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Karakteristik Endapan Cairan Rumen Sapi asal Rumah Potong Hewan sebagai Feed Supplement

Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan JIIP Volume XIV No. 1 Mei 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan

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Abstract

The  aims  of  this  experiment  were  to    identify  and  characterize of sediment  product from cattle rumen liquor as a source of amino acids, minerals and vitamins. The sediment were obtained as pellets upon centrifugation of rumen liquor at 10,000 g for 10 minutes for collection of supernatant. The sediment were evaluated for amino  acids, minerals and vitamins composition and chararacterized for the pH,  solubility of dry  matter,  specific  density,  bulk  and  compacted  bulk  densities  and  angle  of  response.  Result  of  the experiment showed that sediment contained higher minerals:  Na, K and Fe compared with the commercial premix, but  lower in B-vitamins and  amino acids. The composition of mineral Na,  K, and Fe from rumen liquor of local cattle was 13.47%, 7.73 % and 14.52 %,  while Na, K, and Fe from  rumen liquor of  imported cattle was 18.40%, 10.25%, and 14.52% respectively. The sediment had pH range from 10.01-10.03, the dry matter solubility   was 35.5%  up to 39.1%. The  sediment from imported cattle had  higher specific density, bulk  and  compacted  bulk  densities  and  angle  of  response  than  that  of  local  cattle. It  is  concluded  that sediment from cattle rumen liquor contained high  Na, K  and Fe, low amino acids and B-vitamin,  high pH and low solubility.

Characteristics of Lactic Acid Bacteria Enterococcus sp. Isolated from the Gastrointestinal Tract of Animal

Jurnal Mikrobiologi Indonesia Vol 4, No 2 (1999): JURNAL MIKROBIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Jurnal Mikrobiologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Characteristics of three isolates of Gram-positive and catalase.negative cocci in chains isolated from the faeces and rumen ofcow and buffalo were studied. Characterization of the isolates was emphasized mainly on their growth and biochemicalcharacteristics. These isolates showed similar characteristics to the genus Enterococcus except that they do not grow at themedium with 6.5 % NaCI. Furthermore, the isolates showed similar characteristics to the members of E. faecium species group,although none of them had same characteristics with one species under the group. Detail characteristics of the isolates weredescribed.

Ecological and Taxonomical Perspective of Yeasts in Indonesia

Microbiology Indonesia Vol 4, No 2 (2010): August 2010
Publisher : Indonesian Society for microbiology

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Abstract

In the course of ecological and taxonomical study of yeasts in Indonesia, a total of 2147 yeast isolates from 315 samples in the year 2003, 2005, 2006, and 2008 had been obtained from eight locations e.g. Liwa (Sumatera), Cibinong (Java), Cibodas (Java), Kutai (Kalimantan), Enrekang (Sulawesi), Pucak (Sulawesi), Gili and Kuta (Lombok), and Kupang (Timor).  Leaves, flowers, litters, soils, epiphytic soils, insects and insect´s nests were collected for yeasts isolation.  Our molecular identification based on D1/D2 region of nuclear large-subunit rDNA and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions sequence data on 525 representative isolates revealed that 306 isolates belong to 48 described species (18 genera) and 209 strains belong to 19 undescribed species (19 genera), and 10 isolates were discarded because of contamination.  Based on their substrates, litter had the highest yeasts genera (19) followed by soils (18), flowers (10), leaves (6), epiphytic soils (4), and insects and insect´s nests (4).  Genera found on soils were also common on litters.  Yeasts genera found on flowers and epiphytic soils were common on leaves and litters.  The genera Aureobasidium, Cryptococcus, Pseudozyma, Rhodotorula and Sporidiobolus were found in all substrates.  Based on their locations, Kutai had the highest number of genera (15) followed by Cibodas (10), Cibinong (10), Enrekang (10), Kupang (10), Pucak (9), Liwa (7), and Lombok (7).  The genus Cryptococcus was found in all locations.  Our study shed a light to detection of many new taxa of yeasts, 41% of yeasts found in this study represented novel taxa.

