This study aims to describe the representation of gender relation and gender role and Eka Kurniawanâs and Djenar Maesa Ayuâs different visions of the two. The data sources were Cantik Itu Luka, a novel by Eka Kurniawan and Nayla, a novel by Djenar Maesa Ayu. The data were analyzed by means of the qualitative descriptive technique through categorization, tabulation, and inference employing the feminist literary criticism theory. The findings are as follows. First, Cantik Itu Luka representsthe gender relation dominated by patriarchal power especially in the public domain, while Nayla represents the gender relation leading to superior women against the patriarchal power. Second, Eka Kurniawan views that men have dominant positionsin relation to women, while Djenar Maesa Ayu views that menâs domination must be opposed by presenting dominant female figures. Third, Eka Kurniawan views that patriarchal domination in gender role still cannot be opposed by women, while Djenar Maesa Ayu views that women must be able to compete with men especially in the public role.
This paper aims to discuss construction of nationalism contained in Indonesian novels preindependence,Â especially Student Hijo and Salah Asuhan using perspective hegemony Gramsciâs theory. The analysisÂ showed that both the novel construct of ideology of nationalism against colonialism in the Dutch colonialÂ era. Both novels also showed his duties as a battle field of ideology of nationalism against colonialism.
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan model panduan pendidik pengajaran sastra berbasis pendidikan karakter. Penelitian dilakukan dengan melibatkan 10 guru bahasa Indonesia, 150 siswa kelas 2 dari 10 sekolah, serta empat ketua MGMP kabupaten/kota dan satu ketua MGMP provinsi. Instrumen pengumpulan data yang digunakan di dalam penelitian ini adalah human instrument, wawancara, observasi, angket, dan format penelaahan. Analisis data dilakukan melalui teknik deskriptif kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persoalan yang dihadapi oleh para guru adalah kurangnya sumber-sumber pengayaan untuk mengembangkan pembelajaran sastra, baik dalam bentuk perangkat pembelajaran maupun praktinya di kelas, yang diintegrasikan dengan pendidikan karakter. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan buku panduan pengajaran sastra berbasis pendidikan karakter.
Abstract This research is aimed at finding and understanding the texts of hypogram in a novel entitled Larung and explaining the form of transformation and function in the novel. The achieved those aim the novel is read repeatedly. Some texts, assumed as hypogram and having intertextual relation with the novel, are identified. The texts, then are studies. The similarities and differences between the texts and the novel are examined. In the frame of literary reception the data is studied to explain the relation between the texts of hypogram and the novel. The results of research show there are five texts of hypogram having intertextual relation with the novel and becoming the background of the novel. The five texts are Calon Arang, Wayang Purwa(particularly in relation to the characters of Wisanggeni, Shakuntala, Togog, Bilung, dan Durga), childrenâs song âKupu-kupu yang Lucuâ, childrenâs story Puss in Boots (Kucing Bersepatu), and novel Histoire dâO. In Larung those five texts of hypogram are in the form of pastiche and parody. The form of pasticheÂ is because of no significant change in the essence between the texts and the novel, while the forms of parody is because thereis significant change of meaning between the texts and the novel. In Larung the texts of hypogram function to integrally build structures of characters and story because the texts become the model of names, characterization, plot and setting. The result shows that there is an inseparable relation between contemporary and old literary texts. In content of literary reception and postmodern aesthetics a text basically a mosaic of quotations. Keywords: Larung, hypogram, intertextual
This article is about a study conducted to improve students attitude towards literature teaching and also to improve their appreciation of literature. The study was conducted on students in Class C of the second grade of the Yogyakarta Ninth Junior High School in the 2000/2001 academic year. It was conducted in two cycles, each cycle consisting of four steps, namely, planning, implementing treatment, monitoring and observing, and analyzing and reflecting. Data were collected by means ofobservations, field notes, tests, questionnaires onÂ appreciation of literature, interviews, and tasks. The results of the study show that (1) the application of a literature teaching model that is appreciative and receptive and with practice in literature analysis could develop students attitude towards literature teaching and (2) the application of such a model could develop students appreciation of literature.
