Hari Wujoso
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Hubungan Depresi dengan Motivasi Berprestasi pada Mahasiswa Pendidikan Dokter Semester III Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Nexus Pendidikan Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Nexus Pendidikan Kedokteran & Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Most tertiary education students commonly share motivations to achieve better. However, higher education life, particularly when taking medicine program, is typically more demanding and more competitive, leading some students to experience depression symptoms during this period. Depression can adversely influence students’ achievement motivation. Methods: This was an analytical observational study using cross-sectional approach, conducted in December 2012 at Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University Surakarta. Ninety medical students at 3rd semester were selected as samples using non-random purposive sampling method, based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Depression scores were measured by Beck Depression Inventory, whereas achievement motivation scores were measured by McClelland achievement motivation questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed by Spearman’s correlation test. Results: Depression scores showed normal distribution (p<0,001), but achievement motivation scores were not normally distributed (p=0,063). Result from the Spearman’s correlation test showed a ρ coefficient of -0,113 (p=0,287). Conclusion: There was no significant correlation between depression and achievement motivation among 3th semester medical students at Sebelas Maret University Surakarta. Medical students should keep their achievement motivation high. Keywords: depression, achievement motivation, medical student

Perbedaan Fase Pendidikan Kedokteran terhadap Persepsi tentang Informed Consent

Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background: Medical Education Phases are divided into two phases, both are preclinical phase and clinical phase where in the clinical phase, students get clinical experiences. Experience is one factor that affects the formation of perceptions. From 2006 through 2012, Indonesian Medical Disciplinary Board (MKDKI), has received 183 complaints lodged with 5 problems related medical services in Indonesia, one of which is a communication problem. This study aims to determine the difference of medical education phases concerning perceptions of informed consent Methods: This study is an observational study with cross-sectional design which was held on December 2013 at the Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University and Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta. 60 subjects were taken by purposive sampling method continued with convenience sampling method. Subjects were asked to fill out a form of identity, informed consent sheet and questionnaire. Then the results of the questionnaire were tested by the Independent t-test through SPSS 20.0 for Windows. Results: Preclinical students were 30 respondents (50 %) , and clinical students  were 30 respondents (50 %) . The results of the analysis by the Independent t- test showed no difference medical education phases (p = 0.083) concerning perceptions of informed consent. Conclusion: There were no difference medical education phases concerning perceptions of informed consent. Keywords: Medical Education Phases, Perception, Informed Consent 

Perbedaan Media Pembelajaran (Leaflet Dan Video) Terhadap Keterampilan Sadari Ditinjau Dari Motivasi

Jurnal Kesehatan SAMODRA ILMU Vol 5, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Samodra Ilmu - Juli 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan SAMODRA ILMU

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Background. Media can improve the quality of the learning process, which in turn is expected to enhance the learning outcomes achieved by learners. The use of instructional media is considered important by teachers to assist teachers in transferring knowledge to the student in this case realized skills. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in instructional media (leaflets and video) to realize the skills in terms of motivation. Research Methods.This study used a true experimental approach and posttest only control group design. The sampling technique used is total sampling. Data analysis used the two pathways previously ANOVA test prerequisite. Results and discussion. The results showed that 1) There are differences in media influence learning skills leaflets and videos to realize (P value = 0.021). 2) There are differences in the effect of high motivation and low motivation to realize skills (P value = 0.011). 3) There is interaction effect of learning media skills and motivation to realize (P value = 0.036). Keywords: media learning, skills, motivation, realize.

ANALISIS PENGEMBANGAN POSYANDU HARAPAN PERTIWI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KESEHATAN BAYI DAN BALITA

Jurnal Ilmu Kebidanan (Journal of Midwivery Science) Vol 1, No 2: Agustus 2013
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan AKBIDYO

