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Factors Associated With Lower Back Pain Disorders In Midwives When Helping Childbirth Process Wicaksono, Bagus; Nawawinetu, Erwin Dyah
Keselamatan, Kesehatan, dan Lingkungan Kerja Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Keselamatan, Kesehatan, dan Lingkungan Kerja
Publisher : Keselamatan, Kesehatan, dan Lingkungan Kerja

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ABSTRACTDharma Bhakti Husada hospital is a hospital type C which also serves labor. Midwives usually do a bent position for long periods during which the position is to help labor increases the risk of musculoskeletal disease ( low back pain ).This study is a descriptive observational study, by using cross-sectional design. The subject of this study is the population that has as many as 27 qualified midwives. The independent variables of this study were the individual characteristics (waist circumference, exercise habit, period of employment, age, anthropometric), the characteristics of working positions (standing, bending). The dependent variable was disorder of low back pain. Strength of association between variables were tested with contingency coefficient.The results showed that the Strength of association between LBP the following variables was moderate age (C = 0.313), years of service (C = 0.379), waist circumference (C = 0.261), height (C = 0.472), elbow height (C = 0.507) , a high waist (C = 0.477), shoulder height (C = 0.485), arm length (C = 0.348), length fathoms (C = 0.422), long standing position (C = 0.481), a bent position (C = 419). Whereas the strength of association between LBP and exercise habit was low (C = 0.143). Working position now is in danger of being according to the method Rula (level 3).It is recommended for the hospital to provide an adjustable obgyn table high and low with a range of 89-100 cm. The midwife are recommended to have a short break with sitting – standing technique while helping the delivery and do stretching in standing position.Key words: low back pain, individual characteristics, working position
Pendidikan Politik Untuk Mendorong Partisipasi Politik Masyarakat Di Pemilihan Legislatif 2014 (Studi di Badan Kesatuan Bangsa dan Politik Kabupaten Malang) Wicaksono, Bagus
Jurnal Administrasi Publik Vol 2, No 9 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Administrasi, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract: Political Education to Encouraged the Political Participation of Society in 2014 Legislative Elections (Badan Kesatuan Bangsa dan Politik Kabupaten Malang). This research aims to analyze and describe the Political Education to Encouraged the Political Participation of Society in 2014 Legislative Elections. The research method used a descriptive qualitative research method.  Analysis of study data using a Miles and Huberman interactive model. The results of the study showed that political education is conducted in the form of socializing with actors bring as givers of political education and posts any message recipient called political education goal. The benefits of this research is to develop theoretically existing theory about the relationship between public administration and political science, practically it can serve as a way to encourage  political participation of the society’s. Keywords: political education, political participation of the society’s   Abstrak: Pendidikan Politik Untuk Mendorong Partisipasi Politik Masyarakat Di Pemilihan legislatif 2014 (Studi di Badan Kesatuan Bangsa da Politik Kabupaten Malang). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dan mendeskripsikan pendidikan politik untuk mendorong partisipasi politik masyarakat di pemilihan legislatif 2014. Metode Penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian kualitatif-deskriptif. Analisis data penelitian menggunakan model interaktif Miles dan Huberman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pendidikan politik dilakukan dalam bentuk sosialisasi dengan mendatangkan aktor-aktor sebagai pemberi pesan pendidikan politik dan ada penerima pesan yang disebut sasaran pendidikan politik. Manfaat penelitian ini secara teoritis untuk mengembangkan teori yang sudah ada mengenai hubungan antara administrasi publik dengan ilmu politik, secara praktis dapat dijadikan sebagai bahan cara mendorong partisipasi politik masyarakat.   Kata kunci: pendidikan politik, partisipasi politik masyarakat
HUBUNGAN ANTARA CITRA MEREK DAN LOYALITAS MEREK DENGAN PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN PEMBELIAN BODY LOTION PADA MAHASISWI PROGRAM STUDI PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET SURAKARTA Nurfitrianan, Aan; Wicaksono, Bagus; Nanda Priyatama, Aditya
Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Candrajiwa Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi CandraJiwa
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Candrajiwa

