Waryana Waryana
Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Yogyakarta

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TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN GAKY DENGAN PENANGANAN GARAM BERYODIUM OLEH IBU RUMAH TANGGA DI DESA BELAH, KECAMATAN DONOROJO, KABUPATEN PACITAN

Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 Jun (2010)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: IDD would be serious health problem; concerning the impact was very big towards alive continuance and quality of human resource. IDD can cause goiter with various level (stage of a disease), cretinism, and sense of hearing disturbance, growth faltering in children and adult, stillborn, baby death and mental retardation. Lack of Erudition and wrong handling about IDD in iodized salt can cause insufficient iodine and iodine nutrient deficiencies.Objectives: To investigated level of IDD knowledge with iodized salt handling by housewife at Belah Village, Donorojo District, Pacitan Regency. Method: Observational Research with cross sectional. This study conducted in Belah village, Donorojo District, Pacitan Regency. Research was done in Mei-August  2009. Samples were 198 household. The data was collected by quesioner of IDD knowledge, iodized salt quality, and manner keeps iodized salt, manner uses iodized salt. Data Analyze descriptively and analytic use test Chi-Square. Result: The knowlwdge level of IDD of mother was high (55,1%), iodized salt quality that was used a large part good (92,9%), manner keeps iodized salt a large part stills wrong (73,7%), manner uses iodized salt a large part stills wrong (73,2%), there relationship between knowledge level of IDD with manner keeps and uses iodized salt, there is no relationship  between knowledge level of IDD with iodized salt quality. Conclusion: The research of IDD result is got there is relationship between knowlwdge level of IDD with manner keeps and uses iodized salt and there is no relationship between knowlwdge level of IDD with iodized salt quality.  Keywords: Knowledge level of IDD, iodized salt quality, manner keeps iodized salt, manner uses iodized salt.

Model Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Bidang Kesehatan, Studi Program Desa Siaga

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 4 November 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Sejak tahun 2006, Departemen Kesehatan meluncurkan kebijakan program Desa Siaga. Tampaknya, kebijakan tersebut tidak mampu memberdayakan masyarakat dalam mengidentifikasi dan memecahkan masalah kesehatan pada level komunitas (desa). Penelitian ini bertujuan merumuskan model pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan pada program Desa Siaga. Sasaran penelitian adalah Forum Kesehatan Desa dan Pos Kesehatan Desa Siaga di 30 desa di Kabupaten Karanganyar, Jawa Tengah. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah survei dan studi kasus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kemampuan masyarakat dalam mengidentifikasi masalah kesehatan dan kemampuan masyarakat dalam memecahkan masalah kesehatan. Model pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan meliputi kemampuan mengidentifikasi dan memecahkan masalah kesehatan. Faktor-faktor internal dan eksternal komunitas pada level anggota masyarakat, institusi masyarakat, kepemimpinan masyarakat, dan akses informasi kesehatan memiliki peran penting dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan.Kata kunci: Desa siaga, kebijakan, pemberdayaan masyarakatAbstractSince 2006, the Health Department had launched the Village Preparedness program policy. But, this policy apparently not capable of empowering the community in identifying and solving the health problem at community (village) level. The objective of research is to formulate the community empowerment model in health in the Village Preparedness program. The targets of research were the Village Health Forum and Village Health Post in 30 Village Preparedness in Karanganyar Regency, Central Java. The method involving survey and case study. The case study showed factors related to community capability of identifying health problem and community capability of solving the health problems. The community empowerment model in health including the capabilities of identifying and of solving the health problems. The community internal and external factors at members of community level, community institution, community leadership, and information access played important role in community empowerment in health.Keywords: Village preparedness, policy, community empowerment

Peran Kepemimpinan, Modal Sosial, Akses Informasi serta Petugas dan Fasilitator Kesehatan dalam Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Bidang Kesehatan

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 9 No. 4 Mei 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

