Widanarni Widanarni
Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Jln. Agatis, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor 16680 Indonesia

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Bakteri Probiotik Dalam Budidaya Udang: Seleksi, Mekanisme Aksi, Karakterisasi, dan Aplikasinya Sebagai Agen Biokontrol Widanarni, Widanarni; Sukenda, Sukenda; Setiawati, Mia
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (348.509 KB)

Abstract

Bacterial disease attack occurs at the hatchery stage, which is considered to be the most serious threat, and often results in mass mortality of shrimp larvae by vibrosis which is that caused by a luminous bacterium identified as Vibrio harveyi. This research was carried out to obtain local isolates of probiotic bacteria that were able to inhibit the growth of V. harveyi and effectively apply it as a biocontrol of vibriosis in shrimp cultures. The research was carried out as follows: (1) In vitro and in vivo selection of probiotic bacteria candidates, (2) Study of the action mechanism and characterization of the selected pro biotic bacteria, (3) Study on application of the selected probiotic bacteria as a biocontrol agent in shrimp cultures. Results of in vitro and in vivo selection provided the best three isolates, which were 1Ub, SKT-b and Ua. The survival rate of shrimp larvae which were not only inoculated by V. harveyi but also with 1Ub, SKT-b and Ua probiotic bacteria were 88.33, 83.33, and 81.67% respectively; where as the positive control treatment (merely inoculated with V. harveyi) gave a 41.67% survival rate and the negative control (without bacterial addition) was 68.33%. Studies using a rifampicin resistant marker (RfR) demonstrated that the number of V. harveyi MR5339 RfR cells in treatments without probiotic addition were higher than the treatment with the probiotic bacteria, in dead larvae, living larvae, as well as in the culture media. Partial sequencing of the I6S-rRNA gene showed that the I Ub isolate was similar to Pseudoalteromonas piscicida, whereas the SKT -b and Ua isolates were similar to Vibrio alginolyticus. Selected probiotic bacteria could be applied directly to shrimp larva culture media, or orally through enrichment of both natural and artificial food. Keywords: Penaeus monodon larvae, probiotic bacteria, vibriosis 
Bacillus NP5 Improves Growth Performance and Resistance Against Infectious Myonecrosis Virus in White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) (Bacillus NP5 Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan dan Ketahanan Terhadap Infeksi Virus Myonecrosis pada Udang Putih (L. vannamei) Widanarni, Widanarni; Yuhana, Munti; Muhammad, Arief
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 19, No 4 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (425.519 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.19.4.211-218

Abstract

Infectious Myonecrosis (IMN) merupakan salah satu penyakit yang sering menyerang udang vaname. Probiotik banyak digunakan pada budidaya udang karena terbukti mampu mengurangi serangan penyakit pada udang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh pemberian probiotik Bacillus NP5 melalui pakan terhadap kinerja pertumbuhan, respons imun, dan resistensi udang vaname terhadap infeksi Infectious Myonecrosis Virus (IMNV). Udang vaname Litopenaeus vannamei (2.41±0.07 g ekor-1) diberi pakan yang disuplementasi probiotik Bacillus NP5 dengan dosis yang berbeda, 102 CFU.g-1 (A), 104 CFU.g-1 (B), 106 CFU.g-1 (C), dan kontrol tanpa suplementasi probiotik (kontrol negatif, KN; kontrol positif, KP) selama 30 hari dan dengan tiga ulangan untuk masing-masing dosis, kemudian KP, perlakuan A, B, dan C diuji tantang secara intramuskular dengan IMNV (100 µl.ekor-1). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa udang vaname yang diberi pakan dengan suplementasi probiotik mempunyai laju pertumbuhan harian (LPH), rasio konversi pakan (RKP), dan respons imun yang lebih tinggi. Udang tersebut juga mempunyai total hemocyte count (THC) dan resistensi terhadap IMNV yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan kontrol positif. Konsentrasi probiotik 106 CFU.g-1 memberikan hasil terbaik dalam meningkatkan pertumbuhan, respon imun, dan resistensi udang vaname terhadap infeksi IMNV. Kata kunci: probiotik, Bacillus NP5, Litopenaeus vannamei, pertumbuhan, IMNV Infectious Myonecrosis (IMN) is one of the most prevalent white shrimp diseases. Probiotics are widely used in shrimp cultivation because they have been proven to reduce shrimp disease outbreak. This study aimed to observe the effect of oraly administered probiotic Bacillus NP5 on the white shrimps growth performance, immune response, and resistance to Infectious Myonecrosis Virus (IMNV) infection. White shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (2.41±0.07 g individual-1) were fed with a feed supplemented with different doses of the probiotic Bacillus NP5, i.e. 102 CFU.g-1 (A), 104 CFU.g-1 (B), 106 CFU.g-1 (C), and control without any probiotic (negative control, KN; positive control, KP) for 30 days and with three replications for each dose, then KP, treatment A, B, and C were challenged intramuscularly with IMNV (100 µl.shrimp-1). The results of the study showed that white shrimp fed with the supplemented probiotic had higher Daily Growth Rate (DGR), Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR), and immune response. They also had the higher Total Hemocyte Count (THC) and resistance to IMNV than the positive control. Probiotic with concentration of 106 CFU.g-1 gave the highest value on enhancing growth, immunity, and resistance of white shrimp towards IMNV infection. Key words: probiotic, Bacillus NP5, Litopenaeus vannamei, growth, IMNV
Bakteri Probiotik Dalam Budidaya Udang: Seleksi, Mekanisme Aksi, Karakterisasi, dan Aplikasinya Sebagai Agen Biokontrol Widanarni, Widanarni; Sukenda, Sukenda; Setiawati, Mia
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (348.509 KB)

