Wanti Wanti
Poltekkes Kemenkes Kupang

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Container Positivity and Larva Distribution Based on the Container Characteristics Wanti, Wanti; Yudhastuti, Ririh; Yotopranoto, Subagyo; Notobroto, Hari B.; Subekti, Sri; Umniati, Sitti R.
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) Vol 6, No 3: September 2017
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/ijphs.v6i3.9290

Abstract

Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) prevention and control program has been conducted in Kupang City but DHF Incidence Rate (IR) is always high and exceeds the national average. Calculating the density of larvae and pupae is a good choice in calculating DHF mosquitos’ density because larvae capture is easier than mosquitoes, and pupa is the nearest stage with adult mosquitoes so can better represent actual mosquito density. This observational study used cross sectional study design was conducted in Kupang City as many 24 urban villages or 480 houses during the rainy and dry season and all containers inside and outside homes selected been observed. Larvae and pupae were collected using gamadotik then identified. Analyzed data were using multiple regression logistic test, independent t test and Anova test. This study found 781 containers with the equation model of container positivity = 2,975 lid - 0.192 material + 0.781 type - 3,706, with the most influential variable is the container lid (OR 19.5). Ae. Aegypti, Ae. Albopictus and Culex can be found in water containers both inside and outside homes. The presence of larvae can be prevented either by doing closed and drain the container regularly and bury or drying container that is not used anymore. As limitation of water supply so other solutions need to be taken such as by sprinkling temefos into container with closed tightly to reduce the container positivity 19.5 times. For greater container can be done by water draining or reuse used container outside the home into a place to plant flowers or plants or become temporary garbage.
Transovarial Transmission and Dengue Virus Serotypes in Aedes Aegypti In Kupang Wanti, Wanti; Sila, Oktovianus; Irfan, Irfan; Sinaga, Enni
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 1 (2016): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT (KEMAS) JULY 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v12i1.4993

Abstract

Dengue is an endemic disease in almost all provinces in Indonesia, including NTT pro-vince and Kupang City. DHF prevention and control efforts need to be accompanied by understanding of the epidemiological and entomological aspects. This study proves the presence of transovarial transmission and serotypes of Dengue virus in Ae. aegypti in areas with different endemics in Kupang City. The study was conducted in endemic, sporadic and Dengue-free villages. Samples from each location were 30 head squash Ae. aegypti females for examination of Dengue virus by IHC methods and 10 Ae. aegypti females for serotypes check of Dengue virus with RTPCR. Data presented in tables and images then analyzed descriptively. This study finds that transovarial infection rates 9.2% with serotype Dengue virus-1. As many 97.5% of respondents have heard about Dengue by most cadres resources (24.5%) and health workers (24%). Transovarial infection is found in endemic, sporadic and free areas so that the Dengue vector control needs to be done in the three regions with different endemicity.
Sanitasi, Higiene Perorangan, dan Pencemaran Tanah oleh Cacing pada Kecacingan pada Anak di Kelurahan Liliba, Kecamatan Oebobo Kota Kupang, Provinsi nusa Tenggara Timur Sinaga, Eni; Wanti, Wanti; Kusmiyati, Kusmiyati
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Islam Bandung