Karakteristik Endapan Cairan Rumen Sapi asal Rumah Potong Hewan sebagai Feed Supplement

Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan JIIP Volume XIV No. 1 Mei 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan

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Abstract

The aims of this experiment were to  identify and characterize of sediment product from cattle rumen liquor as a source of amino acids, minerals and vitamins. The sediment were obtained as pellets upon centrifugation of rumen liquor at 10,000 g for 10 minutes for collection of supernatant. The sediment were evaluated for amino acids, minerals and vitamins composition and chararacterized for the pH,  solubility of dry matter, specific density, bulk and compacted bulk densities and angle of response. Result of the experiment showed that sediment contained higher minerals:  Na, K and Fe compared with the commercial premix, but lower in B-vitamins and amino acids. The composition of mineral Na, K, and Fe from rumen liquor of local cattle was 13.47%, 7.73 % and 14.52 %,  while Na, K, and Fe from  rumen liquor of  imported cattle was 18.40%, 10.25%, and 14.52% respectively. The sediment had pH range from 10.01-10.03, the dry matter solubility  was 35.5% up to 39.1%. The sediment from imported cattle had higher specific density, bulk and compacted bulk densities and angle of response than that of local cattle. It is concluded that sediment from cattle rumen liquor contained high Na, K and Fe, low amino acids and B-vitamin, high pH and low solubility.

KARAKTERISTIK FISIK, KIMIA, MIKROBIOLOGI WHEY KEFIR DAN AKTIVITASNYA TERHADAP PENGHAMBATAN ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME (ACE) [Physical, Chemical and Microbiological Characteristics of Whey Kefir and Its Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitory Act

Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 24, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the characteristics of whey-based kefir products and their activity to inhibit the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE). Kefir was produced by using many types of whey, namely SK: skim milk based kefir (control); WK: gouda cheese whey based kefir; and WKB: commercial whey powder based kefir. The experimental design was a completely randomized design. Each treatment was conducted in triplicates. Kefirs were evaluated for physical and chemical properties (pH, total titratable acidity, viscosity, protein, fat, lactose, and alcohol), microbiological (lactic acid bacteria and yeast) population, peptide concentration, ACE inhibition, IC50 and Inhibition Efficiency Ratio (IER). The results showed that the types of whey used for kefir productions significantly affected the physical and chemical characteristics of the products (p<0.05). Total lactic acid bacteria and yeast population of the products were not significantly different among the whey types (p>0.05). The peptide concentration and ACE inhibitory activity of WK, 1.54±0.02 mg/mL and 73.07±0.91%, was significantly higher (p<0.05) than those of the control and WKB. The IC50 of WK was 0.83±0.02 mg/mL, significantly lower than that of control (1.05±0.01 mg/mL) and WKB (0.96±0.01 mg/mL). The IER of WK (47.35±0.09% per mg/mL) was not significantly different (p>0.05) from the control (47.19±0.09% per mg/mL) but was significantly higher (p<0.05) than that of WKB (45.75±0.18% per mg/mL). This research indicated that whey kefir is a potential source of bioactive peptide for antihypertention agent.

KARAKTERISTIK FISIK, KIMIA, MIKROBIOLOGI WHEY KEFIR DAN AKTIVITASNYA TERHADAP PENGHAMBATAN ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME (ACE) [Physical, Chemical and Microbiological Characteristics of Whey Kefir and Its Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitory Act

Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol 24, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the characteristics of whey-based kefir products and their activity to inhibit the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE). Kefir was produced by using many types of whey, namely SK: skim milk based kefir (control); WK: gouda cheese whey based kefir; and WKB: commercial whey powder based kefir. The experimental design was a completely randomized design. Each treatment was conducted in triplicates. Kefirs were evaluated for physical and chemical properties (pH, total titratable acidity, viscosity, protein, fat, lactose, and alcohol), microbiological (lactic acid bacteria and yeast) population, peptide concentration, ACE inhibition, IC50 and Inhibition Efficiency Ratio (IER). The results showed that the types of whey used for kefir productions significantly affected the physical and chemical characteristics of the products (p<0.05). Total lactic acid bacteria and yeast population of the products were not significantly different among the whey types (p>0.05). The peptide concentration and ACE inhibitory activity of WK, 1.54±0.02 mg/mL and 73.07±0.91%, was significantly higher (p<0.05) than those of the control and WKB. The IC50 of WK was 0.83±0.02 mg/mL, significantly lower than that of control (1.05±0.01 mg/mL) and WKB (0.96±0.01 mg/mL). The IER of WK (47.35±0.09% per mg/mL) was not significantly different (p>0.05) from the control (47.19±0.09% per mg/mL) but was significantly higher (p<0.05) than that of WKB (45.75±0.18% per mg/mL). This research indicated that whey kefir is a potential source of bioactive peptide for antihypertention agent.