Abstract

Bacterial disease attack occurs at the hatchery stage, which is considered to be the most serious threat, and often results in mass mortality of shrimp larvae by vibrosis which is that caused by a luminous bacterium identified as Vibrio harveyi. This research was carried out to obtain local isolates of probiotic bacteria that were able to inhibit the growth of V. harveyi and effectively apply it as a biocontrol of vibriosis in shrimp cultures. The research was carried out as follows: (1) In vitro and in vivo selection of probiotic bacteria candidates, (2) Study of the action mechanism and characterization of the selected pro biotic bacteria, (3) Study on application of the selected probiotic bacteria as a biocontrol agent in shrimp cultures. Results of in vitro and in vivo selection provided the best three isolates, which were 1Ub, SKT-b and Ua. The survival rate of shrimp larvae which were not only inoculated by V. harveyi but also with 1Ub, SKT-b and Ua probiotic bacteria were 88.33, 83.33, and 81.67% respectively; where as the positive control treatment (merely inoculated with V. harveyi) gave a 41.67% survival rate and the negative control (without bacterial addition) was 68.33%. Studies using a rifampicin resistant marker (RfR) demonstrated that the number of V. harveyi MR5339 RfR cells in treatments without probiotic addition were higher than the treatment with the probiotic bacteria, in dead larvae, living larvae, as well as in the culture media. Partial sequencing of the I6S-rRNA gene showed that the I Ub isolate was similar to Pseudoalteromonas piscicida, whereas the SKT -b and Ua isolates were similar to Vibrio alginolyticus. Selected probiotic bacteria could be applied directly to shrimp larva culture media, or orally through enrichment of both natural and artificial food. Keywords: Penaeus monodon larvae, probiotic bacteria, vibriosis 
Effects of Microencapsulated Synbiotic Administration at Different Dosages against heavy co-infection of White Spot Disease (WSD) and Vibrio harveyi in Pacific White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) Yunarty, Yunarty; Yuhana, Munti; Widanarni, Widanarni
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 21, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (317.088 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.21.4.169-176

Abstract

White spot disease (WSD) is one of infectious disease in shrimp caused by white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). This study aimed to determine the dosage immunological effects and growth performances of microencapsulated synbiotic (Bacillus NP5 and mannan oligosaccharide) at different dosages on Pacific white shrimp.  The microencapsulated synbiotic   was administered as feed supplementation  against the co-infection of   WSSV and Vibrio harveyi. Synbiotic was encapsulated by spray drying method, further feed supplemented to Pacific white shrimp for 30 days at a  dosages of 0.5% (A), 1% (B), 2% (C) and control treatments, i.e. without any microencapsulated synbiotic administration as positive control (D) and negative control (E). The challenge test was performed on day 30 after feeding supplementation, then the experimental shrimps were injected by WSSV intramuscularly   at the infective dosage of 104 copies.-ml-1. Afterwards,   24 hours after WSSV injection the shrimps were immersed in water contained cells suspension of V. harveyi  at the cells population dosage of 106 CFU-.ml-1. All synbiotic treatments showed better results with the values of Total Haemocyte Count (THC), Phenoloxidase (PO) and Respiratory Burst (RB), were higher (P<0.05) compared to positive control. The specific growth rates (SGR) of A, B and C showed higher than both controls of D and E. The feed conversion ratio (FCR) value of synbiotic treatments were lower (P<0.05) than both controls. However, the administration of microencapsulated synbiotic have not been able to prevent heavy impact of WSSV and V. harveyi co-infection due to lower SR and mortality pattern which continued to increase.  Keywords: Synbiotic, Litopenaeus vannamei, WSSV, Vibrio harveyi, co-infection
Isolation and Characterization of Lactic Acid Bacteria from Inasua Mahulette, Ferymon; Mubarik, Nisa Rachmania; Suwanto, Antonius; Widanarni, Widanarni
Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology Vol 1, No 2 (2016): December
Publisher : Faculty of Biology, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jtbb.16380

