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THE EFFECT OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF CENTELLA ASIATICA (L) URBAN ADMINISTRATION TOWARDS THE THICKNESS OF PYRAMIDAL LAYER IN THE CA1 REGION OF HIPPOCAMPUS OF SPRAGUE DAWLEY RATS AFTER CHRONIC RESTRAIN STRESS Wulan, Anggraeni Janar; Wasita, Brian; Wiyono, Nanang
JUKE Unila Vol 4, No 8 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

Background: Stress has been shown can change the structure of the brain, especially in the cornu ammonic (CA) I region of hippocampus. Centella asiatica or pegagan as herbal neuroprotector was investigated. The study aimed to determine the effect of ethanolic extract of C. asiatica to the thickness of pyramidal layer in the CA1 region in rats subjected to chronic restrain stress (CRS). Method: This experimental study used post test only group design. Thirty five rats were divided into 6 groups: non stress group (control) and stress only group pulvis gum arabicum (PGA), positive control group (treated with fluoxetin 10mg/kgBW), and 3 treatment groups are treated with C. asiatica 150, 300, and 600mg/kgBW respectively. All groups except non stress group were subjected to CRS, for 6 hours per day for 21 days. Fluoxetin, PGA, and C. Asiatica were applied 30 minutes before CRS done. Rats were sacrificed at the end of 24th day and were perfused transcardially. Processed brain tissue stained with toluidine blue, and measured with Image Raster program. Result: The thickness of pyramidal layer in the CA1 region are increasing significantly in treatment groups which treated with 150 and 300 kg/BW of C. asiatica, but not significant which treated with 600mg/kgBW ethanolic extract of C. asiatica. Conclusion: Ethanolic extract of C. asiatica can improve thickness of pyramidal layer in the CA1 region of hippocampus of Sprague Dawley rats after chronic restrain stress. [JuKe Unila 2014; 4(8):202-207]
Hubungan antara Tingkat Pengetahuan dengan Pola Perilaku Penanganan Sindrom Premenstruasi di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Perdana, David; Danudjo, Tedjo; Wasita, Brian
Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Premenstrual syndrome is an increased tension and sense of  the complaints that usually began one week to several days before menstruation. Premenstrual syndrome affects 40% women with 5-10% of them were going to be powerless. Many opinions showed that premenstrual syndrome is  an usual case, but they almost have a mistake how to handle it. This study aimed to research the relationship between the knowledge level of Premenstrual Syndrome with behavioral patterns of Premenstrual Syndrome handling. Methods: This was an analitic-observasional cross sectional study. The population was medical student’s 2011 Sebelas Maret University. A sample of 125 people was selected using total sampling. The research’s instrument used questionnaire about knowledge level of premenstrual syndrome and behavioral patterns of premenstrual syndrome handling. The questionnaire were pre-tested for its validity and reliability. The data were analized by use of Spearman, on SPSS 17.0. Results: Spearman analysis showed a statistically significant relationship between knowledge level and behavioral patterns of premenstrual syndrome handling (P = 0.002). Knowledge level of premenstrual syndrome was weak positive correlation with behavioral pattern of premenstrual syndrome handling (r = 0.272). Conclusions: There were weak positive and statistically significant relationship between knowledge level of premenstrual syndrome with behavioral patterns of premenstrual syndrome handling in Medical Student’s 2011 Sebelas Maret University. Keywords: Knowledge Level, Behavioral Patterns Handling, Premenstrual Syndrome 
Pengaruh Usia terhadap Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN) pada Wanita dengan Infeksi Saluran Reproduksi Berbasis Pemeriksaan Papsmear Anggraini, Dewi Okta; Dirgahayu, Paramasari; Wasita, Brian
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN) is a dysplasia of cervical squamous cells posibbly turn into cervical cancer if not treated immediately. The established cause of CIN is Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Several studies showed correlation between Reproductive Tract Infection (RTI) with CIN. But, it is still controversial. Age is one of predicted factor which can influence CIN. Through some mechanisms, age can change the cervical cells. Methods: This study was cross-sectional approach. Samples were taken from medical record, papsmear’s form result and papsmear preparation in the Pathology Anatomy Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University from 2009-2012. Total of 410 samples were divided into two groups: control and case group. Control group contain sample without RTI while case group contain sample with RTI. Each group consisted of 205 women who subsequently divided into two subgroup, aged <40 years and ≥ 40 years. In this study, HPV infection is uncontrolled. Data were taken including name, age, clinical symptoms, ISR and CIN. These data are analyzed using Fisher test from SPSS version 19 for windows. Results: Total CIN were found: 5 samples (<40 years) and 3 samples (≥40 years) from positive RTI; 20 samples (<40 years) and 53 samples (≥40 years) from negative RTI. Fisher test results showed that age has correlation with CIN (p=0,001) and there is a significant difference risk between the age distribution with CIN [RD= -12.3%, 95%CI=(-19.8)-(-4798)]. In the negative RTI, there is a significant risk sample aged <40 years and aged ≥40 years to get CIN [RD= -21.28%, 95% CI= (-33.91)- (-8.655)]. RTI does not have correlation with CIN (p = 0.06) Conclusion: Without HPV controlled, age distribution (<40 years and ≥40 years) has an influence to the occurence of CIN and there is no correlation between RTI with CIN. Key words: Age, Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN), Reproduction Tract Infection (RTI)
Pengaruh Ekstrak Buah Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia) terhadap Waktu Kematian Cacing Ascaris suum, Goeze In Vitro Deviana, Riza; Utari, Cr. Siti; Wasita, Brian
Nexus Biomedika Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Nexus Biomedika
Publisher : Nexus Biomedika

