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POLA HUBUNGAN PRODUKSI INDUSTRI RUMAH TANGGA BATIK TULIS DENGAN PABRIKAN BATIK CAP -TULIS DAN MANUFAKTUR BATIK PRINTING -TULIS Wijaya, Mahendra
Ilmu dan Budaya Vol 32, No 23 (2010): Ilmu dan Budaya
Publisher : Ilmu dan Budaya

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Abstract

Up to now, the history of batik industry in Surakarta is still fascinating to research. By using a method describing economic social process on both sides and simultaneously make a sub contract context dynamics between big modern industry with traditional household industry, so that, the variety of batik production system tends to use domination pattern and functional pattern.
Detection of HBV-DNA and Its Correlation with the HBeAg/Anti-HBe Serological Status in HBsAg-positive Patients Widita, Haris; Soemohardjo, Soewignjo; Muttaqin, Zainul; Wiguna, Putu Aditya; Rhamdiani, Shelly Olivia; Wijaya, Mahendra; Gunawan, Stephanus
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 13, NUMBER 2, August 2012
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Background: In the past years, HBeAg and anti-HBe status in individuals with positive HBsAg were often correlated to viral replication. This study was aimed to find correlation between the HBV viremia and HBeAg/anti-HBe serological status in HBsAg-positive individuals. Method: An observational-analytic design was performed in this study. The sera of all positive HBsAg patients at Biomedika Hospital Laboratory were collected and examined for HBeAg and anti-HBe using immunochromatography technique between January and April 2012. The sampling method was purposive sampling. Afterwards, the sera were examined for HBV-DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: Sufficient amount of sera were collected from 44 patients consisting of 33 males and 11 females. The mean age was 15-68 years. Positive HBeAg and negative anti-HBe status was found in 11 (42%) patients. Negative HBeAg and positive anti-HBe was found in 26 (59.1%) patients. Both HBeAg and anti-HBe were negative in 7 (16.3%) patients. HBV-DNA was detected in all 11 (100%) patients with positive HBeAg and negative anti-HBe. HBV-DNA was also detected in 11 (42%) patients with negative HBeAg and positive anti-HBe. However, there was only one patient (14.3%) with both negative HBeAg and anti-HBe status, who had detectable HBV-DNA. Conclusion: Positive HBeAg can be used as an indicator of viremia, but negative HBeAg cannot be used as an indicator of the absence of viremia without further HBV-DNA testing. Patients with negative HBeAg and positive HBV-DNA were suspected for having pre-core mutant. Keywords: HBV-DNA, positive HBsAg, HBeAg, anti-HBe, pre-core mutant
Detection of Hepatitis B Virus Pre-core Mutant by Allele Specific Polymerase Chain Reaction Soemohardjo, Soewignjo; Widita, Haris; Muttaqin, Zainul; Gunawan, Stephanus; Wijaya, Mahendra; Wiguna, Putu Aditya; Rhamdiani, Shelly Olivia
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 14, NUMBER 1, April 2013
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Introduction: Mutation in pre-core region is characterized by negative HBeAg and positive anti-HBe despite active replications of the virus. The mutation has diagnostic and prognostic implications. Therefore, detectionof pre-core mutant is important. Standard diagnosis approach for detecting pre-core mutant is through DNA sequencing of hepatitis B virus (HBV) pre-core region. Unfortunately, DNA sequencing is not available in mostcenters. Hence, a simpler diagnostic approach is necessary.Method: An observational-analytic design study was performed. Detection of pre-core mutant was conducted in individuals with positive HBsAg and HBV DNA that had various patterns of HBeAg and anti HBe. HBsAg, HBeAg and anti-HBe was detected using immunochromatography technique. The HBV DNA was evaluated by using qualitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing. PCR was done by three rounds of amplification with primers derived from wild type pre-core and mutant pre-core. Results: Of 25 sera with HBeAg negative, anti-HBe positive and HBV DNA positive, allele specific (AS) PCR pre-core mutant was detected in 20 (80%) sera. Two sera with HBeAg negative, anti HBe negative and HBV DNA positive were negative for pre-core mutant. Of 8 sera with HBeAg positive, anti HBe negative and HBV DNA positive, pre-core mutant was detected in 2 (25%) sera.Conclusion: Most of individuals with HBV DNA positive, HBeAg negative and anti-HBe positive have harbored pre-core mutant. The finding indicated that all patients with HBsAg positive, HBV DNA positive and HBeAg negative, but anti-HBe positive should be examined for the presence of pre-core mutant. Pre-core mutant is also found in HBeAg positive individual. Keywords: HBV, pre-core mutant, polymerase chain reaction
CULTURAL COMMODIFICATION: REPRESENTATION OF PESAREAN1 OF MOUNT KAWI AS CULTURAL TOURISM IN INDONESIAN MASS MEDIA Sulistyorini, Dwi; Sudardi, Bani; Warto, Warto; Wijaya, Mahendra
ISLLAC : Journal of Intensive Studies on Language, Literature, Art, and Culture Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Jurusan Sastra Indonesia

