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STUDI ENDEMISITAS FILARIASIS DI WILAYAH KECAMATAN PEMAYUNG, KABUPATEN BATANGHARI PASCA PENGOBATAN MASSAL TAHAP III Yahya, Yahya; Santoso, Santoso
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 41, No 1 Mar (2013)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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Abstract Filariasis endemicity research in District Pemayung, Batanghari Regency Post-Mass Drug Administration Phase III has been implemented. The study aims to determine the prevalence of filariasis, microfilaria worm species, the periodicity, reservoir determination and evaluate the results of mass treatment activities that have been 3 times. The number of people who checked their blood preparation for the examination as many as 538. Blood sampling for the periodicity of the parasite examinations performed on 4 persons, each carried out blood sampling every 2 hours for 24 hours. People microfilariae with microfilariae positive number as many as 8 people to rate microfilariae (Mf rate) 1.5%.. The highest parasite density of 17.493 per 20 cu mm of blood occurred at 1:00 am and decresing to 0,415 per 20 cu mm of blood at 07.00 am. The parasite was found in sub periodic nokturna 3 subjects and 1 subject was found only be found in the morning and afternoon. The results of examination of 12 cats and two monkeys were found two positive cats with Brugia malayi microfilariae. Cats that were examined and the positive was one house cat and one stray cat). The conclusion from this study showed that filariasis was still endemic with periodicity of microfilariae was sub periodic nokturna and was zoonotic. Recommendations of this study was that mass treatment  was done by giving the drug directly and took medicine in front of the officers, examination and treatment of microfilariae positive cats. Key words: microfilariae rate, periodicity, Brugia malayi, reservoir. Abstrak  Submit : 28-03-2012  Review : 04-04-2012 Review : 11-06-2012 revisi : 29–08-2012Penelitian untuk menentukan tingkat endemisitas filariasis di wilayah Kecamatan Pemayung, Kabupaten Batanghari Pasca Pengobatan Massal Tahap III telah dilaksanakan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui prevalensi filariasis, mengetahui spesies cacing mikrofilaria, periodisitas mikrofilaria dan pemeriksaan reservoir serta mengevaluasi hasil kegiatan pengobatan massal yang sudah 3 kali dilakukan. Jumlah penduduk yang diperiksa sediaan darahnya untuk pemeriksaan mikrofilaria sebanyak 538 orang. Pengambilan darah untuk pemeriksaan periodisitas parasit dilakukan terhadap empat orang, masing-masing dilakukan pengambilan darah setiap 2 jam sekali selama 24 jam. Jumlah positif mikrofilaria sebanyak 8 orang dengan Mikrofilaria rate (Mf rate) 1,5%. Kepadatan mikrofilaria tertinggi 17,493 per 20 cu mm darah terjadi pada pukul 01.00 WIB dan menurun menjadi 0,415 pada pukul 07.00 WIB.Mikrofilaria bersifat sub periodik nokturna ditemukan pada 3 subyek dan 1 orang subyek hanya ditemukan ditemukan pada pagi dan sore hari. Hasil pemeriksaan terhadap 12 ekor kucing dan 2 kera ditemukan adanya dua ekor kucing (satu ekor kucing rumah dan satu ekor kucing yang tidak mempunyai pemilik/liar ) yang positif mikrofilaria dengan spesies Brugia malayi). Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa filariasis masih endemis dengan periodisitas mikrofilaria bersifat sub periodik nokturna dan merupakan zoonotik. Rekomendasi hasil penelitian ini yaitu agar pengobatan massal dilakukan dengan memberikan obat secara langsung dan meminum obat di depan petugas, pemeriksaan  serta pengobatan terhadap kucing yang positif mikrofilaria. Kata kunci: Mikrofilaria rate, periodisitas, Brugia malayi, reservoir.
TINGKAT KEMATIAN Anopheles vagus YANG TERPAPAR INSEKTISIDA PERMETHRIN 2% (W/W) DI DALAM SERAT BENANG KELAMBU Yahya, Yahya; Astuti, Endang Puji
Aspirator Vol 5, No 1 Jun (2013)
Publisher : Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Badan Litbang Kesehatan, Loka Litbang P2B2 Ciamis