AbstrakFaktor internal komunitas yang berperan dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan adalah kepemimpinan dan modal sosial, sedangkan faktor eksternal komunitas yang berperan adalah akses informasi kesehatan, petugas dan fasilitator kesehatan. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui dan menganalisis peran kepemimpinan, modal sosial, akses informasi kesehatan, petugas, dan fasilitator kesehatan dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan. Desain penelitian adalah potong lintang dengan pendekatan penelitian kualitatif melalui metode studi kasus terpancang. Penelitian dilakukan selama tiga bulan di Kabupaten Tulungagung, Jawa Timur dengan mengambil dua desa, yaitu Desa Bulus di Kecamatan Bandung dan Desa Tanggul Kundung di Kecamatan Besuki tahun 2013. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peran kepemimpinan dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan pada program Desa Siaga adalah menyebarluaskan informasi, memberikan contoh, menyadarkan, memotivasi, membimbing, menggerakkan sasaran dan masyarakat, memfasilitasi dan mengalokasikan sumber daya. Peran modal sosial adalah saling percaya, kekerabatan, pertemanan, pertetanggaan, norma sosial, tolong menolong, kerjasama, dan jaringan masyarakat. Peran akses informasi kesehatan adalah meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan kesehatan, mengambil keputusan, dan meminta pelayanan kesehatan. Peran petugas kesehatan adalah sosialisasi, memberikan petunjuk, melatih, membina, memfasilitasi, menumbuhkembangkan partisipasi, serta memantau dan mengevaluasi program. Sedangkan peran fasilitator kesehatan adalah sosialisasi, memotivasi, memengaruhi pengambilan keputusan, memediasi masyarakat dan pemerintah, memfasilitasi dan menumbuhkembangkanpartisipasi.AbstractThe internal factors of community contributing to public empowerment inhealth sector were leadership and social capital, meanwhile the external factors included health information access, health duty and facilitator. Thisstudy aimed to determine and analyze the roles of leadership, social capital, information access, and health duty and facilitator within public empowerment in health sector. The study design was cross sectional with qualitative study approach through embeded case study method. The study was conducted in Tulungagung District, East Java by taking two villages namely Bulus Village at Bandung Subdistrict and Tanggul Kundung Village at Besuki Subdistrict in 2013. The result showed the roles of leadership and public empowerment in health sector in Alert Village program were spreading information, giving examples, awakening, motivating, educating, moving targets and the public, facilitating and allocating resources. The roles of social capital were mutual trust, kinship, friendship, neighborhood, social norms, mutual help and public network. The roles of health information access were improving health knowledge and skill, making decision and asking for health services. The roles of health duty were socialization, giving instructions, training, building, facilitating, developing participation as well as monitoring and evaluating the program. Meanwhile, the roles of health facilitators were socialization, motivating, influencing decision making, mediating public and government, facilitating and developing participation.

Peran Kepemimpinan, Modal Sosial, Akses Informasi serta Petugas dan Fasilitator Kesehatan dalam Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Bidang Kesehatan

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 9 No. 4 Mei 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

AbstrakFaktor internal komunitas yang berperan dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan adalah kepemimpinan dan modal sosial, sedangkan faktor eksternal komunitas yang berperan adalah akses informasi kesehatan, petugas dan fasilitator kesehatan. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui dan menganalisis peran kepemimpinan, modal sosial, akses informasi kesehatan, petugas, dan fasilitator kesehatan dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan. Desain penelitian adalah potong lintang dengan pendekatan penelitian kualitatif melalui metode studi kasus terpancang. Penelitian dilakukan selama tiga bulan di Kabupaten Tulungagung, Jawa Timur dengan mengambil dua desa, yaitu Desa Bulus di Kecamatan Bandung dan Desa Tanggul Kundung di Kecamatan Besuki tahun 2013. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peran kepemimpinan dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan pada program Desa Siaga adalah menyebarluaskan informasi, memberikan contoh, menyadarkan, memotivasi, membimbing, menggerakkan sasaran dan masyarakat, memfasilitasi dan mengalokasikan sumber daya. Peran modal sosial adalah saling percaya, kekerabatan, pertemanan, pertetanggaan, norma sosial, tolong menolong, kerjasama, dan jaringan masyarakat. Peran akses informasi kesehatan adalah meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan kesehatan, mengambil keputusan, dan meminta pelayanan kesehatan. Peran petugas kesehatan adalah sosialisasi, memberikan petunjuk, melatih, membina, memfasilitasi, menumbuhkembangkan partisipasi, serta memantau dan mengevaluasi program. Sedangkan peran fasilitator kesehatan adalah sosialisasi, memotivasi, memengaruhi pengambilan keputusan, memediasi masyarakat dan pemerintah, memfasilitasi dan menumbuhkembangkanpartisipasi. AbstractThe internal factors of community contributing to public empowerment in health sector were leadership and social capital, meanwhile the external factors included health information access, health duty and facilitator. This study aimed to determine and analyze the roles of leadership, social capital, information access, and health duty and facilitator within public empowerment in health sector. The study design was cross sectional with qualitative study approach through embeded case study method. The study was conducted in Tulungagung District, East Java by taking two villages namely Bulus Village at Bandung Subdistrict and Tanggul Kundung Village at Besuki Subdistrict in 2013. The result showed the roles of leadership and public empowerment in health sector in Alert Village program were spreading information, giving examples, awakening, motivating, educating, moving targets and the public, facilitating and allocating resources. The roles of social capital were mutual trust, kinship, friendship, neighborhood, social norms, mutual help and public network. The roles of health information access were improving health knowledge and skill, making decision and asking for health services. The roles of health duty were socialization, giving instructions, training, building, facilitating, developing participation as well as monitoring and evaluating the program. Meanwhile, the roles of health facilitators were socialization, motivating, influencing decision making, mediating public and government, facilitating and developing participation.

