Articles

Faktor-faktor Yang Melatarbelakangi Persepsi Penderita Terhadap Stigma Penyakit Kusta Soedarjatmi, Soedarjatmi; Istiarti, Tinuk; Widagdo, Laksmono
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 1, Januari 2009
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: By the year of 2006, there were 4.171 registered leprosy cases in Central Java, 1.989 of them on going treatment, 163 were children and 241 of people deformed due to leprosy. Lack of knowledge on leprosy cause negative perception toward this disease, so willincrease stigma in the community. This study aims to describe the patients’ perception to leprosy disease.Method: This study was a qualitative case study, involved 8 patients selected from leprosy cases with the criteria of on going treatment in Tugurejo Hospital Semarang. In-depth interview was conducted to obtain details answers from respondents.Result: Respondents perceived that leprosy was an infectious disease and it was possible to be infected to other people easily, especially to those who careless in performing healthy behavior. Most of respondents were lack of knowledge of the disease transmission. They perceived that leprosy is a dangerous disease and lead to death or deformities. Positivebehaviors were depicted as a good self care, regular treatment, and socialization whereas negative behaviors were described as in-complying treatment, being isolated and giving up of hopes. All respondents covering their disease and limit their socialization in order to avoid stigmatization.Keyword : Perception, Stigmatization, Leprosy
Kajian Adaptasi Sosial Psikologis Pada Ibu Setelah Melahirkan (Post Partum) Di Ruang Rawat Inap RSUD Kota Semarang Cahyo, Kusyogo; Rimawati, Eti; Widagdo, Laksmono; Solikha, Dewi Amila
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 3, No. 1, Januari 2008
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Delivery process is a big moment in women’s life and will effect to their role’s change. Psychological burden of post partum is an emotional symptoms and feeling like downhearted, insomnia, physically tired and do not know what they do with the new role. Role pressure and role could influence women’s depression development after delivery. Toavoid the physically tired, emotional increased and psychological crisis, human should learn to face the problem effectively by adaptation mechanism or adjustment. Family, friend and parent have important role in social system of delivery’s mother. The aim of research is to examine the socio-psychological adaptation among delivery’s mothers in In-patient department RSUD Kota Semarang.Method: The research design is qualitative study by emic dimension approach. The informants are ten mothers who had delivered 2 days, 2 nurses, and ten people from family delivery’s mother. Data collecting was conducted by in-depth interview with interview guideline. Data analysis was done by content analysis.Result: Age, education, and social economic status influenced psychology and physiology of delivery mothers. Experiences and family support were being reinforcing factors for delivery mothers to adapt after delivery.Key words: adaptation, socio-psychology, delivery’s mother
Analisis Faktor Risiko Status Kematian Neonatal Studi Kasus Kontrol di Kecamatan Losari Kabupaten Brebes Tahun 2006 Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha; Purnami, Cahya Tri; Widagdo, Laksmono; Setyono, Sigit
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 3, No. 1, Januari 2008
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: The efforts to reach the national target to decreasing infant mortality, what in this time still become governmental priority programs. Nationally, mortality rate in this last decade had decreased excessively, from 50 per a thousand alive births in 2001 becoming 39 per a thousand alive births in 2005. The number revealed if seen at mortality neonatal still high enough.Method: This is an analytical survey research with case-control approach. Research subjects consists of 29 women having infant which die at neonatal age as a case group, and 29 women having alive infant passed a neonatal period, as a control group. Source of data obtained from secondary data to verbal autopsy record, history of pregnant woman and confinement note from public health center (Puskesmas). Data analyzing by univariate and bivariate analysis. Statistical test by Chi Square test that significance rate determined if p -value less than 0.05 and calculation of Odds Ratio (OR>1).Result: Result of analysis indicates that mother age (p = 0.0023 and OR = 7.69), parity (p =0.0006 and OR = 8.25), helper of confinement (p = 0.044 and OR = 6.07), born baby weight (p = 0.016 and OR=6,12) and condition of baby breathing effort (p= 0.001 and OR = 7.85), significantly risked to neonatal status. It is conclude that mother age, parity, helper ofconfinement, born baby weight and condition of baby breathing effort is risked to neonatal status. It is suggested to maturing marriage age and management of birth at healthy reproduction age, increasing of neonatal call so that can decreasing mortality rate.Keywords: neonatal mortality status, risk factors, pregnant woman
Ciri-ciri Kepala Desa Yang Berpengaruh Terhadap Peran-Serta Kader Kesehatan Dalam Meningkatkan Kinerja Posyandu Widagdo, Laksmono
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 2, No. 1, Januari 2007
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background : The integrated health and family planning services (Posyandu) forms one of the community based health efforts and is a strategy to ensure child survival as well as their mental and physical development and protection. Secondary research indicates that communityparticipation cannot rise by itself and that it must by continuously motivated by other parties.These include the government and non-government organizations, as well as from  within the communities. Motivations from government and non-government organizationsare often temporary, while motivations from the community are often expected to be sustainable. In its implementation, however, the Posyandu often face many impediments and failures, though some have been successful. One of the main failures is reflected in the dropout rates of the village kader due to the lack of motivation especially from the village heads (kades).Method : The qualitative research was done in stages focusing on characteristics of leadership, while a quantitative analysis through a cross sectional survey was done to show the significance of such leadership.Result : The results both qualitative and quantitative analysis show a relation between leadership and kaders attitude and a relation between leadership and the achievement of posyandu programs significantly. It means that drop-out rates of kaders are indeed affected by kades leadership which also affects the overall performance of the posyandu.Key words : Leadership, Participation, Posyandu
Praktik Perawatan Organ Genitalia Eksternal pada Anak Usia 10-11 Tahun yang Mengalami Menarche Dini di Sekolah Dasar Kota Semarang Puspitaningrum, Dewi; Suryoputro, Antono; Widagdo, Laksmono
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 7, No. 2, Agustus 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (39.713 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.7.2.126-135

