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THE HEGEMONY IMPOSED BY THE GOVERNMENT AND THE RESISTANCE OF WETU TELU SASAKNESE ETHNIC GROUP AT BAYAN DISTRICT, NORTH LOMBOK REGENCY

E-Journal Of Cultural Studies Vol. 4, No. 1 Januari 2010
Publisher : E-Journal Of Cultural Studies

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Abstract

This research is entitled “The Hegemony Imposed by the Government and theResistance of Wetu Telu Sasaknese Ethnic Group at Bayan District, North Lombok”.The interaction between the government and the Wetu Telu Sasaknese community atBayan District has resulted in differences in views, ideas, and behaviors leading tofriction and refusal or opposition from the community.This research is focused on 1) how has the hegemony imposed by thegovernment upon the Wetu Telu Sasaknese Ethnic Group residing at Bayan District,North Lombok Regency taken place? 2) what has been done by the people of the WetuTelu Sasaknese Ethnic Group residing at Bayan Distrik, North Lombok to resist to thehegemony imposed by the government upon them? and 3) what are the effects andmeanings of the hegemony imposed by the government and the resistance of the WetuTelu Sasaknese Ethnic Group on the multicultural community life at Bayan District,North Lombok Regency?The data needed were collected by interview, observation, and documentationand were descriptively, qualitatively and interpretatively analyzed. The theories used togive answers to the problems formulated above are the theory of hegemony (Gramsci),the theory of deconstruction (Jacques Derrida), and the theory of discourse (Foucault).The results show that the hegemony imposed by the government has taken placein a number of particular aspects such as the religious aspect, socio political aspect,cultural aspect and educational aspect. Being marginalized and being not free indeveloping their tradition and culture, the people of Wetu Telu Sasaknese Ethnic Groupresiding at Bayan District, North Lombok Regency, have been responsible for theirresistance to the government and the followers Islam Waktu Lima. The resistance hasbeen shown by avoiding, refusing and even opposing what is considered not inaccordance with their tradition and culture.One of the effects of the hegemony imposed by the government and theresistance made by the people of the Wetu Telu Sasaknese Ethnic Group residing atBayan District is that there has been imbalanced communication between the followersof Islam Waktu Lima (which collaborates with the government) and the Wetu TeluSasaknese Ethnic Group residing at Bayan District leading to a social conflict. The othereffects have been that such a social conflict has disturbed the social life of the community, has led to a paradox of cultural preservation, and has narrowed the power ofthe Wetu Telu Sasaknese Ethnic Group residing at Bayan District. From the meaningpoint of view, what has taken place at Bayan District has philosophical and multiculturalmeaning as well as the meanings of struggle for identity, cultural preservation anddynamism.

Pola Distribusi Unggas dari Pasar Tradisonal Berperan dalam Penyebaran Virus Flu Burung

Jurnal Veteriner Vol 10, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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Abstract

A study has been carried out to map the distribution pattern of poultry from traditional market toreduce the transmission risk of avian influenza virus. The data were collected from threes markets wherepoultry are sold, namely in Bringkit of Badung Regency, Kumbasari of Denpasar City, and Kediri ofTabanan Regency. Data collections was based on interviews using questionnaire. Poultry from all marketsare distributed throughout Bali. Poultry are traded mainly for religious ceremony and immediatelyslaughtered as it arrives at the consumer’s house. The distribution pattern of poultry seems to play asignificant role in the disseminations of avian influenza virus. The right implementation of biosecurity intraditional markets is highly recommended to curb the risk.

Deteksi Virus Classical Swine Fever di Bali dengan RT-PCR

Jurnal Veteriner Vol 11, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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Abstract

Classical Swine Fever (CSF) virus has been confirmed for the first time in pig in Bali. The object of thisstudy was suspected CSF cases diagnosed at the diagnostic laboratory assistantship of the Faculty ofVeterinary Medicine, Udayana University, in 2007-2008. Total number of cases was 12. Case recordsincluded the signalment of case (breed, age, body weight, and the origin of respective case), clinical signs,post-mortem lesions, and histological pictures. CSF virus was confirmed using the standardized reversetranscriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for CSF from European Union. One RT-PCR productwas sequenced. CSF virus was confirmed in seven out of 12 cases (58%). The cDNA sequence wasconfirmed to be specific of CSF E2 protein coding region with 98% homology to one isolate from China thatwas available in GeneBank. Further works are recommended to elucidate the sensitivity of RT-PCR, toclarify some differential diagnose, and to find out the genetic variation of CSF virus in Bali.Key words: classical swine fever virus, Bali, RT-PCR