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Latar belakang: Pemantauan pertumbuhan balita selama ini belum berjalan seperti yang diharapkan, karena kesadaran masyarakat akan keberadaan posyandu masih jauh dari harapan. Masyarakat belum menyadari sepenuhnyabahwa posyandu milik masyarakat yang harus dikembangkan, karena pemberdayaan posyandu merupakan daridan untuk masyarakat setempat. Petugas kesehatan atau pihak puskesmas diharapkan mampu mengembangkanposyandu karena mereka menjadi pendamping yang akan memberikan motivasi masyarakat untuk pelaksanaankegiatan posyandu.Tujuan: untuk mengetahui perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengawasan, evaluasi, hasil yang dicapai dan kendalayang dihadapi di Posyandu Harapan Pertiwi di Dusun Druwo Desa Bangunharjo Sewon Bantul Yogyakarta.Metode: Penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode kualitatif dengan rancangan studi kasus yang bersifat deskriptif.Unit Analisis adalah Posyandu Harapan Pertiwi di Dusun Druwo Bangunharjo sewon Bantul Yogyakarta. Data diambil secara purposive sampling melalui wawancara mendalam dengan checklist observasi. Analisis data denganexplanation building yaitu tehnik penjelasan hasil wawancara dan analisis checklist hasil observasi serta penulusuran dokumen.Hasil: menunjukan bahwa perencanaan kegiatan Posyandu Harapan Pertiwi di Dusun Druwo Bangunharjo SewonBantul Yogyakarta sudah tersusun dengan baik mengikuti aturan perencanaan, melibatkan seluruh komponendan menghasilkan dokumen perencanaan. Struktur organisasi pelaksana Posyandu merupakan organisasi yanginformal di masyarakat.Simpulan: Bahwa perencanaan, struktur organisasi, pelaksanaan, pengawasan dan evaluasi kegiatan PosyanduHarapan Pertiwi sudah sesuai dengan peraturan dari dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Bantul. ABSTRACTBackground: The analysis of development of integrated service post to improve the health of Earth HopekInfantandkToddlerkCasekStudykonkthekHamletkthekVillagekDruwo, Bangunharjo,Sewon BantulkYogyakarta. ThesisThekpostgraduatekProgramkthehUniversitykofkSebelaskMaretkSurakarta.Objective: To know determine the planning, the organization, the implementation, the monitoring and the evaluation, the results achieved, obstacles in the face in the Integrated Service Post Pertiwi Hope of the Hamlet the VillageDruwo Bangunharjo SewonkBantulkYogyakarta.Method: The methode used in this study is the qualitative with the case study design is descriptive. IntegratedService Post the Analysis Unit is in the hamlet of Hope Pertiwi Druwo Bangunharjo Sewon Bantul Yogyakarta. Purposively sampling data taken the through in-depth interviews with the observation with checklist. The Analysis ofdata by the building the technical explanation explanation and analysis of the results of interviews and observationspenulusuran checklist document.Results: Research shows that planning activities in the hamlet of Integrated Service Post Pertiwi Hope the hamletthe village Druwo Bangunharjo Sewon Bantul Yogyakarta is in good order to follow the rules of planning, involvingall the components and produce planning documents, organizationalkstructurekofkthekimplementingkIntegratedkServicekPostkiskankinformalkorganizationkinkthelcommunity.Conclusion: of this study are as follow: the analysis of the implementation of Integrated Service Post of PertiwiHope of the hamlet the village Druwo Bangunharjo Sewon Bantul Yogyakarta.

HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP KELUARGA DENGAN TERKENDALINYA KADAR GULA DARAH PADA PASIEN DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 (Studi di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Kabupaten Kediri)

Jurnal Sistem Kesehatan Vol 2, No 1 (2016): Volume 2 Nomor 1 September 2016
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstract

Penyakit Diabetes Melitus  jumlahnya terus meningkat serta menjadi masalah kesehatan karena komplikasinya, terjadi akibat kurangnya pengetahuan maupun sikap Keluarga dalam kontrol gula darah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap keluarga dengan terkendalinya kadar gula darah pada pasien DM tipe-2. Rancangan penelitian analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel 46 Responden keluarga (extended) pasien diambil dengan accidental sampling. Dilaksanakan di RSUD Kabupaten Kediri Bulan Februari sampai Maret 2016. Variabel bebas pengetahuan skor 0-30 dan sikap skor 0-120 tentang terkendalinya kadar gula darah dengan lembar kuesioner, variabel terikat Terkendalinya kadar gula darah Glycohemoglobin (HbA1c) dalam % dengan lembar observasi Rekam Medis (HbA1c). Data  dinyatakan dalam skala interval dan di analisis menggunakan Regresi Linier berganda. Tingkat kesalahan (α) 5% (0,05). Hubungan pengetahuan keluarga dengan terkendalinya kadar gula darah (b= –0.29; CI 95%= -0.53 s/d -0.05; p=0.017 (30,1%)). Hubungan sikap keluarga dengan terkendalinya kadar gula darah (b= -0.125; CI 95%= -0.22 s/d -0.03; p=0,012 (31,1%)). Hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap keluarga dengan terkendalinya kadar gula darah p=0,001 (37%) terkendalinya kadar gula darah pada pasien Diabetes Melitus tipe-2 dipengaruhi oleh faktor pengetahuan dan sikap. Ada hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap keluarga dengan terkendalinya kadar gula darah pada pasien diabetes mellitus tipe-2.Kata Kunci : Pengetahuan Keluarga, Sikap Keluarga, Terkendalinya kadar gula darah

Pengaruh Metode Pembelajaran Ceramah Plus dan Metode Drill terhadap Motivasi Belajar dan Hasil Belajar pada Kompentensi Dasar Efisiensi penggunaan Tempat Tidur Rumah Sakit

