cover
0.599
P-Index
Mirna Widiyanti
Balai Litbang Biomedis Papua. Jl. Kesehatan No. 10 Dok II, Jayapura, Papua.
Articles
5
Documents
Analisis Subtipe HIV-1 dan Faktor Penyebarannya pada Penderita HIV di RS. Yowari Kabupaten Jayapura, Papua

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Publisher : Jurnal Biologi Papua

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Abstract

Acquaired immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a symptoms caused by infection with Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV). There are two types of HIV genetically distinguished as HIV-1 and HIV-2 subtype. Subtypes of HIV-1 globally have different distribution in state, where geographical factors could affected to the subtype differences. Papua is one of the provinces that have high case of HIV/AIDS. High number of people with HIV/AIDS in Papua caused by new regional area expansion and mobilization of the population in province and district area. This study was aimed to identify the sub type HIV-1 and the risk factors that correlated in the transmission of HIV-1 type. The research study was performed by cross-sectional design. There were 36 HIV patient sample respondent willing to participate in research and they were sign inform consent. Subtype HIV-1 identification was performed by used Nested-PCR, sequencing, and BLAST to found subtype HIV-1. The interview method used a questionnaires to found of  the risk factors  related to subtype HIV-1. The results of research showed that HIV-1 subtype found in people with HIV in Yowari hospital is CRF01_AE subtype (31 respondent) and subtype B ( 5 respondent). Chi-squre and Fisher exact test analysis of risk factors that influence the spread of HIV-1 subtype showed a non significant results. The research study concluded sub-type HIV-1 in patients is CRF01_AE and subtype B and  there were not correlated risk factors with HIV-1 subtype.Key words: HIV/AIDS , type HIV-1 , CRF01_AE , Sub type-B, RS Yowari.

Dampak Perpaduan Obat ARV pada Pasien HIV/AIDS ditinjau dari Kenaikan Jumlah Limfosit CD4+ di RSUD Dok II Kota Jayapura

JURNAL PLASMA Vol 1, No 2 Jun (2015)
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Biomedis Papua

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Abstract

The purpose of ARV is reducing the rate of transmission, reducing morbidity and mortalityassociated with HIV, restoring and maintaining the immune system and suppressing the viralreplication maximal. Dok II Hospital is one of the hospitals that provide care and ARV therapy forpatients HIV. The number of patients increasing each year, it is necessary to evaluate the success ofARV drugs on a regular basis in order to achieve optimal outcomes. One way of monitoring is tolook at the efficacy of a combination of ARV drugs on the immune response of the increase is theincrease in Lymphocyte CD4+ cell count. To determine the efficacy of ARV combination based onthe increase in CD4 cell counts of patients after 6-12 months of ARV treatment in Dok II Hospital in2011-2012. The study was an observational. Data were collected retrospectively on secondary datafrom medical records of patients who met the inclusion criteria. Data were analyzed by ANOVA. Sixobtained the drug combination gave good efficacy based on a significant increase in LymphocyteCD4+ cell counts in patients with HIV/AIDS who receive ARV drugs in combination II and V (pvalue = 0.002) and the combination of III and V (p value = 0.033) while for other combinationsbetween no significant difference. The sixth best combination ARV efficacy there are 2 that thecombination II and V combination.

Hubungan Jumlah Cluster of Differentiation 4 (CD4) dengan Infeksi Oportunistik Pada Pasien HIV/AIDS di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah (RSUD) DOK II Jayapura

JURNAL BIOLOGI PAPUA Vol 7, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : JURNAL BIOLOGI PAPUA

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Abstract

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an infection that attacks and weakens the immune system. HIV infection causes a decrease in the number of Cluster Differentiation 4 (CD4) thereby increasing the progression of the disease and lead to high risk of opportunistic infections (OI). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between CD4 cell count with opportunistic infections in patients infected with HIV/AIDS. Analytical research methods using cross-sectional design, by taking medical records. The population in this study were 67 patients with HIV/AIDS in the VCT Clinic Dok II Hospital Jayapura 2014. Data were processed with the Chi Square test hypotheses. Based on the results of hypothesis testing of 67 patients, there were 21 people have opportunistic infections. Tuberculosis is an opportunistic infection that is most common (17.9%). Significance of the relationship seen in the low CD4 counts (< 350 cells/mm3) and found value of 0.02 (CI 95%) which indicates that there is a relationship if p

Analisis Subtipe HIV-1 dan Faktor Penyebarannya pada Penderita HIV di RS. Yowari Kabupaten Jayapura, Papua

JURNAL BIOLOGI PAPUA Vol 6, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : JURNAL BIOLOGI PAPUA

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Abstract

Acquaired immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a symptoms caused by infection with Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV). There are two types of HIV genetically distinguished as HIV-1 and HIV-2 subtype. Subtypes of HIV-1 globally have different distribution in state, where geographical factors could affected to the subtype differences. Papua is one of the provinces that have high case of HIV/AIDS. High number of people with HIV/AIDS in Papua caused by new regional area expansion and mobilization of the population in province and district area. This study was aimed to identify the sub type HIV-1 and the risk factors that correlated in the transmission of HIV-1 type. The research study was performed by cross-sectional design. There were 36 HIV patient sample respondent willing to participate in research and they were sign inform consent. Subtype HIV-1 identification was performed by used Nested-PCR, sequencing, and BLAST to found subtype HIV-1. The interview method used a questionnaires to found of the risk factors related to subtype HIV-1. The results of research showed that HIV-1 subtype found in people with HIV in Yowari hospital is CRF01_AE subtype (31 respondent) and subtype B ( 5 respondent). Chi-squre and Fisher exact test analysis of risk factors that influence the spread of HIV-1 subtype showed a non significant results. The research study concluded sub-type HIV-1 in patients is CRF01_AE and subtype B and there were not correlated risk factors with HIV-1 subtype. Key words: HIV/AIDS , type HIV-1 , CRF01_AE , Sub type-B, RS Yowari.

Subtypes and phylogenetic analysis of human immunodeficiency virus-1 in Jayapura

Universa Medicina Vol 33, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

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Abstract

BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that infects human immune system. HIV is genetically differentiated into HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV- 1 is classified into 3 groups : M,N and O. M Group is divided into 9 subtypes, namely : A, B, C, D, F, G, H, J and K. HIV subtype mapping would become a good reference to study the epidemiology of HIV-1. HIV phylogenetic analysis required to understand virus origin, geographical distribution and tracking parameter of HIV transmission process in sample area. The objective of this study was to determine HIV-1 subtype distribution and the relationship between HIV-1 subtypes from with genBank HIV isolate based on envelope gene fragment. METHODS A cross setional design was conducted involving 36 subjects in Jayapura between January to March 2013. Blood samples were taken and analyzed using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), nested PCR and confirmed with sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis performed along 400 bp of envelope gene fragment. The data were analyzed with Bioedit ver.7 and MEGA 5.1. software. RESULT Two types of HIV-1 subtype were found in Jayapura Regency. CRF01_AE was confirmed in 31 patients (86.1%) and subtype B in 5 patients (13.9%). Phylogenetic analysis showed phylogenetic relationship between CRF01_AE from jayapura with subtype from Singapore and Thailand, while subtype B from Jayapura were closely related with subtype from United States and United Kingdom CONCLUSION This study reflect the independent introduction of multiple HIV-1 strains into Papua, with the rapid spread in the majority of infected patients tested of single strain of HIV-1 (CRF01_AE).