Yuni Wijayanti
Jurusan Teknik Mesin, FT, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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The Affecting Factors Occurring of Worms in Roof Tile and Bricks Craftsmen in Boyolali hayani, Nur; Wijayanti, Yuni; Indriyanti, Dyah Rini
Public Health Perspective Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2019): August 2019
Publisher : Public Health Perspective Journal

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Abstract

Worms is a worm infestation of one or more intestinal parasites consisting of intestinal nematodes class. Including transmission through soil or worm species commonly called the Soil Transmitted Helminths (STH) are Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichuira, Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus. The purpose of this study analyzes the factors that influence the incidence of worm craftsman tiles and bricks in the Village Karanggeneng Boyolali. This research is quantitative, with cross sectional approach. These samples included 88 respondents obtained by simple random sampling technique. Data collection techniques were interviews, observation (observation) and laboratory testing. Analysis of the data in this study using Fisher's Exact test and Multiple Logistic Regression Test. Results of the study found no effect on knowledge variable (p = 0.007), handwashing (p = 0.003), latrine ownership (p = 0.001) on the incidence of intestinal worms in the village Karanggeneng Boyolali. The most influential variable in this study is the latrine ownership variable with OR = 0.406.
PENINGKATKAN KEMANDIRIAN DASA WISMA KELURAHAN SEKARAN DALAM PENCEGAHAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE Wijayanti, Yuni
Jurnal Abdimas Vol 14, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LP2M), Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Untuk memutuskan rantai penularan penyakit demam berdarah dengue, pemberantasan vektor dianggap cara yang paling mamadai saat ini. Kemandirian dasa wisma dapat digunakan untuk mengembangkan pembangunan kesehatan di tingkat kelurahan sebagai persiapan menuju desa siaga. Melalui kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini diharapkan dapat bermanfaat bagi masyarakat khususnya di Kelurahan Sekaran untuk meningkatkan Kewaspadaan terhadap terjadinya penyakit demam berdarah. Masyarakat diharapkan dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan, kesadaran, kemauan, dan kemampuan untuk dapat ikut mencegah penyakit demam berdarah di lingkungannya secara mandiri. Metode yang digunakan dalam kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat ini yaitu melalui komunikasi, informasi, dan edukasi serta pendampingan oleh mahasiswa. Hasil yang didapatkan yaitu adanya peningkatan nilai pretes dari peserta kegiatan sebesar 19,88%, dan peserta dapat menyelesaikan atau memecahkan masalahmasalah penyakit demam berdarah yang diberikan selama kegiatan. Pengetahuan dan pemahaman peserta diharapkan dapat disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat di sekitarnya, sehingga dapat ikut serta dalam rangka pencegahan penyakit demam berdarah dengue.Kata Kunci; demam berdarah dengue, dasa wisma
Analysis Factors of Bacteria in The Refill Water at Semarang District Lusi, Lusi Aprilia; Wijayanti, Yuni; Rini Indriyanti, Dyah
Public Health Perspective Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Public Health Perspective Journal

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Abstract

Refill Drinking Water is a drinking water industry business that processes raw water into drinking water. Semarang is an industrial city in Central Java, an increase in the number of industrial companies is raised so that the development activities in various fields can directly cause microbial pollution in raw water. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of raw water sources, filtration processes, disinfection processes, environmental sanitation conditions and personal hygiene in the presence of bacteria in refill drinking water in Semarang district. This research was a quantitative research, with a cross sectional approach. The research sample amounted to 33 refill drinking water stations with simple random sampling technique. The instrument used was the observation sheet and the form of laboratory test results. Data collection techniques used interviews, observations and laboratory tests. Data analysis in this study used Simple Logistic Regression. The results of the study were influential on raw water source variables (p = 0.019), filtration process (p = 0.017), disinfection process (p = 0.013), environmental sanitation conditions (p = 0.017), personal hygiene of employees (p = 0.013) on existence bacteria in refill drinking water in Semarang district. The presence of E. coli bacteria in refill drinking water indicates microbial pollution in drinking water, which can result.
PENGELOLAAN LIMBAH PETERNAKAN SAPI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KAPASITAS PRODUKSI PADA KELOMPOK TERNAK PATRA SUTERA Saputro, Danang Dwi; Wijaya, Burhan Rubai; Wijayanti, Yuni
Rekayasa Vol 12, No 2 (2014): December 2014
Publisher : Unnes Journal. Research and Community Service Institute, Semarang State University

