M. Aman Yaman
Syiah Kuala University

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Evaluation of viability and nutritive value of Indigofera tinctoria as a potential animal feeding in Aceh Province, Indonesia

Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 2, No 1 (2012): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

A series of studies related to animal feeding technology to stimulate the egg production and egg quality with the development of a cheap source of protein types and useful has been done through the evaluation of viabilityand nutritive value of Indigofera tinctoria and in vivo treatments on quail and chicken. Research conducted since 2010 to October 2012 with a focus on increasing the ability to grow the Indigofera’s seed under soaking treatment inauxin hormone and testing the nutritional value on quail and chicken. The first study related to the viability testing is done by soaking the seed of Indigofera in auxin hormone before planting in the field. The study consisted of 4treatments and 5 replications of soaking period, namely: control, B (12 hours), C (24 hours) and D (32 hours) in the solution. The parameters measured were: viability and growth of seed and dry matter content of Indigofera leaf. Thesecond study tested the nutritive value of Indigofera in the ration of laying chickens and quail. Treatments were: 0, 2, 4 and 6% of Indigofera leaf in the ration. Parameters observed in were: egg production, fertility, hatchability andegg quality. The results showed that the viability of the Indigofera’s seed with soaking treatment significantly increased to 80% and soaking for 32 hours resulted a higher viability. The treatment of soaking in auxin hormonealso increased nutrient content of indigofera leaf especially protein. In terms of nutritional value, supplement of Indigofera leaf was very useful to improve the production and quality of eggs in both local laying chickens and quail.The addition of Indigofera leaf in the ration up to 5% also reduced the feed consumption and increasead Haugh unit of egg chicken. From these results it was concluded that the viability of Indigofera tinctoria increased by soaking inauxin hormone for 12-32 hours. These treatments also stimulated the dry matter and protein contents in Indigofera’s leaf. The supplement of Indigofera tinctoria leaf as much as 1-5% in the ration also improved the egg production and quality of local chicken and quail. It was indicated that Indigofera tinctoria contains not only protein and amino acids but also vitamin and mineral for egg quality

Penampilan Produksi Telur Ayam ALPU yang Diberi Bahan Pakan Fermentasi Berbasis Indigofera (Indigofera sp)

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 2, No 4 (2017): November 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstrak.  Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui penampilan produksi telur Ayam Lokal Petelur Unggul (ALPU) yang diberi bahan pakan fermentasi  yang tersusun dari indigofera (Indigofera sp),  dedak padi, dedak jagung, dan bungkil kedelai sebagai substitusi sebagian ransum komersil.  Penelitian ini dilakukan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan (LLP), Univeritas Syiah Kuala tanggal 16 Februari‒30 Mei 2017.  Penelitian ini menggunakan 48 ekor ALPU.  Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap terdiri dari 4 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Ransum perlakuan adalah ransum komersil yang disubstitusi dengan bahan pakan fermentasi berbasis 15% indigofera sebanyak  0, 5, 10, dan 15%.   Berdasarkan hasil penelitian  disimpulkan bahwa bahan pakan fermentasi berbasis indigofera dapat digunakan sampai 15%  tanpa berpengaruh nyata (P>0,05) terhadap produksi   dan massa telur ayam ALPU. Performances of Egg Production of  ALPU Chickens  Fed Fermented Feed Based on Indigofera spAbstract.   The objective of this study was to determine effect of inclusion of fermentation feed constituted of 15%  Indigofera sp + 40% rice bran+ 25% corn bran + 20% soybean meal as partial substitution of commercial diet  on egg production of selected native chickens.   As many as 48 selected native pullets were used in this study.  The study was performed in to completely randomized design, consisted of  4 treatments and 4 replications.  Replication was an experimental unit consisted of 3 birds.   The results of study indicated that including of 15% fermentation feed based on 15% Indigofera sp could be used up to 15% to  substitute commercial diet without adverse effect on egg production of selected native chickens.  It was supposed that using fermentation feed based on 15% Indigofera sp had no adverse effect on egg production and egg mass. 