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Abstract

Abstrak Penyakit kecacingan banyak ditemukan di daerah dengan kelembaban tinggi terutama pada kelompok masyarakat dengan higiene perorangan dan sanitasi lingkungan yang kurang baik. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan kondisi sanitasi, higiene perorangan, pencemaran tanah oleh cacing dengan kejadian kecacingan pada anak umur 1 – 5 tahun di Kelurahan Liliba, Kecamatan Oebobo Kota Kupang, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional study dilakukan pada Mei- November 2012. Sampel penelitian 50 anak usia 1–5 tahun sebanyak 50 orang yang diambil secara random sampling. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji chi kuadrat (X2) dengan program statistical product and service solution (SPSS). Prevalensi kecacingan pada anak usia 1-5tahun di Kelurahan Liliba adalah 38%. Hasil Uji chi kuadrat menunjukkan hanya ada satu variabel yang berhubungan dengan kejadian kecacingan di Liliba yaitu higiene perorangan (p=0,005). Variabel yang tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian kecacingan pada anak 1 – 5 tahun di Liliba yaitu kondisi sarana air bersih (p=0,07), kondisi jamban (p=0,128), dan pencemaran tanah oleh cacing (p=0,309). Penelitian ini membuktikan ada hubungan bermakna antara higiene perorangan dan kejadian kecacingan, sehingga diharapkan orangtua lebih memperhatikan higiene perorangan anaknya seperti memotong kuku, mencuci tangan setelah bermain dan sebelum makan, mencuci tangan setelah buang air besar dan memberikan alas kaki saat bermain. Dinkes Kota dan Puskesmas khususnya secara periodic setiap 6 bulan sekali diharapkan melakukan tindakan pencegahan dan penanggulangan kecacingan dengan penyuluhan dan pemberian obat cacing kepada anak usia 1 – 5 tahun. Kata kunci: Higiene perorangan, kecacingan, kondisi lingkungan Sanitation, Personal Hygiene, and Helminth Contamination of Helminth infectionin Children at Liliba Subdistrict, Oebobo Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara Province Abstract Helminth infection was found especially in the area with high humidity and in the community with bad personal higiene and inadequate sanitation. The objective of this study is to describe the relation between sanitation, personal hygiene, helminth contamination in the soil and helminth infection in children 1 – 5 years old in Liliba subdistrict Oebobo Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara Province. This was an observational study with cross sectional approach was done on May to November 2012. A systematic random sampling  of 50 children  1 – 5 years old involved in this study. Analysis using statistical product and servicesolution (SPSS) program ver 17 was done with chi square (X2). The results showed that the prevalence of helminth infection on children 1 – 5 years old was 38%. One variable showed significant relationship with helminth infection is personal hygiene with p=0.005 while the availability of clean water, sanitation and soil contamination showed no significant relationship with p=0.07; p=0.128 and p=0.309 respectivelly. The study emphasized the need for personal hygiene that encouraged parents to help children exercise personal hygiene better. Several activities such as nail cutting, washing hands after playing and before eating, washing hands after defecating and using sandals for feet protections need to be promoted. Local Health department need to prevent the infection by promoting healthy living and distribute preventive drug especially for children 1-5 years old. Key words: Helminth infection, personal hygiene, sanitation, children. 
Tempat Penampungan Air dan Kepadatan Jentik Aedes sp. di Daerah Endemis dan Bebas Demam Berdarah Dengue Wanti, Wanti; Darman, Menofeltus
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol 9 No. 2 November 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (769.391 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v9i2.514