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Abstract

Media is a tool to construct meaning to its readers. News that is released to the public is always related to the ideology and interests of the media in responding a problem. This research intends to see a representation of Pesarean of Mount Kawi which is conducted by local, regional, and national mass media in Indonesia. This research is a qualitative research with content analysis method. This study is going to be focused on the value embedded in texts which contain news about pesarean of Mount Kawi. This approach is very useful to figure out meaning that lies behind the news texts of pesarean of Mount Kawi. The result of the research shows that mass media supports the commodification process of pesarean of Mount Kawi. Through the narration of origin, genealogy, and heroism which are based on Indonesias national historical event became one of the strategies that are used to demolish the representation of Mount Kawi as a haunted and taboo place to be visited by society. There is a similarity of vision in changing the representation of pesarean of Mount Kawi. Modernity and advancement of reasons have been the reasons for discarding cultural values and traditions that have developed within the culture of Javanese society for centuries by adapting them to the contexts of modern human life today.
Detection of Hepatitis B Virus Pre-core Mutant by Allele Specific Polymerase Chain Reaction Soemohardjo, Soewignjo; Widita, Haris; Muttaqin, Zainul; Gunawan, Stephanus; Wijaya, Mahendra; Wiguna, Putu Aditya; Rhamdiani, Shelly Olivia
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 14, NUMBER 1, April 2013
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Introduction: Mutation in pre-core region is characterized by negative HBeAg and positive anti-HBe despite active replications of the virus. The mutation has diagnostic and prognostic implications. Therefore, detectionof pre-core mutant is important. Standard diagnosis approach for detecting pre-core mutant is through DNA sequencing of hepatitis B virus (HBV) pre-core region. Unfortunately, DNA sequencing is not available in mostcenters. Hence, a simpler diagnostic approach is necessary.Method: An observational-analytic design study was performed. Detection of pre-core mutant was conducted in individuals with positive HBsAg and HBV DNA that had various patterns of HBeAg and anti HBe. HBsAg, HBeAg and anti-HBe was detected using immunochromatography technique. The HBV DNA was evaluated by using qualitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing. PCR was done by three rounds of amplification with primers derived from wild type pre-core and mutant pre-core. Results: Of 25 sera with HBeAg negative, anti-HBe positive and HBV DNA positive, allele specific (AS) PCR pre-core mutant was detected in 20 (80%) sera. Two sera with HBeAg negative, anti HBe negative and HBV DNA positive were negative for pre-core mutant. Of 8 sera with HBeAg positive, anti HBe negative and HBV DNA positive, pre-core mutant was detected in 2 (25%) sera.Conclusion: Most of individuals with HBV DNA positive, HBeAg negative and anti-HBe positive have harbored pre-core mutant. The finding indicated that all patients with HBsAg positive, HBV DNA positive and HBeAg negative, but anti-HBe positive should be examined for the presence of pre-core mutant. Pre-core mutant is also found in HBeAg positive individual. Keywords: HBV, pre-core mutant, polymerase chain reaction
THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT POLICY IN SMES FACILITATING INSTITUTIONS IN INDONESIA: A CASE STUDY ON BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT SERVICES PROVIDER Akhmad, Khabib Alia; Karsidi, Ravik; Rahayu, Endang Siti; Wijaya, Mahendra
ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play an important part in improving the Indonesia economy and, consequently, the government has a mandatory obligation to maintain their sustainability and development. The fact that government has a limitation in helping solve the problems the SMEs encounter, Business Development Service- Provider (BDS-P) can serve as an alternative partner in improving the performances and finding the solution for the problem faced by the SMEs. This research was conducted on BDS-P existing in Indonesia using the qualitative method to describe and to explore in-depth the role of government policy in BDS-P development in Indonesia. The primary data were collected through interviews and observations, while the secondary data were derived from the documentation, notes, and archives. From the data processing and data analysis, it could be concluded that the government policies concerning the development of BDS-P had resulted in the improvement of the ability and capacity of BDS-P in providing business services, dissemination of the BDS-P roles in developing SMEs, involvement of BDS-P in providing business service for SMEs, and the establishment of the standard on the competency certification for professional consultants/ facilitators.
