Widyastutik Widyastutik
Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor

Published : 25 Documents
Articles

Found 25 Documents
Search

Investasi Provinsi Dki Jakarta: Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhinya Kusumaningrum, Adhitya; Widyastutik, Widyastutik
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 1, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Investment is crucial economic activity in order to promote the economic growth. However, there are several consideration factors that entail the investmentdecision in Indonesia. Based on the background that had mentioned before, this research aim is to identify the factors that influece investment, particularly in DKI Jakarta as the capital city of Indonesia. The hypothetical variables that have been tasted in this research are foreign and local investment (PMA and PMDN), interest rate, inflantion, lag on regional province income (PDRB), wage, and exchange rate. Meanwhile, the applicated estimation method to acheive the ain is Ordinary Least Square (OLS). The implication result shows that interest rate, inflation, lag PDRB, and wage significantly affects investment as 1 percent ceritical value, and the rest variable, which is exchange rate influence investment at 5 percent critical value. The most influencing factor to investment in DKI Jakarta is lag PDRB. On the order hand, the least influentional variable is interest rate
KEBIJAKAN PUNGUTAN EKSPOR CRUDE PALM OIL KELAPA SAWIT: PERKEMBANGAN DAN MEKANISME PEMUNGUTANNYA Putri, Eka Intan Kumala; Widyastutik, Widyastutik; Rifin, Amzul; Hartoyo, Sri; Daryanto, Heny
Jurnal Agribisnis dan Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 2, No 1 (2008): Agribusiness and Agricultural Economics Journal
Publisher : Departemen Agribisnis, FEM-IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The rise of export tax of oil palm from 1.5% to 5.5% in the period of 2004-2006 was due to (a) the scarcity of cooking oil in the market; (b) the rise of cooking oil price in the domestic market; and (c) the scarcity of availability of domestic crude palm oil. The export tax of crude palm oil policy has long been a fiscal policy issued by the government of Indonesia since 1994. The export tax of crude palm oil has fluctuated, following the demand of crude palm oil in the international market. There is a pro and contra between farmers and the government in determining export tax of crude palm oil. In one hand, the farmers wish to have a very low level of export tax, while in the other hand the government wants to push the export tax at the highest level. This conflict of interest can no longer be solved so far by the crude palm oil stakeholders.
ANALISIS PENGARUH EKSPOR-IMPOR KOMODITAS PANGAN UTAMA DAN LIBERALISASI PERDAGANGAN TERHADAP NERACA PERDAGANGAN INDONESIA Yusuf, Yusuf; Widyastutik, Widyastutik
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Vol. 4 No. 1 Maret 2007
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Peran utama sub sektor tanaman pangan adalah pemenuhan kebutuhan pokok penduduk Indonesia. Berdasarkan data BPS sebagian besar pangan masih diimpor dari luar negeri, akibatnya neraca perdagangan produk pangan Indonesia selalu mengalami defisit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh ekspor-impor komoditas pangan utama terhadap neraca perdagangan non-migas Indonesia dan menganalisis pengaruh liberalisasi perdagangan komoditas pangan terhadap neraca perdagangan non-migas Indonesia. Dalam penelitian ini metode analisa yang digunakan adalah erorr correction model (ECM) dan data yang digunakan adalah data time series triwulanan dari tahun 1993 sampai 2005 dengan tahun dasar 1996. Hasil Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ekspor, impor dan liberalisasi perdagangan komoditas pangan berpengaruh negatif terhadap neraca perdagangan Indonesia baik dalam jangka pendek maupun dalam jangka panjang.
