Articles

PERILAKU PETUGAS KEBERSIHAN RUMAH SAKTT DALAM PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH DI RS. NIRMALA SURI SUKOHARJO Widjanarko, Bagoes; -, Sulistiyani; Hudayani, Rina
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL 2004: PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL HASIL-HASIL PENELITIAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

The existence of the waste in hospital will cause negative effect to the hospital staffs and the people around the hospital if it is not good to manage waste. The success of the management of waste is detarmined of the many factors, one of them is the behaviour of the cleaning staffs. The aim of this research is to know  the characteristic of the  cleaning staffs, knowledge, attitude and practice in the management of waste in Nirmala Suri Hospital Sukoharjo. Qualitative method is used in this methode of research and subject of  research is all cleaning staffs of Nirmala Suri hospital as many as 12  persons. The tehnique of collecting data by Focus Group Discussion (FGD)  and indepth  interview. The data analysis is content analysis. The result  of the research has shown that the characteristics of the cleaning staffs  based on age, education and work span are various. The youngest age of  the staffis 2l  and the oldest one is  50. The lower education is  Elementary School and the highest one is Diploma  III. The average of work span of the cleaning staffs is six years. The knowledge of the staffs  about the management of the waste from the process of pilling to the  final process is good enough. The attitude of the staffs in the  management of the waste is positive. In doing the management of the  waste, the cleaning staffs refer to the fixed procedure. However, in doing  the job, the cleaning staffs sometimes do not do it as written on the  fixedprocedure.
Faktor-faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Praktik Wanita Pekerja Seks (WPS) dalam VCT Ulang di Lokalisasi Sunan Kuning Kota Semarang Widiyanto, Gunawan; Widjanarko, Bagoes; Suryoputro, Antono
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 1, Januari 2009
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Background: Female Sex Workers (FSWs) is one of the high risk groups of HIV and other Sexual Transmitted Infections. They are engaged in unsafe sex practices with multi partner. Therefore, they should conduct HIV test regularly to prevent them from HIV transmission. This study aims to analyze the factors associated with FSWs’ VCT repeat practices at SunanKuning Brothel.Method: It was a cross sectional study, involved 90 FSWs from total 635 populations.Result: Based on 95% confidence interval and 50% assumed proportion, it was found 71.1% of FSWs had a good belief about VCT and 75.6% had a good value of knowing their HIV status. Most of them (97.8%) were having good support to be re-tested and 86.7% complied with others’ support. The vast majority of FSWs (88.9%) perceived the VCT clinic was wellorganized, only few of them did not satisfy with VCT clinic’s service.Bivariate analysis employed chi-square test showed that belief on VCT (p=0.000), value of knowing their HIV status (p=0.000) and motivation to comply other’s support (p=0.000) were significantly associated with FSWs’ VCT repeat practices. Multivariate analysis found that belief about VCT contributed more than other variables in predicting FSWs’ VCT repeatpractices.Keywords : Female Sex Worker, VCT Repeat Practice, Sunan Kuning
Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Praktik Pengawas Menelan Obat (PMO) Dalam Pengawasan Penderita Tuberkulosis Paru Di Kota Semarang Widjanarko, Bagoes; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha; Widyaningsih, Nunuk
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 1, No. 1, Januari 2006
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Background : At least half million a new cases of tuberculosis each year occurred in Indonesia, in which 175.000 of them died. Tuberculosis is the second killer in adults after cardiovascular diseases and the most important killer out of all the communicable diseases. Lung Tuberculosis has been increase every year in Semarang, in order to handle that case, the strategy of DOTS has been used since 2000. In case of that, there are still founded that the number of Drop out to patient is 16%, and the irregular tuberculosis patient is 21%. It happened because the patient didn`t obey to swallow the drugs and the role of PMO was decrease. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of drugs swallowing control (PMO) have a very important role and determine the successful of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Control Programes. This research aim to know factors that having an effect on to exploiting of practice Drugs Swallowing Control (PMO) lung tuberculosis patients in Semarang.Mathod : The type of this research is Explanatory Research that is explaining relation between independent variable and dependent variable through examination of hypothesizing using cross sectional method. Data analysis with Chi-Square statistical test and Logistics Regression. Research population is drugs swallowing control (PMO) of lung tuberculosis patients with positif BTA, counted 254 with 70 people of sample.Result : The result of research show there is a relation between knowledge and attitude (p=0,000), knowledge and practice (p=0,012) , attitude and practice (p=0,001). There is no significant relation between PMO characteristic (age, level of education, work, family status, income, training, duty periode) and PMO practice lung tuberculosis patients.Using Forward Stepwise (Conditional) method the result can be obtained that all independent variable if tested together using logistic regression method yielding one variable show the influence to exploiting of PMO practice : Attitude (p=0,014). The most dominant variable in giving influence to PMO practice is Attitude. One of the variable withgood attitude category hence possibility exploit practice obtained equal 99,93%.Keywords : Lung Tuberculosis, knowledge, attitude, and practice PMO
Pengaruh Karakteristik, Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Petugas Pemegang Program Tuberkulosis Paru Puskesmas Terhadap Penemuan Suspek TB Paru Di Kabupaten Blora Widjanarko, Bagoes; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha; Widayat, Edi
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 1, No. 1, Januari 2006
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Background : The discovery of clients with lung tuberculsosis suspect at Blora Regency within the year of 2002 were 9.8%, year of 2003 were 27.3% and year of 2004 were 23.3%. Moreover, until March 2005 the discovery of lung tuberculsosis suspects were 876 cases (8,64%). This number not yet reached 40% of Blora Regency target. Knowledge andattitude of health workers who held lung tuberculosis program was closely related with case detection of lung tuberculosis. The aims of this study were to search the description of knowledge, attitude, and characteristics of health workers who held lung tuberculosis program at community health centres and the influence of case detection of lung tuberculosis suspects at Blora Regency.Method : This study is an explanatory research and uses cross sectional approach. The subjects consisted of a total population of 52 health workers who held lung tuberculosis program at community health centres. Data were collected using questionnaires and were analysed using logistic regression statistical method.Result : The study revealed that there were a strong correlation between characteristics (p=0.001), training of health workers (p=0.01), knowledge of health workers (p=0.01) attitude (p=0.01) and supervision of vice supervisor (p=0.01). Multivariate analises showed that the most valuable correlation discovered were between training of health workers (p=0.002) and knowledge of health workers (p=0.021) in the of case detection oflung tuberculosis suspects.Key Words : suspect, health workrs who held program, lung tuberculosis, knowledge, attitude.
Analisis Pengaruh Faktor Nilai Hidup, Kemandirian, Dan Dukungan Keluarga Terhadap Perilaku Sehat Lansia Di Kelurahan Medono Kota Pekalongan Pratikwo, Suryo; Pietojo, Harbandinah; Widjanarko, Bagoes
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 1, No. 2, Agustus 2006
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Background: The number of elderly people has been increasing from 6.8% in 2002 to 7.15% in 2003 in Medono village Pekalongan. Nearly 98% of them are still living with their own family. Therefore, the role of family members in maintaining and motivating positive value of life as well as improving positive health behaviour of their elderly has been increasingly important. This study examines the factors of the elderly value of life, their independency and their family supports which influence their positive health behaviour in Medono village.Method : A survey method using a structured-scheduled questionnaire and a face to face interview which involved 60 sample has been employed in this study. Likewise, an observation method using a check list technique has also been used to observe the independency and personal hygine behaviour factors of the respondents. The data was analyzed using univariate, bivariate and multivariate (particularly logistic regression) analyses.Results : The study found that there were significant correlations between age, education level, value of life and family support factors of the elderly and their positive health behaviour since Chi-square test shows p<0.05. However, there was no correlation between gender and the elderly behaviour. Likewise, multivariate analysis also shows that positive value of life is a dominant factor which predict the elderly positive health behaviour.Keywords: Elderly, Health Behaviour, Value of Life, Independency, Family Supports