Abstract

Tingkat kepadatan jentik merupakan indikasi diketahuinya kepadatan nyamuk Aedes sp yang akan menularkan virus dengue sebagai penyebab penyakit demam berdarah dengue (DBD) dan juga sebagai salah satu indikator keberhasilan kegiatan pengendalian vektor. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui karakteristik tempat penampungan air (TPA) dan perbedaan kepadatan jentik House Index, Container Index, Breatau Index (HI, CI, BI) di Kelurahan Alak sebagai daerah endemis dan Kelurahan Belo sebagai daerah bebas DBD di Kota Kupang Tahun 2011. Penelitian observasional analitik ini menggunakan rancangan studi potong lintang. Variabel penelitian adalah jenis, kondisi, letak, bahan TPA dan kepadatan jentik Aedes sp. Data dikumpulkan dengan observasi langsung pada TPA dan rumah terpilih. Data disajikan dalam bentuk tabel kemudian dianalisis dengan uji-t. Penelitian ini menemukan TPA positif jentik paling banyak adalah TPA untuk kebutuhan sehari-hari, kondisi TPA tidak tertutup rapat, letak TPA di luar rumah, bahan TPA adalah bahan keramik, dan warna TPA adalah warna putih. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan nilai dari HI 0,887, CI 0,146 dan BI 0,080, yang artinya tidak ada perbedaan kepadatan jentik antara Kelurahan Alak (daerah endemis) dengan Kelurahan Belo (daerah bebas). Disimpulkan tidak ada perbedaan kepadatan jentik (HI, CI, dan BI) antara daerah endemis dan daerah bebas DBD. Kedua daerah sama-sama memiliki tingkat kepadatan jentik yang tinggi, sehingga disarankan pemberantasan sarang nyamuk tidak hanya diprioritaskan pada daerah endemis DBD tetapi juga daerah daerah bebas DBD. Water Container and the Aedes sp. Larvae Density in Endemic and Free Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever The larva density is an indication of the density of Aedes sp known to be capable of transmitting the dengue virus as the cause of dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and also as one of the indicators of the success of vector control activities. This study aimed to determine the difference of the water container container characteristics and the larvae density (HI, CI, BI) in Alak village as an endemic area and in Belo Village as a free area of dengue in Kupang Municipality. This analytic observational study using cross sectional study design. Observed variables were the type, the condition, the location, the material of water container and also the larvae density. Data collected by direct observation in water container and house. Data presented in tables were analyzed by t-test. This study found positive larvae at most container is for everyday need, on not sealed condition, in outside the home, and in a ceramic material. The study also found the value of HI is 0.887, CI is 0.146 and BI is 0.080. It means that larvae density between Alak and Belo Village is not different. The conclusion is that there is no difference in the larvae density (HI, CI, and BI) between endemic area and free area of DHF. The two regions have the same high level of larvae density, so it is advisable that mosquito eradication is not only priority in endemic areas but also in dengue-free areas. 
The Knowledge on HIV/AIDS among High School Student and University Student in Kupang Municipality 2011 Wanti, Wanti; Kusmiyati, Kusmiyati; Widyaningrum, B
Jurnal LINK Vol 8, No 2 (2012): Mei 2012
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4034.669 KB)

Abstract

Analisis Sif Kerja, Masa Kerja, dan Budaya K3 dengan Fungsi Paru Pekerja Tambang Batu Bara Sholihah, Qomariyatus; Hanafi, Aprizal Satria; Wanti, Wanti; Bachri, Ahmad Alim; Hadi, Sutarto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 10 No. 1 Agustus 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (573.041 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v10i1.812

Abstract

AbstrakPenambangan batu bara merupakan salah satu sumber pencemaran udara berupa partikel debu batu bara yang dapat mengganggu kesehatan pernapasan bila terhirup manusia. Risiko kerja yang sering terjadi dapat berasal dari faktor pekerjaan atau perilaku pekerja sendiri, di antaranya sif kerja dan masa kerja. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan sif kerja, masa kerja, dan budaya keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja (K3) dengan fungsi paru pekerja tambang batu bara. Penelitian ini merupakan desain kasus kontrol dengan jumlah masing-masing sampel untuk kasus dan kontrol sebesar 178 responden. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Oktober November 2014 di PT. X Kalimantan Selatan. Hasil penelitian berdasarkan uji kai kuadrat, didapatkan nilai p = 0,044 untuk sif kerja, 0,028 untuk masa kerja, dan 0,013 untuk budaya K3. Berdasarkan hasil uji regresi logistik, didapatkan nilai p sif kerja 0,01 dengan OR = 3,934. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara sif kerja dengan fungsi paru, dan tidak terdapat hubungan antara masa kerja dan budaya K3 dengan fungsi paru. Sif kerja merupakan variabel independen yang paling dominan memengaruhi fungsi paru.Analysis of Work Shift, Working Period and Occupational Health andSafety Culture with Lung Function of Coal Mine WorkersAbstractCoal mining is one source of air pollution caused in form of coal dust particle that may interfere with health of breathing if inhaled by human. Occupational risks often occurred may come from occupational factor or worker’s behavior itself, ones of which are work shift and work period. Thisstudy aimed to determine relations of work shift, work period and occupational health and safety (OHS) culture with lung function of coal mining worker. This study was control case design with each amount of sample for case and control was 178 respondents. The study was conducted on October – November 2014 at PT X in South Borneo. Results based on chisquare test showed p value = 0.044 for work shift, 0.028 for work period and 0.013 for OHS culture. Based on logistic regression test results, p value for work shift was 0.01 with OR = 3.934. As conclusion, there is a relation between work shift with lung function, then there is no relation found between work period and OHS culture with lung function. Work shift is an independent variable most dominantly influencing the lung function.
Tempat Penampungan Air dan Kepadatan Jentik Aedes sp. di Daerah Endemis dan Bebas Demam Berdarah Dengue Wanti, Wanti; Darman, Menofeltus
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol 9 No. 2 November 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (769.391 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v9i2.514