Media Ilmu Keolahragaan Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2017): July 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh metode pembelajaran metode ceramah plus dan drill terhadap motivasi belajar dan hasil belajar mahasiswa pada kompetensi dasar efisiensi penggunaan tempat tidur rumah sakit pada mahasiswa Prodi D3 RM STIKes Mitra Husada Karanganyar. Rancangan penelitian ini adalah quasi experiment pretest posttest group design. Data diolah dan dianalisis dengan menggunakan paired t-test dan independent t-test. Keseluruhan subjek penelitian adalah 118 mahasiswa. Hasil Penelitian berdasarkan hasil uji Paired Samples Test menunjukkan bahwa semua pasangan variabel pair 1, pair 2, pair 3, pair 4 mempunyai nilai p atau sig = 0,000 (<0,05) maka h0 ditolak . Hal ini berarti terdapat perbedaan motivasi belajar dan hasil belajar sebelum dan sesudah pemberian metode pembelajaran melalui metode ceramah plus dan metode dril, sehingga metode pembelajaran melalui metode ceramah plus dan metode dril dapat meningkatkan motivasi belajar dan hasil belajar responden. Hasil Uji Independent Samples T Test menunjukkan bahwa variabel motivasi belajar mempunyai nilai p atau sig = 0,000 (<0,05), maka Ho ditolak atau motivasi belajar responden melalui metode pembelajaran dengan metode ceramah plus dan metode dril benar-benar berbeda. Pada variabel hasil belajar mempunyai nilai p atau sig = 0,000 (? <0,05), maka Ho ditolak. Hal ini berarti terdapat perbedaan hasil belajar melalui metode pembelajaran dengan menggunakan metode ceramah plus dan metode dril. Disimpulkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan pengaruh Metode Pembelajaran Ceramah Plus dan Metode Dril terhadap motivasi belajar dan hasil belajar sangat berbeda. Metode dril lebih baik daripada metode ceramah plus.The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of teaching methods and drill plus a lecture on motivation to learn and learning outcomes of students to the basic competence the efficient use of hospital beds in student Prodi D3 RM STIKes Mitra Husada Karanganyar. The study design was quasi experimental group pretest-posttest design. The data is processed and analyzed using paired t-test and independent t-test. Overall the study subjects were 118 students. Results based on the results of Paired Samples Test shows that all variable pair 1, pair 2, 3 pair, 4 pair or sig has a value of p = 0.000 (<0.05) then h0 rejected. This means that there are differences in learning motivation and learning outcomes before and after giving a lecture mode of learning methods and methods plus drill, so the method of learning through lecture method plus and drill method can increase learning motivation and learning outcomes of respondents. Independent Test Results Samples T Test showed that the variables of learning motivation or sig has a value of p = 0.000 (<0.05), then Ho is rejected or motivation to learn the respondent through the method of learning by lecture method plus and drill method is completely different. On learning outcome variable has a value of p or sig = 0.000 (? <0.05), then Ho is rejected. This means that there are differences in learning outcomes through a learning method using plus lecture and drill method. Concluded that there are differences in the effect of Learning Method Lectures Plus and Method Dril toward learning motivation and learning outcomes are very different. Drill method is better than the lecture method plus.

The Result of Functional Mobility Scale (FMS) on Cerebral Palsy Spastic Diplegic that treated by SEMLS (Single Event Multi Level Surgey) method in Orthopaedic Hospital Prof. Dr. R. Soeharso, Surakarta

Indonesian Journal of Medicine Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Cerebral Palsy is a permanent non-progressive brain disorders that occur in early childhood where abnormalities in the brain due to damage on immature brain can cause movement disorders and postural dysfunctionNowadays, the treatment of choice for CP Spastic diplegic is using SEMLS (Single Event Multi Level Surgery). There was many scoring to evaluate outcome of SEMLS, but only a few scoring system that can evaluate changing after SEMLS. Functional Mobility Scale (FMS) is an outcome measure designed to evaluate mobility of children with cerebral palsy (CP). FMS has been shown to detect both improvement and deterioration in mobility status during the rehabilitation period following multilevel orthopaedic surgery in children with spastic diplegicSubjects and Method:This was a cross sectional observasional study. The sample are obtained by sensus from January 1st 2014 untill March 1st 2015. The patient’s characteristic that we include in this study are gender, age when the patient had a surgery, and where the contracture are involved. We evaluate the outcome using FMS before operation, 3 month, 6 month, 9 month, and 12 month after operation on three different distance (5, 50, 500 meter) that represent home, school, and community. After that we analyze the result using regression logistic model to better understands about changes and time of changes on patient after SEMLS procedure. We also analyze the corelation between age, sex, and location of contracture with the outcome after SEMLS procedureResult : 51 patients were reviewed and identified, there were 31 males (61%) and 20 females (39%), mean age when the patient was operated was 8.07 years old, with the most common cases are CP Spastic Diplegic with hip, knee, ankle contracture bilateral about 41 patient (80.3%), knee ankle bilateral about 7 patient (13.2%), and hip ankle bilateral about 3 patient (5.88%). From evaluation of FMS scoring, we found most patient had an improvement on their mobility after SEMLS procedure (OR > 1), with the time changes for 5 and 50 meters distance is at six months (OR : 1.52) and (OR= 1.47), and 500 meters is at 12 months (OR= 3.45). We also found no significant relationships (p value > 0.05) between age (p value= 0.632), sex (p value= 0.576) and location of contracture (p value= 0.222) with the outcome of the FMS after SEMLSConclusion: We found that SEMLS gives a good result to increased mobility of patient with CP Spastic Diplegic. FMS Score were able to  asses the outcome of SEMLS procedure, and also responsive to change that occur after SEMLS. Age, sex, and  contracture’s location were not significantly influence the FMS outcome after SEMLSKeywords: CP Spastic Diplegic, SEMLS (Single Event Muti Level Surgery), FMS (Functional Mobility Scale).Correspondence: Seti Aji Hadinoto. Masters Program of Family Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java.Indonesian Journal of Medicine (2017), 2(2): 100-106https://doi.org/10.26911/theijmed.2017.02.02.04 