Analisis Pendapatan Usaha Ikan Nila (oreochromis niloticus) dengan Pemberian Pakan Pelet Organik (ppo) dari Limbah Feses Sapi, Bungkil Kedelai, Dedak, dan Probiotik

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Mei 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstract. The objective of present study was to determine effect of feeding tilapia  fishes (Oreochromis niloticus) with the commercial diets partially substituted by Organic Pelet Feed  (OPF) composed by cattle feces,  soybean meal, rice bran, and probiotic on total income.  The study was conducted  in  Research Station II Ie Sueum,  Syiah Kuala University,  June 1 until  August 29,  2016.  The study used 1600 of  a week old of tilapia fish.  The study was performed into completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 4 treatments and 4 replications.  Each replication was an experimental unit, consisting of 100 fishes.  The treatment tested was feeding tilapia fishes with  commercial diets partially substituted by OPF with the level of  0, 10, 20, and 30%, respectively.  The OPF was made up of cattle feces 50%+rice bran 30%+soybean meal 19%+probiotic 1%.  Parameters measured were final body weight (FBW),  total feed consumption (TFC), and Income Over Feed Cost (IOFC) as well as total income.  The data of  FBW and TFC were analyzed by Analysis of  Variance (ANOVA) (Ott, 1993), while  the data of IOFC and total income were analyzed by the economical parameters of R/C and B/C ratio (Soekartawi, 1995).  The results of study showed that OPF could be used up to 20% to substitute commercial diet in raising tilapia fish with the best level was  10% most significantly (P<0,01) increasing body weight of tilapia fish.  It was considered that the highest income of  raising tilapia fish was resulted by administrating 10% OPF.   

Pemanfaatan Limbah Feses Sapi sebagai Pembuatan Pakan Pelet terhadap Pertambahan Berat Badan Ikan Lele Dumbo

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memanfaatkan limbah asal feses sapi sebagai bahan pembuatan pakan pelet guna memacu pertumbuhan ikan Lele Dumbo.  Penelitian ini dilakukan di Station Riset II (dua) Ie Suum, UPT. University Farm, Aceh Besar,  tanggal 22 Mei‒14 Agustus 2016. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) terdiri dari 4 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Setiap ulangan merupakan unit percobaan, masing-masing terdiri dari 50 ekor ikan Lele Dumbo. Perlakuan menggunakan pakan komersil ikan 781 Hiprovite yang disubtitusikan dengan pakan pelet organik. Parameter yang diamati adalah berat badan, pertambahan berat badan, konsumsi pakan, konversi pakan, efisiensi pakan, kelangsungan hidup, dan kualitas air (pH, suhu, kelembaban, cahaya). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perlakuan pakan limbah asal feses sapi berpengaruh sangat nyata (P<0.01), terhadap berat badan, pertambahan berat badan, dan konsumsi ransum ikan Lele Dumbo, namun tidak berpengaruh nyata (P>0,05)  terhadap konversi dan efisiensi pakan. Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa pakan pelet organik asal feses sapi dapat memacu pertumbuhan ikan Lele Dumbo. Utilization of Cattle Feces as Materials for Pellet Feed to The Weight Gain of Catfish Abstract. The aim of present study was to utilizase cattle feces as materials for making organic pellet feed to improve the growth of catfish.  The study was conducted  in Station Research II (two) Ie Seum Unit, University Farm, Aceh Besar, May 22-August 14, 2016. The study was designed into completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 4 treatments and 4 replications. Each relication was an experimental unit consisting of 50 catfishes.The treatment was substition of commercial feed fish (781 Hiprovite) with  organic pellet feed with the level of 0, 10, 20, and 30%, respectively.  Parameters  measured were body weight, feed intake, feed conversion, feed efficiency,  livebility, and water quality  (pH, temperature, moisture, light). The results of study showed that administration of organic pellet feed  affected highly significant (P<0.01) on body weight, body weight gain and feed intake of catfish. However, there were no significant effect (P>0.05) on feed conversion and feed efficiency.  It was concluded that the organic pellet feed composed mainly from cattle feces could  improve the growth of catfish