ANALISIS DAYA SAING DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI EKSPOR CPO INDONESIA KE CHINA, MALAYSIA, DAN SINGAPURA DALAM SKEMA ASEAN-CHINA FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Widyastutik, Widyastutik; Ashiqin, Ahmad Zaenal
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 8, No 2 (2011): Vol. 8 No. 2 Oktober 2011
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The Objective of this research is to analyze the competitiveness and the factors that influence Indonesia CPO export to China, Malaysia, and Singapore in the ACFTA. Revealed Comparative Advantage was used to analyze competitiveness in China, Malaysia, and Singapore. Panel data regression method with fixed effect (cross section weight) was used to analyze export supply model as an impact of ACFTA. The results shows that all dependent variables (domestic production of CPO), international price of CPO, price domestic of CPO, price of soybean oil, price of gasoline, exchange rate, lag of export, and dummy of ACFTA have the significant influence on CPO export to China, Malaysia, and Singapore.   Keywords: CPO, ASEAN-China, Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA)  
USAHA KECIL LIDAH BUAYA DI KABUPATEN BOGOR: SEBUAH ANALISIS SOSIAL, EKONOMI DAN LINGKUNGAN Siregar, Hermanto; Widyastutik, Widyastutik; Mulyati, Heti
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 5, No 1 (2008): Vol. 5 No. 1 Maret 2008
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Aloe vera’s industry is an important plant for the development of social, economy and environment. Bogor sub province is one of the area target for improving aloe vera small enterprise in Indonesia. The objective of his study is to analyze the impact of aloe vera enterprises on the social, economy and environment. The results showed that 14 desa in 9 kecamatan has potency to development of aloe vera’s enterprises. There are Kecamatan Kemang, Rancabungur, Bojong Gede, Pamijahan, Cibungbulang, Parung, Darmaga, Cijeruk dan Caringin. The sex of 91,30persen respondent is male, the background of education is dominated by Senior high school (38,89persen). The area of planting is 0.25 - 5 Ha. Theeffect of social is labor absorbent to reduce unemployment. The worker of Aloe vera was domitaned by the worker from outer family. The other effect improves earning distribution, saving and consumption community. The downstream industry of aloe vera were harvest and post harvest tools/machines andfertilizers. The upstream industry were aloe drinks, aloe foods, the raw materials for cosmetics and pharmacies. 85persen of Aloe planting produced solid wastes but it can be degradable and used for fertilizers.
ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI PENGEMBANGAN KLASTER UMKM ALAS KAKI DI KOTA BOGOR YANG BERDAYA SAING Widyastutik, Widyastutik; Mulyati, Heti; Putri, Eka I. K.
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 7, No 1 (2010): Vol. 7 No. 1 Maret 2010
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Klaster UMKM alas kaki merupakan klaster yang potensial dikembangkan di Kota Bogor. Pendekatan klaster dianggap strategis untuk proses penumbuhan kembali modal sosial, peningkatan kapasitas internal UMKM, serta menghadapi tantangan eksternal secara bersama-sama. Tujuan penelitian adalah menganalisis karakteristik Klaster UMKM alas kaki  dan menganalisis faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi pengembangan Klaster UMKM alas kaki di Kota Bogor.   Jenis data yang digunakan adalah data primer dan data sekunder. Data diolah dan dianalisis dengan analisis deskriptif  dan analisis multivariat yaitu analisis komponen utama. Klaster yang berada di Kota Bogor termasuk ke dalam klaster tidak aktif. Hal ini dicirikan dengan kurangnya interaksi antar anggota yang intensif dan  keterkaitan antara industri terkait maupun industri pendukung masih rendah. Responden sekitar 85% menginginkan  proses pembentukan klaster industri sebaiknya terbentuk dengan sendirinya, misalnya karena kesamaan jenis usaha, atau kesamaan bahan baku yang dibutuhkan.  Jenis kemitraan yang dilakukan hanyalah sebatas kerjasama perdagangan umum. Faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap pengembangan klaster UMKM adalah modal sosial (X5) dan kondisi permintaan (X2).
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI PRODUKSI GULA PTPN VII (PERSERO) Savitri, Rizky; Widyastutik, Widyastutik
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 10, No 3 (2013): Vol. 10 No. 3, November 2013
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17358/jma.10.3.175-181

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aimed to analyze the influence of the level of sugar cane yield, labor, production process period, and supporting materials on the production of PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis, as well as analyzing the elasticity of production and business scale  of PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis. The method used to analyze the data were quantitative analysis of Cobb Douglas production function with ordinary least square method to observe variable influences of PG. Cinta Manis sugar production. Cobb Douglas estimation results indicate that the level of sugar cane yield, labor, production process period, and supporting materials affect sugar production in PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis. Production elasticity of each production factor shows that the use of production factors is not yet optimal, while the production scale of the company is Increasing Return to Scale (IRTS) in which the proportion