Provita Wijayanti
Universitas Islam Sultan Agung Semarang

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Respon Perubahan Tarif Pajak Penghasilan, Insentif Dan Non-Insentif Pajak Terhadap Manajemen Laba

Conference In Business, Accounting And Management (Cbam) 2012 Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Conference In Business, Accounting And Management (Cbam) 2012
Publisher : Conference In Business, Accounting And Management (Cbam) 2012

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Abstract

Tax is an obligation that must be paid by the company, the greater the income the company the greater the tax due. Management expects the tax payment detail to allow management to do the engineering to minimize the income tax burden. This study aims to examine the effects of changes in income tax rates that Law. 36 of 2008 on Income Tax on discretionary accrual due to a decrease in income tax rates between 2009 and the Agency for the year 2010 is the year 2009 by 28% and in 2010 dropped to 25%. In addition, this study also aims to determine the impact of tax and non tax incentives as well as the percentage of shares traded on the Stock Exchange of earnings management behavior.  Sample of this study is manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange, which has published its financial statements from 2009-2010. Methods of analysis in this study using multiple regression analysis to determine the effect of independent variables earnings pressure, debt level, earnings bath, firm size, managerial ownership and the percentage of shares) against the dependent variable (discretionary accruals) and using independent sample t-test for the different test equipment. independent sample t-test was used to examine differences in the level of discretionary accruals between 2009 and 2010 after a decline in income tax rates. The results showed that before and after the reduction in tax rates, the management was not convicted of discretionary accruals to make savings income. This suggests that management in Indonesia did not take action to make opportunistic earnings management in order to decrease the tax rate Agency 2010. From the regression results of tax incentives and the percentage of shares traded on the Stock Exchange a significant effect on discretionary accruals, non-tax incentives only to have a significant earnings pressure on discretionary accruals, while the level of debt, earnings bath, firm size and managerial ownership has no significant effect on discretionary accruals.

KETIDAKPASTIAN LINGKUNGAN, DESENTRALISASI, TERHADAP HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK INFORMASI SISTEM AKUNTANSI MANAJEMEN DAN KINERJA MANAJERIAL (Studi Empiris Perusahaan Manufaktur Di Kabupaten Semarang)

Jurnal Ekonomi & Bisnis 2011: EKOBIS (Vol.12 No.2 2011)
Publisher : Department of Management, Faculty of Economics, Universitas Islam Sutan Agung, Semarang

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Abstract

Management accounting information plays in helping to predict the possible consequences of various alternative actions can be performed on a variety of activities such as planning, controlling and decision making. The existence of management accounting information will also enhance the ability of managers to understand the state of the environment and work well inidentifying the relevant activity. The purpose of this study was to examine the Environmental Uncertainty and Decentralization Of Relationship Characteristics of Accounting Information and Managerial Performance. This study is an empirical study with convenience sampling technique in data collection. The population in this study is the operations manager, production, marketing and manufacturing company in Semarang regency. Based on sampling data obtained by 80 respondents. The analytical method used was Moderating Regression Analysis. The results of this study is the broad scope of interaction with the environment uncertainty, aggregation andinteraction with the environment uncertainty is shown to be positively related to managerial performance, and timeliness of interaction with the environment uncertainty, interaction uncertainty integration with the environment proved to be positively related to managerial performance. While the interaction with the broad scope of decentralization, the interaction with the timeliness of decentralization, integration with decentralized interaction proved a positive influence on managerial performance, and interaction with the aggregation of decentralization has not been proven positive effect on managerial performance.Keywords: Broad Scope, Timeliness, Aggregation, integration, environmental uncertainty, decentralization, and Managerial Performance.

Respon Perubahan Tarif Pajak Penghasilan, Insentif Dan Non-Insentif Pajak Terhadap Manajemen Laba

Conference In Business, Accounting, And Management (CBAM) Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Conference In Business, Accounting And Management (Cbam) 2012
Publisher : Conference In Business, Accounting, And Management (CBAM)

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Abstract

Tax is an obligation that must be paid by the company, the greater the income the company the greater the tax due. Management expects the tax payment detail to allow management to do the engineering to minimize the income tax burden. This study aims to examine the effects of changes in income tax rates that Law. 36 of 2008 on Income Tax on discretionary accrual due to a decrease in income tax rates between 2009 and the Agency for the year 2010 is the year 2009 by 28% and in 2010 dropped to 25%. In addition, this study also aims to determine the impact of tax and non tax incentives as well as the percentage of shares traded on the Stock Exchange of earnings management behavior.  Sample of this study is manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange, which has published its financial statements from 2009-2010. Methods of analysis in this study using multiple regression analysis to determine the effect of independent variables earnings pressure, debt level, earnings bath, firm size, managerial ownership and the percentage of shares) against the dependent variable (discretionary accruals) and using independent sample t-test for the different test equipment. independent sample t-test was used to examine differences in the level of discretionary accruals between 2009 and 2010 after a decline in income tax rates. The results showed that before and after the reduction in tax rates, the management was not convicted of discretionary accruals to make savings income. This suggests that management in Indonesia did not take action to make opportunistic earnings management in order to decrease the tax rate Agency 2010. From the regression results of tax incentives and the percentage of shares traded on the Stock Exchange a significant effect on discretionary accruals, non-tax incentives only to have a significant earnings pressure on discretionary accruals, while the level of debt, earnings bath, firm size and managerial ownership has no significant effect on discretionary accruals. Keywords :Changes in tax rates, and discretionary accruals.