Evaluasi Pertumbuhan Ayam Kamaras Jantan dengan Pemberian Tepung Ampas Tahu + Tepung Kulit Telur + Feed Supplement

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pertumbuhan ayam kamaras jantan dengan pemberian ransum komersil yang sebagian disubstitusi dengan tepung ampas tahu + tepung kulit telur + feed supplement. Penelitian dilakukan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan (LLP), Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh tanggal 7 Januari‒16 Maret 2016. Penelitian menggunakan 64 ekor DOC (Day Old Chick) ayam kamaras. Perlakuan yang dicobakan adalah ransum komersil broiler 512 Bravo yang disubtitusi dengan tepung ampas tahu + tepung kulit telur + feed supplement sebanyak 0% (P1), 5%+1%+1% (P2), 10%+2%+1% (P3), dan 15%+3%+1% (P4). Parameter yang diamati adalah berat badan akhir, pertambahan berat badan, konsumsi ransum, konversi ransum, dan mortalitas. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa meskipun secara statistik perbedaannya tidak nyata (P>0,05), penggunaan tepung ampas tahu + tepung kulit telur + feed supplement cenderung menaikkan berat badan dan pertambahan berat badan, konsumsi ransum, dan memperbaiki angka konversi ransum ayam kamaras. Evaluation of Male Kamaras Chicken Growth Fed Tofu Waste Meal + Egg Shell Meal + Feed Supplement Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the growth of male kamaras chickens fed a broiler commercial ration partially substituted with tofu waste meal + egg shell meal + feed supplement. The research was conducted at the Field Lab, Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh on January 7 until March 16, 2016. The study used 64 DOC (Day Old Chick) of male kamaras. The treatments were using broiler commercial ration partially substituted with tofu waste meal + egg shell meal + supplement with different level. Parameters measured were final body weight (FBW), average body weight gain (BWG), feed intake, and feed conversion. The results of study showed that although statistically no significant effects were detected (P>0.05) using tofu waste meal up to 15% + eggshell meal 3% + feed supplement 1% as a partial substitution of broiler commercial ration tended to increase final body weight, average body weight gain (BWG), and feed intake and repair feed conversion of male kamaras chickens

Pengaruh Pemberian Limbah Feses Sapi dan Probiotik sebagai Bahan Pembuatan Pakan Pelet terhadap Pertambahan Berat Badan Ikan Nila Hitam (oreochromis niloticus)

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstark. Penelitian ini telah dilakukakan di Station Riset II Ie Seum, UPT. University Farm, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh Besar. Penelitian berlangsung selama 90 hari, mulai tanggal 22 Mei sampai 14 Agustus 2016. Tujuan dari penelitian ini ialah untuk memanfaatkan limbah feses sapi sebagai pakan alternatif pengganti pakan pelet pabrikan, mengurangi produksi pakan yang tinggi dalam budidaya ikan Nila, dan dalam hal ini memacu pertambahan berat badan ikan Nila. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 perlakuan dan terdiri dari 4 ulangan. Perlakuan pemberian subsitusi dari pakan komersial dengan pakan pelet organik sebanyak 0, 10, 20 dan 30%. Parameter yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah berat badan, pertambahan berat badan, konsumsi pakan, efisiensi pakan, konversi pakan, kelansungan hidup, pH dan suhu air. Pemberian subtitusi pakan komersial dengan pakan pelet organik berpengaruh sangat nyata (P<0,01) terhadap semua parameter yang diamati, yaitu berat badan, pertambahan berat badan, konsumsi ransum, efisiensi ransum, dan konversi ransum. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa subtitusi pakan komersial dengan pakan pelet organik 10-20% dapat digunakan untuk memacu laju pertumbuhan ikan Nila hitam.  Effect of Feeding Cow Waste and Probiotics Feed Manufacturing Natural Materials as for Added Weight of Black Nile Tilapia Fish (Oreochromis Niloticus)Abstract. Research has been dane in Research Station II Ie Seum, UPT. University Farm, Syiah Kuala University, Aceh Besar. The was conducted for 90 days, starting on May 22 until August 14, 2016. The purpose of this study was to use waste as feed for cow dung cost and promote the growth and production of Nile Tilapia. This research used completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and each replication. The treatment was subtitution of commercial diets with organic pellt feed (OPF) with the level of 0, 10, 20, and 30%, respeetively. The parameters observed were final weight, weight gain, feed consumption, feed efficiency, feed conversion, mortality/ life sustainability, pH and water temperature. Results study shwed that feeding organic pellet feed highly significant (P <0.01) affeted on all parameters, sach as final body weight, body weight gain, feed consumption, feed efficiency, and the feed conversion. The results of the study concluded that feeding organic pellet feed with a percentage of 10-20% was betterfor the growth rate of Nile Tilapia

