Yuli Widiyastuti
Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Obat dan Obat Tradisional Badan Litbang Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan RI Jl. Raya Lawu, Tawangmangu, Karanganyar, Jawa Tengah, Tel.: (0271) 697010, Fax.: (0271) 697451

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PENGARUH TERAPI MUSIK UNTUK MENGURANGI INTENSITAS NYERI SAAT PERAWATAN LUKA POST OP LAPARATOMY HARI KE 2 DI RSUD Dr. MOEWARDI Rahman, M. Nur; Widiyastuti, Yuli
JURNAL PROFESI || MEDIA PUBLIKASI PENELITIAN Vol 11 (2014): Media Publikasi Penelitian " MARET "
Publisher : JURNAL PROFESI || MEDIA PUBLIKASI PENELITIAN

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Abstract

Latar Belakang : Laparatomi merupakan  pembedahan perut, membuka selaput perut dengan operasi yang dilakukan untuk memeriksa organ-organ perut dan membantu diagnosis masalah termasuk menyembuhkan penyakit-penyakit pada perut (Mansjoer, 2007). Pasca perawatan luka post op laparatomy hari ke 2 pasien merasakan nyeri hebat dan 75% penderita mempunyai pengalaman yang kurang menyenangkan akibat pengelolaan nyeri yang tidak adekuat. Hal tersebut merupakan stressor bagi pasien dan akan menambah kecemasan serta keteganggan yang berarti pula menambah rasa nyeri karena rasa nyeri menjadi pusat perhatiannya. Bila pasien mengeluh nyeri maka menjadi pengalaman yang kurang menyenangkan akibat pengelolaan nyeri yang tidak adekuat. Tingkat dan keparahan nyeri pasca perawatan luka tergantung pada fisiologis dan psikologis individu dan toleransi yang ditimbulkan nyeri. Mendengarkan musik dapat memproduksi zat endorphins (substansi sejenis morfin yang disuplai tubuh yang dapat mengurangi rasasakit/ nyeri) yang dapat menghambat transmisi impuls nyeri di sistem sarafpusat, sehingga sensasi nyeri menstruasi dapat berkurang. Tujuan : Mengetahui pengaruh terapi musik untuk mengurangi intensitas nyeri saat perawatan luka Post Op Laparatomy hari ke 2 di RSUD Dr. Moewardi. Metode Penelitian : Metode penelitian adalah metode quasi eksperimental design. Rancangan Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan one design prestest posttest only. Dalam penelitian ini teknik pengambilan  sampel yang digunakan adalah teknik accidental sampling yaitu Responden yang kebetulan ada atau tersedia di suatu tempat sesuai dengan konteks penelitian, jumlah responden 25 orang. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuesioner NRS. Menggunakan analisa bivariat dengan uji Willcoxon Hasil : Setelah dilakukan terapi music dari 25 responden 19 (76%) mengalami nyeri ringan, 6 (24%) mengalami nyeri sedang. Ada pengaruh dan perbedaan berbanding terbalik setelah dilakukan terapi musik, dengan nilai p <0,05 dan p = 0,000 pada signifikasi 95%. Kesimpulan : Ada pengaruh terapi musik terhadap intensitas nyeri pada perawatan luka pasien post operasi laparatomy hari ke dua di RS Dr. Moewardi
KERAGAMAN GENETIK AKSESI EKINASE (Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench) HASIL SELEKSI MASSA TAHUN I MELALUI ANALISIS RAPD Subositi, Dyah; Widiyastuti, Yuli
Buletin Kebun Raya Vol 16, No 2 (2013): Buletin Kebun Raya Vol. 16 (2) Juli 2013
Publisher : Center for Plant Conservation Bogor Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