Abstract

Inasua is a traditionally product of wet salt fish fermentation produced by Teon, Nila and Serua (TNS) Communities in Central Maluku, Indonesia. The community made this fermented fish to anticipate the lean time when fisherman could not go to sea.  The  fish that used as inasua raw material is demersal fishes that live around coral reefs, such as Samandar fish (Siganatus guttatus), Gala-gala fish (Lutjanus sp.) and Sikuda fish (Lethrinus ornatus). The objective of the research was to isolate and characterize of bacterial indigenous in  Inasua from three producers in Seram Island. The measurement of pH from inasua samples were 5.9, 5.0 and 5.8, respectively. The highest number of lactic acid bacteria was found from  Gala – gala inasua was 2,5x107 cfu/g sample. Isolation of all isolates bacteria from inasua showed that a total of 7 isolates of bacteria was obtained  from Samadar inasua, 9 isolates from  Gala-gala inasua, and 7 isolates from  Sikuda inasua.  From a total of 23 isolates, only 6 isolates had characteristic as lactic acid bacteria that were Gram  positive, negative catalase, and cocci shape. The microscopic characteristics  of the isolates are coccid in pairs or uniforms which combine to form tetrads. Carbohydrate utilization test  of selected isolate by using API 50 CHB kit indicated that 13 carbohydrates are fermented by these isolates  after incubation for 48 hours. The research  was concluded that the dominant bacteria in inasua sample  is  cocci-lactic acid bacteria.Keywords : fermented fish, inasua, lactic acid bacteria, MRSA medium
Microencapsulation of probiotics and its applications with prebiotic in Pacific white shrimp larvae through Artemia sp. Ramadhani, Dian Eka; Widanarni, Widanarni; Sukenda, Sukenda
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 18, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19027/jai.18.2.130-140

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aimed to produce microencapsulated probiotic Pseudoalteromonas piscicida (1Ub) and evaluate it with preb­iotic mannan-oligosaccharide (MOS) through the enrichment of Artemia sp., on bacterial population, growth performances, immune responses, and disease resistance of Pacific white shrimp larvae. Microencapsulation of probiotic was done by the freeze-drying method. The shrimp larvae were reared for 13 days and fed by the Artemia sp. enriched with microcapsule of probiotic 1Ub (10 g/L), prebiotic MOS (12 mg/L), synbiotic, and control without administration of microencapsulated probiotic and prebiotic, including negative (C-) and positive (C+) control. On the day 14, all of the experimental shrimp larvae except C- were challenged through immersion method with Vibrio harveyi MR5339 (107 CFU/mL). This study showed that the administration of microcapsule of probiotic 1Ub, prebiotic MOS, and synbiotic through the enrichment of Artemia sp. could increase the bacteria population, growth performances, immune responses, and disease resistance of Pacific white shrimp larvae. Moreover, synbiotic treatment demonstrated the best result compared to other treatments.Keywords: probiotic, prebiotic, synbiotic, Pacific white shrimp, microencapsulation ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuat mikrokapsul probiotik Pseudoalteromonas piscicida (1Ub) dan mengevaluasinya dengan prebiotik mannan-oligosaccharides (MOS) melalui pengayaan Artemia sp. terhadap populasi bakteri, performa pertumbuhan, respons imun dan resistensi penyakit pada larva udang vaname. Mikroenkapsulasi probiotik dilakukan dengan metode freeze-drying. Larva udang dipelihara selama 13 hari dan diberi pakan Artemia sp. yang telah diperkaya dengan mikrokapsul probiotik 1Ub (10 g/L), prebiotik MOS (12 mg/L), sinbiotik, dan kontrol tanpa penambahan mikrokapsul probiotik dan prebiotik, termasuk kontrol negatif (C-) dan positif (C+). Pada hari ke-14, seluruh larva udang percobaan kecuali C- diuji tantang melalui metode perendaman dengan Vibrio harveyi MR5339 (107 CFU/mL). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian mikrokapsul probiotik 1Ub, prebiotik MOS, dan sinbiotik melalui pengayaan Artemia sp. dapat meningkatkan populasi bakteri, performa pertumbuhan, respons imun, dan resistensi penyakit pada larva udang vaname. Selain itu, perlakuan sinbiotik menunjukkan hasil terbaik dibandingkan perlakukan lainnya.Kata kunci : probiotik, prebiotik, sinbiotik, udang vaname, mikroenkapsulasi
Biofloc technology on the intensive aquaculture of bronze corydoras ornamental fish Corydoras aeneus with different stocking densities Diatin, Iis; Suprayudi, Muhammad Agus; Budiardi, Tatag; Harris, Enang; Widanarni, Widanarni
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 18, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19027/jai.18.2.202-213