Pengaruh Penggunaan Bahan Pengawet Organik dan Lama Penyimpanan terhadap Kualitas Makro dan Mikroskopis Sperma Ayam Pejantan ALPU

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 3, No 1 (2018): Februari 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstrak. Perbaikan mutu genetik dapat dilakukan dengan cara inseminasi buatan (IB) pada indukan yang unggul. Keberhasilan IB dipengaruhi oleh kualitas semen dan bahan pengencer yang digunakan untuk penyimpanannya. Spermatozoa unggas lebih resisten terhadap cold shock (chiuing injury), sehingga sperma ayam tidak bisa dibekukan. Pada suhu kamar, spermatozoa segar ayam mampu hidup selama 30-45 menit. Ayam lokal pedaging unggul atau ALPU biasa disebut dengan ayam kampung super mencapai berat hingga 1,5 kg, pada umur 45 – 75 hari dan sudah siap dikonsumsi, hal tersebut yang membedakan dengan ayam kampung asli yang umumnya baru bisa dipanen setelah 3 – 6 bulan. Madu, royal jelly, dan propolis merupakan salah satu bahan pengawet organik yang mampu untuk memenuhi kebutuhan nutrisi. Produk lebah ini mempunyai kandungan flavonoid yang berfungsi sebagai antibakteri, antivirus, dan antioksidan, yang dapat melindungi sperma dari mikroorganisme dan fungi. Kegiatan penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan (LLP) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Syiah Kuala yang terletak di Jalan Utama Gampong Rukoh, Darussalam, Banda Aceh. Penelitian dilakukan selama 70 hari, mulai tanggal 1 Juli – 10 September 2017. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan bahan pengawet organik dan lama penyimpanan terhadap kualitas makro dan mikroskopis sperma ayam ALPU. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental yang menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap Faktorial (RAL Faktorial) yang terdiri dari 2 (dua) faktor yaitu jenis bahan pengawet (P), dan rentang waktu (A).  Faktor bahan pengawet (P) terdiri dari 4 jenis bahan yaitu bahan pengencer NaCl Fisiologis 0,9%, bahan pengawet madu, royal jelly, dan propolis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa selain propolis, pemberian madu dan royal jelly (Faktor P) berpengaruh sangat nyata (P < 0,01) terhadap kualitas makro dan mikroskopis sperma kecuali pada konsentrasi sperma, hal tersebut dikarenakan perlakuan dalam penelitian hanya diberikan kepada sperma. Lama penyimpanan (Faktor A) juga berpengaruh sangat nyata (P < 0,01) terhadap kualitas makro dan mikroskopis sperma ayam pejantan ALPU, semakin lama penyimpanan maka semakin mempengaruhi kualitas makro dan mikroskopis sperma ayam pejantan ALPU. Dalam penelitian, madu dan royal jelly mampu mempertahankan keadaan lingkungan semen serta memberikan energi yang cukup untuk mempertahankan daya hidup spermatozoa hingga 36 jam dan masih baik digunakan untuk IB.The effect of using organic preservatives and storage duration on macro and microscopic quality of ALPU sperm cockAbstract. Increase on  l genetic quality of superior chicken could be aafafected by artificial insemination (IB). The implementation of  IB was influenced by the quality of the cement and the diluent used for its storage. Poultry sperm can not withstand cold sting (cold shock), so the chicken sperm can not be frozen. At room temperature, fresh chicken spermatozoa are able to live for 30-45 minutes. Local chicken meat superior or ALPU commonly known as local super chicken weighs up to 1.5 kg, at the age of 45-75 days and ready for consumption, this is what distinguishes genuine local chicken that can generally be harvested after 3-6 months. Honey, royal jelly, and propolis are the organic preservatives that are able to meet the nutritional needs  of chicken sperm. This bee product contains flavonoids that act as antibacterial, antiviral, and antioxidants, which can protect sperm from microorganisms and fungi. This research activity was conducted at Field Laboratory of Animal Husbandry (LLP) of Faculty of Agriculture of Syiah Kuala University located at Main Street of Gampong Rukoh, Darussalam, Banda Aceh. The study was conducted for 70 days, starting from 1 July to 10 September 2017. This study aims to determine the effect of using organic preservatives and storage duration on macro and microscopic quality of ALPU chicken sperm. This study was an experimental study using a Complete Random Factorial Design (RAL Factorial) consisting of 2 (two) factors: preservative (P), and time span (A). The preservative factor (P) consists of 4 types of ingredients were physiological diluent 0.9% of Na, preservative honey, royal jelly, and propolis. The results showed that in addition to propolis, the provision of honey and royal jelly (Factor P) had a high sigificantly effect (P <0.01) on the macro and microscopic quality of sperm except in sperm concentration.  Time span also have a high significantly  effect (P <0,01) to macro and microscopic quality of ALPU sperm cock. In addition, the longer of time storage will influence the macro and microscopic quality of ALPU sperm chicken. In conclusion, honey and royal jelly were able to maintain the state of the cement environment as well as provide enough energy to maintain the life spermatozoa up to 36 hours. The condition makes it possible to store a chicken sperm in honey and royal jelly dilutiton in along time for IB preparation. 