ANALISIS PENGARUH INDEPENDENSI AUDITOR, KARAKTERISTIK PERUSAHAAN, KUALITAS AUDITOR DAN PERGANTIAN AUDITOR TERHADAP INTEGRITAS LAPORAN KEUANGAN

Jurnal Akuntansi Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Akuntansi Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Accounting, Faculty of Economics, Sultan Agung Islamic University Semarang

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Abstract

This study aimed to analyze the influence of auditor independence, corporate characteristics, quality auditors and auditor turnover for the integrity of the financial statements. The study population is a company listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2008 until 2010. The sample selection based on purposive sampling method and obtained a sample of 38 companies. Then analyzed with multiple regression. The results showed that the change of ownership of managers and auditors significantly affect the integrity of the financial statements. While the auditor independence variables, firm characteristics, quality auditor is not significant

RESPON PERUBAHAN TARIF PAJAK PENGHASILAN, INSENTIF DAN NON-INSENTIF PAJAK TERHADAP MANAJEMEN LABA

Jurnal Akuntansi Indonesia Vol 5, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Akuntansi Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Accounting, Faculty of Economics, Sultan Agung Islamic University Semarang

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Abstract

Tax is an obligation that must be paid by the company, the greater the income the company the greater the tax due. Management expects the tax payment detail to allow management to do the engineering to minimize the income tax burden. This study aims to examine the effects of changes in income tax rates that Law. 36 of 2008 on Income Tax on discretionary accrual due to a decrease in income tax rates between 2009 and the Agency for the year 2010 is the year 2009 by 28% and in 2010 dropped to 25%. In addition, this study also aims to determine the impact of tax and non tax incentives as well as the percentage of shares traded on the Stock Exchange of earnings management behavior. Sample of this study is manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange, which has published its financial statements from 2009-2010. Methods of analysis in this study using multiple regression analysis to determine the effect of independent variables earnings pressure, debt level, earningsbath, firm size, managerial ownership and the percentage of shares) against the dependent variable (discretionary accruals) and using independent sample t-test for the different test equipment. independent sample t-test was used to examine differences in the level of discretionary accruals between 2009 and 2010 after a decline in income tax rates. The results showed that before and after the reduction in tax rates, the management was not convicted of discretionary accruals to make savings income. This suggests that management in Indonesia did not take action to make opportunistic earnings management in order to decrease the tax rate Agency 2010. From the regression resultsof tax incentives and the percentage of shares traded on the Stock Exchange a significant effect on discretionary accruals, non-tax incentives only to have a significant earnings pressure on discretionary accruals, while the level of debt, earnings bath, firm size and managerial ownership has no significant effect on discretionary accruals.

THE INFLUENCE OF THE AUDIT OPINION, THE ORIGINAL AREA OF REVENUE (PAD) AND THE EQUALIZATION FUND (DP) TO REGIONAL FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE (Empirical Studies On Local Governments That Exist In Central Java)

Jurnal Akuntansi Indonesia Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Akuntansi Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Accounting, Faculty of Economics, Sultan Agung Islamic University Semarang

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Abstract

This research aims to find out whether the audit Opinion on The financial statements, the original area of Revenue (PAD) and the Equalization Fund (DP) has an impact on the financial performance of the region. Measuring financial performance in this area using the ratio of efficiency. The Data analyzed in this study using a sample town and district in Central Java province with reference to the financial report of The year 2011 has been published. In this research hypothesis testing is carried out using classic assumption test and test the hypothesis by using multiple linear regression analysis testing. A classic assumption test results and test hypothesis suggests that there are influences between the Audit Opinion, the original Area and revenue (PAD) against the financial performance of the region. Equalization Fund (DP) do not affect significantly the financial performance of the region.

