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STRATEGI ADAPTASI TERHADAP LINGKUNGAN MINIM OKSIGEN MELALUI GAMBARAN ANATOMI ORGAN RESPIRASI KELELAWAR DI KARST GUDAWANG BOGOR

el–Hayah EL-HAYAH (VOL 4, NO 1, 09-2013)
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Maulana Malik

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Abstract

The existence of cave dwelling bats of karst area need to be conserved, because bats have important roles for the ecosystem both inside the cave  as well as outside the cave. The purpose of  this study was to observe  structural respiratory adaptation of the cave bats . This study was conducted from July 2013 to November  2013 at three caves in  Karst  Gudawang, Bogor Regency, West Java. In each cave where the bats roosting, the temperature, also the humidity, and  oxygen level were measured. Samples were caught from every bat roost during the day when the bats were staying in their roosts.  Lungs and trachea  removed from body and  were  made preparations for histology. The lung and trachea  was observed under the microscope. The data were analyzed using ANOVA. The result showed:  The ratio of  lung weight/body weight  increased by the decrease of oxygen levels. This tendency also revealed  in diameter of trachea/body weight  change

Struktur Komunitas Makrozoobentos di Situ Gintung, Situ Bungur Dan Situ Kuru, Ciputat Timur

Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 18, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

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Abstract

Makrozoobentos adalah biota yang hidup di dalam substrat maupun menempel di permukaan dasar perairan. Makrozoobentos memiliki peran penting dalam eksositem akuatik, yaitu sebagai sumber makanan biota perairan dan sebagai detritus. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman makrozoobentos di Situ Gintung, Situ Bungur dan Situ Kuru. Titik pengambilan sampel terdiri dari 5 stasiun dengan masing-masing 3 ulangan. Faktor fisik kimia makrozoobentos diuji dengan t-test. Hasil t-test menunjukkan di Situ Gintung dan Situ Bungur hanya nilai pH yang berbeda (p<0,01), sedangkan Situ Kuru memiliki kondisi fisik kimia yang berbeda dengan Situ Gintung dan Situ Bungur (p<0,01). Makrozoobentos yang ditemukan di ketiga lokasi pengamatan seluruhnya terdiri dari 10 famili dan 16 jenis. Makrozoobentos dari jenis P. canaliculata terlihat mendominasi pada lokasi Situ Gintung. Sedangkan pada lokasi Situ Kuru jenis T. tubifex ditemukan lebih mendominasi. Nilai indeks keanekaragaman (H’) di Situ Gintung (1,74) dan Situ Bungur (2,29) yang tergolong sedang, mengindikasikan kedua perairan tercemar sedang. Sedangkan nilai indeks keanekaragaman Situ Kuru (0,92) yang rendah, mengindikasikan perairan tersebut tercemar berat.Kata kunci : keanekaragaman, makrozoobentos, Situ Gintung, Situ Bungur, Situ Kuru

Struktur dan Komposisi Vegetasi Berdasarkan Ketinggian Kawasan Karst Gunung Kendeng Kabupaten Pati Jawa Tengah

BIOWALLACEA Vol 1, No 2 (2015): BioWallacea Vol 1 No 2
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi FMIPA Universitas Mataram

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Abstract

Kawasan karst Gunung Kendeng adalah salah satu dari banyak kawasan karst di Indonesia. Tempat ini memiliki karakteristik topografi yang unik. Keunikan daerah menciptakan ekosistem hutan yang unik. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui tingkat keanekaragaman tanaman dan untuk mengetahui pengaruh ketinggian terhadap struktur dan komposisi vegetasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei. Koleksi pohon digunakan metode transek, sedangkan untuk tingkat tiang, pancang dan semai digunakan garis kotak-kotak. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini, spesies tanaman yang ditemukan di distrik Sukolilo dan Kabupaten Tambakromo sebanyak 23 spesies, yang terdiri dari 16 family dengan nilai indeks keanekaragaman untuk setiap lokasi sebesar 2,199 dan 2,44. Tingkat keanekaragaman spesies di kedua lokasi termasuk dari kategori sedang 1