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Abstract. Various efforts to control mosquito-borne diseases have been done i.e the use of insecticide-treated nets (ITN). The aim of this study was to determine the insecticide permethrin in the nets to control Anopheles vagus mosquito that were widely distributed in the village of Tanjung Seleman, Muara Enim district based upon age and frequency of laundering. An experimental research using a complete randomized design was conducted in April-December 2010. Data regarding the effectiveness of permethrin against Anopheles, were collected through biossay test (WHO cone test) with contact method. Entomology bioassay data is the average of mosquito mortality for nets that given in 2006 was 66.5%, for the nets in 2007 the mortality rate reached 67.3%, and for mosquito nets in 2008 the mortality rate reached 67.5%. It shows that there were differences effect on mortality of An. vagus which exposed to mosquito net that has never been washed with the washing 1-3 times or more, while the mortality of mosquito that exposed to different age of nets shows no significantly difference. Percentage of An. vagus mortality that exposed by permethrin insectiside is still high. Keywords : insecticide threated-nets, permethrin, bioassay, washing, An. vagus Abstrak. Berbagai upaya penanggulangan penyakit yang ditularkan oleh nyamuk telah banyak dilakukan, satu di antaranya adalah penggunaan kelambu berinsektisida. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui daya bunuh insektisida permethrin yang terkandung di dalam kelambu yang telah dibagikan di Desa Seleman Kecamatan Tanjung Agung Kabupaten Muara Enim terhadap nyamuk Anopheles vagus berdasarkan usia kelambu dan frekuensi pencucian. Penelitian eksperimental dengan menggunakan metode rancangan acak lengkap dilakukan pada April-Desember 2010. Data mengenai daya bunuh permethrin terhadap Anopheles, dikumpulkan dengan melakukan uji biossay nyamuk (WHO cone test) dengan metode kontak. Data entomologi bioassay adalah rata-rata kematian nyamuk untuk kelambu tahun 2006 adalah 66,5%, untuk kelambu tahun 2007 tingkat kematian mencapai 67,3%, serta untuk kelambu tahun 2008 tingkat kematian mencapai 67,5%. Hasil ANOVA diperoleh nilai p=0,010 yang menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan kematian nyamuk  An. vagus antara kelambu yang tidak pernah dicuci dengan yang sudah dicuci 1 – 3 kali atau lebih, sedangkan ke­matian nyamuk pada kelambu berdasarkan tahun pembagian tidak menunjukan perbedaan. Persentase kematian An. vagus yang  terpapar insektisida permethrin masih relatif tinggi.   Kata kunci: kelambu insektisida, permethrin, bioassay, pencucian, An. vagus
Pengetahuan Sikap dan Perilaku Masyarakat di Desa Jambu llir Kecamatan Tanjung Lubuk Kabupaten Ogan Komering llir Provinsi Sumatera Selatan Terhadap Filariasis Yahya, Yahya
Buletin Spirakel Edisi 2010
Publisher : Buletin Spirakel

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This study was aimed to know the level of knowledge, attitude and behavior of the community in Jambu Ilir village Ogan Komering Ilir regarding filariasis. The research was carried out in July 2008, 101 respondent of peoples in this village was interviewed drawn by Simple Random Sampling Method. Most of respondent age between 15-64 years, only graduated from elementry school and Junior High School (32,7%) were as farmers (69,3%). Although most of respondent have good attitude regarding filariasis control efforls, the lack of knowledge and the behaviour of people going outdoor  and to the river the night will increase  the risk  of filarial infection in the study area.   Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior, Filariasis, Jambu 1lir.
STUDI LONGITUDINAL BIONOMIK SUSPECT/VEKTOR MALARIA DI DESA TEGAL REJO KECAMATAN BELITANG KABUPATEN OKU TIMUR TAHUN 2005 (TAHAP II) Hotnida, Hotnida; Taviv, Yulian; Yahya, Yahya; Rizal, M. Yamin S.
Buletin Loka Litbang P2B2 Baturaja Vol 1, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Buletin Loka Litbang P2B2 Baturaja

