Articles

DETERMINANTS OF HOUSEHOLD FOOD AVAILABILITY (CALORIE AND PROTEIN) IN AREAS CONSUMING DIFFERENT STAPLE FOODS IN INDONESIA Wirjatmadi, Bambang
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 2, No 2 Des (1998)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Tiga wilayah di Indonesia, yaitu Jawa Barat, Jawa Timur dan Nusa Tenggara Timur dipilih sebagai daerah penelitian untuk  menguji pengaruh karakteristik sosial ekonomi dan jenis makanan pokok yang dimakan terhadap konsumsi kalori dan protein. Pada ketiga wilayah tersebut beras merupakan makanan pokok utama. Akan tetapi untuk wilayah Jawa Timur dan Nusa Tenggara Timur ketela pohon dan jagung juga dipakai sebagai makanan pokok selain beras. Data yang dianalisis adalah data Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional yang dikumpulkan oleh Biro Pusat Statistik pada tahun 1987.  Untuk mengukur konsumsi tiap individu agar supaya dapat dibandingkan dengan kecukupan gizi di Indonesia, maka digunakan ukuran "AEU " (Adult Equivalent Unit"). Ukuran ini dipakai untuk mentransformasi keburuhan keluarga menjadi keburuban tiap individu dengan mempertimbangkan faktor jumlah dan umur masing-masing anggota keluarga. Konsumsi kalori dan protein per AEU mempunyai hubungan yang positif dengan jumlah anggota keluarga yang hidupnya bertumpu pada sektor pertanian dapat mencukupi kebutuhan pangannya dari pada yang lain, demikian juga halnya dengan keluarga yang dapat memproduksi pangannya sendiri dari hasil pekarangnnya. Harga dari beras merupakan prediktor negatif dari kecukupan proteinnya, terutama untuk wilayah Jawa Barat dan Nusa Tenggara Timur dan bukan untuk wilayah Jawa Timur. Data yang dikumpulkan mempunyai musirn yang berbeda.  Di Nusa Tenggara Tmur data dikumpulkan pada musim panen, sedangkan di Jawa data  dikumpulkan pada waktu musim tanam .
KANDUNGAN IODIUM PADA BEBERAPA BAHAN MAKANAN DI DAERAH PANTAI ENDEMIK DAN NON-ENDEMIK Gunanti, Inong Retno; Suhardjo, Suhardjo; Kusharto, Clara M.; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Wirjatmadi, Bambang
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 3, No 1 Jun (1999)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Generally, Iodine Deficiency Discorders (IDD) is prevalent among people who live in mountain areas with low iodine content in the soil, drinkin-water and the foods-stuff. Recently, based on several studies, it is reported that the IDD cases are also found among people who live along coastal areas. No one report has explained the possible cause explicitly. The objective of this study is to analyze the iodine content of foods-stuff consumed in endemic and nonendemic coastal areas to explore the possible factors influencing IDD in villages along coastal areas. The study was conducted from April to August 1998 in the coastal area of Belimbing Village, Paciran sub district (as endemic coastal area) and Labuhan Village, Brondong sub district (as nonendemic coastal area), Lamongan Regency, East Java Province. The two villages are located along Java Sea. For this purpose 30 school children were selected as samples from each village ("Sekolah Dasar Belimbing I"    and "Sekolah Dasar Labuhan 117". The food consumption data were collected by using food frequency questionnaire and the iodine content in foods-stuffs were measured quantitatively in laboratory. The result of this study shows that the iodine content in most of the foods-stuff in Belimbing Village is lower than Labuhan Village. The difference is around 2.5- 4.5 microgram/100g for sea production, and around 0.025-0.59 microgram/100g for vegetables and fruits.
PENGARUH SUPLEMENTASI ZINC SULFAT DAN BISKUIT TERHADAP KONSENTRASI ZINC RAMBUT BALITA (PROGRAM MP ASI BISKUIT DI KERTOSONO JAWA TIMUR) Budiastutik, Indah; Wirjatmadi, Bambang; Adriani, Merryana
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 14, No 3 Jul (2011)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Nganjuk was included in 7districts with highest malnutrition in East Java. Prevalence index of weight/age was 4.80%, height/age was 17.40% and weight/height was > 20% (Riskesdas, 2008). In 2009 malnourished under five children was 715. Objective of this research was analyzing the effect of zinc supplement and biscuit MP-ASI for the nutritional status and hair zinc concentration for under five children. Methods: conducted in the working area community health center Kertosono, Nganjuk regency, East Java. Sample of research was children 12-60 months who have Zinc hair concentration < 150 Jig/Kg that was divided into two groups. Total subject was 26 under five children that divided into two groups. One was treatment group who received biscuit MP-ASI and zinc syrup and the other was control group who received biscuit MP-ASI and placebo syrup. Each group was collected by simple random sampling. Results: There were significant differences of body weight in the treatment group and control group before and after research,using paired t-test (p = 0.000). There were significant differences of body height in the treatment group and control group before and after research, using paired t test (p = 0.000). There were significant differences of category hair zinc concentration in the treatment group before and after research with Me Nemar Test (p = 0.031). Conclusion: Supplementation can increase the body weight and body height both of two groups, but nutrition status in the treatment group increased  highly than in the control  group. Hair zinc concentration in the treatment group increased highly than in the control group.   Key words: Malnutrition, zinc sulfate, biscuit Complementary feeding, levels of hair zinc
Hubungan serum seng dengan jumlah CD4 pada lansia di Panti Jompo Sugeng, Maria Widijanti; Adriani, Merryana; Wirjatmadi, Bambang
JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (398.212 KB)