Application of Health Belief Model on Preventive Behaviors of Patients with Low Back Pain Sari, Septi Ayu Arum Yuspita; Indarto, Dono; Wijaya, Mahendra
Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior Vol 3, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Low back pain (LBP) has different negative impacts in some people around the world. There are many risk factors of LBP, either biology, psychology, or social economics. A psychological theory (Health Belief Model/HBM) can be applied for preventive behaviors of some human diseases. This study aimed to analyze the application of HBM on preventive behaviors of patients with LBP.Subjects and Method: This was a case-control study conducted at the medical rehabilitation policlinic, Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta, from October to November 2018. A sample of 50 LBP patients and 100 non-LBP patients was selected by fixed exposure sampling. The dependent variable was preventive behaviors. The independent variables were perceived severity, susceptibility, benefit, barrier, threat, cues to action, and self-efficacy. Data on LBP was obtained from medical record. The other data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by path analysis.Results: LBP preventive behaviors were directly and positively associated with perceived threat (b= 0.46; 95% CI= 0.24 to 0.68; p<0.001), perceived benefit (b= 0.29; 95% CI= 0.18 to 0.40; p<0.001), and self-efficacy (b= 0.16; 95% CI= 0.08 to 0.23; p<0.001). It was indirectly associated with perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived barrier, and cues to action.Conclusion: LBP preventive behaviors are directly and positively associated with perceived threat, perceived benefit, and self-efficacy. It is indirectly associated with perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived barrier, and cues to action. This study supports the application of HBM to explain LBP preventive behaviors.Keywords: low back pain, Health Belief Model, path analysisCorrespondence: Septi Ayu Arum Yuspita Sari. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email:yuspitasari020993@gmail.com. Mobile: +6282338986991.Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior (2018), 3(3): 192-198https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpb.2018.03.03.06
KOMUNIKASI POLITIK PASANGAN CALON TUNGGAL TERHADAP PERILAKU MEMILIH MASYARAKAT KEFAMENANU PADA PILKADA 2015 DI KABUPATEN TTU PROVINSI NTT Tuhana, Veki Edizon; -, Pawito; Wijaya, Mahendra
Yustisia Jurnal Hukum Vol 5, No 2: MAY-AUGUST 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

                                                                                                                                                      AbstractThe process of local elections is the right of every citizen to choose their leaders directly correspond running from an independent path to meet certain requirements. Concurrent local elections 2015 in Indonesia,  which is in North Central Timor  with a single candidate pair. Couples candidate election time carried out. This article is the result of research exploring: 1) analyzing the relationship between political communicator (single candidate pair) to the effects (voting behavior of society); 2) analyzing the relationship between the political message to the effect (voting behavior of society); 3) analyzing the relationship between media and interpersonal channels of the effect (voting behavior of society); 4) effects (voting behavior of society); As for the type of research is quantitative research with survey method. The study population was the whole community voters in District Kefamenanu City. The conclusions of the research and discussion is no relationship between political communicator with effect (voting behavior of society), there is a relationship between a political message to the effect, there is a relationship between are not have a relationship with the effects.Keywords: Political communication, single candidate pair, the public voting behaviorAbstrakProses