of additional input will produce output with the larger proportion. Accordingly, company should utilize the factors of production optimally, improve the quality of human resources with various activities to improve skills, increase the productivity of land by having land intensification, and optimize milling period by improving the quality of machine.Keywords: PG. Cinta Manis, increasing return to scale, Cobb Douglas function, PTPN VIIABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh tingkat rendemen, tenaga kerja, bahan pembantu dan lama lama giling terhadap produksi gula PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis, sekaligus menganalisis elastisitas produksi dan skala usaha PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah  analisis kuantitatif. Analisis kuantitatif pada penelitian ini menggunakan fungsi produksi cobb douglas dengan metode ordinary least square untuk melihat pengaruh variabel-variabel yang telah ditentukan terhadap produksi gula PG. Cinta Manis. Hasil estimasi cobb douglas menunjukkan  bahwa tingkat rendemen, tenaga kerja, jumlah penggunaan bahan pembantu, dan lama giling berpengaruh terhadap produksi gula PTPN VII (persero) PG. Cinta Manis. Elastisitas produksi dari masing-masing faktor produksi menunjukkan penggunaan faktor-faktor produksi belum optimal. Skala usaha dari perusahaan yang berada pada daerah increasing return to scale dimana proporsi penambahan input akan menghasilkan penambahan output dengan proporsi yang lebih besar. Sehubungan dengan itu, perusahaan perlu pemanfaatan faktor-faktor produksi secara optimal, peningkatan kualitas sumber daya manusia juga diperlukan dengan berbagai kegiatan peningkatan skill, meningkatkan produktifitas lahan dengan intensifikasi lahan, dan mengoptimalkan lama giling dengan meningkatkan kualitas mesin.Kata kunci: PG. Cinta Manis, increasing return to scale, fungsi cobb douglas, PTPN VII
DAYA SAING PRODUK TURUNAN SUSU INDONESIA DI PASAR DUNIA Yanti, Lina; Widyastutik, Widyastutik
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 9, No 3 (2012): Vol. 9 No. 3, November 2012
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis research purposes were (1) to measures the competitiveness of Indonesian milk derivative product in international market based on its comparative advantage, (2) to analyze the dynamics of Indonesian milk and also to analyze the commodity’s competitive position in the international market through its dynamic export product performance, (3) to analyze dominant factors that influencing Indonesian dairy export growth based on constant market share analysis. The analysis methods used to measure the competitiveness of Indonesian milk in this research are based on revealed comparative advantage analysis, Export product dynamic analysis (EPD), and constant market share analysis. The result from RCA showed that the Indonesian milk derivative products which are Milk not concentrated nor sweetened 1–6% fat (HS 040120), Milk and cream, concentrated or sweetened (HS 0402) and Buttermilk, curdled milk, cream, kephir, etc (HS 040390) do not have comparative advantage but for Milk and cream powder unsweetened > 1,5%  fat (HS 040221), Milk and cream nes sweetened or concentrated (HS 040299) and Cereal, flour, starch, milk preparations and products (HS19) have comparative advantage. The EPD found that all Indonesian milk derivative products are included in the Rising Star position. The result test using CMS analysis concluded that the most significant factor which affect the export growth for Indonesian HS 040390 and HS 0402 derivative products are the import growth effect, HS 19 is mainly dominated by commodity composition effect, and the export growth for the rest derivative products are dominated with the competitiveness effect. Therefore, it needs to be implemented efforts to enhance the competitiveness of dairy derived products IndonesiaKeywords: milk, competitiveness, revealed comparative advantage (RCA), export product dynamic (EPD), constant market share analysis (CMSA)ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan (1) menganalisis daya saing komoditas susu Indonesia di pasar internasional berdasarkan keunggulan komparatif yang dimiliki, (2) menganalisis dinamika dari susu Indonesia dan menganalisis posisi daya saing komoditas tersebut di pasar internasional melalui performa produk ekspor dinamisnya, (3) menganalisis faktor-faktor dominan dalam memengaruhi pertumbuhan ekspor susu Indonesia berdasarkan analisis pangsa pasar konstan. Metode analisis yang digunakan untuk mengukur daya saing Indonesia adalah revealed comparative advantage analysis, Export product dynamic analysis (EPD), dan constant market share analysis. Hasil dari RCA menunjukkan bahwa produk turunan susu Indonesia untuk Milk not concentrated nor sweetened 1–6%  fat (HS 040120), Milk and cream, concentrated or sweetened (HS 0402) and Buttermilk, curdled milk, cream, kephir, etc (HS 040390) tidak memiliki keunggulan komparatif tetapi untuk Milk and cream powder unsweetened > 1,5% fat (HS 040221), Milk and cream nes sweetened or concentrated (HS 040299) dan Cereal, flour, starch, milk preparations and products (HS19) memiliki keunggulan komparatif. Analisis EPD menemukan bahwa seluruh produk turunan susu Indonesia masuk dalam posisi rising star. Hasil analisis CMS menyimpulkan bahwa sebagain besar faktor yang signifikan memengaruhi pertumbuhan ekspor HS 040390 dan HS 0402 adalah efek pertumbuhan impor, HS 19 didominasi oleh efek komposisi komoditas dan sisanya disebabkan karena efek daya saing. Oleh karena itu, perlu dilaksanakan upaya untuk meningkatkan daya saing produk turunan susu Indonesia.Kata kunci: susu, daya saing, revealed comparative advantage (RCA), export product dynamic (EPD), constant market share analysis (CMSA)