Abstract

Background: Elderly people tend to have higher susceptibility to infections because of immune dysfunction, especially cell-mediated immune system which is related to zinc deficiency. Zinc has an important role in the cell-mediated immune system which can be determined by CD4 count. Objectives: To determine the zinc level in the serum and CD4 count in healthy elderly and the correlation between the zinc level in the serum and CD4 count. Method: This was a randomized cross-sectional study. Twenty seven healthy elderly subjects of both sexes aged 60-90 years were recruited for this study from a senior center. Zinc level in the serum and CD4 count were measured. Result: The average of CD4 count was 710 + 269 cells/ml, and the average of zinc level in the serum was 87,29 + 10,27 μg/dL. Twenty six percent elderly had low CD4 count (<460cells/ml. There was no zinc deficiency among the elderly but 30% elderly had zinc level 70- 80 μg/dL. There was a significant correlation (p<0,05) between zinc level and CD4 count, which was analyzed using Pearson correlation method.Conclusion: CD4 count has correlation with zinc level in the serum in elderlyKeywords: Zinc level, CD4 count, elderly
CONSUMPTION OF RELATIONS WITH NUTRITION HEALING THE WOUNDS AFTER OPERATION SECTIO Cesarea Widjianingsih, Elok; Wirjatmadi, Bambang
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmiah Media Gizi Indonesia
Publisher : Media Gizi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

 ABSTRACTIn recent days, many postnatal infection incidences caused by poor sectio cesaria wound healing process or unhealed sectio cesaria wound are found. In fact, sectio cesaria should be “hygiene” operation measure and having infection rate not more than 2%. Malnutrition is considered as one of infection causes. This research was performed to identify relationship between nutrition consumption levels and wound healing process after sectio cesaria operation. This research was performed by cross sectional design using quantitative and qualitative approaches. Interview and observation were conducted on 51 postnatal mothers with sectio cesarea wounds who had met the criteria. Subjects were collected from population by simple random sampling. Further interview was performed to obtain more detail information about the variable researched. Independent variables were age, educational level, knowledge, expense for food, consumption pattern and nutrition consumption level. The dependent variable was wound healing process post sectio cesaria operation. Based on Spearman correlation statistical test, it was obtained correlation coefficient of 0.767 (r > 0.5) or p = 0.000 (< 0.05). Test result showed that there was a significant relationship between respondent nutrition consumption and wound healing process post sectio cesarea operation. It could be concluded that post natal mother had good nutrition consumption level through their complete wound healing process (by primary process) and post natal mother who had poor consumption level were at risk to experience infection on their post sectio cesaria wound (by secondary process). Keywords: consumption, nutrition, sectio cesarea
Zinc supplementation could modulate T cell to maintain interleukin-2 level in seropositive contact of leprosy patients Rahfiludin, Mohammad Z.; Wirjatmadi, Bambang; Agusni, Indropo; Dahlan, Yoes P.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 20, No 3 (2011): August
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.363 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v20i3.454

Abstract

Background: WHO classified the number of leprosy cases in Indonesia as number three in the world after India and Brazil. The number of new leprosy patients tends to increase since there is a possibility that seropositive leprosy is turning into manifest leprosy. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of zinc supplementation on interleukin-2 (IL-2) level of seropositive contact of leprosy patients with marginal zinc deficiency.Methods: Twenty two subjects aged 20-40 years were recruited for this study. The zinc-supplemented group received 40 mg elemental Zn/d orally for 3 months. Seropositive leprosy was determined by examining IgM anti Phenolic Glycolipid–1 level and concentration of IL-2 in lymphocyte cell culture supernatant fluid were measured by Elisa method.Results: The IL-2 concentration in the subject in the zinc group was relatively not changed (p= 0.721), whereas that in placebo group tended to be significantly lower (p= 0.025) at the end of the study.Conclusion: There was a significant change of IL-2 level between both groups (p= 0.037). (Med J Indones 2011;20:201-4)Keyword: IgM anti phenolic glycolipid-1, seropositive leprosy
Young Khalaal Dates (Phoenix dactylifera) Effect on Blood Glucose in Alloxan-induced Wistar Male Rats Sholikhah, Desty Muzarofatus; Wirjatmadi, Bambang; Adriani, Merryana
Health Notions Vol 2 No 1 (2018): January, 2018
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (Address: Cemara street 25, Ds/Kec Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia 63453)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Young Khalaal Dates (Phoenix dactylifera) Effect on Blood Glucose in Alloxan-induced Wistar Male Rats
EFEK EKSTRAK MELON (Cucumis melo) dan GliadinTERHADAP KADAR Hb DAN HbCO TIKUS WISTAR JANTAN YANG DIPAPAR ASAP ROKOK Susanti, Yuyun Erlina; Wirjatmadi, Bambang
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 11, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (411.498 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijph.v11i1.2016.78-88

