Denny Widhiyanuriyawan
Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Brawijaya

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Variasi Temperatur Pemanasan Zeolite alam-NaOH Untuk Pemurnian Biogas Widhiyanuriyawan, Denny
Jurnal Energi Dan Manufaktur Vol 6, No 1 April 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Energi Dan Manufaktur

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Abstract

Biogas merupakan salah satu sumber energi alternatif yang ramah lingkungan. Kandungan biogas tidakhanya CH4 namun juga mengandung CO2, H2O, dan H2S yang merupakan pengotor dalam biogas.Pengotor ini menyebabkan tidak sempurnanya proses pembakaran, nilai kalor menurun, dan korosi.Sehingga kandungan senyawa pengotor tersebut harus hilangkan dengan cara permunian atau purifikasi.Salah satu metode pemurnian adalah dengan menggunakan adsorbent. Salah satu adsorbent yang murahdan melimpah di Indonesia adalah zeolite alam. Oleh karena itu didalam penelitian ini dikaji pemurnianbiogas dengan menggunakan zeolite yang telah diaktivasi dengan larutan NaOH 15% dari masa zeolite100 gram dengan variasi perlakuan panas. Penggunaan NaOH bertujuan untuk membersihkan zatpengotor pada permukaan pori yang ada pada zeolite. Sedangkan perlakuan panas bertujuan untukmengaktivasi zeolit secara fisik. Perlakuan panas pada zeolite yang telah diaktivasi secara kimiawidivariasikan pada temperatur 300°C, 600°C, dan 900°C. Waktu pemurnian diamati dari interval waktu 15menit sampai dengan menit ke 120. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penurunan kandungan CO2 danH2S yang optimal (0%) terjadi pada temperatur perlakuan panas 900°C pada waktu 120 menit. Hal inimenunjukan bahwa dengan meningkatnya temperatur perlakuan panas mampu memperpendek waktupemurnian. Dan dari perhitungan nilai kalor secara teoritis dengan waktu pemurnian 120 menit padatemperatur pemanasan 300°C, 600°C dan 900°C menunjukkan secara berturut-turut yaitu sebesar 6396,89kkal/kg, 7711,88 kkal/kg dan 10118,44 kkal.kg. Nilai-nilai diatas lebih besar jika dibandingkan denganzeolite tanpa perlakuan panas yaitu sebesar 5409,01 kkal/kg.
Peningkatan Kualitas Bahan Bakar Biogas Melalui Proses Pemurnian Dengan Zeolit Alam Hamidi, Nurkholis; Gede Wardana, I Nyoman; Widhiyanuriyawan, Denny
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 2, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Biogas from digester consists primarily of methan (CH4) and carbondioxyde (CO2). Trace components that are often present in biogas are water vapor (H2O) , hydrogen sulfide (H2S),hydrocarbons (HC), ammonia (NH3, oxygen (O2), carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen (N2). In order to improve the quality of biogas, a cleaning process to remove the trace components and an upgrading process to adjust the calorific value are needed. A number of techniques have been developed to remove the trace components from biogas. In this experiment, however, chemical absorption of CO2 and H2S by solid zeolite in a plastic bag was experimentally investigated. The solid zeolite was activated by heat treatment and KOH. Absorption characteristics were examined. Test results revealed that the solid zeolite used were effective in adsorbed CO2 and H2S in biogas, creating CH4 enriched fuel. Absorption capability was transient in nature. With regular replacement or regeneration of used solid zeolite, upgraded biogas can be maintained. This technique proved to be promising in upgrading biogasquality.Keywords: KOH compound, calorific value of biogas, zeolite.