EFEKTIVITAS FAKTOR INTERNAL DAN EKSTERNAL AUDITOR TERHADAP PENERIMAAN PERILAKU DISFUNGSIONAL AUDIT

Jurnal Akuntansi Indonesia Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JURNAL AKUNTANSI INDONESIA
Publisher : Department of Accounting, Faculty of Economics, Sultan Agung Islamic University Semarang

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh efektivitas faktor internal auditor (locus of control, job performance, serta komitmen Profesionalisme) dan faktor eksternal auditor (time budget pressure dan etika profesi) terhadap dysfunctional audit behavior. Kualitas audit adalah kemungkinan di mana seorang auditor akan menemukan dan melaporkan pelanggaran yang ada dalam sistem akuntansi kliennya. Sedangkan dysfunctional audit behavior merupakan suatu tindakan yang dapat menjadikan penurunan pada kualitas audit. Objek penelitian ini adalah auditor yang bekerja pada lembaga audit Pemerintah di Jawa Tengah. Datapenelitian diperoleh dari pengisian kuesioner sejumlah 150 auditor di Kantor Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan, Badan Pengawasan Keuangan dan Pembangunan, Inspektorat Kota, dan Inpektorat Provinsi. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan convenience sampling. Analisis data menggunakan uji regresi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa faktor internal yang meliputi variabel locus of control, job performance dan komitmen profesionalisme terbukti hanya variable komitmen profesionalisme yang berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap disfunctional audit behavior (DAB). Sedangkan faktor eksternal yang meliputi variabel time budget pressure dan etika profesi terbukti tidak berpengaruh terhadap disfunctional audit behavior (DAB).

KEPATUHAN WAJIB PAJAK BADAN PERUSAHAAN MANUFAKTUR DI SEMARANG DALAM PERSPEKTIF TAX PROFESSIONAL

InFestasi Vol 10, No 1 (2014): JUNI
Publisher : University of Trunojoyo Madura

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze the level of taxpayer compliance in the manufacturing company in Hyderabad. Objects in this study were manufacturing companies and large middle class, since most companies have a formal accounting system that allows tax professionals to report and calculate the tax correctly according to the Tax Act are applicable. The respondents in the study is a taxpayer (tax professionals) who already have experience as a tax professional manufacturing company for a minimum of 1 year and never fill out the SPT form. Companies that participated in this study amounted to 46 companies. Data were analyzed using Multiple regression Linier with software SPSS. Independent variables include attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and financial condition. While the dependent variable is corporate tax compliance. These results indicate that: (1) attitudes toward corporate tax compliance has a significant and positive effect (2) subjective norms on corporate tax compliance has a significant and positive effect (3) perceived behavioral control on corporate tax compliance has positively and significantly (4) financial condition of corporate tax compliance has positive and significant effect.

PENCEGAHAN FRAUD DI PEMERINTAH DESA

Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma Vol 9, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma
Publisher : Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Abstrak: Pencegahan Fraud pada Pemerintahan Desa. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menelaah pengaruh sejumlah variabel terkait individu dan budaya terhadap kecenderungan fraud. Metode yang digunakan adalah analisis regresi dummy berganda dengan 40 perangkat desa di Kecamatan Sayung, Demak sebagai sampel. Temuan utama dari penelitian ini adalah pemupukan moralitas individu perangkat pemerintah desa yang baik dapat mencegah kecenderungan fraud. Upaya pemupukan moralitas individu dapat dilakukan melalui pembinaan kepada aparat perangkat desa, seperti peningkatan iman dan takwa, syukur, sabar, dan peningkatan kesalehan diri. Abstract: The Fraud Prevention in Village Government. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of a number of variables related to individuals and culture on fraud tendencies. The method used is multiple dummy regression analysis with 40 village apparatuses in Sayung sub-district, Demak as samples. The main finding of this study is that the cultivation of individual morality in a good village government can prevent fraud. This can be done through guidance to village officials, such as increasing faith and piety, gratitude, patience, and increasing self-righteousness.

Toward Green, Clean and Sustainable Environment

International Conference on Coastal and Delta Areas Vol 3 (2017): The 3rd International Conference on Coastal and Delta Areas
Publisher : International Conference on Coastal and Delta Areas

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Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to create an appropriate waste management model for UNISSULA that proclaim a clean, green and sustainable environment based on waste processing for economic value and ecological enviroment. A brief overview of the concept includes development of management system of regional waste, education & waste management & WMS training, waste handling, waste processing and utilization of waste processing products. However, UNISSULAs concept has some weaknesses that must be overcome in order this concept could be running well such as: capacity of garbage, area, infrastucture (grabage fleet) and smart cards and automatic container system. It is therefore, needed cooperation with Semarang City Government that is by collaboration concept of UNISSULA with Semarang City Government’s concept to ensure the input capacity, and people support. As a result, the creation of a vicious circle of urban rubbish management namely, economic stimulation, clean environment, government income and people income and economic structure. Besides that, this concept is expected to improve economic citizen through economic value added of waste. The next is expected to change the culture, urban lifestyle, green behavior, clean environment, transportation and income, and farming, fruits and vegetables industry. Keywords:Waste Management, Value added, Clean Environment, Sustainable Growth.