Pemilihan Kepala Daerah merupakan hak bagi setiap warga negara untuk memilih langsung pemimpinnya sesuai keyakinan dan penilaiannya terhadap calon yang diusulkan oleh masing-masing partai atau gabungan partai, atau yang mencalonkan diri dari jalur independen dengan memenuhi syarat tertentu. Pilkada serentak Tahun 2015 di Indonesia, salah satunya di Provinsi NTT, yaitu di Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara (TTU) dengan pasangan calon tunggal. Proses pilkada pasangan calon tunggal merupakan hal yang menarik karena sepanjang sejarah demokrasi dan sistem politik Indonesia baru pertama kali dilakukan. Artikel ini merupakan hasil penelitian yang mengeksplorasi: 1) Menganalisis hubungan komunikator politik (pasangan calon tunggal) terhadap efek (perilaku memilih masyarakat); 2) Menganalisis hubungan pesan politik terhadap efek (perilaku memilih masyarakat); 3) Menganalisis hubungan media dan saluran interpersonal terhadap efek (perilaku memilih masyarakat); 4) Menganalisis hubungan model pendekatan sosiologis (agama yang dianut dan jenis pekerjaan) terhadap efek (perilaku memilih masyarakat); adapun jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan metode survei. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh masyarakat pemilih di Kecamatan Kota Kefamenanu. Adapun kesimpulan dari hasil penelitian dan pembahasan adalah ada hubungan antara komunikator politik dengan efek (perilaku memilih masyarakat), ada hubungan antara pesan politik dengan efek, ada hubungan antara media dan saluran dengan efek, model pendekatan sosiologis (agama yang dianut dan jenis pekerjaan) tidak mempunyai hubungan dengan efek.Kata kunci: Komunikasi politik, pasangan calon tunggal, perilaku memilih masyarakat.
KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI PEKERJA WANITA* Darwin, Muhadjir; Wijaya, Mahendra
Populasi Vol 5, No 2 (1994): Desember
Publisher : Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

As a society becomes more modernized, the role of women in a working place is increasing. A quite large number of women work in various sectors: agriculture, industry, and services. While their participation contributes to the welfare of their family and society at large, the health implication (particularly on reproductive health) needs considerable attention. The study shows the incidence of various reproductive health problems in a working place and low attention given by the employers to this problem. Statutes and government regulations have been made to protect female labours from reproductive health problems, but these laws and regulations have not been implemented consistently by the employers. This studyproposes to increase the government control on reproductive health services and protection given by employers to private industries, and to give the workers the right to organize themselves so that they can obtain the power to have reproductive health services as well as protection from their employers.
Demokrasi Ekonomi Lokal Wijaya, Mahendra
Jurnal Pemikiran Sosiologi Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Menerobos Kemandekan Demokrasi di Indonesia
Publisher : Departemen Sosiologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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” Artikel ini ingin menunjukkan mengenai sisi demokratis dari usaha bisnis kecil terutama batik di Solo. Dengan menggunakan jaringan sosial berbasiskan kepercayaan dan juga nilai-nilai lokal yang berbasiskan agama dan budaya, usaha bisnis kecil ini dapat bertahan dalam era neoliberal. Semua faktor-faktor ini berhubungan satu sama lain dan menjadi alat utama untuk menciptakan jaminan sosial. Hal ini menunjukkan keterlekatan aktivitas ekonomi dengan konteks sosial budayanya. Berangkat dari realitas tersebut, artikel ini mengusulkan bahwa pemerintah seharusnya memberikan prioritas yang lebih kepada usaha bisnis kecil sebagaimana telah tertulis dalam undang-undang dasar terkait dengan demokrasi ekonomi.”Kata kunci: demokrasi ekonomi, usaha kecil lokal, jaringan sosial, keterlekatan