Pengaruh Variasi Sudut Static Mixer Terhadap Kinerja Heat Exchanger Widhiyanuriyawan, Denny; Purnami, Purnami; Ardiansyah, Ardiansyah
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 2, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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This study was proposed to determine the effect of static mixer on innertube installation of double pipe heat exchanger. The dimenssion of outer (hot fluid) and inner (cold fluid) pipes of heat exchanger were 76.2 mm and 25.4 mm, respectively. Static mixers with 19 mm diameter and 60 pieces number were variated with θ=40o, 80o, and120o. The hot fluid discharges were variated from 400 to 900 liters/hour and the constant of cold fluid discharge with 900 liters/hour. The results show the heat transfer rate of statics mixer with angle variation higher than plain tube (without static mixer).The heat transfer increased 24%, 39%, and 44% for variation angel of static mixer with θ=40o, 80o, and 120o, respectivelly.Keywords: Static mixer, heat transfer rate
Karakteristik Pembakaran CH4 Dengan Penambahan Co2 Pada Model Helle- Shaw Cell Pada Penyalaan Bawah Uwar, Nur Aini; Wardana, ING; Widhiyanuriyawan, Denny
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Along with the development of industrial technologies is rapidly increasing the demand for renewable energy sources becomes a very important consideration. One of the alternative energy is now being developed is the energy derived from organic materials, this is because the organic compounds are classified as renewable energy. One energy technology in accordance with the requirements of the biogas technology. If biogas is purified or cleaned of impurities in this case CO2 is good, he would have the same characteristics as natural gas. How big is the influence of CO2 on heating value (heat) in the combustion process it is necessary to an investigation. one by looking at the characteristics of combustion, both the pattern and pace of rambatnya. Combustor used in this study is a model of Helle-shaw cell measuring 50 x 20 x 1 cm. Variation of the mixture used is the ratio 7,5:1 to 10: 1 with the addition of 10% 20%, 30% CO2. Performed on the ignition of ignition. Observation of the shape and rate of flame propagation is done using a high speed camera. The results showed that the ratio of 7,5:1 to 10: 1 blue color of the flame and the flame propagation speed greater penembahan but with 10% CO2 20%, 30% color changing flame reddish yellow which indicates incomplete combustion occurs, and the smaller the rate of flame propagation. This is influenced by the presence of buoyancy forces generated by the combustion.Keywords: energy, gas methane (CH4), CO2, the rate of propagation of flame
Purifikasi Biogas Sistem Kontinyu Menggunakan Zeolit Sugiarto, Sugiarto; Oerbandono, Tjuk; Widhiyanuriyawan, Denny; Permana Putra, Faruq Syah
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 4, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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The continued development of the technology industry and the rapid depletion of petroleum energy the need for alternative sources of renewable energy to be a very important consideration. Biogas is a renewable energy that has great potential as an alternative energy. The content consists of CH4 biogas as fuel around 50-80% and CO2 as an impurity around 27-45%. With the CO2 gas can affect the purity of CH4 in biogas womb. Therefore, to get the maximum quality of biogas purification necessary. The research was done by making purification equipment (purifier) with zeolite granular solid filler mounted on a biogas digester system continue. Purification processes varying on zeolite layer that fills the purifier is 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 layer. All walks take a purification process for 60 minutes and observed every 15 minutes. The results showed that the increasing time between biogas purification with zeolite, the CO2 levels tend to decline with the lowest percentage of 21.3% and CH4 levels increase with the highest percentage of 74.7%. This is due to the increasing time of purification, CO2 absorbed in the zeolite structure more and more. So with the absorption of CO2 by the zeolite, the resulting levels of CH4 has increased. In addition to the greater number of zeolite layers become increasingly declining CO2 and CH4 levels increase. This is because the more the number of layers of filler, wide contact area between the biogas by zeolite increasingly large that CO2 is absorbed by the zeolite increased.Keywords: Zeolite, CO2, CH4, purification, biogas continuous system
Karakteristik Produksi Browns Gas Dengan Menggunakan Tenaga Matahari Widhiyanuriyawan, Denny; Hamidi, Nurkholis; Wijono, Wijono
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 4, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Renewable energy has potentials to be developed to meet our energy needs in the future. One promising energy source is browns gas. Browns gas is a mixture of di-atomic and mono-atomic of hydrogen and oxygen. One effort to produce browns gas is through the process of electrolysis of water. However, the process of electrolysis still considered a process uneconomical and inefficient, since the energy of electrochemical decomposition of water is relatively high. Thus, the challenge of brown gas production is reducing electrical energy. In this study, we propose to use solar energy for browns gas production plant, since the solar energy is environmentally friendly energy sources available so abundant in Indonesia. The experiment was carried out in two methods. First, the electrolysis was done using electricity produced by the solar panel directly without voltage control. The second method, the voltage of electricity from the solar panel was controlled using a regulator then it used for the water electrolysis. The results show that the direct method generates fluctuative electricity with the rate power of 29.67 Watt. This electricity was used for electrolysis process and produced brown gas 0,1393 g for 4 hours. On the other hand the in-direct method generated power relatively constant at 18.3 Watt and produced the brown gas about 0.1365 g.Keywords: solar energy, browns gas, electrolysis, hydrogen
Pengaruh Temperatur Larutan Triethylamine (Tea), Air dan Ca(OH) 2 terhadap Pelepasan CO 2 pada Proses Pemurnian Biogas Kurniawan, Zulkifli; Wardana, ING; Widhiyanuriyawan, Denny