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Malaria is still a major problem of public health in Indonesia. Tegal Rejo village is one of the malaria endemic area in OKU Timur sub district, South Sumatera. The aim of this study was to determine behaviour of Anopheles both in aquatic and terestial phase. Mosquitoes collection was conducted in whole night, started at 18.00 until 06.00 in the morning, both indoor and outdoor. They were 8 species of Anopheles collected, i.e. Anopheles sinensis, Anopheles  barbirostris, Ancpheles vagus, Ancpheles tesselatus, Anopheles nigerrimus, Anopheles letifer, Anopheles barbumbrosus and Anopheles peditaeniatus. Among these spesies, 4 spesies of Anopheles, i.e. Anopheles sinensis, Anopheles barbirostris, Anopheles vagus and Anopheles tesselatus, were estimated to be vector suspect of malaria. Breeding places that found during the study were rice field, gutter, pond and puddle.   Key words : bionomic vector suspect, Anopheles, Tegal Rejo.
The Carburizing Process of Low Carbon Steel with Charcoal Media Yahya, Yahya; Nukman, Nukman; Chandra, Hendri
Journal of Mechanical Science and Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Journal of Mechanical Science and Engineering
Publisher : Sriwijaya University

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Ringkasan Proses karburisasi dilakukan untuk meningkatkan mutu kekuatas suatu baja karbon rendah dengan biaya yang rendah. Material yang digunakan adalah jenis baja karbon rendah dengan nilai karbon 0,25. Proses karburisasi pada baja karbon rendah dilakukan pada temperatur 900oC dengan holding time 90 menit menggunakan media arang tulang kambing dan tempurung kelapa. Penggunaan karburiser arang tulang kambing menghasilkan nilai kekerasannya lebih tinggi dari baja karbon dengan media arang tempurung kelapa. Hasil pengujian nilai karbon baja setelah proses karburisasi dengan tempurung kelapa adalah 0,423 sedangkan setelah proses karburisasi dengan tulang kambing nilai karbon nya hanya 1,593. Kata Kunci : Proses Karburisasi, Uji kekerasan, Uji Tarik, Uji Impak, dan struktur mikro. Abstract Carburizing process is carried out to improve the power quality of a low carbon steel with a low cost.The material used is a type of low carbon steel with a carbon value of 0.25. Carburizing process on medium carbon steel at a temperature of 900°C with a holding time of 90 minutes using goat bone and coconut shel char medial. The use of goat  bone charcoal karburiser produces higher hardness values of carbon steel with coconut shell charcoal media. Results of testing the value of carbon steel after carburizing processes with coconut shell was 0,423 whereas after carburizing process with goat bone carbon value of only 1,593 Keywords: carburizing process, hardness test, Tensile Test, Impact Test, and microstructure.
Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas IV Mata Pelajaran PKn melalui Media Kliping di SD Inpres Despot Posona Kecamatan Kasimbar Yahya, Yahya
Jurnal Kreatif Tadulako Online Vol 1, No 3 (2013): Jurnal Kreatif Tadulako Online
Publisher : Jurnal Kreatif Tadulako Online

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Permasalahan mendasar pada penelitian ini adalah apakah penerapan media kliping dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa kels IV pada pembelajaran PKn di SD Inpres Despot Posona Kecamatan Kasimbar.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui penerapan media kliping dalam meningkatkan  hasil belajar siswa kelas IV  SD Inpres Despot Posona Kecamatan Kasimbar pada mata pelajaran PKn. Jenis data yang diambil adalah data kuantitatif yaitu meliputi data penelitian dan analisis. Teknik pengumpulan data diperoleh dari observasi guru dan siswa serta evaluasi proses dan hasil pembelajaran. Sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 29 orang siswa kelas IV SD Inpres Despot Posona Kecamatan Kasimbar. Proses penelitian tindakan kelas ini dilaksanakan 2 siklus dengan prosedur tindakan 1 perencanaan, 2 pelaksanaan, 3 observasi, 4 refleksi. Hasil penelitian pada siklus I menunjukkan siswa yang tuntas sebanyak 18 dari 29 siswa, tuntas klasikal 62,07%, pada siklus II siswa yang tuntas 27 dari 29 siswa, tuntas klasikal 93,10%. Dari penelitian ini diperoleh simpulkan bahwa dengan menerapkan media kliping dapat meningaktkan hasil belajar siswa Kelas IV SD Inpres Despot Posona Kecamatan Kasimbar. Kata Kunci : Hasil Belajar, Media Kliping
Karakteristik Bakteri di Perairan Mangrove Pesisir Kraton Pasuruan (Characterization of Bacteria Isolated from Mangrove Coastal Waters of Kraton, Pasuruan) Yahya, Yahya; Nursyam, Happy; Risjani, Yenny; Soemarno, Seomarno
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 19, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