Abstract

Tingkat kepadatan jentik merupakan indikasi diketahuinya kepadatan nyamuk Aedes sp yang akan menularkan virus dengue sebagai penyebab penyakit demam berdarah dengue (DBD) dan juga sebagai salah satu indikator keberhasilan kegiatan pengendalian vektor. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui karakteristik tempat penampungan air (TPA) dan perbedaan kepadatan jentik House Index, Container Index, Breatau Index (HI, CI, BI) di Kelurahan Alak sebagai daerah endemis dan Kelurahan Belo sebagai daerah bebas DBD di Kota Kupang Tahun 2011. Penelitian observasional analitik ini menggunakan rancangan studi potong lintang. Variabel penelitian adalah jenis, kondisi, letak, bahan TPA dan kepadatan jentik Aedes sp. Data dikumpulkan dengan observasi langsung pada TPA dan rumah terpilih. Data disajikan dalam bentuk tabel kemudian dianalisis dengan uji-t. Penelitian ini menemukan TPA positif jentik paling banyak adalah TPA untuk kebutuhan sehari-hari, kondisi TPA tidak tertutup rapat, letak TPA di luar rumah, bahan TPA adalah bahan keramik, dan warna TPA adalah warna putih. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan nilai dari HI 0,887, CI 0,146 dan BI 0,080, yang artinya tidak ada perbedaan kepadatan jentik antara Kelurahan Alak (daerah endemis) dengan Kelurahan Belo (daerah bebas). Disimpulkan tidak ada perbedaan kepadatan jentik (HI, CI, dan BI) antara daerah endemis dan daerah bebas DBD. Kedua daerah sama-sama memiliki tingkat kepadatan jentik yang tinggi, sehingga disarankan pemberantasan sarang nyamuk tidak hanya diprioritaskan pada daerah endemis DBD tetapi juga daerah daerah bebas DBD. Water Container and the Aedes sp. Larvae Density in Endemic and Free Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever The larva density is an indication of the density of Aedes sp known to be capable of transmitting the dengue virus as the cause of dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and also as one of the indicators of the success of vector control activities. This study aimed to determine the difference of the water container container characteristics and the larvae density (HI, CI, BI) in Alak village as an endemic area and in Belo Village as a free area of dengue in Kupang Municipality. This analytic observational study using cross sectional study design. Observed variables were the type, the condition, the location, the material of water container and also the larvae density. Data collected by direct observation in water container and house. Data presented in tables were analyzed by t-test. This study found positive larvae at most container is for everyday need, on not sealed condition, in outside the home, and in a ceramic material. The study also found the value of HI is 0.887, CI is 0.146 and BI is 0.080. It means that larvae density between Alak and Belo Village is not different. The conclusion is that there is no difference in the larvae density (HI, CI, and BI) between endemic area and free area of DHF. The two regions have the same high level of larvae density, so it is advisable that mosquito eradication is not only priority in endemic areas but also in dengue-free areas. 
Analisis Sif Kerja, Masa Kerja, dan Budaya K3 dengan Fungsi Paru Pekerja Tambang Batu Bara Sholihah, Qomariyatus; Hanafi, Aprizal Satria; Wanti, Wanti; Bachri, Ahmad Alim; Hadi, Sutarto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 10 No. 1 Agustus 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (573.041 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v10i1.812