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI PRODUKSI GULA PTPN VII (PERSERO) Savitri, Rizky; Widyastutik, Widyastutik
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 10, No 3 (2013): Vol. 10 No. 3, November 2013
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aimed to analyze the influence of the level of sugar cane yield, labor, production process period, and supporting materials on the production of PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis, as well as analyzing the elasticity of production and business scale  of PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis. The method used to analyze the data were quantitative analysis of Cobb Douglas production function with ordinary least square method to observe variable influences of PG. Cinta Manis sugar production. Cobb Douglas estimation results indicate that the level of sugar cane yield, labor, production process period, and supporting materials affect sugar production in PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis. Production elasticity of each production factor shows that the use of production factors is not yet optimal, while the production scale of the company is Increasing Return to Scale (IRTS) in which the proportion of additional input will produce output with the larger proportion. Accordingly, company should utilize the factors of production optimally, improve the quality of human resources with various activities to improve skills, increase the productivity of land by having land intensification, and optimize milling period by improving the quality of machine.Keywords: PG. Cinta Manis, increasing return to scale, Cobb Douglas function, PTPN VIIABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh tingkat rendemen, tenaga kerja, bahan pembantu dan lama lama giling terhadap produksi gula PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis, sekaligus menganalisis elastisitas produksi dan skala usaha PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah  analisis kuantitatif. Analisis kuantitatif pada penelitian ini menggunakan fungsi produksi cobb douglas dengan metode ordinary least square untuk melihat pengaruh variabel-variabel yang telah ditentukan terhadap produksi gula PG. Cinta Manis. Hasil estimasi cobb douglas menunjukkan  bahwa tingkat rendemen, tenaga kerja, jumlah penggunaan bahan pembantu, dan lama giling berpengaruh terhadap produksi gula PTPN VII (persero) PG. Cinta Manis. Elastisitas produksi dari masing-masing faktor produksi menunjukkan penggunaan faktor-faktor produksi belum optimal. Skala usaha dari perusahaan yang berada pada daerah increasing return to scale dimana proporsi penambahan input akan menghasilkan penambahan output dengan proporsi yang lebih besar. Sehubungan dengan itu, perusahaan perlu pemanfaatan faktor-faktor produksi secara optimal, peningkatan kualitas sumber daya manusia juga diperlukan dengan berbagai kegiatan peningkatan skill, meningkatkan produktifitas lahan dengan intensifikasi lahan, dan mengoptimalkan lama giling dengan meningkatkan kualitas mesin.Kata kunci: PG. Cinta Manis, increasing return to scale, fungsi cobb douglas, PTPN VII
STRATEGI KEBIJAKAN MUTU DAN STANDAR PRODUK EKSPOR DALAM MENINGKATKAN DAYA SAING (STUDI KASUS PRODUK EKSPOR BIJI KAKAO) Widyastutik, Widyastutik; Arianti, Reni Kristina
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 10, No 2 (2013): Vol. 10 No. 2, Juli 2013
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aimed to 1) analyze the competitiveness of cocoa bean as an exported commodity which obligated  to  standardized  quality control and 2) analyze the strategies to increase policies and strategies to enhance the standard and the quality of cocoa bean in order to have a better competitiveness. This study used RCA (Revealed Comparative Advantage) and AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) as the analytical methods. The resulted show that the highest average value of the cocoa beans RCAB is Indonesian-German trade. In series, the value of cocoa beans RCAB tend to be stable for all major export destinations except to India. Based on the AHP results, the recommendation to the government as well as to the quality and standard institution as a strategy to enhance exported cocoa beans’ quality and standard is by increasing the quality and quantity of infrastructures standard and quality.Keywords: competitiveness, cocoa beans, RCA, AHP, quality policy ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan 1) menganalisis daya saing biji kakao sebagai produk ekspor yang ditetapkan  pengawasan mutunya secara wajib dan 2) menganalisis  strategi  kebijakan  peningkatan  standar dan mutu biji kakao dalam rangka peningkatan daya saing. Penelitian ini menggunakan RCA (Revealed Comparative Advantage) dan AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) sebagai metode analisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan nilai rata-rata RCA untuk biji kakao tertinggi adalah perdagangan Indonesia-Jerman. Secara series, nilai RCAB biji kakao cenderung stabil untuk semua negara tujuan ekspor utama kecuali ke India. Hasil AHP, rekomendasi yang dapat diajukan kepada pemerintah dan lembaga mutu dan standar sebagai strategi peningkatan mutu dan standar produk ekspor biji kakao adalah dengan meningkatkan kualitas dan kuantitas infrastruktur standar dan mutu.Kata kunci: daya saing, biji kakao, RCA, AHP, kebijakan mutu