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Abstract

Background: Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia) has a terapeutic effect, such as antibacterial, anthelmintic and imunomodulator. This research was performed to understand the effect of Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia) fruit extract on death time of  Ascaris suum, Goeze In Vitro. Methods: This research was performed using experimental laboratory method with post-test only controlled group design. Adult Ascaris suum, Goeze (108 worms) were divided into 9 groups. The worms treated with NaCl 0.9 % solution and Piperazine 0.4% g/ml served as negative control and positive control group consecutively. The worms treated with increasing dose of  Mengkudu fruits (Morinda citrifolia) extract (1% g/ml, 2% g/ml, 4% g/ml, 6% g/ml, 8% g/ml, 10% g/ml, and 12% g/ml) served as treatment groups. Observations were performed every half hour until the worms died. LC50 and LT50 were calculated using probit analysis. Statistic analysis was performed using Kruskal-Wallis test continued by Post hoc Test with Bonferroni correction. Results: Probit analysis showed that LC50 and LT50 of Mengkudu fruits extract were 4.94% g/ml and 703.32 minutes. Kruskall-Wallis test showed that significance difference at least in the two groups. Post Hoc Mann-Whitney with Bonferroni correction test showed that treatment had significant difference (p < 0.001) to negative control and 12% g/ml group had significant difference to positive control group. Conclusions: Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia) fruits extract can induce Ascaris suum death with the death time faster than standard medicine. Keywords: Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia) extract, Ascaris suum, Piperazin. 
Pengaruh Ekstrak Nanas (Ananas Comosus (L) Merr) SEBAGAI Antihelmintik Terhadap Waktu Kematian Cacing Ascaris suum, Goeze In vitro Dewi, Cindikya Saftiari; SitiUtari, Cr.; Wasita, Brian
Nexus Biomedika Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Nexus Biomedika
Publisher : Nexus Biomedika