Perilaku Gelandangan Dalam Pemanfaatan Pelayanan Kesehatan Masyarakat Di Kota Semarang Jawa Tengah (Studi Kasus di Kawasan Pasar Johar) Cahyo, Kusyogo; Hidayatullah, M. Syarif; Widjanarko, Bagoes
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 1, No. 2, Agustus 2006
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Background : Vagrants are an interesting and critical social phenomenon where their numbers in large cities is steadily increasing. They have been generally vulnerable from many health problems and hence they have a high risk of various diseases. Poverty, illiteracy, lack of assets and production means, unemployment and many other factors have made them never using health facilities and services. This research is therefore, intended to discribe health seeking behaviour of the vagrants who usually stay in the area of Johar market Semarang.Method : This study applies a qualitative approach. In-depth interviews have been used to collect the data from 18 selected respondents. Snowball sampling technique has been employed to find respondents.Results : The study found that most vagrants have lack of knowledge primarily in terms of disease preventions, health protections and promotion. Their perceptions about sickness is acondition when they feel unable to do their daily activities anymore. Generally, they seldomknow the type of diseases they are suffering from, but they only feel the pain. The kind of preventive and curative measures which they adopt often based on information obtained from their friends. When they feel pain or sick, they just treat themselves by taking some medicines which bought in drug store or taking some traditional herbs (Jamu). The majority of va-grants have never visited health center because they could not afford to pay, feel embarassed, fear to be refused by health personnels. Importantly, they feel that they have never obtained a serious illness.Keywords : Vagrant, health seeking behaviour, qualitative method.
Evaluasi Proses Penyampaian KIE Pencegahan HIV/AIDS Yang Dilakukan ASA PKBI Jawa Tengah Bagi Remaja Di Kota Semarang Salawati, Trixie; Widjanarko, Bagoes; Pradekso, Tandiyo
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 1, No. 2, Agustus 2006
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Background : The ASA IPPA Central Java has been conducting a series of IEC activities of HIV prevention programmes for young people regularly. These activities are conducted by ASA volunteers by providing a lecture to middle and high school students. Unfortunately, these activities have never been evaluated in terms of the methods, the materials and theoutputs of the lecture. This study observes the IEC process of HIV prevention for young people conducted by ASA volunteers.Method : An observation technique using check lists has been used to observe the process of the IEC activities which were conducted by the ASA volunteers. The performance of the communicators, the curriculum provided, the responses of the target group and the media used, were observed directly during the IEC activities. Focus group discussions with students and indepth interviews with coordinators of IEC activities in each school, were also conducted to obtain more detail information. Two middle schools and three high schools which selected purposively have been participated in this study.Results : The study shows that the performance of the communicators during the IEC activities were relatively good, particularly in terms of language, skills of communication technique and relationship with the audiences. Although not all questions asked by the audiences, havebeen answered by the communicators, particularly unrelated topics to HIV/AIDS and drugs, using new terminology during a lecture has made many students interested to listen and provided some good responses. In terms of the IEC materials, the middle schools were more focused on drugs, whereas the high schools were more concerned in HIV/AIDS prevention. Each lecture provides an additional programmes such as HIV/AIDS film and drug user cases in VCD format. This study suggests that the skills of communicators and the materials of the IEC, should be improved regularly in order to increase the fit between the IEC activities and the audience needs. The usage of audio visual aids during the IEC process should be optimized to make it easier for the audiences to understand the materials being provided. The output assessments should also be conducted in order to obtain direct feed back from the audiences.Keywords: IEC process, HIV/AIDS, Students.