Abstract

Perubahan terlalu cepat sering menimbulkan kecemasan apabila tidak dipahami. Berdasarkandata dari Dinas Kesehatan Semarang bidang P2P pada tahun 2010 ditemukan anak usia <10tahun 36 anak (12,7%) dari 284 kasus penyakit candidiasis dan 1 anak (7,6%) dari 13 kasustrichomonas vaginalis. Berdasarkan studi pendahuluan yang dilakukan di 4 tempat SD Negeridi Semarang, 5 diantara 8 siswa masih belum paham cara merawat organ genetalia eksternalsaat menstruasi. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui apa yang mempengaruhi praktikperawatan organ genetalia eksternal pada anak usia 10-11 tahun yang mengalami menarchedini di SD Kota Semarang. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif,jumlah populasi sebanyak 550 anak, dengan sampel sebanyak 100 orang dengan menggunakanteknik proportional random sampling. Dan yang paling berpengaruh dengan analisis multivariatadalah peran orang tua dengan OR=1,213 artinya responden yang menyatakan pernahmendapatkan informasi dari orang tua tentang cara perawatan organ genitalia eksternalmempunyai kemungkinan 1.2 kali lebih besar untuk melakukan praktik yang baik dalamperawatan organ genitalia eksternal dibandingkan responden yang menyatakan tidak pernahmendapatkan informasi dari orang tuanya tentang cara perawatan organ genitalia eksternal.Kata kunci: Praktik perawatan organ genitalia eksternal,menarche dini External genital organ treatment care in children age 10 – 11 years that experiencedearlier menarche at semarang elementary schools studentsBackground: A too fast change often causes anxiety, if not understood. Based on data fromP2P of Health Department Semarang in 2010 found 36 children (12.7%) of 284 candidiasiscases and 1 child (7.6%) of 13 trichomonas vaginalis cases on children aged d” 10 years.Based on the survey of preliminary studies conducted in 4 state elementary schools inSemarang, after being asked about menstruation 5 among 8 students still do not understandhow to look after the external genetalia organ during menstruation. Research purpose Thisresearch aimed to find out the factors that affect external genital organ treatment care inchildren age 10 – 11 years (case study at elementary students in Semarang) that experiencedearlier menarche. Research method this research uses cuantitatif. The population number is550 children with 100 samples using proportional random sampling technique. The mostaffecting factor, after analyzed with multivariat analysis, is parents role with OR=1,213. Itmeans that respondents representing that ever inform their parents about external genitalorgan treatment care technique have 1.2 bigger opportunity to do it than the opposite one.Key Words : external genetalia organ treatment care, earlier menarche
Persepsi Mahasiswa Tentang Mutu Pelayanan Pendidikan dan Motivasi Mengikuti Proses Belajar Mengajar Muntamah, Ummu; Pietojo, Harbandinah; Widagdo, Laksmono
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 7, No. 2, Agustus 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (37.147 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.7.2.109-115