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Abstract

Background:Pineapple (Ananas comosus (L) Merr) was reported to have a bromelain enzyme that belonged to a group of proteolytic enzymes. This enzyme has been known as anti-edematous, anti-inflammatory, anti-thrombotic and fibrinolytic activities. The proteolytic effect of bromelain enzyme can change protein to be simple amino acid. This research was performed to understand the effect of pineapple (Ananas comosus (L) Merr) extract as anthelmintic on death time of Ascaris suum, Goeze In Vitro. Methods:This research was performed using experimental laboratory method with the post test only controlled group design. Eighty four adult Ascaris suum, Goeze were used. The worms divided into seven groups consisted of six treatment groups (pineapple (Ananas comosus (L) Merr) extract with the dose of 0 % g/ml, 3 % g/ml, 6 % g/ml, 12 % g/ml, 24 % g/ml and 48 % g/ml) and positive control group (Pirantel pamoat with the dose of 0.236% g/ml). Each group consisted of four worms. Ascaris suum, Goeze were incubated in incubator at 37ºC. Observation was performed every fifteen minute to determine the death time of the worms. Experimental data was analyzed using One Way ANOVA test continued with Post hoc Tukey test (α = 0.05). LC50 and LT50 were calculated using probit analysis.   Results:One Way ANOVA test showed significance difference (p < 0.05). Pineapple (Ananas comosus (L) Merr) extract had a significant effect on the worm death time and showed dose dependent manner. Probit analysis showed that LC50 and LT50 of pineapple (Ananas comosus (L) Merr) extract were 21.059% g/ml and 396.929 minutes. At the concentration of 4% g/ml pineapple extract had a better effect than positive control. Conclusions:Pineapple (Ananas comosus (L) Merr) extract had an effect on the death time of Ascaris suum, Goeze which was showed by significance difference on the death time between treatment and negative control group, and this effect was comparable with positive control group. Keywords:Pineapple (Ananas comosus (L) Merr) extract, bromelain enzyme, Ascaris suum, Goeze, pirantel pamoat
Pengaruh Pemberian Topikal Ekstrak Daun Binahong (Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis) Terhadap Jumlah Sel Fibroblas Pada Penyembuhan Luka Sayat Pada Kulit Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus) strain wistar Aulia, Dentiko Wasis; Wasita, Brian; Pesik, Riza Novierta
Nexus Kedokteran Translasional Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Translasional
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Binahong (Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis) is a common plant in Indonesia and contain many secondary metabolites such as flavonoids, tannins, saponins, terpenoids, and alkaloids. These secondary metabolite substances were expected to increase the number of fibroblast cells in the wound healing process. This study aims to demonstrate that topical administration of binahong leaf extract jelly on Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus) skin cut will increase the number of fibroblasts in these wound healing process.   Methods: This is a laboratoric experimental study with randomize post test only control group design. The samples were 25 male Wistar rats aged 3 months and given a dorsal incision of 2 cm long and 0.5 cm deep. The rats were divided randomly into 5 groups (positive control, negative control, and 3 treatment group) consisting of 5 rats each. Positive control group were topically treated with patent medicine Bioplacenton®. Negative control group was not given any treatment. Treatment groups were topically treated with a binahong leaf extract jelly 2.5%, 5%, and 10% respectively. Bioplacenton® and binahong leaf extract jelly is given 2 times a day on its wound for 5 days. On the fifth day, all rat’s wound were scored using Bates-Jensen Wound Assassment Tool and then sacrificed to make histophatology slides on the part of the injured skin. The slides were stained with Van Giesson staining and the fibroblast in the granulation tissue was calculated. The data obtained was analyzed with Oneway ANOVA (p <0.05).   Result: The macroscopic wound scoring and average number of fibroblast cells in each group showed no significant difference (p>0.05). However, in the 2nd treatment groups (binahong leaf extract jelly 5%) showed the highest number of fibroblasts (153.72 (±SD 23.39)) than the other groups. Conclusion: Topical administration of binahong leaf extract (Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis) did not affect the macroscopic wound scoring but it increase the number of fibroblast cells in healing skin cuts on Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus) even thought it did not reach the significant level. Keywords: wound healing, fibroblast, binahong (Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis)
EFEKTIFITAS PEMBERIAN JUS LABU SIAM (Sechium edule) TERHADAP PROFIL LIPID TIKUS (Rattus novergicus) MODEL HIPERLIPIDEMIA Listianasari, Yanita; Dirgahayu, Paramasari; Wasita, Brian; Nuhriawangsa, Adi Magna Patriadi
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 40, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Upaya Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22435/pgm.v40i1.6046.