PERSEPSI MAHASISWA TENTANG FASILITAS BELAJAR PADA PRESTASI BELAJAR

Jurnal Ilmu Kebidanan (Journal of Midwivery Science) Vol 3, No 3: Desember 2015
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan AKBIDYO

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Latar belakang:Keberhasilan pendidikan akan tercapai apabila prestasi belajar yang dihasilkan dalam proses pendidikan tersebut memuaskan. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pembelajaran seorang individu terdiri dari tiga macam, yakni faktor internal (faktor dari dalam individu), faktor eksternal (faktor dari luar individu), dan faktor pendekatan belajar (approach to learning). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh persepsi fasilitas belajar terhadap prestasi belajar mahasiswa. Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian observasional kuantitatif dengan rancangan cross sectional.Populasi penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa Tingkat III Akademi Kebidanan Estu Utomo dan mahasiswa Yappi Sragen. Sampel sebanyak 40 mahasiswa dengan teknik simple random sampling. Alat pengumpul data menggunakan kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan regresi linier berganda dengan program SPSS. Hasil:Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh positif dan secara statistik signifikan antara pengaruh fasilitas belajar terhadap prestasi belajar mahasiswa. (b1= 0,55; CI = 95%; 0,24 hingga 0,86; p = 0,001). Simpulan:Penelitian ini menunjukkan terdapat pengaruh persepsi mahasiswa tentang fasilitas belajar terhadap prestasi belajar.

The Relationship of Radiological Value and Functional Scale of Lower Motion Devices in Patients with Bone Defects Given Synthetic Bone Graft and BMP2

Indonesian Journal of Medicine Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Broken bones in a severe lower motion device, especially those associated with a bone defect, often fail or are slow to fuse. The possibility of non-union in patients triggering clinicians to use bone-grafting as part of a procedure aims at achieving the union. The Gold Standard is to use autogenous bone graft, but it actually has some disadvantages. To overcome this, there are alternative measures of bone grafting. Hydroxyapatite is known to be synthetic bonegraft which has good osteoconductive properties. For hydroxyapatite, it has been widely used and easily available. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are the family of osteo-inductive proteins in the bone matrix. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of synthetic bone graft and BMP-2 as a bonegraft in the process of bone healing with "bone defect" in long bones by evaluating the process of radiological closure of defects and clinical bone healing process.Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study. A sample of 20 patients with bone defect in the tibia and femur was selected for this study. An evaluation of radiological defect closure was evaluated using a calculation system using the FDA-determined radiological evaluation method and a periodic lower function of the LEFS (Lower Extremity Functional Scale) every 2 months up to the 6th month. The statistical tests were performed using linear regression.Results: There is a negative relationship between the radiological value and the functional scale of the lower motion device (b = -1.26; p = 0.001). There is an improvement in bone defect closure and clinical functional improvement in patients who performed a synthetic bonegraft closure action added by BMP-2 as well. The evaluation is carried out through radiological calculations that show a periodically reduced size of the defect which affects the increase in the value of the functional scale of the lower motion device.Conclusions: There is a negative relationship between radiological values and functional scale of lower motion devices in patients with bone defect in the tibia bone or femur given synthetic bone graft and Bmp2.Keywords: bone defects, synthetic bone grafts and BMP-2, LEFSCorrespondence:Farid Ibrahim. Masters Program in Family Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java.Indonesian Journal of Medicine (2018), 3(2): 77-83https://doi.org/10.26911/theijmed.2018.03.02.03