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The Effect of Rock Phosphate and Level of Inoculums on The Survivability of Aspergillus niger and Its Solubilization Ability When Pelleted With Rock Phosphate Sastro, Yudi; Widianto, Donny; Prijambada, Irfan D
Jurnal Ilmu Tanah & Lingkungan Vol 7, No 2 (2005): Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Tanah & Lingkungan

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Abstract

The study is intended to examine the survival of Aspergillus niger and its phosphate solubilizing ability when pelletedwith rock phosphate. An A. niger YD 17 obtainedfrom the Laboratory of Microbiology. Faculty of Agriculture, Gadjah MadaUniversity was used. The pellet was made by mixing rock phosphate (80%) with organic matter (J 3. 9% waste of tapioca. 6% rice bran, and 1% starch) and spore of A. niger. The experimental design was the Complete Randomized Design 5x4 with 3 replicatiOns. The first factor was sources of rock phosphate (Christmas Island. Jordan, China, Ciamis, and Madura). The secondfactor was the number ofinoculums i.e. control without inoculums, 107 • J(t and J(t cfu.g·´. The colony of A. niger that formed at medium of potatoes dextrose agar (PDA) and the amount of soluble phosphorus in the Pikovskaya liquid medium were parameters. Experimental results indicated that sources of rock phosphate and the number of inoculums itif1uence the A. niger survivability and its phosphorus solubilizing ability. Rock phosphate from Ciamis gave the best support for fungus survival and rock phosphate from Christmas Island was the best substrate for phosphate solubilization. The highest soluble phosphate was achieved by ul inoculums.
A Single Base Substitution Adjacent to the Stop Codon in the downstream of the SMP3 gene Affects its Post-trancriptional process in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Widianto, Donny; Mukai, Yukio; Irie, Kenji; Araki, Hiroyuki; Oshima, Yasuji
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 12, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The smp3-1 mutant allele confers increased holding stability of heterologous plasmid, pSR1, and a temperature-sensitive growth defect which is remediable by the addition of 1 M sorbitol as the osmotic stabilizer. The smp3-1 allele contains two base substitutions; one is in the open reading frame and changed the 490th CAT (encoding Histidine) to TAT (tyrosine), and the other one is an A for G substitution, at 2 bp downstream from termination codon. These base substitutions were separated each other by recombination at a BstNI site located between these two substitutions. The base substitution in the 3 untranslated region was found to be lethal and the defect was unremediable by the osmotic stabilizer, while that in the open reading frame has no appreciable effect to the cell. Thus, both the base substitutions join together confer the smp3-1 mutant phenotype. The smp3-1 mutant cells cultivated at 37 OC in nutrient medium containing 1 M sorbitol showed similar smp3 transcription as in the wild type. These facts suggest that smp3-1 mutation has a defect in its post-transcriptional process.
Ethanol Production by Fermentation of Various Sweet-Stalk Sorghum Juices Using Various Yeast Strains Widianto, Donny; Arofatullah, Akbar; Yuwono, Triwibowo; Prijambada, Irfan Dwidya
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 15, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The ethanol production by fermentation of sweet-stalk sorghum juice is affected by the juice composition and the capability of the yeast strain to ferment it. Eight yeast strains were tested on their growth and ethanol fermentation abilities in sweet-stalk sorghum juices extracted from three cultivars of sweet sorghum. The best specific growth rate of the yeast strains grown aerobically in the yeast extract peptone dextrose (YEPD) broth and the sweet-stalk sorghum juices of KCS105, FS501, and FS902 cultivars, were achieved by OUT7903, OUT7913, OUT7903, and OUT7027 yeast strains, respectively. However, the best specific CO2 evolution rate of the yeast strain during fermentation of the juices was achieved by OUT7027 yeast strains. The highest ethanol concentration, ethanol yield, and sugar conversion efficiency (SCE) were obtained by strain OUT7921 when it was employed to ferment sweet-stem sorghum juice of FS902 cultivar. It was also observed that the juice extracted from sweet-stalk sorghum of FS902 cultivar is the most suitable medium for all yeast strains to achieve their best fermentation abilities. Thus, it is likely that the growth and ethanol production ability of a yeast strain in sweet-stalk sorghum juice depend on the physiological responses of the yeasts to nutrientcomposition of the sorghum juice and the sorghum cultivar from which the juice was extracted.Key words : Sweet-stalk sorghum juice, ethanol, fermentation, yeast