Abstract

ABSTRACT Ornamental fish is non consumption fish which is an important source of Indonesian foreign exchange. The objective of this study is to analyze the productivity of bronze corydoras Corydoras aeneus ornamental fish through increased stocking density with biofloc technology. The average weight of the experimental corydoras was 0.61 ?0.72 g with 2.32?2.40 cm standard length. This study used a randomized design method with biofloc technology treatment in 3000, 4500, and 6000 fish/m2 stocking densities. The results showed that the daily length and weight-growth rate among treatments were not significantly different (P>0.05), while survival rate and the number of fish production on all treatments were significantly different (P<0.05). The water quality during the rearing period, such as temperature, pH, alkalinity, ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate, were in a tolerable range for corydoras culture. The total suspended solids tended to be higher due to higher stocking density. The best productivity using biofloc technology obtained from 6000 fish/m2 stocking density. Keywords: Biofloc technology, Corydoras aeneus, growth rate, stocking density, survival rate. ABSTRAK Ikan hias merupakan produk perikanan non konsumsi yang menjadi sumber devisa Indonesia yang cukup penting. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis produktivitas ikan hias koridoras melalui peningkatan padat tebar dengan teknologi bioflok. Ikan yang digunakan adalah ikan hias koridoras (Corydoras aeneus) berbobot 0,61?0,72 g dan panjang baku 2,32?2,40 cm. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan perlakuan teknologi bioflok pada padat tebar 3000, 4500, dan 6000 ekor/m2. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa laju pertumbuhan harian panjang dan bobot antar perlakuan tidak berbeda nyata (P>0,05), sedangkan kelangsungan hidup dan jumlah produksi ikan pada semua perlakuan berbeda nyata (P<0,05). Nilai kualitas air selama pemeliharaan yakni suhu, pH, alkalinitas, amonia, nitrit, dan nitrat yang berada pada kisaran yang cukup baik untuk budidaya ikan. Total padatan tersuspensi cenderung tinggi akibat dari semakin tinggi padat tebar. Produktivitas terbaik pada budidaya ikan koridoras dengan teknologi bioflok adalah pada padat tebar 6000 ekor/m2. Kata kunci:  Corydoras aeneus, kelangsungan hidup, padat tebar, pertumbuhan, teknologi bioflok 
APLIKASI SINBIOTIK UNTUK PENCEGAHAN INFEKSI INFECTIOUS MYONECROSIS VIRUS PADA UDANG VANAME (Litopenaeus vannamei) (Synbiotic Application for Prevention of Infectious Myonecrosis Virus Infection in White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei)) Widanarni, Widanarni; Sukenda, Sukenda; Septiani, Ghita Ryan
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 10, No 2 (2016): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.787 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v10i2.5041