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HUBUNGAN ANTARA CITRA MEREK DAN LOYALITAS MEREK DENGAN PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN PEMBELIAN BODY LOTION PADA MAHASISWI PROGRAM STUDI PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET SURAKARTA     The Relationship Between Brand Image And Brnad Loyalty Toward Purchase Decision Making Of Body Lotion For Female Student In Psychology Program Of Sebelas Maret University.       Aan Nurfitriana, Bagus Wicaksono, Aditya Nanda Priyatama Program Studi Psikologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebalas Maret       ABSTRAK   Setiap konsumen mempunyai kebutuhan yang harus dipenuhi. Pengambilan keputusan pembelian merupakan suatu tindakan yang harus dilakukan dalam tercapainya kebutuhan tersebut. Proses pengambilan keputusan pembelian dilakukan agar konsumen mendapatkan produk sesuai dengan harapan. Citra merek dan loyalitas merek merupakan konsep personal dalam diri seorang konsumen yang terkait dengan pengambilan keputusan pembelian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara citra merek dan loyalitas merek dengan pengambilan keputusan pembelian body lotion pada mahasiswi Program Studi Psikologi Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta.   Populasi penelitian ini adalah mahasiswi Program Studi Psikologi UNS yang memakai body lotion. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan cluster random sampling. Alat ukur dalam penelitian ini menggunakan tiga skala, yaitu skala pengambilan keputusan pembelian, skala citra merek dan skala loyalitas merek. Analisis data menggunakan metode analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan nilai F-test=86,350, p<0,05, dan nilai R=0,787, sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa hipotesis dalam penelitian ini dapat diterima, yaitu terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara citra merek dan loyalitas merek dengan pengambilan keputusan pembelian pada mahasiswi Program Studi Psikologi UNS. Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan nilai korelansi parsial rx1y = 0,251; p<0,05, nilai rx2y = 0,567; p<0,05, Nilai R2 dalam penelitian ini sebesar 0,620 atau 62%, terdiri atas sumbangan efektif citra merek dengan pengambilan keputusan pembelian sebesar 15,19%, dan sumbangan efektif loyalitas merek dengan pengambilan keputusan pembelian sebesar 46,81%. Ini berarti masih terdapat 38% factor lain yang mempengaruhi pengambilan keputusan pembelian selain citra merek dan loyalitas merek.   Kata kunci: (citra merek, loyalitas merek, pengambilan keputusan pembelian)
Perbedaan Tingkat Kecemasan antara Siswa Program Akselerasi dengan Program RSBI di SMA Negeri 1 Yogyakarta Deswandari, Alva Putri; ., Machmuroch; Wicaksono, Bagus
Nexus Pendidikan Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Nexus Pendidikan Kedokteran & Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background: Anxiety is a state of excessive or unjustified tense, characterized by feelings of worry, uncertain or fear. Teens especially students are susceptible to anxiety. Students of acceleration program are required to finish their study faster than any other programs, whereas students of RSBI program are required to use English actively. This study aims to find out the difference of anxiety levels between accelerated program students and RSBI program students at SMA Negeri 1 Yogyakarta. Methods: The study was an analytical observational research with cross sectional approach, conducted in Juli 2012 at SMA Negeri 1 Yogyakarta. Subjects were selected using different techniques, i.e. total sampling for students of acceleration program and cluster random sampling for students of RSBI program. Sixty-two subjects were asked to fill in T-MAS questionnaire; subjects were identified as anxious if their T-MAS scores ≥ 21. Data obtained were analyzed by Chi-square test using SPSS 17.0 for Windows. Results: The analyses showed a Chi-square value of 1,676 (p = 0,196). This study found no significant difference of anxiety levels between students of acceleration program and students of RSBI program at SMA Negeri 1 Yogyakarta. Conclusions: There was no difference of anxiety levels between students of acceleration programs and students of RSBI program at SMA Negeri 1 Yogyakarta. The finding highlights the need to conduct further research controlling other anxiety-related factors and using larger sample size. Keywords: Anxiety, Acceleration program, RSBI program
Perbedaan Tingkat Kecemasan Mahasiswa 2 Semester Terakhir dengan IPK di Bawah 3,50 dan di Atas 3,50 untuk Mencapai Predikat Cum Laude Puspitasari, Indah; Susilohati, Mardiatmi; Wicaksono, Bagus
Nexus Pendidikan Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Nexus Pendidikan Kedokteran & Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background: One of keys to success during adolescence is determined by the educa-tional achievements. Post-secondary students tend to find ways and reasons to be more advanced and motivated obtaining better achievement than before. At tertiary level education including university, assessment of academic achievements is expressed by Grade Point Average (GPA). Achieving cum laude title when graduated from a university which requires a final GPA of above 3,50 is desirable by many students. This study aim to evaluate the difference of anxiety levels among undergraduate students at final year with GPA below 3,50 and above 3,50 to achieve cum laude title. Methods: The study was an analytical observational study using cross-sectional design, held in July 2012 at Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta. Samples were selected using purposive sampling method. Samples were then asked to fill in: (1) Curriculum vitae form, (2) L-MMPI questionnaire (to evaluate their thruthfulness in answering questionnaires), (3) T-MAS questionnaire (to measure anxiety scores). Data were analyzed by Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality test and the independent t-test using SPSS 17,0 for Windows. Results: Sixty-six medical students participated in this study. The mean anxiety scores of students with GPA below 3,50 was 21,51 ± 6,87, as for those with GPA above 3,50 was 18,65 ± 4,77. Result from independent t-test showed no statistically significant difference of anxiety scores between the two groups (p = 0,118). Conclusion: There was no difference of anxiety levels among final year undergraduate students whose GPA is below 3,50 and above 3,50 in order to achieve cum laude title. Keywords : Anxiety, GPA, cum laude title