Siklus Hidup Kupu-Kupu Graphium agamemnon L. (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) di Kampus I Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Jurnal Riau Biologia Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi FMIPA Universitas Riau

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Abstract

Graphium agamemnon butterfly often observed flying, mating and laying eggs on glodokan plants(Polyalthia longifolia Sonn.) that planted as greening along the campus corridor in UIN SyarifHidayatullah Jakarta. This study was conducted to examine the use of plants as well glodokan butterflylife cycle of G. agamemnon using survey method. Observations were made in artificial semi-naturalenclosure that was placed in the room. Parameter observations include the timing and place ofoviposition, morphology and length of each stage until imago. Based on observations, G. agamemnon puttheir eggs on the lower sides of young leaves (80%) with 88.30 ± 34.74 cm distance above the groundlevel at 9:00 up to 10:58 pm. The life cycle of G. agamemnon take place during 31-38 days, consisting ofegg stage for 2-3 days (diameter egg shell 1.233 ± 0.101 mm), first instar larvae (L1) for 2-4 days (thelength of the larvae 4.624 ± 0.673 mm) , L2 for 2-4 days (9.387 ± 2.028 mm), L3 for 1-4 days (14.883 ±2.112 mm), L4 for 2-4 days (26.036 ± 3.983 mm), L5 for 3-8 days (37.948 ± 4.280 mm), prepupa for 1-2days (32.991 ± 1.527 mm) and pupa for 12-15 days (32.532 ± 1.150 mm). Each stage has a differentmorphology. Sex ratio of male: female was 3: 2.Keywords: life cycle, butterflies G. agamemnon, glodokan

Eritrosit dan Hemoglobin pada Kelelawar Gua di Kawasan Karst Gombong, Kebumen,Jawa Tengah

JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 7, No 1 (2011): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

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Abstract

ABSTRACTErythrocyt and Haemoglobin on Cave Bat at Gombong Karst Area, Kebumen Regency, CentralJawa. The purpose of this study was observe physiological adaptation of the cave batsconducted from September 2009 to March 2010 in twelve caves within the karst of Gombong,Kebumen Regency, Central Java. In each caves where the bats roosting, temperature, alsohumidity, oxygen percentage in the air, and ammonia content were measured. Three individualsamples were caught from every bat roost during the day when the bats were staying in theirroosts. Then the amount of erythrocyte was counted by hemocytometer and hemoglobincontent was measured using Sahlis method. The data were analyzed using RDA and multipleregressions. It was concluded that humidity, temperature, oxygen and ammonia correlatedsignificantly with erythrocyte and hemoglobin content. The amount of erythrocyte increasedby increasing humvel.Keywords: Bat, cave, erythrocyte, haemoglobin.

Komunitas Burung di Pulau Tidung Kecil Kepulauan Seribu

Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 8, No 2 (2015): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology

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Abstract

Tidung Kecil Island had potential as bird’s habitat because the condition of forest better than Tidung Besar. Bird’s habitat in Tidung Kecil Island also had bad potential because of logging and burned in vegetation areal for build and for activity of tourism. Study about bird were very important because we could know the change that happened in one ecosystem. The purposed of this research was to know the variety of bird and usefully of vegetation as bird’s habitat in Tidung Kecil Island. This researched hold on January until March 2015 in Tidung Kecil Island, Thousand Island, Jakarta. This research carried out by combination of IPA (Index Point Of Abundance) method and transect method that divided into 9 point along transect. The result of researched were 29 species of bird from 19 family with IPA method and 31 species of bird from 20 family with Mackinnon list method. Composition of bird species include of 24 resident bird species and 7 migrant bird species. The number of variety species index was 2,39 (medium). Evenness index value was 0,7 (high). The number of species richness was 4,31(high). The species of tree that often used by bird was Casuarina equisetifolia (76,47%). The most used base of vertical level tree by bird in Tidung Kecil Island was level three. Conservation status in Tidung Kecil Island based on IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) were 100% (least concern). Based on Government Regulations No.7 year 1999, there were 7 species of bird that were protected. There were no species of bird that were protected by CITES (Convention on International Trade of Endangered Spesies of Wild Fauna and Flora).