Analisis Pengaruh Pengetahuan dan Sikap Bidan Tentang Penularan HIV/AIDS Dalam Praktek Universal Precaution Pada Pertolongan Persalinan Di Wilayah Eks-Kawedanan Wanadadi Banjarnegara . Budianto, Agung; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; Widjanarko, Bagoes
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 5, No. 2, Agustus 2010
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Background : In this time epidemic global AIDS, infection of HIV still increace and cause of decrease of properties each every country. Because productive resources it suffer. Health provider like a midwife is very high risk to infection HIV in delivery. And many cases can infection HIV because of occupational in their job. This Article study research study finding in the year 2009 about l practice of universa precaution about prevention of infection of HIV by midwife to help delivery in eks-kawedanan Wanadadi Banjarnegara.Method : This research represent quantitative research type with approach of cross sectional, with 64 active midwife as sample in eks-kawedanan Wanadadi. Sample represent totally population. Data collecting of research by using structure enquette. Data analysis by Univariat, bivariate and multivariate. Results to show that in general, still many midwife which not yet obedient in universal precaution in delivery practice that to high risk can infection of HIV / AIDSResult : It was found knowledge about HIV most influence (p-value = 0.001) than another variable like as attitude to HIV (p-value = 0.026) and equipment (p value = 0.015) were significantly correlated to universal precaution practice delivery with midwife. It is recomanded that from 10 free variable related to practice universal precaution there 4 coresponding variable while knowledge variable about HIV strongest its influence. With existence of this research expected comitment to execute universally precaution by midwife Banjarnegara.Keyword : knowledge, attitude, HIV, AIDS
Praktek Cuci Tangan Pakai Sabun di Sekolah pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar di Kota Semarang Nugraheni, Hermien; Widjanarko, Bagoes; Cahyo, Kusyogo
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 5, No. 2, Agustus 2010
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Background : PHBS in school applying an absolute necessity as the emergence of diseases, which was generally associated with PHBS, especially associated with the practice of washing hands with soap, as an indicator PHBS in educational institutions. The aims of research is identify the factors that associated with practice of handwashing (CTPS) at the elementary school students in Semarang City.Method: This research is explanatory research with Cross Sectional design. Research sample is 5th grade elementary school students in the Semarang city with sample retrieval technique with proportional simple random sampling of 394 respondents. Retrieval of data by conducting interviews.Result: The results of bivariate analysis using statistical tests with chi-square testshowed there are three variabels which significantly associated with, they are the role of parenting, the role of teachers in schools and the availability of the practice of handwashing at the elementary school students. Logistic regression test results, then gained, variabels that jointly associated with the practice of handwashing at the elementary school students are the role of parenting and the availability of the practice of handwashing at the elementary school. The most dominant variabel associated with the practice of handwashing at the elementary school students is the availability of handwashing facilities in schools, where the availability of hand washing facilities in schools that both have probably 20 times the practice of washing hands with soap in school of the availability of hand washing facilities are not good.Keywords : Hand-washing, Elementary, Student
Kinerja Petugas Penyuluh Kesehatan Masyarakat dalam Praktek Promosi Kesehatan di Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Pati Yuniarti, Yuniarti; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; Widjanarko, Bagoes
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 7, No. 2, Agustus 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (33.335 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.7.2.165-173

Abstract