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 5, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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Biogas is renewable fuel that generated by bacteria activities in anaërobic organic matter process. Biogas composed by CH 4 17 (54% to 70%), CO2 (27% to 45%) and impurities gas such as N2 , H2O, CO, H2S. The CO2 on biogas should be reduced because it’s as inhibitor that reduces heat of biogas flame. This research proposed to reduce CO 2 in the packed column purification system by using TEA, H2O, and Ca(OH)2 solution as absorber.The absorber temperature were variated 35o, 45o, 55omand 65oC for knowing performance absorber reduce CO2 at the flow rate of CO 2 and CH4 , entering packed collum by 0.1 l/m, release time of CO2 in heater was eight minutes by comparison CH4 , and CO2 i.e. 80 % -20 %, 85 % -15 %, 90 % -10 % and 95 % -5 %. The result of this study was the higher the temperature heating, the higher the percentage of CO2 released. Absorbentt TEA + H2O and combined TEA + H2O + Ca(OH)2 , improve absorption of CO2 in a linear manner at a temperature of warming 35, 45, 55, 65 c.Keywords : Biogas, Absorption, Temperature, TEA, H2O, Ca(OH)2
Optimalisasi Destilasi Nilam Kering melalui Pembekuan Pra Destilasi Sugiarto, Sugiarto; Sonief, A. As’ad; Sutikno, Djoko; Widhiyanuriyawan, Denny
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 5, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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The process of extracting oil from the leaves or stems cells by damaging the cell which usually done before or during distillation process. Damaging the cell can be done by mechanical process or freezing process. Chopping the leaves was done to damage the cells through the mechanical process, however the damage have not been able to destroy up to the celular level. While the freezing process could be expected to damage the tissue at the cellular level. Pure research on laboratory scale was used as the experiment method in this study. Freezing temperature pasca-distillation was variated on -13,4 ºC, -19,6 ºC and -24,8 ºC and without freezing process. While distillation process was varied on 95 ºC, 105 ºC dan 115 ºC. In this study, patchouli was distilled on wet and dry condition. LPG was used with automatically combustion control system of for keeping the temperature stability, increasing the capacity and quality of patchouli oil and reducing the production cost and the distillation time to less than 6 hours The stable distillation temperature was able to raise the volume of oil per kilogram of dry weight raw material and decrease the distillation time to less than 5 hours. Patchouli oil volume produced per kilogram of dry raw materials post freeze predistillation increased with increasing the distillation temperature. The low freezing temperature of the pre-distillation produced the high volume of patchouli oil per kilogram of raw material. Pre-distillation on the freezing process of dried patchouli was able to shorten the time of maximum distillation only in 3 hours. The range of distillation temperature on 95 ⁰C, 105 ⁰C and 115 ⁰C produced the different colors of patchouli oil from light brown to dark brown color.Keywords : optimalisation, distillation, dry patchouli, freeze pre-distillation
Pengaruh Variasi Sudut Input Sudu Mangkok Terhadap Kinerja Turbin Kinetik Anam, Asroful; Soenoko, Rudy; Widhiyanuriyawan, Denny
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 4, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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The most of renewable energy in Indonesia is hydro which all potential is for about 75000- 76000 MW. But the use of that potential is 3,783 MW of large-scale and 220 MW of small-scale only. The use of small-scale hydro energy is river flows which has speed with ranges 0.01 - 2.8 m/s and used for a source of electrical energy by kinetic turbines. Kinetic turbine is one of water turbines but it uses speed of river flows for changing the water’s kinetic energy into mechanic one. The performances of the kinetic turbines depends on many factors and one of them is the using of blades on the runner. Turbine with a cup blade, river flows mashes the blade and changes momentum that can provide the runner rotating. On that process, there is energy change, here is kinetic energy of river flows into mechanical one and produces electricity energy by a generator. So the purpose of this study is to determine the effect of kinetic turbine performance with a cup blade input corner variations. The results of this study indicates that the kinetic turbine with a cup blade input corner 10 o is the highest or maximum performance than 15 o and 20 o , because the cup blade input corner 10 o has much mass flows mashing and striking the blade and the kinetic turbine with cup blade input corner 20 o is the minimum performance.Keywords: Kinetic turbine, Turbine performance, bowl blade, input corner.
Optimasi Hardening Baja Karbon Sedang dengan Fluida Getah Pohon Pisang Menggunakan Metode Taguchi Dimu, Roymons Jimmy; Widhiyanuriyawan, Denny; Sugiono, Sugiono
Rekayasa Mesin Vol 5, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

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The aim of this research is to increase the hardness of the material with hardening process. Factors that influence the hardening process are the raw material, the heating temperature, holding time and cooling medium. To obtain the optimum combination of factors hardening process, this research adopted the Taguchi experimental design method. The type used were orthogonal array L9 (34) which generates a combination of 4 factors with each factor has 3 levels.Raw materials used were retrieved from the leaf springs trucks, jeeps and minibuses which are medium carbon steels with different chemical compositions. Based on the heating temperature recommended for medium carbon steel hardening process is between 723 - 900ºC then the heating temperature used 723ºC, 800ºC, 850ºC. Whereas for the holding time that carbon steel is recommended for 5-10 minutes, then the holding time used were 5, 7.5, 10 min. For the cooling medium used in this research are banana tree sap fluid and also water and oil as a comparison. In this research presented the results of hardness test hardening process with a combination of treatments truck spring steel material, temperature 850ºC, 10 min holding time and cooling medium with banana tree sap fluid in order to get the highest hardness worth HRC 63.03. Based on the analysis of Taguchi method can be seen that the four factors the most influence on hardness of material is temperature, holding time, cooling medium, and the smallest is the material.Keywords: Hardening, Banana Tree Sap Fluid, Taguchi