Abstract This study ia aimed at describing th idea of nationalism and theÂ concept of nation in modern Indonesian novels. The population is modern Indoneisan novels and the sampling of which is taken purposively and done through intensive reading. The analysis of the data covers 1)the structural aspect and 2) genetic aspects of the works. The first step analysis is meaning reconstruction and interpretation which are directed toÂ grasp the ideas and insight found in the linguistic expository involvingÂ the ideas of nasionalism and the concept of nation. The second step anlysis concerns with the socio-cultural aspect overwhelming the writing of the works that is the self-existance of the writers and the ways they view their world. The findings show that in its historical perspective, the idea of nationalism have been categorized into three groups,namely: 1) the first wave nationalism; the idea of the pre-independence nationalism 2)the second-wave nationalism; the post independence nationalism, 3) the third-wave nationalism; the nationalism of the new Indonesia. Keywords: nationalism, modern Indonesian novels
This article is intended to understand the phenomena of women writers in Indonesian literature within the period of year 2000. Their works of literature emerge among the works of art dominated by male writers. Seeing through thefeminism point of view, those women writers strive their position by attempting to deconstruct the patriarch system. By producing their works, they seek their identity through the literary writing and literary critics. Their existence in Indonesian literaryworks in 2000s becomes the pioneer of womenâs rebelious action against the patriarch system in Indonesian literary history. Through their works which have got some awards from Dewan Kesenian Jakarta or Khatulistiwa Awards, theircapability in writing is recognized. However, their skill in producing works of art does not necessarily get positive respond from both the society and the literary critics. There are many prickly critics which try to marginalize their works.
Di sarnping kecerdasan intelektual. kccerdasan eniosionnljugs ~nc~iiilipkc~ra nan yang sangat penting bagi keberhasila~lkeh~dupan dan niasa depan seorang anak. Mengingat pentingnyaperanan kccerdasan eniosional bagi kehidupan anak, sejak usia diniseorang anak harus dilatih untuk meningkatkan kecerdasanemosinya. Sebagai model dari kehidupan yang memiliki hubunganlangsung niaupun tak langsung dengan reaiitas dalani dunia nyata,karya sastra dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai salah satu sarana untukmengenibangkan kecerdasan e~nosain ak.Tulisan ini niembahas peran karya sastra sebagai salahsatu sarana untuk mengembangkan kecerdasan emosi anak. Denganmembaca knrya sastra, secara tidak langsung seorang anakmendapatkan contoli bagaimana rnanusia dalarn alain nyatamengenali. niengekspresikan. dan mengelola emosinya. sertame~notivasdi iri dalam membinal~ubungand engan orang lain.tlntuk ~iiencapa~p enga.iaran sastra yang lnalnpclmengembangkan kecerdasan emosi anak. ~naka anak dilibatkansecara langsung dalam aktivitas membaca. menghayati.menginterpretasika~~d,a n memahami karya sastra, denganmclibatkan c~nosinyn
Buku-buku sejarah sasatra yang ada selama ini telah berbuat tidak adil. paling tidak ada dua kelompok karya sastra yang selama ini hampir (untuk mengatakan tidak sama sekali) tidak pernah dibicarakan, yaitu sastra anak dan sastra remaja. Akibatnya, pembelajaran sastra di sekolah, khususnya SMP dan SMA sastra anak dan remaja hampir tidak pernah dibahas. Artinya, pembelajaran sastra di sekolah dapat dikatakan belum kontekstual. Padahal, dalam realitas nyata sehari-harinya anak SD sampai SMA di sela-sela belajarnya banyak mengkonsumsi sastra anak dan remaja, mulai dari komik Crayon Sinchan, Detektif Conan, Mickey Mouse, Barbie, Bobo, sampai Harru Potter.
This study aims to analyse (1) how the characters in the novel Amba by Laksmi Pamuntjak conquest and care for the preservation of nature and environment, and (2) the depiction of nature and the environment in relation to the overall story of Amba using ecocriticism Â perspective. The results are as follows. First, the nature and the environment of Buru are described as an arena to be conquered by the main character (Bhishma), who was a political prisoner in the New Order era. In addition, the preservation of nature and environment of Buru Island also should be protected from exploitation, especially by outsiders who came to the island of Buru. Second, the depiction of nature and the environment in Amba is related to the creation of the setting of story (place and time), Â i.e. Buru Island as political prisonersâ detention place in the New Order era, between 1969â2006. From the perspective of ecocriticism Â these findings demonstrate how an island that was secluded so used to dispose of political prisoners have experienced the dynamics of an arena which was originally a natural and fierce, eventually turned into an island that invites entrants to explore and exploit natural wealth, so must be preserved.