Peranan Pedagang Unggas dalam Penyebaran Virus Avian Influenza

Jurnal Veteriner Vol 11, No 4 (2010)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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Abstract

A questionnaire surveillence have been carried out in three different traditional markets (ie. Beringkitin badung district, Kumbasari in Denpasar, Kediri in Tabanan district) in order to understand the role ofpaultry traders behavior in transmitting of avian influenza virus. Of 150 quationares collected most oftraders (66.7%) kept the animals for 1-3 days before it was marketed. Traders bin Beringkit and Kediri(76.3%) used to mix different species of birds in their cages, whereas none of the traders from Kumbasaridoing that. When hygienec and sanitation aspects were considered (ie. Washing and desinfectan sprayingfor cages) it was found that the behavior of traders varied markedly between the 3 different market. Inconclusion the traders awareness to especially bird flue infection and implementation of biosecurity isvery low.

Prevalensi Toxocara vitulorum Pada Induk Dan Anak Sapi Bali Di Wilayah Bali Timur

Buletin Veteriner Udayana Vol. 5 No.1 Pebruari 2013
Publisher : Buletin Veteriner Udayana

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui prevalensi infeksi cacing Toxocara vitulorum pada induk dan anak sapi bali di wilayah Bali Timur. Sebanyak 720 sampel feses sapi bali yang terdiri dari 360 sampel feses induk sapi bali dan 360 sampel feses anakan (pedet) sapi bali telah diperiksa menggunakan metode pengapungan. Hasil pemeriksaan secara keseluruhan menunjukkan prevalensi T. vitulorum pada sapi bali di wilayah Bali timur sebesar 39,4 %. Dari 360 induk sapi bali terdapat 153 (42,5%) sampel yang positif terinfeksi T. vitulorum. Sedangkan dari pemeriksaan 360 sampel feses pedet sapi bali, terdeteksi sebanyak 131 (36,4%) sampel pedet yang terinfeksi T.vitulorum.

Vaksin Polivalen Untuk Mencegah Penyakit Flu Burung (POLIVALEN VACCINE TO PREVENT BIRD FLU DISEASES)

Jurnal Veteriner Vol 13, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the use of bird flu polyvalent vaccines containing two or threeor more virus isolates representating of circulating viruses in the region. Three seed isolates of avianinfluenza H5N1 virus were used in this experiment. The isolates were Chicken/Denpasar/Unud-01/2004,Chicken/Klungkung/Unud-12/2006, and Chicken/Jembrana/Unud-17/2006. The seeds were inactivatedusing 0.01% formaldehide than mixed (AI3G) alumunium hidroxide adjuvant and then injectedintramuscularly to Isa Brown layer chicken at 3 weeks of age and repeated at the age of 5 weeks. The doseof each seed virus was 27 HA units. Sera were collected at one and two weeks after the second vaccination.The result showed that the arithmetic meant titer (AMT) of sera that tested with homologous isolate washigher than the test using a heterologous isolates, in the standard haemaglutination inhibition (HI) assay.The mixed AI3G vaccine produced a uniform AMT against the constituent isolates, while vaccines withindividual isolate yielded a lower and more variation in AMT. Further experiments using a commercialhomologous H5N1 and heterologous H5N2 commercial vaccines has resulted AMT that 1-4 log lower thanAI3G vaccine. It is concluded that polyvalent vaccine with field seed isolates is recommended to be appliedin the poultry farm in Indonesia.

Survei Penyakit Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome pada Peternakan Babi di Bali (SEROLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE OF PORCINE REPRODUCTIVE AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME IN PIGGERIES IN BALI)

Jurnal Veteriner Vol 14, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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This study aimed to determine the presence and burden of Porcine Respiration and ReproductiveSyndrome (PRRS) virus in pig farms in Bali. A total of 305 sera samples were collected from 10 intensivepig farms and backyard piggeries located in eight districts, in Bali. The PRRS antibody and the virus wasdetected using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and transverse reverse polymerase chainreaction (RT-PCR), respectively. The results showed that, generally the average percentage of positiveswine anti-PRRS antibody was 13.4%, 14.3%,  and 11.7% in the backyard farms and commercial farms,respectively. Whereas, the detection rate of PRRS virus was 8.9% (15.3% and 5.6% in the backyard farmand commercial farms, respectively). It was concluded that PRRS virus is endemic in pigs, in Bali.Vaccination, management, biosafety, and quarantine  should be implemented to prevent the economicloss due to PRRS.