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of dietary synbiotic at different giving frequencies on growth, immune responses, and resistance of white shrimp infected by infectious myonecrosis virus (IMNV). Synbiotic used in this study was combination of probiotic Vibrio alginolyticus SKT-b and prebiotic oligosaccharides extracted from sweet potatoe (Ipomoea batatas L). Doses of probiotic and prebiotic used were 1% and 2% (w/w), respectively. The white shrimps (0.493±0.035 g) were divided into five treatments consisting of A and B (without supplementation of synbiotic: (A) positive control; (B) negative control), C (daily synbiotic supplementation), D (twice a week synbiotic supplementation), and E (weekly synbiotic supplementation). After 30 days of feeding trial, white shrimps were infected by IMNV (except negative control). The results showed that daily growth rate of white shrimp on all synbiotic treatments (C, D, and E) ranged from 6.93±0.025-6.97±0.019% and had higher values than controls (A and B) (P<0.05). Meanwhile, feed conversion value in C and D (1.54±0.142 and 1.58±0.117) were lower than controls (P<0.05). Supplementation of synbiotic with different frequencies also affected survival rate of white shrimp after the challenge test with IMNV; daily synbiotic supplementation (C) resulted in a 50% higher survival rate than positive control (P<0.05). This was associated with immune responses parameters values of synbiotic treatment (before and after the challenge test) which were better than positive control. In conclusion the addition of synbiotic in feed resulted in higher growth performances, immune responses,and resistance of white shrimp to IMNV infection.
Synodontis eupterus Larvae Masculinization Using Javanese Long Pepper Extract (Piper retrofractum) Wijaya, Prassetyo Dwi Dhany; Junior, Muhammad Zairin; Soelistyowati, Dinar Tri; Widanarni, Widanarni
Journal Omni-Akuatika Vol 13, No 1 (2017): Omni-Akuatika May
Publisher : Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty - Jenderal Soedirman University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (436.451 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.oa.2017.13.1.224

Abstract

Synodontis eupterus male represents only 5-10 % of farmer total synodontis production, which limits male availability for reproduction purpose. A method widely used in overcoming the low male production was masculinization through synthetic hormones, which was restricted due to its adverse impact on the environment. Natural ingredients from plant were demonstrated in various studies to substitute the 17α-methyltestosteron hormone on masculinization. This research aimed at evaluating the effects of Javanese long pepper extract (JLP) through immersion on synodontis fish larvae. The research was conducted using factorial design with two faktor (4x2) consisted of eight treatments: 17α-methyltestosteron 2 mg L-1 (MT) immersion for 5 and 10 hours, JLP dose 0.125 mg L-1 (P1) immersion for 5 and 10 hours and dose 0.25 mg L-1 (P2) immersion for 5 and 10 hours compared to the control treatment without immersion (P0). A hundred of synodontis larvae of 10 days old after hatching each replication were used in the immersion treatments. The results showed that JLP treatments produced 25-40 % of male synodontis age four months, 1-2 % females and above 60 % intersex. While at age five months, the percentage of intersex fish decreased to 20-40 %, the female fish increased to  60-62 %, and male fish ranged 20-35 % in JLP compared to the control P0 (15 %). The dose of JLP 0.25 mg L-1 increased mortality of about 14-54 %.
Effect of Micro-encapsulated Synbiotic at Different Frequencies for Luminous Vibriosis Control in White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) MUNAENI, WAODE; YUHANA, MUNTI; WIDANARNI, WIDANARNI
Microbiology Indonesia Vol 8, No 2 (2014): June 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Society for microbiology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5454/mi.8.2.5

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of micro-encapsulated synbiotic application at different frequencies for luminous disease control in white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). The luminous disease is caused by Vibrio harveyi. In this experiment, a synbiotic which was a combination of the probiotic Bacillus sp. NP5 RfR and the oligosaccharides from sweet potato (Ipomea batatas L.) jago variety was apllied. The synbiotic was encapsulated by spray drying method. The in vivo experiment was conducted by supplementing the shrimp’s diet with the micro-encapsulated synbiotic for 40 days. Treatments included the administration micro-encapsulated synbiotic in different frequencies i.e. once a week (A), twice a week (B), daily (C), and without micro-encapsulated synbiotic (control treatment). The control treatment consisted of positive (K+) and negative (K-) controls. After 30 days period, all of the shrimp were challenged by intramuscular injection of pathogenic V. harveyi RfR at a concentration of 106 CFU ml-1 except the negative control. The treatment C resulted in significantly higher survival rate (SR), specific growth rate (SGR), and immune responses than those of the controls, whereas the feed conversion ratio (FCR) was lower than the controls. In addition, the population of Bacillus sp. NP5 RfR and total bacterial count (TBC) in the intestines increased, whereas the population of V. harveyi RfR and the total vibrio count (TVC) were lower compared to the controls.