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Abstract

Kelompok ternak Patra Sutera di Desa Ledok Kecamatan Sambong Kabupaten Blora yang berdiri pada tahun 2013 telah mempunyai sapi 8 ekor yang berada di kandang komunal yang dikelola oleh 6 anggota kelompok. Dalam satu hari setiap ekor sapi dapat menghasilkan limbah padat sebanyak 20-30 kg dan limbah cair sebanyak 100-150 liter yang selama ini belum dikelola dengan baik. Limbah dari kegiatan ternak belum terolah dengan baik dan dibuang ke lingkungan sehingga menimbulkan dampak negatif bagi kesehatan masyarakat sekitar kandang. Salah satu cara untuk mengatasi kondisi ini adalah dengan memberikan pelatihan keterampilan atau pendampingan bagaimanakah teknik pembuatan pupuk organic dan reaktor biogas sederhana, mengoperasikan, serta memanfaatkan gas yang dihasilkan. Dalam kegiatan ini akan diberikan pelatihan keterampilan bagaimana cara mengolah limbah ternah untuk dijadikan pupuk dan pestisida organik,serta pengelolaan biodigester. Dari kegiatan ini Anggota kelompok ternak Patra Sutera mendapat pengetahuan dan mengolah limbah kotoran ternak (padat dan cair) yang keliar dari biodigester menjadi pupuk yang lebih bermanfaat.
Dasa Wisma Bebas Penyakit Berbasis Lingkungan Melalui Home Environmental Health and Safety Wijayanti, Yuni; Widyastari, Hasty
HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development) Vol 2 No 2 (2018): HIGEIA
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

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Abstract

Abstrak Dukuh Persen pada tahun 2016 mendapat sertifikat “Daerah Kumuh” di Kota Semarang. Kondisi lingkungan sekitar rumah warga sebagian besar terlihat masih kotor tidak sehat, kejadian penyakit berbasis lingkungan masih ada, pengetahuan dan sikap tentang Home Environmental Health and Safety (HEHS) juga masih kurang. Tujuan dari intervensi ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh peningkatan pengetahuan penjamah makanan melalui implementasi Home Environmental Health and Safety (HEHS). Penelitian eksperimen ini menggunakan desain One Group Pre test-Post test. Metode pelaksaan intervensi terdiri dari diskusi dengan tokoh masyarakat, pembentukan kader, pelatihan, praktik, dan metode pemecahan masalah. Evaluasi terhadap keberhasilan kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat ini dilakukan dengan instrumen-instrumen yang berupa tes, kuesioner, dan observasi langsung. Dari hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa sebelum intervensi nilai rata-rata pretes dari peserta kegiatan sebesar 6,57 memiliki pengetahuan tentang penerapan HEHS. Setelah dilakukan intervensi, tingkat pengetahuan peserta meningkat menjadi 7,80. Terjadi peningkatan pengetahuan pada peserta yang ditunjukkan dengan meningkatnya persentase pengetahuan sebelum dan sesudah kegiatan intervensi dilakukan. Abstract Dukuh Percent in 2016 was certified "Slum Area" in Semarang City. The environmental conditions surrounding the residents' homes were largely seen to be unhealthy, the incidence of environment-based diseases still existed, knowledge and attitudes about the Home Environmental Health and Safety (HEHS) were also lacking. The purpose of this intervention was to examine the effect of increased knowledge of food handlers through the implementation of the Home Environmental Health and Safety (HEHS). This experimental study used the design of One Group Pre test-Post test. Intervention method consisted of discussions with community leaders, cadre formation, training, practice, and problem-solving methods. Evaluation of the success of community service activities was done with the instruments in the form of tests, questionnaires, and direct observation. From the research results it was known that before the intervention the average value of pretest from the participants of activity of 6.57 have knowledge about the application of HEHS. After intervention, the participant's knowledge level increased to 7.80. There was an increase in knowledge to the participants as indicated by the increased percentage of knowledge before and after the intervention activity was carried out. Keyword : environment-based disease, homeless mother, HEHS
Faktor Individu, Paparan Debu, dan CO dengan Gambaran Faal Paru Petugas SPBU Novtasari, Diah Indriyani; Wijayanti, Yuni
HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development) Vol 2 No 4 (2018): HIGEIA
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