Abstract

The exposure of cigarette smoke produce CO bond in hemoglobin. Melon (Cucumis melo) and gliadin contains of antioxidants that prevent tissue damage. The aim of this study was to analyze the difference of hemoglobin and carboxyhemoglobin concentration in male Wistar rats were exposed  to cigarette smoke and had been treated melon extract (Cucumis melo) and gliadin. The study was a laboratory experimental design, using Post Test Control Group Design Research and RAL method (Complete Randomize Design). The sample in this study were 25 male Wistar rats aged 3 months. The research was divided into 5 groups with 5 different treatment : control group, the treatment group were given exposure to cigarette smoke, the treatment group were given of cigarette smoke exposure and melon extract (Cucumis melo) and gliadin dose of 3 IU / day, 4.5 IU / day, and 9 IU / day.The subject were divided into 5 groups each treated for 28 day. The sample size used Federer formula. The collection of data was obtained from the results of laboratory tests to hemoglobin and Carboxyhemoglobin. Hb and HbCO data collected and analyzed by Manova test at 95% confidence level. The results showed significant difference in average Hb and HbCO concentration (p-value = 0.000) between male Wistar rats treated and not treated with melon extract (Cucumis melo) and gliadin. Melon extract has an effect on the decline of HbCO concentration due to exposure to cigarette smoke.Keywords:smoke, melon extract, Hb, HbCO
TINGKAT KECUKUPAN VITAMIN A, SENG DAN ZAT BESI SERTA FREKUENSI INFEKSI PADA BALITA STUNTING DAN NON STUNTING[Adequacy Levels of Vitamin A, Zinc, Iron, and Frequency of Infections among Stunting and Non Stunting Children Under Five] Fatimah, Nabilla Siti Hawa; Wirjatmadi, Bambang
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2018): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (221.125 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v13i2.168-175

Abstract

Stunting is a disturbance in linear growth. Defi ciency of micronutrients such as vitamin A, zinc, and iron may disturb secretion of growth hormone. Infection may improve Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha (TNF-α) and Interleukin 1 (IL-1) that pressing secretion of growth hormone. The purpose of this study is to determine difference adequacy levels of vitamin A, zinc, iron and frequency infection in stunting and non stunting children under fi ve at Puskesmas Bulak Banteng Surabaya. The study was conducted from January to may 2017 with cross sectional design. Thirty-eight children (19 stunting and 19 non stunting) were selected from random sampling. Mann Whitney test was conducted to analyze the differences between variabel in stunting and non stunting. Variable that were signifi cantly different between two groups were vitamin A (p=0.002), zinc (p=0.003) and iron adequacy level (p=0.030). There were no signifi cant differences in frequency of diarrhea and acute respiratory infection among both groups. Vitamin A, zinc, and iron intake should be fullfi lled in order to prevent stunting.
Kadar radikal superoksid (O2-), nitric oxide (NO) dan asupan lemak pada pasien hipertensi dan tidak hipertensi Astutik, Pudji; Adriani, Merryana; Wirjatmadi, Bambang
JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA Vol 3, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (452.1 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.3.1.90-95

Abstract

Background: Hypertension closely related to impaired endothelial dependent vasodilation due to a decline in theavailability of nitric oksid (NO) and high fat intake, decreased Nitric Oksid caused due to increased levels ofsuperoksid.Objective: to analyze the differences in the levels of Superoksid Radical (O2-), Nitric oxide (N0) and fat intake inpatients with hypertension and not hypertension .Methods: this research is cross sectional, research amount sampelnya taken at random. 24 respondent patientsconsisting of 12 cases control, and 12 the age of 65 40- tahun.pengambilan samples conducted in outpatient installationregional general hospital Sidoarjo. Done bseline superoksid levels, nitric oxide and recall fat intake.Results: the average rate of Superoksid respondents not hypertension 0.250± 0, 034U/mL, 0,314± 056U/mLhypertension, Average levels of Nitric oksid respondents not hypertension 116,083± 46,962μ M, of which hypertension72,333± 40,51μ M, average consumption of fat respondents not hypertension 41,65± 8, 32gram, 51,52± 6,74gramhypertension . Based on the test results the difference against Superoksid levels of both research groups using a t-testtwo samples are free retrieved the value p < 0,05 (p = 0,004), NO content retrieved the value p < 0,05 (p = 0,023), fatintake obtained the value of p < 0,05 (p = 0,004) which means that there is a meaningful difference in the levels ofSuperoksid, Nitric oxide and the level of fat intake among respondents with no hypertension and hypertension.Conclusion: there is a radical difference in the levels of Superoksid, NO (Nitric Oxide) and fat intake in patients withhypertension and not hypertension.