HubunganPengetahuan Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Mengenai Resusitasi Jantung Paru dengan Kepercayaan Diri Mahasiswa dalam Melakukan Tindakan Penyelamatan Kirana, Tara Ken Wita; Wicaksono, Bagus; Hanim, Diffah
Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 2, No 3 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background:Cardio Pulmonary Resusitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure, performed in an effort to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in cardiac arrest and respiratory arrest. Untill now, CPR is one of the most important procedure in first aid of heart attack, also in respiratory arrest and cardiac arrest due to trauma. CPR need to be performed in a fast and effective way, therefore knowledge of CPR and confidence in perform CPR is needed. This research aims to analyze the relationship beetwen medical student’s of Sebelas Maret University knowledge in CPR with student’s confidence in performing a rescue. Methods:The research was an analytical survey with cross sectional approach implemented in May-June 2013 in Faculty of Medicine Sebelas Maret University. The number of samples in this study was 129 students with the inclusion and exclusion criteria and the samples sampling by simple random sampling. Dependent variable was student’s confidence in performing a rescue and independent variable was student’s knowledge in CPR. This research was conducted with questionnaires by samples and then the data were analyzed by Pearson Correlation. Results:This research showed significant relationship beetwen student knowledge in CPR and students confidence in performing a rescue (p = 0.000).This study showed that 93 students (72.09%) didn’t know the exact location of chest compression, 21 students (16.27%) didn’t know the right recovery position for patient, 129 students (100%) wanted to gain more training and knowledge in CPR, 42 respondents (32.55%) acknowledged that they were still not able to perform CPR effectively, and 40 students (31%) stated that they were not able to perform breathing support in an accurate and effective way. Conclusions:The relationship beetwen medical student’s of Sebelas Maret University knowledge in cardio pulmonary resusitation with student’s confidence in performing a rescue were significant. Keywords:Cardio pulmonary resusitation, confidence, rescue
Perbedaan Aldrete Score Akibat Penggunaan Halotan dan Sevofluran Rinanto, D. Purbo; Supraptomo, R.Th; Wicaksono, Bagus
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 2, No 3 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background : Inhaled Anesthesia is anesthesia drugs in the form of gas or volatile liquid that is given through the respiratory patient . This anesthesia has the advantage of high potency and concentration that can be controlled through the engine . Inhaled anesthetics commonly used in surgery are halothane and sevoflurane . The main concern is the safety of anesthesia and patient safety , and one of them includes the recovery of consciousness and regular use Aldrete score . This study aims to determine the effect of the difference Aldrete score inhaled anesthetics halothane and sevoflurane. Methods: This study was an observational analytic study using cross - sectional study with subjects surgery patients with inhalation anesthetics halothane and sevoflurane in the Instalasi Bedah Sentral ( IBS ) RSUD Dr. Moewardi Surakarta . With quota sampling technique, this study obtained 40 sampels, which consisted of 20 patients with halothane anesthesia , and 20 patients with sevoflurane anesthesia . Data were collected by observation in the post-operative and medical records room . Data were analyzed using independent t-test, the homogeneity test and comparison test average. The data were processed with the Statistical Product and Service Solutions ( SPSS )18.00  for Windows. Results : Data were tested by independent t-test , showed average values ​​for halothane group was 9.2 , while the average value for the sevoflurane group was 9.0. However , the value obtained Sig ( 2 - tailed ) ( 0.151 ) > α ( 0.05 ) so that Ho is accepted . Or it can be concluded that there was no significant difference between the average value Aldrete score halothane and sevoflurane groups . Value Std . Error Difference also showed the same value is 0.066 so that there was no significant difference in the two groups . Conclusions : Both groups had an average value of the same or there is no significant difference between the two groups either inhaled anesthetics halothane and sevoflurane Keywords : inhalation anesthetics , halothane , sevoflurane , level of consciousness, Aldrete score  
Perbedaan Depresi Siswa Kelas XII SMA Al Islam 1 Surakarta yang Tinggal di Asrama Binaan dan Orang Tua Kandung Inayati MS, Annisa; Susilohati, Mardiatmi; Wicaksono, Bagus