Development of Selection Method for Genetic Potential and Adjusment of Nutritional Requirement to Stimulate Gene Expression of Local Meat Chicken

Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 3, No 2 (2009): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the genetic potential of local meat chickens (LMC) to get the candidate of parent stock through the development of the selection method applied, as well as economical and practical approach and adjusment of nutritional requirement, especially protein and energy balance. Research was divided into 2 groups, where the female and male parent was reared for 2 months and the offspring (F1) was reared for 4 months and selected. The parent was mated by the method of artificial insemination (AI). Method of selection was used on the orientation of the meat chicken production parameters with a positive correlation with the gene expression Diet treatments were formulated by optimal nutrition standards in order to drive maximum primary production of local meat chicken, contained 17, 19, and 21% of protein. The result showed that feeding diet with 19% protein can stimulate optimum growth and food conversion of ALPU male, whereas female growth LMC in line with the increasing availability of protein in the diet, wherein feeding 21% of protein result in optimal growth until age 4 months.

BLOOD PROFILE, DIGESTIVE ORGAN AND FECAL AMMONIA OF LAYING DUCKS FED BY FERMENTED FEED

Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study was conducted to determine how the fermented feed effect against blood profile, digestive organ and fecal ammonia of laying ducks. Feed materials were prepared according to laying ducks need as 21% crude protein, then mixed rations already given water until 45% the water content, then anaerobic fermented for 7 days. This study used a completely randomized design with 4 treatments of feed, such as: dry feed, wet feed, wet fermentation feed, and commercial dry feed. Each treatment was repeated 5 times, and each replication was consisted of four laying ducks. Laying duck were 80 heads Indramayu duck at 5 month of old. Blood observations were taken 3 times at 5 months, 6.5 months and 8 months old. Parameters measured were red blood cell (RBC), packed cell volume (PCV) = volume percentage of erythrocytes in the blood, hemoglobin (Hb), white blood cell (WBC), heterophile cell (H), lymphocytes (L), monosit (M) and the ratio of HL. Blood was taken from vena pectoralis vein under duck wings. Observation of digestive organs and fecal ammonia content was at 8 months old of duck. The results showed in pre treatment of the 5 months ducks significantly influenced the PCV and the WBC, but at 6.5 months and 8 months of treatment did not significantly affect blood profile of laying ducks. Digestive organs of liver in fermentation treatment showed  significantly  lower  than  in  controls. The  content  of  fecal ammonia were not significantly different.