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Ekinase (Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench) a medicinal plant that has immunostimulatory activity. This plant has been cultivating in Tawangmangu region by Medicinal Plant and Traditional Medicine Research and Development Office since 2002. Ten accessions of E. purpurea were found based on their morphological variation, three accessions of them are selected as promising accessions namely BH2, BHU3 dan BHU5. The objective of this research was to observe the genetic diversity of  those  promising accessions and 8 variants accession from mass selection year I using RAPD analysis. Those accessions were amplified using 10 RAPD primers. A total of 64 scorable fragments were generated from 9 RAPD primers, among which 48 fragments (75%) were polymorphic. The Dice coefficient was used to calculated the genetic similarity and UPGMA was used to generate the dendogram. The genetic similarity index among accessions evaluated ranged from 75,49-84,21% thus indicating that low level of genetic diversity. RAPD analysis proved to be efficient for genetic diversity of ekinase accessions from mass selection year I.
KERAGAMAN GENETIK DRINGO (Acorus calamus L.) YANG DIGUNAKAN SEBAGAI TUMBUHAN OBAT PADA BEBERAPA ETNIS DI INDONESIA BERDASARKAN INTER-SIMPLE SEQUENCE REPEATS (ISSR) Subositi, Dyah; Mujahid, Rohmat; Widiyastuti, Yuli
Buletin Kebun Raya Vol 18, No 2 (2015): Buletin Kebun Raya Vol. 18 (2) July 2015
Publisher : Center for Plant Conservation Bogor Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

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Abstract

Dringo (Acorus calamus L.) used as medicinal plant in Indonesian ethnic groups. Those information based on Ristoja 2012 research. The objective of Ristoja was to provide a database of local ethnomedicine knowledge, herbal formula and medicinal plant in Indonesia. Inter Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSR) markers were used to assess the genetic diversity of Dringo from 20 selected ethnic groups in Indonesia. Ten selected ISSR primers generated 82 amplified fragments with 51,2% were polymorphic. Dice coefficient was used to calculate similarity index and UPGMA was used to construct a dendogram. The genetic similarity index among accessions ranged from 76,7-100% thus indicating that low level of genetic diversity in dringo. Genetic diversity database can be useful for medicinal plant mapping and conservation especially for in situ conservation.
KERAGAMAN GENETIK AKSESI EKINASE (Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench) HASIL SELEKSI MASSA TAHUN I MELALUI ANALISIS RAPD Subositi, Dyah; Widiyastuti, Yuli
Buletin Kebun Raya Vol 16, No 2 (2013): Buletin Kebun Raya Vol. 16 (2) July 2013
Publisher : Center for Plant Conservation Bogor Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

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Abstract

Ekinase (Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench) a medicinal plant that has immunostimulatory activity. This plant has been cultivating in Tawangmangu region by Medicinal Plant and Traditional Medicine Research and Development Office since 2002. Ten accessions of E. purpurea were found based on their morphological variation, three accessions of them are selected as promising accessions namely BH2, BHU3 dan BHU5. The objective of this research was to observe the genetic diversity of  those  promising accessions and 8 variants accession from mass selection year I using RAPD analysis. Those accessions were amplified using 10 RAPD primers. A total of 64 scorable fragments were generated from 9 RAPD primers, among which 48 fragments (75%) were polymorphic. The Dice coefficient was used to calculated the genetic similarity and UPGMA was used to generate the dendogram. The genetic similarity index among accessions evaluated ranged from 75,49-84,21% thus indicating that low level of genetic diversity. RAPD analysis proved to be efficient for genetic diversity of ekinase accessions from mass selection year I.
The effects of combined medicinal plants infusion on blood glucose, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels in hyperglycemic Sprague-Dawley rats Rahmawati, Nuning; Kusuma Dewi, Awal Prichatin; Widiyastuti, Yuli
Health Science Journal of Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 Des (2015)
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