Legume Nodulating Bacterium, Achromobacter xylosoxidans Found in Tropical Shrub Agroecosystem, Sumatera, Indonesia Wedhastri, Sri; Fardhani, Dinar Mindrati; Kabirun, Siti; Widada, Jaka; Widianto, Donny; Evizal, Rusdi; Prijambada, Irfan Dwidya
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 18, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Legume nodulating bacteria (LNB), known also as rhizobia, are soil bacteria, which are able to form rootnodules and fi x nitrogen in the leguminous plants. The LNB availability in the soil depends on the type ofagroecosystem, where plant grows. In this study, we isolated LNB from the shrub agroecosystem in Sumatera,Indonesia, and obtained four selected bacterial strains. Among them, the isolate UGM48a formed root nodulein Macroptilium atropurpureum and showed highest number of nitrogenase activity. UGM48a also contains nifHand nodA genes. An analysis of the PCR-amplifi ed 16S rDNA and BLASTn analysis showed that UGM48adisplayed 96% similarity with Achromobacter xylosoxidans. In addition, UGM48a were successfully nodulatedGlycine max (L.) merr var. wilis. This is the fi rst report detecting A. xylosoxidans as nodule-forming species forGlycine max possesing the positive copy of nodA gene.Keywords : Legume Nodulating Bacteria, shrub agroecosystem, Achromobacter xylosoxidans, nodA, Glycine max
The Diversity of Legume-Nodulating Bacteria from Several Agroecosystems in Sumberjaya, Lampung Wedhastri, Sri; Yuliana Prahastiwi, Yuliana; Widada, Jaka; Widianto, Donny; Kabirun, Siti
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 18, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Bacteria that capable of forming root nodules on legumes are known as Rhizobia. They have also known as Legume- Nodulating Bacteria (LNB). They can fi x nitrogen from the atmosphere. Diversity of Legume-Nodulating Bacteria is affected by biotic factors (such as their genetic factors, plants, and competition with the other soil microbes) and abiotic factors (such as land use, soil’s temperature, pH, chemistry and soil’s properties). The aim of this experiment is to know the diversity of eleven Legume- Nodulating Bacteria based on their phenotypic and genotypic characters. The eleven LNB used in this experiments were isolated from several agroecosystems in Sumberjaya, Lampung. The analysis of these LNB diversity were carried out by characterizing both phenotypic and genotypic properties. The diversity analysis showed that the eleven LNB isolates had high diversity, based on nodule formation, and classifi ed into two groups of cross inoculation group.Key words: Rhizobia, phenotypic diversity, genotypic diversity
Ethanol Fermentation on Mixed Sugars Using Mixed Culture of Two Yeast Strains ., Jasman; Prijambada, Irfan Dwidya; Hidayat, Chusnul; Widianto, Donny
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 18, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of mixed cultures of the recommended yeast strainsfrom a previous study on ethanol fermentation using a substrate mixture consisting of sucrose, glucose, andfructose. There were three mixed (combination) cultures namely OUT7096/OUT7913, OUT7096/OUT7921,and OUT7913/OUT7921. The fermentation medium contained sugar mixture consisting of glucose, fructose,and sucrose with a composition generally close to the composition of sugars in sweet sorghum juice. Overall,fermentation is carried out in two stages. First fermentation was performed using the three mixed culturesto determine the best combination based on the concentration of ethanol produced and the concentration ofresidual sugar. Second fermentation was conducted using the best mixed culture obtained from the fi rst stage.This second stage was intended to describe the pattern of the changes in the concentration of ethanol, sugarsand biomass during the fermentation progresses and to determine some kinetic parameters namely ethanolyield (Yp/s), growth yield (Yx/s) and specifi c growth rate (μ). The results of the fi rst fermentation showed thatthe best mixed culture was OUT7913/OUT7921 and the subsequent fermentation using this culture providethe highest ethanol yield (Yp/s) = 0.47 g.g-1 that was reached at 53rd hour, growth yield (Yx/s) = 0.425 g.g-1, andμ = 0.12 hour-1.Keywords : fermentation, ethanol, mixed culture, mixed sugar
Selection of Yeast Strains for Ethanol Fermentation of Glucose-FructoseSucrose Mixture Jasman, J.; Prijambada, Irfan Dwidya; Hidayat, Chusnul; Widianto, Donny
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 17, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.16001