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Bakteri memainkan peran penting dalam ekosistem mangrove terutama dalam mengurai searasah daun. Keberadaan bakteri ini sangat dipengaruhi oleh berbagai faktor lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengisolasi dan karakterisasi bakteri dari perairan mangrove dari dengan vegetasi yang berbeda yakni Avicennia marina, Rhizophora apiculata, Avicennia alba dan Sonneratia alba. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan di perairan mangrove desa Bulu Kerto Kraton Pasuruan. Proses karakterisasi bakteri dilakukan di laboratorium mikrobiologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya Malang. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah eksploratif sedangkan parameter uji adalah isolasi bakteri dan uji morfologi, biokimia, serta deteksi pertumbuhan bakteri yang dominan. Hasil penelitian diperoleh 7 isolat bakteri Avicennia marina yaitu Nitrococcus sp., B. subtilis, B. pumilus, Pseudomonas putida. P.stutzeri, Micrococcus luteus, Vibrio sp, 6 isolat bakteri Rhizophora apiculata yaitu B. megaterium, Nitrococcus sp, Staphylococcus sp., P.putida, Lactobacillus sp., B. Subtilis,  8 isolat bakteri Avicennia alba yaitu B.megaterium, B.pumilus, B. subtilis, Nitrococcus sp., Pseudomonas putida, P. stutzeri, B. mycoides, Micrococcus sp.. dan 6 isolat bakteri di Sonneratia alba yaitu Bacillus megaterium, Nitrococcus sp., B.subtilis, Planococcus citreus, B. mycoides, Lactobacillus plantarum. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa jenis bakteri dipengaruhi oleh vegetasi mangrove yang ada di suatu perairan. Kata kunci: bakteri, perairan mangrove, vegetasi Bacteria play an important role in the ecosystem, especially in degrading mangrove leaves (litter). The presence of these bacteria is greatly influenced by various environmental factors. This research aims to isolate and characterized bacteria from mangrove waters with different vegetaion namely Avicennia marina, Rhizophora apiculata, Avicennia alba and Sonneratia alba. Characterization of the bacteria were done at microbiological laboratory in Medical Faculty, Brawijaya University. Several tests were done in this explorative research i.e. morphological test, biochemistry, and bacteria growth. The results showed there were 7 isolated bacterias found at Avicennia marina area i.e. Nitrococcus sp, B. subtilis, B. pumilus, Pseudomonas putida. P. stutzeri, Micrococcus luteus, Vibrio sp.; 6 isolated bacterias found at  Rhizophora apiculata area i.e. B. megaterium, Nitrococcus sp, Staphylococcus sp., P. putida, Lactobacillus sp., B. subtilis; 8  isolaed bacterias from Avicennia alba area i.e. B. megaterium, B. pumilus, B. subtilis, Nitrococcus sp., Pseudomonas putida, P. stutzeri, B. mycoides, Micrococcus sp., and 6 isolated bacterias from Sonneratia alba area i.e. Bacillus megaterium, Nitrococcus sp, B. subtilis, Planococcus citreus, B. mycoides, Lactobacillus plantarum. These results indicate that the type of bacteria is influenced by the existing mangrove vegetation. Keywords: bacteria, mangrove waters,vegetation
DIRECTED–PROJECT BASED LEARNING AS LANGUAGE LEARNING MODEL: DESIGNING, DEVELOPING AND FIELD TESTING Pratiwi, Tri; Marsidin, Sufyarma; Syarif, Hermawati; Yahya, Yahya
EduLite: Journal of English Education, Literature and Culture Vol 3, No 1 (2018): February 2018
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (265.323 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/e.3.1.40-50

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The aim of the present study is developing English learning model to increase students’ language skills in English subject for VIII graders of SMP N 1 Uram Jaya through Directed-Project Based Learning (DPjBL) implementation. This study is designed in Research and Development (R & D) using ADDIE model development. The researcher collected the data through the test, questionnaire, observation, and interview which were then analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. The study revealed that Directed-Project Based Learning (DPjBL) implementation is significantly able to be one learning model allowing to increase student’s language skills.
ANALISIS KUALITAS LAYANAN JASA PENDIDIKAN TERHADAP KEPUASAN MAHASISWA PADA POLITEKNIK NEGERI SRIWIJAYA Yahya, Yahya
ORASI BISNIS Vol 10, No 5 (2013): Orasi Bisnis
Publisher : ORASI BISNIS