Abstract

Hyperlipidemia is a lipid profile (TC, TG, HDL, LDL) metabolism disorder becoming the leading cause of cardiovascular disease. Flavonoid, phenol, vitamin C contained in squash have strong cardioprotective effect but its optimal dose has not been known yet. The objective of this research was to analyze the effectiveness of squash juice administration with varying doses on the lipid profile of hyperlipidemia model-rat with High Fat Diet induced. This research was done in laboratory experimental research with pre and posttest control group design.The experimental animals were consisted of 36 rats and divided into negative control, positive control, treatment I (drug), treatment II, III, IV (squash juice dose 1 ml, 2 ml, 4 ml/ 100 g BW rat/day) with treatment for 38 days. The rat’s blood was taken before and after treatment for lipid profile. TC, HDL, LDL levels were measured using spectrophotometer Microlab 300 with CHOD-PAP. TG level was measured using Microlab 300 with GPO-PAP. Considering the statistic analysis, squash juice at doses 1 ml, 2 ml and 4 ml / 100 g BW rat/day, could reduce significantly (p < 0.05) TC, TG, LDL levels of rats. HDL level of rat could increase significantly (p < 0.05) with squash juice at dose 1 ml/100 g BW rat/day. There was no significant difference between the three doses of squash juice, so that squash juice at dose 1 ml/100 g BW rat/day is the best dose to reduce the lipid profile of hyperlipidemia model-rat. Hiperlipidemia merupakan gangguan metabolisme profil lipid (kolesterol total, trigliserida, HDL, LDL) yang menjadi penyebab utama timbulnya penyakit kardiovaskular. Flavonoid, fenol, vitamin C yang terkandung dalam buah labu siam mempunyai efek kardioprotektif yang kuat akan tetapi belum diketahui dosis optimal. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis efektifitas pemberian jus labu siam dengan variasi dosis terhadap profil lipid tikus model hiperlipidemia. Metode yang digunakan adalah eksperimental laboratorik dengan rancangan pre and posttest control group design. Sebanyak 36 tikus putih Strain Wistar jantan dibagi menjadi 6 kelompok dengan 6 ekor tiap kelompok, yaitu kontrol negatif, kontrol positif (diinduksi High Fat Diet), perlakuan 1 (diinduksi High Fat Diet dan obat), perlakuan 2, 3, 4 (diinduksi High Fat Diet dan jus labu siam) dosis 1 ml, 2 ml, 4 ml/100 g BB tikus/hari) dengan perlakuan selama 38 hari. Pengambilan darah tikus dilakukan sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan untuk analisis profil lipid. Kadar kolesterol total, HDL, LDL diukur menggunakan spektrofotometer Microlab 300 dengan metode CHOD-PAP. Kadar trigliserida diukur menggunakan spektrofotometer Microlab 300 dengan metode GPO-PAP. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji Paired T-Test dan menunjukkan jus labu siam ketiga dosis dapat menurunkan secara bermakna (p<0,05) kadar kolesterol total, trigliserida dan LDL tikus. Kadar HDL tikus dapat naik secara bermakna (p<0,05) dengan jus labu siam dosis 1 ml/100 g BB tikus/hari. Pemberian jus labu siam dosis 1 ml/100 g BB tikus/hari merupakan dosis yang paling efektif dalam menurunkan kadar kolesterol total, trigliserida dan LDL serta menaikkan kadar HDL.
Centella asiatica increases B-cell lymphoma 2 expression in rat prefrontal cortex Kuswati, Kuswati; Prakosa, Djoko; Wasita, Brian; Wiyono, Nanang
Universa Medicina Vol 34, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18051/UnivMed.2015.v34.10-16

Abstract

BACKGROUNDStress is one of the factors that cause apoptosis in neuronal cells. Centellaasiatica has a neuroprotective effect that can inhibit apoptosis. This studyaimed to examine the effect of Centella asiatica ethanol extract on B-celllymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) protein expression in the prefrontal cortex of rats.METHODSAn experimental study was conducted on 34 brain tissue samples from maleSprague Dawley rats exposed to chronic restraint stress for 21 days. Thesamples were taken from following groups: non-stress group K, negativecontrol group P1 (stress + arabic gum powder), P2 (stress + C.asiatica at150 mg/kgBW), P3 (stress + C.asiatica at 300 mg/kg BW), P4 (stress +C.asiatica at 600 mg/kg body weight) and positive control group P5 (stress+ fluoxetine at 10 mg/kgBW). The samples were made into sections thatwere stained immunohistochemically using Bcl-2 antibody to determine thepercentage of cells expressing Bcl-2. Data were analyzed using one wayANOVA test followed by a post - hoc test.RESULTSThere were significant differences in mean Bcl-2 expression between thegroups receiving Centella asiatica compared with the non-stress group andstress-only group (negative control group) (p<0.05). The results werecomparable to those of the fluoxetine treatment group.CONCLUSIONThe Centella asiatica ethanol extract was able to increase Bcl-2 expressionin the prefrontal cortex of Sprague Dawley rats exposed to restraint stress.This study suggests that Centella asiatica may be useful in the treatment ofcerebral stress.
Faktor sosio ekonomi demografi terhadap kejadian infeksi kecacingan pada anak Sekolah Dasar Mahmudah, Umi; Dirgahayu, Paramasari; Wasita, Brian
Ilmu Gizi Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2017): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi S-1 Ilmu Gizi