Standar Pelayanan Minimal (SPM)Promosi Kesehatan Kabupaten Kota adalah Rumah TanggaSehat (65%), ASI Eklusif (80%) Desa dengan program garam beryodium (90%) dan PosyanduPurnama (40%). belum tercapainya SPM yang ditetapkan oleh DKK Kab.Pati karena kinerjapetugas kesehatan masyarakat yang masih kurang dalam melakukan penyuluhan padamasyarakat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisa faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhikinerja petugas kesehatan masyarakat dalam praktek promosi kesehatan di DKK Pati. Penelitianini menggunakan metode eksplanatory study dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Pengambilandata dilakukan dengan cara wawancara dan observasi dengan jumlah sampel 87 petugas.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kinerja Petugas penyuluh kesehatan masyarakat dalampraktek promosi kesehatan di DKK Pati adalah termasuk kurang yaitu sebesar 56,3% dan yangmempunyai kinerja baik hanya 43,7%, Variabel yang berhubungan langsung dengan kinerjapetugas penyuluh kesehatan masyarakat adalah adalah tingkat pendidikan, pelatihan,pengetahuan, ketrampilan dan kepemimpinan. Variabel paling berpengaruh terhadap kinerjaPetugas penyuluh kesehatan masyarakat yaitu tingkat pendidikan.Kata kunci: Kinerja Petugas penyuluh kesehatan masyarakat, kegiatan promosi kesehatan,Standar pelayanan minimal Affecting Midwives’ Behavior in the Extension officers performance of community healthextension workers in health promotion practice starch district; Standards Minimum ServiceHealth Promotion which is the reference District City is Healthy Household (65%), Exclusivebreastfeeding (80%) villages with iodized salt program (90%) and IHC Purnama (40%). failureto achieve standards minimum service set by DKK Kab.Pati for health promotion, because theperformance of public health officials are still lacking in doing education to the community.This research aims to find out the factors that affect the performance of community healthworkers in health promotion practice in DKK Pati.This research uses a method eksplanatorystudy with cross sectional approach. Data is collected by interview and observation by thenumber of samples of 87 officers. The results showed that the performance of educators workersin public health practice health promotion in Pati District Health Department is included lessincluded in the amount of 56.3% and that have good performance only 43.7%. Variables thatare directly related to the performance of community health educators workers is the level ofeducation, training, knowledge, skills and leadership. The most influential variables on theperformance of public health educators Officer educationKey words: Performance Officer community health educators, health promotion activities, minimumservice standards
Co-Authors Aditya Kusumawati, Aditya Adriyan Pramono Agung Budianto Aksamala, Rylas Chintya Alfi Faridatus, Alfi Andari Nurul Huda, Andari Nurul Ani Margawati Anies Anies Anisah Munawaroh, Anisah Antono Suryoputro Anung Sugihantono Apriyanti, Laeli Atik Mawarni Besar Tirto Husodo Budi Laksono Cahya Tri Purnami Deastuti, Nurridha Debora M. Siahaan, Debora M. Dewi Mayangsari Dini Fitri Damayanti, Dini Fitri Dwi Lestari Tantinis, Dwi Lestari Dwiyani, Mifta Nur Edi Widayat Emmy Riyanti Evika Prilian, Evika Fifi Dwijayanti Gesti Megalaksari, Gesti Gunawan Widiyanto Hana Maulida Muflikhah, Hana Maulida Harbandinah Pietojo Hardhono Susanto Harsono . Henry Setyawan, Henry Hermien Nugraheni Hertanto Wahyu Subagio Herwinda Kurniasih, Herwinda Ika Mustikasari, Ika Irmanita Wiradona Kamilah Budhi Kumalasari Kumalasari Kusyogo Cahyo Laksmono Widagdo Lukmono, Djoko Trihadi M Mexitalia, M M. Syarif Hidayatullah Maria Mexitalia Marshia Zefanya R.R, Marshia Mateus Sakundarno Adi, Mateus Sakundarno Mateus Sakundarno, Mateus Megawati, Eka Meliana Fatmawati, Meliana Mercy Joice Kaparang, Mercy Joice MS Anam Muchlis Achsan Udji Sofro Muh Fauzi, Muh Nia Indriana Sari, Nia Indriana Nirmala Herlani, Nirmala Nugrahaeni, Anita Nugraheni, Dwi Lutfi Nunuk Widyaningsih Nur Endah Wahyuningsih Nurdiana Nurdiana Nurmasyita Nurmasyita, Nurmasyita Oktaviani, Bella Olys, Olys Pariaribo, Konstantina Prabamukti, Priyadi Nugraha pratiwi, aulia ika Prisca Dama Shinta, Prisca Dama Priyadi Nugraha Prabamurti Priyadi Nugraha, Priyadi Rahmadhiana Febrianika, Rahmadhiana Ratih Indraswari Raumanen Afiana Lomboan, Raumanen Afiana Rina Hudayani Rizal Imam Muksin, Rizal Imam Samekto, Marek Siti Chunaeni Sofro, Muchlis AU Sri Winarni Suhartono Suhartono Suharyo Hadisaputro Sukamto Sukamto Sukma, Amira Noor Sulistiyani - Suratman Suratman Suroto Suroto Suryo Pratikwo Suryosaputro, Antono Susilowati, Devi Ayu Sutopo Patria Jati Syamsulhuda B.M B.M, Syamsulhuda B.M Syamsulhuda BM Syamsulhuda BM, Syamsulhuda BM Syamsulhuda Budi Musthofa, Syamsulhuda Budi Tandiyo Pradekso Trixie Salawati V.G Tinuk Istiarti, V.G Tinuk VG. Tinuk Istiarti Wenny Wahyuni, Wenny Yuniarti Yuniarti Yunisa Ratna R., Yunisa Zahroh Shaluhiyah Zahroh Shaluhiyan, Zahroh Zulkifli Zulkifli