Abstract

Fenomena yang terjadi di Akper Ngudi Waluyo Ungaran menunjukkan ada kecenderunganprestasi belajar siswa masih jauh dari standart, yang disebabkan oleh kurangnya motivasibelajar, terlihat dari sikap siswa yang kurang menyenangi suatu mata ajar tertentu, seringdatang terlambat, tidak mengerjakan tugas yang diberikan dosen, acuh tak acuh pada saatproses pembelajaran, mahasiswa belajar tanpa persiapan dan kurang aktif dalam pembelajaran.Diprediksikan, berkaitan dengan persepsi mahasiswa tentang mutu pelayanan pendidikan yangkurang baik. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah explanatory research. Data diambildengan dengan cara pengisian kuesioner oleh mahasiswa, kemudian dilakukan triangulasi datadengan melakukan wawancara dengan pudir I bidang akademik, ka.sub.bag administrasi,laboratorium, perpustakaan dan bimbingan konseling. Data yang diperoleh dianalisismenggunakan analisis regresi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan motivasi mahasiswa untukmengikuti proses belajar mengajar dalam kategori baik sebanyak 78,7%, variabel yang palingdominan yang menjadi prediktor terjadinya peningkatan motivasi adalah mutu pelayanan dosen.Kata Kunci : Persepsi, mutu pelayanan pendidikan, motivasi, proses belajar mengajar the student’s perception about the the quality of education service and the motivation’s tojoin studying process at Ngudi Waluyo Nursing academy; Phenomenon that happened atNgudi Waluyo Nursing Academy show the tendency of the students’s achievement was understandard. It was caused by the student’s motivation to study was still low, could be seen fromtheir attitude that dislike in one of their subject, often came late, didn’t do their work, didn’tpay attention in class, didn’t prepare and wasn’t active in their learning. It’s predicted anyrelation with the student’s perception about the quality of education service wasn’t good.There were two variable: the student’s perception about the quality of education service asindependent variable and the student’s motivation to study as dependant varibale. The researchmethod was explanatory research. The date used quesionare and then done triagulation bydeep interview with the first vice of director academic affair, the head of academicadminitration, the head of laboratory, librarian and coucellor. Analysed data used regressionanalyze. The result show that the student’s motivation to join studying process in good categorywas 78,7 %, dominant variable as predictor the occurance of increasing motivation was thequality of the lecturer service.Key words : perception, quality of education service, motivation, studying process.
ANALISIS PELAKSANAAN KONSELING KONTRASEPSI OLEH BIDAN DI WILAYAH DINAS KESEHATAN KOTA SURAKARTA Widayati, Rina Sri; Widagdo, Laksmono; Purnami, Cahya Tri
GASTER Vol 11, No 1 (2014): FEBRUARI
Publisher : GASTER

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (219.491 KB)

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Keberhasilan program KB dapat ditempuh dengan strategi perencanaan pola kontrasepsi yang rasional diperlukan kompetensi petugas terhadap pelaksanaan konseling yang merupakan inti dari program KB. Sebagian besar dalam pelaksanaaan konseling kontrasepsi tidak menjelaskan konseling KB sesuai Standar Operating Prosedur (SOP) yaitu dengan langkah SATUTUJU. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan karakteristik program dengan pelaksanaan konseling kontrasepsi oleh bidan di wilayah Dinas Kesehatan Kota Surakarta. Metode penelitian survey analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel penelitian ini adalah bidan yang memberikan pelayanan konseling kontrasepsi sebanyak 117 diwilayah Dinas Kesehatan Kota Surakarta. Pengumpulan data dilakukan menggunakan angket. Analisa dilakukan secara univariat, bivariat dengan uji Pearson Correlation dan multivariat dengan Regresi Linier. Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan secara univariat masih ditemukan bidan yang belum memahami klien, memperhatiakan kebutuhan klien , persiapan media bila diperlukan saja sekitar (15,4%) menjelaskan panjang lebar dengan istilah medis, tidak memperhatikan sikap klien, penggunaan ABPK sebesar (17,9) , mengatakan tidak ada waktu untuk istirahat, tidak ada waktu pendokumentasian sebesar (11,1%), pekerjaan yang banyak kadang membuat mereka menghindar dari pekerjaan (16,2%) dan tidak mengidentifikasi pedoman KB, evaluasi pelaksanaan dan evaluasi SOP sebesar (17,1%).Simpulan Secara bivariat variabel yang berhubungan dengan pelaksanaan kompetensi bidan (nilai p=0,044,r= -0,187), motivasi kerja bidan (nilai p=0,0001, r=0,347), supervisi oleh pimpinan (nilai p=0,006, r=0,250), dan secara multivariat yang memiliki pengaruh paling besar adalah motivasi dengan (nilai p = 0,0001). Kata Kunci: Konseling Kontrasepsi, Program KB, Karakteristik Program, Pelayanan Kontrasepsi.
9. UPAYA PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT YANG DIDASARI PARTISIPASI WANITA SEBAGAI PETUGAS PELAYANAN KESEHATAN DI KECAMATAN MLONGGO KABUPATEN JEPARA Widagdo, Laksmono
FORUM Vol 35, No 2 (2007) : Kinerja Pemerintah Yang Dipertanyakan
Publisher : Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4242.364 KB)