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 The objective of the research was to examine the impact of education’s service quality toward student’s satisfaction of State Polytechnic of Sriwijaya Palembang. Primary data was collected through survey technique from 96 samples, respondents taken by random sampling method and was analysed by using technique of multiple regression. The result indicated that service quality which was implemented had been running well of which caused the student’s satisfaction was quiet enough. Through statistical analysis, service quality which consisted of: reliability, responsiveness, assurance, emphaty, and tangibles variables had a positive influence toward student’s satisfaction. But in partial reliability, responsiveness, and emphaty had not a positive influence. Those above results of analysis indicated that management of State Polytechnic of Sriwijaya have to improve the assurance, and tangibles. Mean while of reliability, responsiveness, and emphaty have to be restrained and more over to be raised in the future
PENENTUAN JENIS NYAMUK MansoniaSEBAGAI TERSANGKA VEKTOR FILARIASIS Brugia malayi DAN HEWAN ZOONOSIS DI KABUPATEN MUARO JAMBI Santoso, Santoso; Yahya, Yahya; Salim, Milana
Media Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Vol 24, No 4 Des (2014)
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

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AbstrakFilariasis merupakan penyakit yang tidak mudah menular. Filariasis adalah penyakit yang ditularkan oleh nyamuk sebagai vector. Jenis nyamuk yang dapat berperan sebagai vector filariasis dipengaruhi oleh jenis cacing penyebab filaria. Brugia spp. umumnya ditularkan oleh nyamuk Mansonia spp dan Anopheles spp. Vektor dan hewan zoonosis merupakan salah satu factor yang dapat perlu mendapat perhatian dalam pengendalian filariasis. Penelitian terhadap vector dan hewan zoonosis telah dilakukan di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi untuk mengidentifikasi bionomik vektor dan kemungkinan adanya hewan zoonosis yang berperan sebagai penular filariasis. Desain penelitian adalah observasi, yaitu dengan melakukan penangkapan nyamuk dan pemeriksaan darah terhadap kucing. Jumlah kucing yang diperiksa sebanyak 18 ekor. Kucing yang positif microfilaria sebanyak 1 ekor. Jumlah nyamuk Mansonia spp. tertangkap sebanyak 1,167 ekor yang terdiri dari 6 species. Spesies nyamuk tertangkap paling banyak adalah Mansonia uniformis sebanyak 1.010 ekor dengan angka kekerapan 1,0. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut, maka diperlukan peran serta masyarakat untuk mengurangi kepadatan nyamuk dengan membersihkan genangan air dan mencegah gigitan nyamuk. Selain itu diperlukan juga penanganan terhadap hewan yang bertindak sebagai zoonosis dengan memberikan pengobatan terhadap kucing agar tidak menjadi sumber infeksi.Keywords : filariasis, Mansonia, vektor, zoonosis, Muaro Jambi.AbstractFilariasisis noteasily transmitted diseases. Filariasisis transmitted by mosquito vectors. Various types of mosquitoes can act as vectors of filariasis, depending on the type of microfilaria. Brugia spp. are generally transmitted by Mansonia spp and Anopheles spp. Vector and zoonotic animal are the factors that can transmit filariasis and need to have attention for controlling filariasis. Research on vector and zoonotic had been done in Muaro Jambi to determine bionomic vector and the possibility of animals can transmit filariasis. The study design was observational survey, that cought mosquitoes and inspection activities zoonotic. Cats that examined were 18. Cat with positive microfilaria was 1 cat. Number of Mansonia spp. captured was 1,167 which consisted of 6 species consisting of 6 species. Mansonia uniformis was the largest species cought numbering 1.010 with 1.00 frequency rate with 1,010 mosquitoes that frequency rate of 1,00. Based on these results, it is necessery for community participation for mosquito control activities and further investigation to cats and cats carried on a positive treatment.Keywords : filariasis, Mansonia, vectors, zoonotic, Muaro Jambi.