UTILIZATION OF MULTIMEDIA TO IMPROVE PIT FISSURE SEALANT PRACTICAL SKILL AMONG STUDENTS IN DENTAL NURSING, YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA

Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 2, No 5 (2016): September-October 2016
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

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Abstract

Background: With an increasing demand of high quality of health services, challenges are addressed to all health providers to improve their skills in providing services to clients. Given that preventive dentistry clinical practice has not been satisfying, providing media as students’ guidelines is necessary.Objective: The study aims to explain the influence of multimedia use in order to improve Pit Fissure Sealant (PFS) practical skills of dental nursing students.Methods: It was a quasi-experimental study with pretest and post-test control group design. Population of the study was selected from dental nursing students in Yogyakarta. A hundred sample was drawn purposively from the population and distributed equally to two groups. The first group was exposed by PFS practice video whilst the second group as control was exposed only by the guidebook.Results: Initially, students in the control group have better PFS practical score compared to their counterpart in the treatment group. Nevertheless, after the exposure of different media, students in the treatment group demonstrated a better post-test score on their PFS practical skills. The statistical analysis certifies that there was a significant difference in the mean score of PFS practical skills of the students before and after the treatment.Conclusion: Video as a new media is able to improve the students’ motivation in learning than any traditional media such as books. It should be noted however, both printed media (guidebooks) and video only provides one way communication. Therefore, designing an interactive media using video where the user can be the sender not only the receiver, can be considered for further research.  

EMPOWERING WOMEN’S ORGANIZATIONS FOR ANEMIA PREVENTION AND CONTROL IN TRIMURTI VILLAGE, SRANDAKAN SUB-DISTRICT, BANTUL, YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA

Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 2, No 6 (2016): November-December 2016
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

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Abstract

Background: Anemia in Indonesia is mostly caused by micronutrient deficiency such as iron. Although much have been done to address anemia in the community, the problem remains. As health is not solely government’s responsibility, community participation should be seen as an alternative effective approach.Objective: The influence of women’s organizations to community participation and their self-sustenance in anemia prevention and control was examined.Methods: It was a quasi-experimental study with pretest and post-test control group design involving 30 women in reproductive-age who were selected through a multi-stage random sampling method; and 20 health providers, of whom were members of Dasa Wisma, posyandu cadres, PKK, and Karang Taruna. At the intervention group, women’s organization in anemia prevention and control was enabled in order to increase community participation. Hemoglobin level was measured as the outcome of the intervention program.Results: By empowering women’s organization, participation level of community members in the intervention group significantly increased, shown by family’s willingness to provide and consume iron-sufficient foods in their daily diets. As an outcome, hemoglobin level of reproductive-aged women at the intervention group slightly raised from its initial level, whilst the level in the control group was relatively stagnant.Conclusion: Involving the community member has been proven as an effective approach in anemia prevention and control. Given that women’s social movement are existed in many settings, therefore, empowering such organization as a manifestation of community participation can be applied in other setting, and also for other health program.

Aplikasi Model PRECEDE-PROCEED Pada Perencanaan Program Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Bidang Kesehatan Berbasis Penilaian Kebutuhan Kesehatan Masyarakat

Jurnal Kedokteran YARSI Vol 23, No 3 (2015): SEPTEMBER - DESEMBER 2015
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian Universitas YARSI

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Abstract

Pemberdayaan masyarakat bertujuan untuk meningkatkan partisipasi masyarakat dalam program kesehatan. Model PRECEDE-PROCEED Green danKreuterdigunakansebagai model perencanaan program kesehatan berbasis penilaian kebutuhan masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengaplikasikan model PRECEDE-PROCEED pada perencanaan program pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan berbasis penilaian kebutuhan. Sasaran penelitian adalah para pengambil kebijakan serta pelaksana program Desa Siaga di Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten, Puskesmas, dan Desa. Metode penelitianyangdiggunakanadalahmetode kualitatif berupa studi kasus. Lokasi penelitianberadadi Kabupaten Pati Provinsi Jawa Tengah dengan mengambil dua Desa Siaga. Hasil: Prioritas masalah kesehatan adalah Tuberkulosis (TB) dan Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD). Faktorpredisposisi meliputi tingkat pendidikan, pengetahuan, keyakinan, sertakepercayaan pada takhayul dan dukun. Faktor pendukung meliputi penyuluhan dan pelatihan, ketersediaan sarana kesehatan, jaminan kesehatan, dukungan dana, sumberdaya lokal, dan sumberdaya alam. Faktor penguat meliputi kepemimpinan, dukungan sosial, modal sosial, norma sosial, gotong royong, penghargaan, akses informasi kesehatan dan keteladanan. Kesimpulan: Model perencanaan PRECEDE-PROCEED dapat diaplikasikan pada perencanaan program pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan berbasis penilaian kebutuhan. Penyakit TB dan DBDdiidentifikasi oleh masyarakat sebagai prioritas masalah kesehatan. Pemberdayaan masyarakat bidang kesehatan diarahkan pada upaya perubahan perilaku dengan mempertimbangkan faktor predisposisi, penguat dan pendukung.