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Abstract

Abstrak Tujuh puluh persen pencemaran udara berasal dari emisi kendaraan bermotor. Efek dari emisi kendaraan bermotor dapat mengganggu fungsi paru-paru salah satunya petugas SPBU. Penelitian ini dilakukan di dua SPBU yang berada di ruas jalan dengan volume kendaraan tertinggi pada tahun 2018 yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara faktor individu, paparan debu, dan CO dengan gambaran faal paru. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional analitik dengan rancangan cross sectional. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 34 petugas SPBU dengan teknik total sampling. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji Chi-square dan uji Mann Whitney. Hasil menunjukkan ada hubungan antara jenis kelamin (p=0,035), masa kerja (p=0,017), dan kebiasaan merokok (p=0,023) dengan gambaran faal paru. Sedangkan, variabel umur, lama paparan, penggunaan APD, status gizi, riwayat penyakit, paparan debu, dan CO tidak berhubungan dengan gambaran faal paru. Simpulan penelitian ini yaitu jenis kelamin, masa kerja, dan kebiasaan merokok berhubungan dengan gambaran faal paru pada petugas SPBU. Disarankan untuk menggunakan APD ketika bekerja serta mengurangi perilaku merokok.   Abstract Seventy percent of air pollutions comes from motor vehicle emissions. The effects of the emissions can interfere the lung function, especially for the gas station officers. This study was conducted at two gas station located in road with highest vehicle volume in 2018 which to know the relation between individual factor, dust exposure, and CO with the lung function. The type of this study was analytic observational with cross sectional design. The sample was 34 gas station officers with total sampling technique. Data were analyzed using Chi-square and Mann Whitney test. The results showed there were related between sex (p = 0,035), length of work (p = 0,017), and smoking habit (p = 0,023) with lung function. Age, long exposure, usage of personal safety, nutritional status, history of disease, dust exposure, and CO not related with lung function. The conclusions were gender, length of work, and smoking habits related with the lung function at the gas station officer. It’s recommended to use personal safety when working and reduce smoking behavior.  
Faktor Risiko Lingkungan Kejadian Kusta Siswanti, Siswanti; Wijayanti, Yuni
HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development) Vol 2 No 3 (2018): HIGEIA
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