PEMANFAATAN MILK CLOTTING ENZYME DARI Lactobacillus casei D11 UNTUK PEMBUATAN KEJU MOZZARELLA

Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol 26, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

Milk Clotting Enzyme (MCE) is an active agent for cheese making which may be produced by Lactic acid bacteria (LAB). MCE activity differs according to the LAB strains used. Lactobacillus casei D11 could produced MCE when it is grown in MRS broth medium. In this study, MCE of L. casei D11 with the addition of rennet is used and optimized for the production of mozzarella cheese using Response Surface Method (RSM) with Central Composite Design (CCD). The organoleptic properties were determined by hedonics test involving 30 respondents and analyzed statistically which was followed by a Duncans test. Furthermore, a proximate analysis of mozzarella cheese was conducted. Our results show that the MCE activity produced by L. casei D11 was 8.471 Soxhlet Unit with protease activity of 3.28 U/mL. The ANOVA results showed that the concentration of MCE significantly influence the production of curd. Theoptimum concentration of MCE and rennet for the production of curd suited for the production of mozzarella cheese were 20 and 0.002%, respectively, with a maximum predicted curd yield of 14.996% (g/100 mL milk) which is increased by 13.9% as compared to the curd yield before optimization. The statistical analysis on taste, color, flavor, and cheese texture by respondents shows that mozzarella cheese made by a combination of 15% of MCE and 0.00079 and 0.0015% of rennet, were organoleptically superior to the commercial mozzarella used in this experiment. The proximate analysis shows that mozzarella produced has a moisture content of 33.34%(w/w), 3.48% ash, 30.44% fat, 25.12% protein, 7.53% carbohydrate and energy of 404 kkal/100g.

THE QUALITY OF CORN SILAGE PRODUCT FROM TECHNOPARK OF BANYUMULEK LOMBOK, WEST NUSA TENGGARA

Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

West Nusa Tenggara province is one potential area for farming of cattle and has been chosen as location for developing a Technopark in Banyumulek. Forage preservation as silage is a program to support the sustainability of forage for beef cattle. Silage was made using whole corn crop and additives of rice bran and Lactobacillus plantarum 1A-2 as inoculum under a block randomized design. Three treatments were given and 10 replications of each month. Evaluation of silage quality, based on chemical and microbiological analysis, showed that silage making during 3 months in Technopark Banyumulek is good and stable.  

IMPROVING PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTIC AND PALATABILITY OF KING GRASS (Pennisetum hybrid) SILAGE BY INOCULATION OF Lactobacillus plantarum - Saccharomyces cerevisiae CONSORTIA AND ADDITION OF RICE BRAN

Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 1 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (1) FEBRUARI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study was conducted to determine effectiveness of inoculants consisted of lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus plantarum (Lp) and yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Sc) combined with addition of rice bran on the physico-chemical characteristics and palatability of king grass (Pennisetum hybrid) silage. The experiment was arranged on the factorial randomized design (3x3) consisting of the inoculants treatments (control, Lp, Lp+Sc) and the addition level of rice bran (0, 5 and 10%). The measured variables were physico-chemical characteristics i.e. colour, odour, pH, lactic acid, Fleigh points, and palatability of silage. Inoculation of Lp and Lp+Sc improved silage odour and reduced fungal contamination. Silage was treated by Lp+Sc and rice bran (5-10%) showed reduction of pH and an increase of lactic acid and Fleigh points. However, interaction between inoculants and rice bran treatment was not significance. Either inoculation or addition of rice bran tended to enhance the palatability of silage in cattle. It concluded that the addition of inoculants L. plantarum and S. cerevisiae with/without addition of 5-10% rice bran could improve the physico-chemical characteristics of silage and its palatability to ruminant.

Role of Lactobacillus helveticus on Flavor Formation in Cheese: Amino Acid Metabolism

ANNALES BOGORIENSES Vol 18, No 1 (2014): Annales Bogorienses
Publisher : Research Center for Biotechnology - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

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Abstract

Lactic acid bacteria, mainly lactobacilli, play an important role in cheese making. Their role can be divided into starters and non-starters or secondary microorganisms. Lactobacillus helveticus, an obligatelyhomofermenter and thermophilic bacterium, has unique properties as a starter because of its ability to inducestrong impact on cheese flavor. The bacteria are known to be prototrophic for 5 amino acids and auxotrophic for 13 amino acids. It is interesting that the conversion of aromatic amino acids, branch chain amino acids, and methionine into volatile and nonvolatile compounds by L. helveticus is thought to represent the rate-limiting step in the formation of mature flavor and aroma in cheese. The addition of a highly autolytic L. helveticus to a starter system could significantly increase the formation of flavor precursor and some volatile compounds during cheese ripening. This article focuses on the contribution of L. helveticus to flavour compound formation in cheese with particular emphasis on amino acid metabolism.