Abstract

The integrated health and family planning services (Posyandu) forms one of the community based health efforts done by women and is strategy to ensure child survival as well as their mental and physical development and protection. Secondary research indicates that women participation can not rise by itself and that it must by continuously motivated by other parties. These include the government and non-government organizations, as well as from within the communities. Motivations from government and non-government organizations are often temporary, while motivations from the community are often expected to be sustainable. In its implementation, however, the Posyandu often face many impediments and failures, though some have been successful. One of the main failures is reflected in the drop-out rates of the women village kader due to the lack of motivation especially from the village heads (kades). The qualitative research was done in stages focusing on characteristics of leadership, while a quantitative analysis through a cross sectional survey was done to show the significance of such leadership. The results both qualitative and quantitative analysis show a relation between leadership and women village kaders attitude and a relation between leadership and the achievement of posyandu programs significantly. It means that drop-out rates of women village kaders are indeed affected by kades leadership which also affects the overall performance of the posyandu.
Pelaksanaan Program Perencanaan Persalinan dan Pencegahan Komplikasi (P4K) Ditinjau dari Aspek Bidan Desa sebagai Pelaksana di Kabupaten Jepara Sokhiyatun, Sokhiyatun; Widagdo, Laksmono; Sriatmi, Ayun
Jurnal Manajemen Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2013): April 2013
Publisher : S2 IKM FKM UNDIP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (663.146 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jmki1110316

Abstract

Kematian ibu di Kabupaten Jepara tahun 2011 sebesar 24 orang (AKI 113/100.00 KelahiranHidup), terutama pada periode kehamilan dan persalinan yang diakibatkan perdarahan.Program P4K sebagai terobosan untuk mengurangi kematian ibu telah dilaksanakan diKabupaten Jepara sejak tahun 2009. Survey pendahuluan menunjukkan meski cakupanindikator P4K sudah baik, namun tidak semua kolom stiker diisi, bidan hanya memberikanstiker pada ibu hamil dan seringkali tidak mendiskusikan rencana persalinan dengan ibu hamildan keluarga. Tujuan penelitian yaitu menjelaskan pelaksanaan P4K dari aspek bidan desasebagai pelaksana di wilayah puskesmas Kabupaten Jepara tahun 2012. Jenis penelitiandeskriptif observasional dengan metode kualitatif. Populasi seluruh bidan desa yang ada diKabupaten Jepara, Informan utama 8 bidan desa dari 4 puskesmas terpilih dengan kriteriapuskesmas di daerah perkotaan sebanyak 2 puskesmas dan 2 puskesmas daerah pedesaan.Informan triangulasi yaitu ibu hamil (8 orang), kader kesehatan (8 orang), Bidan Koordinator(4 orang ) dan Kasie Kesga Dinas Kesehatan. Pengumpulan data melalui wawancaramendalam.. Analisis data dilakukan dengan content-analysis. Berdasarkan hasil penelitiandiperoleh informasi umur bidan desa antara 25–36 tahun, berpendidikan D3 Kebidanan danmasa kerja 3-15 tahundengan rata-rata kerja 9 tahun. Pengetahuan dan sikap bidan tentangP4K sudah baik karena dari 8 bidan sudah memahami tujuan dari P4K dan mendukung P4Kdengan alasan program tersebut dapat membantu pencapaian program KIA, meski pelatihankhusus P4K tidak ada, hanya penunjang dari P4K yaitu APN dan BBLR, namun dana khususpenunjang kegiatan P4K, tidak tersedia. Buku KIA dan stiker P4K sebagai sarana danprasarana tersedia cukup, namun bidan kit belum lengkap. Tidak ada SOP khusus P4K,kecuali SOP penapisan awal dan deteksi bumil resti. Indikator keberhasilan yang dipahamibidan bahwa stiker harus terpasang di setiap rumah ibu hamil yang ada di wilayahnya. Bidandesa melakukan aspek perencanaan persalinan cukup baik, serta melakukan koordinasi dankomunikasi melalui sosialisasi dan pertemuan rutin.
Factors Related to the Midwaves’ Work Performance on Anemic Pregnant Women Manegement in Singkawang City, Kalimantan Barat Nasla, U. Evi; Widagdo, Laksmono; Purnami, Cahya Tri
Jurnal Manajemen Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): Agustus 2013
Publisher : S2 IKM FKM UNDIP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1235.312 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jmki1210319