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Abstract

Abstrak Jumlah penderita kusta di kota Semarang pada tahun 2017 sebanyak 68 dan di Puskesmas Bandarharjo sebanyak 33 kasus. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara faktor risiko lingkungan dengan kejadian kusta di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Bandarharjo tahun 2018. Penelitian dilakukan pada Mei 2018. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan pendekatan kasus-kontrol. Besar sampel masing-masing kelompok adalah 29 responden, diambil dengan teknik purposive sampling. Data diolah menggunakan uji chi-square dan regresi logistik. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara ketinggian lantai (p-value= 0,008), kepadatan hunian kamar (p-value= 0,002), luas ventilasi (p-value= 0,015), kebiasaan membuka jendela (p-value= 0,032), jenis lantai (p-value= 0,007), jenis dinding (p-value= 0,004), riwayat kontak serumah (p-value= 0,002) dan status ekonomi (p-value= 0,002) dengan kejadian kusta. Ketinggian lantai, kepadatan hunian kamar kamar, luas ventilasi rumah, kebiasaan membuka jendela rumah, jenis lantai, jenis dinding, riwayat kontak serumah dan status ekonomi merupakan faktor risiko kejadian kusta di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Bandarharjo.   Abstract   The number of leprosy patients in the city of Semarang in 2017 was 68 cases and at Puskesmas Bandarharjo as many as 33 cases. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between environmental risk factors with the incidence of leprosy. This research was analytic observational with case-control approach. The number of samples of each case and control groups were 29 taken by using purposive sampling. Data were processed using chi-square test dand logistic regression. The result shows that there is correlation between floor height (OR= 5,833), occupancy density (OR= 12,048), ventilation area (OR= 3,868), habit of opening window (OR= 5,296), floor type (OR= 14,737), type of wall (OR= 10,667), household contact history (OR = 14,737) and economic status (OR= 19.643) with the incidence of leprosy. The most dominant variable is economic status (OR= 48,932). In conclusion, floor height, occupancy density, ventilation area, habit of opening window, floor type, type of wall, household contact history and economic status were risk factors of leprosy.    
Dust Exposures, IgE Levels, History of Allergy, and Symptoms of Allergy in Poultry Workers Wijayanti, Yuni; Sutomo, Adi Heru; Astuti, Indwiani; Asmara, Widya
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 14, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Poultry dust exposure may increase workers’ health risks, particularly in the form of respiratory allergic reactions. This study aimed to identify mold content of the dust and to analyze the association between dust exposure, IgE level, history of allergy, and symptoms of allergy. This study used cross sectional design with total samples of 33 workers. The data were analyzed using chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression. This study found 93.33% growth of Aspergillus sp., 69.7% work duration > 3 years, 84.8% high IgE levels, 18.2% history of allergy, and 69.7% symptoms of allergy. Dust exposure and history of allergy did not show significant correlation with symptoms of allergy while IgE levels had significant correlation with p-value of 0.036. Workers with high IgE-level were 15.986 times more likely to have symptoms of allergy (p-value 0.028). Aspergillus sp. as dust allergen potentially increased IgE levels and might become the base for facilitation of early and independent preventive and promotive efforts of workers’ health.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HEALTH EDUCATION METHOD ON EARLY DETECTION CARCINOMA MAMMAE IN TEENAGE GIRLS OF MADRASAH ALIYAH IN MIJEN SUB-DISTRICT Yuslikhah, Aronida Mutia; Wijayanti, Yuni; Rustiana, Eunike Raffy
Public Health Perspective Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2019): August 2019
Publisher : Public Health Perspective Journal

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Abstract

Carcinoma Mammae or Breast Cancer is a type of malignant tumor which is the number one killer for women. In Semarang, there were 1182 new cases in 2017, this number increased from 2016 which was 749 cases of breast cancer. This research aims to analyze the level of effectiveness of health education between video media and demonstration methods on changes in knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of independent early detection of carcinoma mammae in teenage girls of Madrasah Aliyah in Mijen Sub-District. This research is a quantitative research using the Quasi-Experiment method with pre-test post-test design. The research sample was 130 respondents with purposive sampling technique. The instrument was a research questionnaire and observation sheet. The results showed that health education with a demonstration method was more effective on changes of knowledge (p-value 0.022), attitudes (p-value 0.041), and behavior (p-value 0.036) in independent early detection of carcinoma mammae in teenage girls of Madrasah Aliyah in Mijen Sub-District. Whether a change occurs or not is related to the stimulus given to someone. Training is a part of education which is related to the learning process to improve skills in a relatively short period and also through methods which prioritize practice (demonstration) rather than theory. 
An Analysis of Vital Pulmonary Capacity, Haemoglobin Levels and Oxygen Saturation in Conventional Electrical Smokers Ariyanto, Andhika; Wijayanti, Yuni; Yuniastuti, Ari
Public Health Perspective Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Public Health Perspective Journal

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Abstract

Smoking habits will accelerate the decline in vital lung capacity, causing an increase in hemoglobin concentration and a decrease of oxygen saturation levels exposed by carbon monoxide. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship and differences pulmonary vital capacity, haemoglobin levels and oxygen saturation in conventional electrical smokers. This study used a quantitative approach with analytic observational research and cross sectional design. The research sample was 88 respondents with a simple random sampling technique. Data analysis used chi-square and mann-whitney test. The results showed that there was a relationship between conventional smoker (p= 0,000) and electric smoker (p= 0,000) with vital lung capacity. There was no relationship between hemoglobin level (0.506) and oxygen saturation (p= 0.308) in conventional smoker status. There is no relationship between hemoglobin levels (p= 0.534) and oxygen saturation (p= 0.800) on electric smoker status. There are differences in oxygen saturation levels in conventional smoker status and electric smoker status (p= 0.042). There are no differences in vital lung capacity (p= 0.759) and hemoglobin levels (p= 0.895) conventional smoker status and electric smokers. Citizens who smoke are expected to stop smoking or reduce the number of cigarettes consumsion.