Perhatian Pemilik Anjing Dalam Mendukung Bali Bebas Rabies

Buletin Veteriner Udayana Vol. 6 No.1 Pebruari 2014
Publisher : Buletin Veteriner Udayana

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perhatian pemilik anjing dalam mendukung  Bali bebas Rabies. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Desember 2010, di Desa Kukuh Tabanan, Desa Jagapati Badung, dan Desa Seraya Karangasem dengan jumlah responden sebanyak 500 orang. Cara pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah wawancara dengan panduan daftar pertanyaan yang ada pada kuisioner. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Jumlah kepemilikan anjing dari satu ekor sampai 4 ekor. Masyarakat memelihara anjing sebagian besar dengan tujuan untuk menjaga rumah (77,6%). Perhatian masyarakat pemilik anjing terhadap kesehatan dan perawatan kesehatan anjingnya, dilihat dari memandikan anjing, jumlah pemberian pakan, dan memeriksakan anjingnya ke dokter hewan masih rendah. Anggota keluarga yang sering  berinteraksi (memberikan pakan, memandikan) dengan anjing adalah ayah. Responden yang menjawab anjing bisa  dipegang pemilik sebanyak 93,6%. Berdasarkan atas jenis kelamin, masyarakat sebagian besar memelihara anjing jantan (84,8%). Anjing yang dipelihara dengan cara dilepas (64%). Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah perhatian masyarakat dalam memelihara anjing dalam upaya mendukung Bali bebas rabies masih rendah. Disarankan perlu dilakukan kegiatan sosialisasi dan  edukasi tentang pemeliharaan anjing pada masyarakat.

Laporan Kasus: Pyometra Pada Anjing Golden Retriever

Indonesia Medicus Veterinus Vol 8 No 1 (2019): Vol 8 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Indonesia Medicus Veterinus

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Abstract

Pyometra adalah akumulasi nanah dalam lumen uterus anjing betina yang umumnya menyerang anjing betina dewasa. Seekor anjing Golden Retriever berjenis kelamin betina bernama Elis, umur 8 tahun dengan bobot badan 35,4 kg, beralamat di Jalan Ahmad Yani Gang Bina Marga 90Y, Denpasar dengan keluhan mengeluarkan leleran kental berwarna kemerahan dari alat kelamin selama seminggu. Pemilik melaporkan anjing sudah pernah dikawinkan dua bulan yang lalu namun tidak terjadi kebuntingan. Secara fisik anjing terlihat lesu dengan napsu makan menurun dan minum masih baik, urinasi normal. Berdasarkan hasil pemeriksaan klinis dan darah lengkap yang dilakukan di Rumah Sakit Hewan Universitas Udayana, anjing didiagnosa menderita pyometra. Anjing ditangani dengan melakukan pembedahan untuk mengangkat ovarium dan uterus (ovaryohysterectomy) dan dilanjutkan pemberian antibiotika dan analgesik. Pada hari ke-14 pasca operasi luka bekas insisi sudah mengering, kulit menyatu dengan baik, dan sudah tidak lagi mengeluarkan leleran dari alat kelamin.

Radiographic Evaluation of Rabbit Femur Implanted Bali Cattle Bone Graft

Jurnal Veteriner Vol 19 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Bone xenograft from cattle bone is commonly used to treat a comminuted fracture case. This study aims to know the process of fractured-femur bone healing in rabbit post-implantation powder bone graft from cortical femur bone of Bali cattle evaluated by radiographs. Ten male local rabbits were used in this study, which were divided into 2 groups randomly. Group I (KI) as control, the diaphysis of femur bone was drilled with a diameter of 5 mm without implanting the bone graft, while Group II (KII), the diaphysis of femur bone was drilled 2 holes with a diameter of 5 mm each and with distance 20 mm, substituted with mineralized powder bone graft for the proximal hole (KIIa) and demineralized powder bone graft for the distal hole (KIIb). Fracture healing evaluation was done at week 0 (24 hours), 2, 4, and 6 postoperative by monitoring the growth of callus, fracture line, and union process with radiograph based classification according to Hammer et al., tabulated statistically, and presented descriptively. The results showed that KI and KII were in the sequel of fracture healing but had not reached remodeling phase perfectly. In conclusion, mineralized and demineralized powder bone graft used in this study was as osteoconductive and the use of bone graft shows no different significance and time shows different significance to fracture healing.