Optimalisasi Peran Kelelawar Microchiroptera sebagai Biokontrol Serangga Tomcat (Paederus fuscipes) dan Ulat Bulu (Lymantriidae) di Perkotaan

Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 6, No 1 (2013): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology

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Abstract

The research aims to determine the diet of microchiroptera bats in   urban areas..  The research was done in June 2012 to August 2012. Sample of bat was captured in six locations using misnet and harp net at bat foraging areas.  Stomach contents was collected and dissolved in aquadest. The material of insect were sorted and identified under microscope and compare to the insects that were collected by light trap in bat foraging area. The data were analyzed by Principle Component Analysis (PCA). There were three species of insectivorous bat which catch at South Tangerang and South Jakarta. The insects in gut content of insectivorous bats belong to 8 orders, distributed into 12 families. Based on prey preference, the insectivorous bats can be classified into two groups.  This study proves that the tomcat beetles eaten by Hipposideros sp. and Chaerophon plicata, while Lymantriidae moth being eaten by Hipposideros sp. and  Murina sp.

Komunitas Kelelawar (Ordo Chiroptera) di Beberapa Gua Karst Gunung Kendeng Kabupaten Pati Jawa Tengah

Al-Kauniyah: Jurnal Biologi Vol 8, No 2 (2015): Al-Kauniyah Jurnal Biologi
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology

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Abstract

The existance of bats in cave type with diverge managerial system are influenced abundance and species bats. This research was conducted from January to June 2012 that counting abundance and to identify bats at Gunung Kendeng Karst Area Pati Central Java. The bats were collected by using mist net and stalk net at flying track surrounding cave’s mouth of Pancur Cave, Serut Cave, Bandung Cave, Pawon Cave, Larangan Cave and Gantung Cave. Bats abundance at Pancur Cave amount  ±  484 bats, Serut Cave amount ± 1233 bats, Bandung Cave amount ± 715 bats, Pawon Cave amount ± 392 bats, Larangan Cave ± 23 bats and Gantung Cave ± 5 bats. The six species were collected from this research, such as Cyanopterus horsfieldii, Hipposederos larvatus, Hipposideros bicolor, Rhinolophus affinis, Murina suilla dan Miniopterus australis. The analyst result is used Diversity Index of Shannon-Wiennner showed the highest diversity at Pancur Cave (H=0,35054) and the lowest at Gantung Cave (H=0,13633). Similarity index of shannon Evenness is showed the highest similarity at Pancur Cave (E=0,50572) and the lowest at Larangan Cave (E=0). Domination index of simpson is showed the highest domination at Pancur Cave (C=0,06805)  and the lowest at Gantung Cave (C=0,00189). Hipposederos larvatus and Miniopterus australis are species that common and often founded during this research.

KEANEKARAGAMAN CAPUNG (ODONATA) DI TAMAN MINI INDONESIA INDAH DAN TAMAN MARGASATWA RAGUNAN, DKI JAKARTA, INDONESIA

BIOPROSPEK: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Vol 13 No 1 (2018): Bioprospek: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Volume 13 Number 1 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Abstract

The dragonfly conservation needs to be protected by maintaining the existence of their living place which in a large number is waters. This research was conducted using survey method at Taman Mini Indonesia Indah and Ragunan Zoo, South Jakarta. The sampling was done using purposive sampling by selecting 3 habitat around the waters in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII) and another 3 habitats around the water in Taman Margasatwa Ragunan (TMR). The line transec was made drawing a line a long 50 m in northern, 50 m in shouter, 50 m in western and 50 m in eastern of the waters or the lake which each wide was 1  meter to the left and 1 meter to the right. Based on the result of this research, the dragonfly diversity has two different families which are Libellulidae and Ghomphidae. Family of Libellulidae in this research area has five different species which are Orthetrum sabina, Pantala flavescens, Orthetrum testaceum, Neurothemis terminata, Brachythemis contaminate. Meanwhile, Family of Ghomphidae has one species which is Ictinogomphus decoratus. Indeks value of diversity in TMII shows that the dragonfly relatively high and TMR it’s relatively low. Indeks value of distribution in two location is about over 0,81 it means that the distribution of dragonfly species is relatively high