Abstract

WHO estimates that approximately 40 % of maternal death in developing countries areassociated with anemia in pregnancy. Anemia in pregnancy is often called a "potential danger tomother and child", there for requires serious attention of all relevant parties, especially in healthcare. Detection of cases of anemia in pregnancy has not been conducted in accordance with thestandard management of anemia in pregnancy. There for it is necessary to analyze the factorsthat affect the performance of midwives in the management of anemia in pregnancy inSingkawang. The general objective of the study to determine the factors that affect theperformance of midwives in the management of anemia in pregnancy in Singkawang. Typeanalytic approach Retrospective survey research. The study population is the entire area of thehealth center midwife Singkawang totaling 110 people. The sample as many as 52 people from 5 regions Singkawang Health Center. The independent variables of knowledge, infrastructure,leadership , motivation and communication. The dependent variable performance of midwives inthe management of anemia in pregnancy. Data were collected by interviews using a structuredquestionnaire and observation. Data analyisis using the Spearman rank and logistic regression.The results of the study the majority of midwives aged between 20-35 years (63.5 %), educationDIII/DIV/S1 Midwifery (90.4 %), service life ≥ 10 years (55.8 %). Performance categorizedeither midwives (59.6 %), good knowledge (51.9 %), the complete infrastructure (53.8 %), goodleadership (63.5 %), good motivation (55.8 %), good communication (53.8 %). Allindependentvariables (knowledge, infrastructure, leadership, motivation and communication) has a value ofρ&lt; 0,05, which means there is a connection with the performance of midwives in themanagement of anemia in pregnancy. Results of multivariate analysis , the variables that affectthe performance of midwives in the management of anemia in pregnancy is knowledge (ρ=0.002)and leadership (ρ=0.006).
Co-Authors Amalinda Kris Wijayanti, Amalinda Kris Andari Nurul Huda, Andari Nurul Andrias Horhoruw, Andrias Anggrainy, Yeny Anisa Maulidea Binita, Anisa Maulidea Antono Suryoputro Anung Sugihantono Arika Noviana, Arika Asih Dwi Astuti, Asih Dwi Atik Mawarni Ayun Sriatmi Bagoes Widjanarko Besar Tirto Husodo Cahya Tri Purnami Chansa, Mutia Tribuana Dewi Amila Solikha Dewi Puspitaningrum Dwi Sulistyawati, Dwi El Hasna, Ferosvi Nada Adhima Emmy Riyanti Enny Fitriahadi Ernawati Ernawati Eti Rimawati Evicenna Naftuchah Riani, Evicenna Naftuchah Hanifa Maher Denny, Hanifa Maher Harbandinah Pietojo Humairoh, Fathin Kurnia, Arininda Rima Kusumawati, Susi Kusyogo Cahyo Lucia Ratna Kartika Wulan Lucia Ratna Kartika, Lucia Ratna Meli Azrini, Meli Mia Kartika, Mia Musthofa, Syamsulhadi Budi Ni Wayan Arini Ningrum, Nining Oktaviani, Bella Panjaitan, Arip Ambulan Priyadi Nugraha P., Priyadi Priyadi Nugraha Prabamurti Putra, Ardhianto Pradhana Ramadhayanti, Dita Aulia Restiyani, Annisa Rina Sri Widayati Rizka Amalia Santoso Ujang Effendi, Santoso Ujang Septy Indah Wulandari, Septy Indah Setiyana Sri Subekti, Setiyana Sri Sigit Setyono Siti Hamidah Sitohang, Yekrita Selena Soedarjatmi Soedarjatmi Sokhiyatun Sokhiyatun, Sokhiyatun Sutopo Patria Jati Syamsulhuda BM Tasliah Tasliah Tinuk Istiarti Tri Uji Rachmawati, Tri Uji Triyanti, Mimin U. Evi Nasla, U. Evi Ummu Muntamah VG Tinuk Istiarti, VG Tinuk VG. Tinuk Istiarti Yakim, Achmat Luthfi Yusi, Nafiah Yuslana, Yuslana Zahroh Shaluhiyah Zulkifli Zulkifli