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Abstract

AbstrakLatar belakang: Kadar glukosa, kolesterol dan trigliserid darah yang tinggi dapat memicu terjadinya berbagaipenyakit sehingga diperlukan cara untuk mengontrol ketiga parameter tersebut, salah satunya dengan obattradisional. Penelitian dilakukan untuk membuktikan efek penurunan kadar glukosa, kolesterol dan trigliseriddarah tikus Sprague-Dawley (SD) dari infusa kombinasi sambiloto, salam, kayu manis, dan temulawak.Metode: Penelitian terhadap 3 kelompok uji (kontrol, perlakuan, dan metformin sebagai kontrol positif)dilakukan pada bulan Juni-Agustus 2014 di laboratorium hewan coba B2P2TOOT Jawa Tengah CentralJava. Hewan uji adalah tikus galur SD usia?. Induksi hiperglikemik tikus uji dengan pemberian highfructose diet (HFD), yaitu campuran fruktosa (36%), kuning telur (20%), dan pellet standar (44%) dalam0,36 g /200 g Berat Badan (BB) selama 70 hari. Setelah diperoleh tikus hiperglikemik pada hari ke-70, dilanjutkan pemberian infusa formula selama 7 hari. Ketiga parameter uji meliputi kadar glukosa,trigliserida, dan kolesterol total tikus uji hari ke-77 dibandingkan dengan hari ke-70. Pemeriksaanhistopatologi organ pankreas dilakukan pada di akhir percobaan.Hasil: Pemberian HFD selama 70 hari menyebabkan peningkatan signifikan kadar glukosa (p=0,0001),kolesterol (p=0,001) dan trigliserid total (p=0,006) darah. Peningkatan berat badan tikus uji dibandingkantikus kelompok kontrol tidak berbeda bermakna (p=0,792). Pemberian infusa ramuan sambiloto, salam,kayu manis, dan temulawak dosis 491,4 mg/200 g BB menurunkan kadar glukosa, kolesterol, dantrigliserida darah tikus uji berurutan sebesar 37,09% 19,51%, dan 79,29%.Kesimpulan: Pemberian infusa ramuan sambiloto, salam, kayu manis, dan temulawak dosis 491,4 mg/200g BB selama 7 hari secara signifikan menurunkan kadar glokosa darah, kolesterol. dan trigliserida tikushiperglikemik. (Health Science Journal of Indonesia 2015;6:99-104)Kata kunci: hiperglikemik, tikus, glukosa, sambiloto
Front Matter Widiyastuti, Yuli
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22435/toi.v9i2.6668.

Abstract

The aqueous extract of Gerrardanthus macrorhizus caudex enhanced doxorubicin activity in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells Haryanti, Sari; Widiyastuti, Yuli; Wahyono, Slamet
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 23, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2003.76 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.32519

Abstract

Gerrardanthus macrorhizus (GM) caudex, is traditionally used in cancer therapy by the Tetun people in Belu District, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia, where it is known as “akar batu”. This study aimed to explore the cytotoxic effects of G. macrorhizus caudex aqueous extract, as well as its combination with doxorubicin, on MCF-7 cells. Also investigated were the possible mechanisms of interaction through cell cycle progression and apoptosis induction. Single treatments of 5–320 µg/mL of the extract showed morphological alterations in MCF-7 cells, but did not show any cytotoxic effect. Combining the extract with doxorubicin resulted in a synergistic cytotoxic effect. Doxorubicin concentrations equivalent to 1/12, 1/8, and 1/5 fold of the IC50 combined with 20 µg/mL decreased viability to 48%. We then explored the combination effect of doxorubicin 0.4 µM with GM 5 and 20 µg/mL using a flow cytometer. A low concentration of the extract (5 µg/mL) combined with 0.4 µM of doxorubicin resulted in slight cell cycle modulation by G1, G2M arrested and apoptosis induction. The combination of doxorubicin and a higher concentration of the extract (20 µg/mL) did not show cell cycle modulation, and led to necrosis. Therefore, G. macrorhizus caudex at low concentrations has the potential to be developed further as a co-chemotherapeutic agent.
Front Matter Widiyastuti, Yuli
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22435/jtoi.v3i1.7877.