Abstract

This study was aimed to compare the ability of some yeast strains to consume sugars (sucrose, glucoseand fructose) and to convert them into ethanol during fermentation. The results of this comparison will be thebasis of considerations in choosing the right strain to be used as a mixed culture to increase the productionof ethanol from substrate containing a mixture of sucrose, glucose and fructose, such as juice of cane andsweet sorghum. The study was conducted using fermentation in substrate consisting of glucose, fructose,and sucrose separately, glucose-fructose mixture, and glucose-fructose-sucrose mixture using some yeaststrains: FNCC3012, OUT7009, OUT7027, OUT7055, OUT7080, OUT7096, OUT7903, OUT7913, and OUT7921.Following the fermentation, analysis of the produced ethanol and the remaining sugar was conducted. Theresults of study indicated that the strains with the highest substrate consumption were OUT7921, OUT7096,OUT7055, OUT7027, and OUT7913 for glucose, fructose, glucose-fructose mixture, sucrose, and glucosefructose-sucrose mixture, respectively. Strains that produced highest concentration ethanol were OUT7096 inglucose and sucrose substrates, OUT7921 in substrate of glucose-fructose mixture and sucrose, OUT7913 insubstrate of glucose-fructose-sucrose mixture. Upon consideration of each strain capacity, both in consumingsugar and producing ethanol, the recommended strains for use in mixed culture in bioethanol fermentationusing mixed substrate of glucose, fructose and sucrose are OUT7096, OUT7913, and OUT7921.
Kemampuan Isolataktinomisetes Menghasilkan Enzim yang Dapatmerusak Kulit Telur Nematoda Puru-Akar Meloidogyne spp. TP, Bambang Rahayu; Widianto, Donny; Margino, Sebastian; Mulyadi, Mulyadi
Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpti.11762