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background: Depression is a mood state or mood decline, marked by distress, decreased functional activity, moodiness, and loss of interest in all or a range of activities . During its development, a teenager is vulnerable with an identity crisis and depression. Being neighborhoods far away from parents spur the onset of depression. This study aims to find out the depression rate between among high school students of class XII SMA Al Islam 1 Surakarta who live in dormitories and live with their biological parent. Methods: The study was an analytical observational research using cross sectional approach implemented in Agustus 2013 in SMA Al Islam 1 Surakarta. The sample was taken using total sampling for the entire class XII. Purposive random sampling conducted for the dormitory student that can represent the whole dormitory students and performed simple random sampling for students who live with their own biological parents according to the number of samples required (sample of dormitory students). The samples filled in ( 1 ) Curriculum vitae form, (2) L - MMPI questionnaire to find out the respondent’s truthfulness in completing the questionnaire, ( 3) BDI questionnaire to assess depression score, score ≤ 9 means no depression and score > 9 means depression. Data obtained 72 students as the subject of research and the data were foanalyzed using Chi Square test through SPSS 17.00 for Windows . Results: This research showed the Chi Square (X2) value is 0,084, while the price of X2 table on db = 1 at the 0.05 significance level is 3.481. This means that the X2 count < X2 table. In addition the p-value calculated is 0.772 or p > 0.05, then the null hypothesis is accepted. Chi-square test result’s showed that there was no significant difference of depression level between students living in dormitories and students living with their biological parents. Conclusion: There was no difference of depression level among class XII students who live in dormitories and who live with their biological parents in SMA Al Islam 1 Surakarta. Thus the residence does not affect a students pattern of depression. Key words : depression, housing, dormitories, boarding, biological parents.  
Perbedaan Perubahan Tekanan Darah Arteri Rerata antara Penggunaan Diazepam dan Midazolam sebagai Premedikasi Anestesi Donda, Melissa; Sudjito, Hadi; Wicaksono, Bagus
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background: Diazepam and midazolam is used as premedication for anesthesia. Diazepam and midazolam as the benzodiazepine drugs can cause changes in mean arterial pressure. This study aimed to prove the difference in mean arterial pressure changes between diazepam and midazolam as premedication for general anesthesia. Methods: This was an observational analytic study with cross-sectional method. Using consecutive sampling, we selected patients who fulfill the inclusive and exclusive criterias. Thirty patients were selected and divided into group of diazepam and midazolam. The first group was given diazepam 0.07 mg/kg intravenously and the second group was given midazolam 0.07 mg/kg intravenously. The blood pressure is recorded before giving the premedication and in five minutes after giving the premedication. The differences in mean arterial blood pressure between the two groups were analyzed by independent t-test. Results: The result showed a non-significant difference in mean arterial pressure before the administration (p=0.198, p>0.05) and five minutes after the administration of diazepam and midazolam (p=0.335, p>0.05). Conclusions: There is no significant difference in mean arterial pressure when using premedication of Diazepam and Midazolam administration. Keywords: Diazepam, Midazolam, Mean Arterial Pressure 
Hubungan antara Optimisme dengan Kualitas Hidup pada Pasien Lupus Eritematosus Permitasari, Akrim; Nurudhin, Arief; Wicaksono, Bagus
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 3, No 3 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an auto-immune disease that is vary since its relapse period (flare) and remission period. The occurence of flare on SLE consist of many factors, one of them is depression that is caused by stress. While, the optimists are known as people who have good ability on dealing with stress. This research is aimed to find out the relation between optimism and living quality of patients who suffered from SLE. Research Method: This research was an analytic observational research with cross sectional approach. The sample was SLE patients who are fused in Griya Kupu Surakarta community. This research conducted by filling out the quetionnaires, optimism quetionnaire (Life Orientation Test-Revised) and quality of life quetionnaire (SF-36). From these two data, the researcher did the analysis using Pearson’s product moment correlation analysis. Then, the data were treated by using SPSS 14,0 for Windows application. Result: Based on the analysis, there were some result obtained: there was a strong unidirectional relation (r = 0,613) and significant (sig = 0,000) between optimism and quality of life. There was varied relationship between optimism and quality of life on each domain. Optimism had strong unidirectional relation on physical function domain (r = 0,515, sig = 0,003), pain domain (r = 0,570, sig = 0,001), social function domain (r = 0,602, sig = 0,000) and general health (r = 0,614, sig = 0,000). Optimism had quite strong unidirectional relation with physical role domain (r = 0,329, sig = 0,071), the role of emotion domain (r = 0,429, sig = 0,016) and energy domain (r = 0,498, sig = 0,004). But, on physical role domain (sig = 0,071) this result was not significant.  Optimism had inversely relation with mental health (r = -0,318, sig = 0,087), this result was not significant. Conclusion: Based on this research, it can be concluded that there is a strong relation (r = 0,613, sig = 0,000) between optimism and quality of life of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus  patients. Key Words: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Optimism, Quality of Life