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Abstract

Latar belakang: Infeksi kecacingan merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat di negara-negara berkembang seperti Indonesia. Anak sekolah dasar merupakan golongan yang paling berisiko terhadap kejadian infeksi kecacingan. Infeksi ini dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor yaitu kondisi sanitasi lingkungan, perilaku personal hygiene,  serta kondisi  sosio  ekonomi demograf daerah sekitar. Kondisi sosio demograf yang berbeda di setiap wilayah mengakibatkan terjadinya infeksi kecacingan yang berbeda–beda. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan faktor sosio ekonomi demograf  terhadap  kejadian  infeksi  kecacingan  pada  anak  sekolah  dasar. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional, pada populasi anak sekolah dasar kelas 1 sampai kelas 5 dengan jumlah 92 siswa, sedangkan besar sampel penelitian berjumlah 74 siswa di SD Barengan Kecamatan Teras Kabupaten Boyolali dengan teknik pengambilan sampel secara purposive. Data kecacingan pada anak diperoleh dengan pengambilan sampel feses dan diperiksa menggunakan metode  formol ether concentration di Laboratorium Parasitologi  Fakultas  Kedokteran  Universitas  Sebelas Maret.  Data  sosio  ekonomi  demograf diperoleh dengan kuisioner dengan metode wawancara. Analisis data diolah menggunakan chi square. Hasil: Prevalensi kejadian infeksi kecacingan pada anak sekolah dasar di SD Barengan Kecamatan Teras Kabupaten Boyolali adalah 40,21%. Pendidikan ayah (p=0,159) dan pendidikan ibu (p=0,352) tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian infeksi kecacingan. Penghasilan ayah (p=0,330) dan penghasilan ibu (p=1,152) tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian infeksi kecacingan. Kesimpulan:  Pendidikan ayah, pendidikan ibu, penghasilan ayah dan penghasilan ibu tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian infeksi kecacingan.Kata kunci: Sosio; ekonomi; demograf; infeksi kecacingan
Faktor sosio ekonomi demografi terhadap kejadian infeksi kecacingan pada anak Sekolah Dasar Mahmudah, Umi; Dirgahayu, Paramasari; Wasita, Brian
Ilmu Gizi Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2017): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi S-1 Ilmu Gizi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (310.538 KB)

Abstract

Latar belakang: Infeksi kecacingan merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat di negara-negara berkembang seperti Indonesia. Anak sekolah dasar merupakan golongan yang paling berisiko terhadap kejadian infeksi kecacingan. Infeksi ini dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor yaitu kondisi sanitasi lingkungan, perilaku personal hygiene,  serta kondisi  sosio  ekonomi demograf daerah sekitar. Kondisi sosio demograf yang berbeda di setiap wilayah mengakibatkan terjadinya infeksi kecacingan yang berbeda–beda. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan faktor sosio ekonomi demograf  terhadap  kejadian  infeksi  kecacingan  pada  anak  sekolah  dasar. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional, pada populasi anak sekolah dasar kelas 1 sampai kelas 5 dengan jumlah 92 siswa, sedangkan besar sampel penelitian berjumlah 74 siswa di SD Barengan Kecamatan Teras Kabupaten Boyolali dengan teknik pengambilan sampel secara purposive. Data kecacingan pada anak diperoleh dengan pengambilan sampel feses dan diperiksa menggunakan metode  formol ether concentration di Laboratorium Parasitologi  Fakultas  Kedokteran  Universitas  Sebelas Maret.  Data  sosio  ekonomi  demograf diperoleh dengan kuisioner dengan metode wawancara. Analisis data diolah menggunakan chi square. Hasil: Prevalensi kejadian infeksi kecacingan pada anak sekolah dasar di SD Barengan Kecamatan Teras Kabupaten Boyolali adalah 40,21%. Pendidikan ayah (p=0,159) dan pendidikan ibu (p=0,352) tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian infeksi kecacingan. Penghasilan ayah (p=0,330) dan penghasilan ibu (p=1,152) tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian infeksi kecacingan. Kesimpulan:  Pendidikan ayah, pendidikan ibu, penghasilan ayah dan penghasilan ibu tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian infeksi kecacingan.