Abstract

HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN SUAMI PADA IBU HAMIL DENGAN KUNJUNGAN ANTENATAL CARE (ANC) DI BPS USWATUN KHASANAH LIMAN BENAWI KECAMATAN TRIMURJO LAMPUNG TENGGAH TAHUN 2014 Imronah, Imronah; Widiyastuti, Yuli
Jurnal Kebidanan Malahayati Vol 1, No 1 (2015): Volume 1 Nomor 1
Publisher : Program Studi Kebidanan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Malahayati

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Abstract

Antenatal Care adalah uapaya preventif program pelayanan kesehatan obstetric untuk optimalisasi luaran maternal dan neonatal. Menurut WHO pada tahun 2012 sebanyak 536/100.000 persalinan hidup, di Indonesia pada tahun 2012 sebesar 228/100.000 kelahiranhidup,sedangkan di Provinsi Lampung padatahun 2012sebanyak 105/100.000 kelahiran, di kabupaten Lampung Tengah pada tahun 2012 mencapai 17 kasus. Berdasarkan pra survey di BPS Uswatun Khasanah pada tanggal 13 Februari 2014 data tentang kunjungan K4 tahun 2011 sebesar 77,8%menurun ditahun 2012 menjadi 63,4%. Maka, Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah diketahuinya hubungan dukungan suami pada ibu hamil dengan kunjungan Antenatal Care di BPS Uswatun Khasanah Liman Benawi Kecamatan Trimurjo Lampung Tengah Tahun 2014.Jenis penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian kualitatif dengan rancangan analitik dan menggunakan pendekatan croos sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh ibu hamil  yang melakukan kunjungan antenatal care (ANC) pada saat penelitian sebanyak 48 responden dengan sampel accidental sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan lembaran kuesioner. Analisa data univariat dengan distribusi frekuensi dan analisa bivariat dengan uji chi  square.Hasil penelitian dengan analisa univariat terdapat 28 responden (58,3%) yang kurang mendapatkan dukungan dari suami dan terdapat 26 (54,2%) responden yang kurang teratur melakukan kunjungan antenatal care (ANC), hasil analisa bivariat, Adanya hubungan yang signifikan dukungan suami dengan kunjungan antenatal care (ANC) pada ibu hamil dimana p-value = 0,000. Dari hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dukungan suami mempunyai pengaruh positif terhadap kunjungan Antenatal Care ibu yang berarti semakin ibu mendapatkan dukungan suami akan mempengaruhi meningkatnya keteraturan kunjungan antenatal care (ANC). Maka, saran dari responden bagi suami untuk ikut aktif dalam melakukan kunjungan antenatal agar informasi dapat diterima oleh suami istri dan target kunjungan antenatal care (ANC) minimal 4x selama kehamilan dapat tercapai. Kata Kunci :Dukungan Suami, Kunjungan Antenatal  Care (ANC)
Cytotoxic activity and apoptosis induction of Avocado (Persea americana) seed extract on MCF-7 cancer cell line Widiyastuti, Yuli; Pratiwi, Rarastoeti; Riyanto, Sugeng; Wahyuono, Subagus
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 23, No 2 (2018): In Press
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.32141

Abstract

Avocado Persea Americana Mill. is a commercially important crop and studies have shown that the pulp may have benefits to cardiovascular health, dermatological health and possibly anti-cancer activity. Avocado seeds have several medicinalproperties such as anti-hyperglycemic, antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammation. This study aim to evaluate the effect of avocado seed extract on viability and apoptosis of breast cancer cell line MCF-7. The anticancer effect was evaluated by cytotoxic test using MTT assay and the effect on apoptosis and cell cycle was examined by flow cytometry method. The cytotoxic test showed that chloroform extract had strong cytotoxic activity against MCF-7 cell lines with IC50 value of 94.87 μg mL-1. Furthermore, the chloroform extract was partitioned with methanol and yield of soluble methanol fraction (FLM) and non soluble methanol fraction (FTLM). The cytotoxic activity of the methanol soluble fraction (FLM) and non soluble methanol fraction (FTLM) against MCF-7 cell lines was increased with IC50 of 34.52 and 66.03 μg mL-1, respectively. Flow cytometry analysis using annexin-V and propidium iodide staining revealed that methanol soluble fraction could induce apoptosis and modulating the cell cycle arrest in MCF-7 cell. This research indicated that avocado seed has a potency to induce apoptosis and as anti-proliferative to MCF-7 cells lines.