Abstract

Soil microbes including actinomycetes are known to produce various hydrolytic enzymes and antibiotics that can be used as biological controlling agents nematode. Therefore, surveys conducted in several areas in Yogyakarta, Central Java and East Java, to search for actinomycetes with chitinolytic, proteolytic, and chitino-proteolytic activity. Isolation of Actinomycetes produced 84 isolates, and most was obtained from shrimp head waste (26 isolates). After the selection based on their ability to hydrolyze chitines and protein in the medium, those whith the highest chitin and protein hydrolysis activity, are consecutive PSJ 27, TL 8, and TL 10 isolates. Test results of crude enzyme produced by selected isolates against root-knot nematode eggshell, showed that the isolates that have chitino-proteolytic activity (TL 10), is a highly effective isolate in damage eggshell. There are three types of damage to the nematode eggs. In the young eggs, crude enzyme preparation causing damage on vitelline and chitin layers. In the older eggs, preparation of crude enzyme cause premature hatching. Sebagian mikrobia tanah, termasuk aktinomisetes, diketahui mampu menghasilkan berbagai enzim hidrolitik dan antibiotik yang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai agens pengendalian hayati nematoda. Oleh karena itu,survei dilakukan di beberapa daerah di Yogyakarta, Jawa Tengah, dan Jawa Timur untuk mencari aktinomisetes yang mempunyai aktivitas kitinolitik, proteolitik dan kitino-proteolitik. Isolasi aktinomisetes menghasilkan 84 isolat, dan yang terbanyak diperoleh dari limbah kepala udang (26 isolat). Setelah dilakukan seleksi berdasarkan kemampuannya menghidrolisis kitin dan protein dalam medium, yang mempunyai aktivitas hidrolisis protein, kitin, protein dan kitin tertinggi berturut-turut adalah isolat PSJ 27, TL 8, dan TL 10. Hasil uji enzim kasar yang dihasilkan isolat terpilih terhadap perusakan kulit telur nematoda puru-akar menunjukkan bahwa isolat yang memiliki aktivitas kitino-proteolitik (TL10) merupakan isolat yang sangat efektif dalam merusak kulit telur.Terdapat tiga tipe kerusakan pada telur nematoda. Sediaan enzim kasar menyebabkan kerusakan atau terkoyaknya lapisan vitelin dan lapisan kitin pada telur muda. Pada telur yang sudah tua, sedíaan enzim kasar menyebabkan pecahnya lapisan kulit telur yang menyebabkan penetasan yang prematur
Pemanfaatan Limbah Buah Salak Pondoh Sebagai Substrat Nata De Salacca Melalui Aplikasi Bioteknologi di Dusun Tegal Domban, Sleman, Yogyakarta Pratiwi, Rarastoeti; Lestari, Fajar Budi; Widianto, Donny
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 1, No 1 (2015): September
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.16937

Abstract

Dusun Tegal Domban is one of the highest Salak Pondoh produce in Sleman District. However there is a problemfaced by salak farmers due to the overproduction and overripe which mightcause waste. Implementation of Biotechnology should be one of the alternativesolutions to overcome this problem. The aims of the program were to utilize the salak fruits wasteto produce Natade Salaccausing biological agents, such as Acetobacter xylinum, and to implement the education for sustainability development which subjected toa women organization PKK Dusun Tegal Domban who accompanyed by the team from Biotechnology Master Program UGM in order to learn how to produce Nata de Salacca. This program was initiated with the laboratory experiments to find the fine composotion of nata substrates to get the optimal nata product. The following action was to acompany the women who aplicate the nata production process. Results from the laboratory experiment showed that the best composition of substrat and water ratiowas 1:4, and the nata thickness was 0.62 cm, while the nata weight was 542.22 g. Those parameters were used for nata standard indicators.Results from the activities of nata production by women groups PKK Dusun Tegal Domban were showed the similar results with the nata standard for thickness, however nata weight was slightly lower than the nata standard.
Pemanfaatan Limbah Buah Salak Pondoh Sebagai Substrat Nata De Salacca Melalui Aplikasi Bioteknologi di Dusun Tegal Domban, Sleman, Yogyakarta Pratiwi, Rarastoeti; Lestari, Fajar Budi; Widianto, Donny
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 1, No 1 (2015): September
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.16937

Abstract

Dusun Tegal Domban is one of the highest Salak Pondoh produce in Sleman District. However there is a problemfaced by salak farmers due to the overproduction and overripe which mightcause waste. Implementation of Biotechnology should be one of the alternativesolutions to overcome this problem. The aims of the program were to utilize the salak fruits wasteto produce Natade Salaccausing biological agents, such as Acetobacter xylinum, and to implement the education for sustainability development which subjected toa women organization PKK Dusun Tegal Domban who accompanyed by the team from Biotechnology Master Program UGM in order to learn how to produce Nata de Salacca. This program was initiated with the laboratory experiments to find the fine composotion of nata substrates to get the optimal nata product. The following action was to acompany the women who aplicate the nata production process. Results from the laboratory experiment showed that the best composition of substrat and water ratiowas 1:4, and the nata thickness was 0.62 cm, while the nata weight was 542.22 g. Those parameters were used for nata standard indicators.Results from the activities of nata production by women groups PKK Dusun Tegal Domban were showed the similar results with the nata standard for thickness, however nata weight was slightly lower than the nata standard.