Pinkan Pangestu; Yani, Moh.; Ismayana, Andes
Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan Vol 17, No 2 (2019): Agustus 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Lingkungan,Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (335.037 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jil.17.2.351-358

Abstract

PT Sinkona Indonesia Lestari adalah anak perusahaan dari dua Badan Usaha Milik Negara yaitu PT Kimia Farma dan PT Perkebunan Nusantara VIII. PT Sinkona Indonesia Lestari (SIL) memproduksi cinchona atau yang dikenal dengan tanaman kina yang merupakan tanaman obat yang mengandung quinine yang dikenal sebagai obat malaria. Cinchona diekstraksi untuk diambil kandungan quinine. Setiap tanaman cinchona mengandung kadar quinine 3-14%. Penilaian jumlah emisi yang dikeluarkan selama proses produksi dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Selain itu, LCA juga akan digunakan untuk melakukan perbaikan dalam siklus hidup produksi yang bertujuan untuk mengurangi emisi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menilai dampak lingkungan berupa gas rumah kaca (GRK), serta upaya untuk mengurangi dampak lingkungan tersebut. Tahapan dari penelitian ini adalah menentukan tujuan dan ruang lingkup, analisis inventori daur hidup, analisia penilaian dampak lingkungan, dan analisis interpretasi hasil. Dari analisis LCA, untuk menghasilkan 1 ton garam kina diketahui menghasilkan dampak lingkungan berupa emisi gas rumah kaca sebesar 47.3815 CO2(eq) pada tahun 2013. Pada tahun 2014 emisi gas rumah kaca mengalami penurunan sebesar 53.4217 CO2(eq). Pada 2015, 1 ton garam kina menghasilkan emisi gas rumah kaca sebesar 53.5435 CO2(eq) dan pada 2016 menghasilkan 45.7901 CO2(eq). Penelitian ini juga menemukan bahwa pemanfaatan ampas kina dan penggantian minyak residu menjadi bahan bakar solar dapat mengurangi emisi. Pembuatan briket dari ampas kina dapat menurunkan emisi gas rumah kaca sebesar 0,14 % pada tahun 2015 dan menghasilkan energi alternatif sebesar 1.612 TJ. Alternatif lain adalah penggantian minyak residu menggunakan bahan bakar solar (IDO) pada bahan bakar boiler, yang dapat mengurangi emisi sebesar 11.9% atau 6.3518 ton CO2 (eq) /ton garam kina.