Pengaruh Penggunaan Limbah Feses Sapi Dan Probiotik Sebagai Bahan Pakan Pelet Terhadap Keuntungan Usaha Pemeliharaan Ikan Lele Dumbo

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 2, No 4 (2017): November 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Penelitian tentang pengaruh penggunaan limbah feses sapi dan probiotik sebagai bahan pakan pelet terhadap keuntungan usaha pemeliharaan ikan lele dumbo, telah dilakukan di Station Riset II (dua) Ie Suum, UPT. University Farm, Aceh Besar sejak tanggal 22 Mei – 14 Agustus 2016. Tujuan penelitian untuk melihat keuntungan usaha pemeliharaan ikan lele dumbo dengan menggunakan limbah feses sapi dan probiotik  sebagai bahan pakan pelet organik. Penelitian ini menggunakan 800 bibit ikan Lele Dumbo. penelitian berlansung 90 hari. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) terdiri dari 4 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Perlakuan yang dilakukan adalah penggunaan pakan pelet organik (PPO) dengan level yang berbeda yaitu P0=0%, P1=10%, P2=20%, P3=30% kedalam ransum komersil. Parameter yang diamati meliputi aspek produksi (berat badan akhir dan total konsumsi ransum) dan aspek ekonomis (penerimaan, biaya tetap, biaya variabel, Income over Feed Cost, dan total income). Data parameter produksi yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), jika didapatkan perbedaan yang nyata, dilanjutkan dengan Uji Jarak Berganda Duncan (Steel dan Torrie, 1993). Data  parameter ekonomis dianalisis dengan B/C dan R/C ratio (Sjahrial, 2008). Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa penggunaan ransum komersil dengan pakan pelet organik pada level yang berbeda selama pemeliharan berpengaruh sangat nyata (P<0.01) terhadap berat badan dan konsumsi ransum ikan lele dumbo. Penggunaan ransum komersil dengan pakan pelet organik selama pemeliharaan menurunkan biaya ransum dan menaikkan Income Over Feed Cost (IOFC)  dan total income pemeliharaan ikan Lele Dumbo. Pemberian pakan komersil 90% + PPO 10% layak dan menguntungkan dalam pemeliharaan ikan Lele Dumbo. Effect Of The Use Of  Waste Cow Feces And Probiotics As Pellet Feed Ingredient To The Profit Of Maintenance Business Of CatfishResearch on the effect of the use of cow feces waste and probiotics as pellet feed ingredient to the profit of maintenance business of catfish has been conducted in Research Station II (two) Ie Seum, UPT. University Farm, Aceh Besar from May 22, to August 14, 2016. The purpose of this research is to see the profit of  catfish maintenance business by using cow feces waste and probiotics as organic food pellet feed. This research uses 800 catfish seedlings , the studywas done for 90 days. This study used a complete randomized design (RAL) consisting of 4 treatments and 4 replications. Treatment was the used of organic feed pellets (PPO) with different levels as P0 = 0%, P1 = 10%, P2 = 20%, P3 = 30% into commercial ration. The parameters observed production of aspects (final body weight and total  feed consumption) and economic aspects  (revenue, cost, Income over Feed Cost, and total income). The former was analyzed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA),  if significantly different results were detected, then continued by Duncan's Multiple Range Test (Steel and Torrie, 1993), while the latter was analysis by B/C and R/C ratio (Sjahrial, 2008).  The results of study showed that the use of commercial feed with an organic pellet feed at different levels during maintenance was highly significant (P <0.01) in the body weight and feed intake of catfish. The use of commercial feed with an organic pellet feed for lowering maintenance costs and increase the ration Income Over Feed Cost (IOFC), and total income maintenance catfish. Feeding commercial 90% + PPO 10% viable and profitable in the maintenance catfish.