Abstract

AbstrakPenambangan batu bara merupakan salah satu sumber pencemaran udara berupa partikel debu batu bara yang dapat mengganggu kesehatan pernapasan bila terhirup manusia. Risiko kerja yang sering terjadi dapat berasal dari faktor pekerjaan atau perilaku pekerja sendiri, di antaranya sif kerja dan masa kerja. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan sif kerja, masa kerja, dan budaya keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja (K3) dengan fungsi paru pekerja tambang batu bara. Penelitian ini merupakan desain kasus kontrol dengan jumlah masing-masing sampel untuk kasus dan kontrol sebesar 178 responden. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Oktober November 2014 di PT. X Kalimantan Selatan. Hasil penelitian berdasarkan uji kai kuadrat, didapatkan nilai p = 0,044 untuk sif kerja, 0,028 untuk masa kerja, dan 0,013 untuk budaya K3. Berdasarkan hasil uji regresi logistik, didapatkan nilai p sif kerja 0,01 dengan OR = 3,934. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara sif kerja dengan fungsi paru, dan tidak terdapat hubungan antara masa kerja dan budaya K3 dengan fungsi paru. Sif kerja merupakan variabel independen yang paling dominan memengaruhi fungsi paru.AbstractCoal mining is one source of air pollution caused in form of coal dust particle that may interfere with health of breathing if inhaled by human. Occupational risks often occurred may come from occupational factor or worker’s behavior itself, ones of which are work shift and work period. This study aimed to determine relations of work shift, work period and occupational health and safety (OHS) culture with lung function of coal mining worker. This study was control case design with each amount of sample for case and control was 178 respondents. The study was conducted on October – November 2014 at PT X in South Borneo. Results based on chisquare test showed p value = 0.044 for work shift, 0.028 for work period and 0.013 for OHS culture. Based on logistic regression test results, p value for work shift was 0.01 with OR = 3.934. As conclusion, there is a relation between work shift with lung function, then there is no relation found between work period and OHS culture with lung function. Work shift is an independent variable most dominantly influencing the lung function.
KEBIASAAN CUCI TANGAN, KONDISI FASILITAS CUCI TANGAN DAN KEBERADAAN E. COLI PADA TANGAN PENJAMAH MAKANAN DI RUMAH MAKAN DALAM WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS OEBOBO KUPANG TAHUN 2012 KUSMIYATI, KUSMIYATI; SINAGA, ENNI ROSIDA; WANTI, WANTI
JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN Vol 11 No 2 (2013): JURNAL INFO KESEHATAN
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Kupang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (290.052 KB) | DOI: 10.31965/infokes.v11i2.27

Abstract

Food is needed for our body as energy source. Food also as source of food borne diseases if it is untreatment well. Here, food handler is important to keep the food higyene. This research aim is to describe the hand washing habit, hand washing facility and the present of E. coli at the food handler’s hands in Oebobo Primary Health Center. This discriptive research use cros sectional study with 50 restorants as samples, and 50 food handler, also 50 hand washing facility as unit sample. This research find only 30% food handler washed their hands more than 10 time a day, and almost always using soap when they did it. Many food handlers wash their hands incorrectly. Many restorant just have 1 hand washing facility, 62% the location separate between staf and consumen, only 58% with run water. This research also find there is E. coli at 16% food handlers’s hand.
Transovarial Transmission and Dengue Virus Serotypes in Aedes Aegypti In Kupang Wanti, Wanti; Sila, Oktovianus; Irfan, Irfan; Sinaga, Enni
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 12, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v12i1.4993

Abstract

Dengue is an endemic disease in almost all provinces in Indonesia, including NTT pro-vince and Kupang City. DHF prevention and control efforts need to be accompanied by understanding of the epidemiological and entomological aspects. This study proves the presence of transovarial transmission and serotypes of Dengue virus in Ae. aegypti in areas with different endemics in Kupang City. The study was conducted in endemic, sporadic and Dengue-free villages. Samples from each location were 30 head squash Ae. aegypti females for examination of Dengue virus by IHC methods and 10 Ae. aegypti females for serotypes check of Dengue virus with RTPCR. Data presented in tables and images then analyzed descriptively. This study finds that transovarial infection rates 9.2% with serotype Dengue virus-1. As many 97.5% of respondents have heard about Dengue by most cadres resources (24.5%) and health workers (24%). Transovarial infection is found in endemic, sporadic and free areas so that the Dengue vector control needs to be done in the three regions with different endemicity.