Wayan Wangiyana
Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Mataram

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Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Berbagai Varietas Kacang Tanah antara Penanaman secara Monokrop dan Bersama Padi Beras Merah pada Sistem Irigasi Aerobik Iryani, Emi; WANGIYANA, Wayan; Dulur, Ni Wayan Dwiani
CROP AGRO, Jurnal Ilmiah Budidaya Pertanian Vol 12 No 01 (2019): Jurnal Crop Agro Januari 2019
Publisher : Department of Agronomy Faculty of Agriculture University of Mataram and Indonesian Society of Agronomy Branch NTB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/caj.v12i01.315

Abstract

ABSTRACT This study aimed to compare growth and yield of five varieties of peanuts between monocropping and growing together with red rice plants in an aerobic system, by carrying out a pot experiment in a plastic house. The experiment was designed according to Completely Randomized Design with two treatment factors arranged factorially, namely peanut varieties (Biawak, Hypoma-1, G300-II line, local Wajik and local Bima) and cropping patterns (monocrop or growing together red rice plants), and each treatment combination was made in 3 replications. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's HSD at 5% level of significance, using CoStat for Windows ver. 6.303. The results indicated that there was an interaction effect between cropping patterns and peanut varieties on fresh stover weight and dry pod weight per clump, which indicated differences in responses among peanut varieties to cropping patterns. Compared with on monocrop, planting together with rice plants significantly reduced fresh stover weight but only on Hypoma-1, as well as significantly reduced dry pod weight but only on Hypoma-1 and G300-II. However, seed yield per clump was on average not influenced by different cropping patterns, and there was even a tendency for total number of seeds per clump to be higher on peanut grown together with red rice plants, i.e. on local Wajik and Biawak varieties. In contrast, weight of 20 seeds, leaf number and branche number were lower, but plant height was higher, on peanut plants grown together with rice plants in one pot compared with on monocrop.
PENGARUH PENGURANGAN DOSIS PUPUK POSFOR TERHADAP KOMPONEN HASIL BERBAGAI GALUR PADI GOGO BERAS MERAH Zainab, Siti; Wangiyana, Wayan; Muliartha, I Gusti Putu
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Publisher : SAINS Pertanian

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Abstract

Unsur hara P (Posfor) sangat penting bagi tanaman padi gogo beras merah. Tanaman padi yang kekurangan P akan memberikan produksi yang rendah. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini telah dilakukan, dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh dosis pupuk P terhadap komponen hasil galur padi gogo beras merah dengan melaksanakan percobaan pot di rumah plastik dari bulan Februari sampai Mei 2016. Percobaan dirancang menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) dengan 2 faktor perlakuan yaitu: dosis pupuk P yaitu tanpa pupuk P (d1), 100 kg SP36/ ha (d2) dan 200 kg SP36/ ha (d3); faktor galur padi gogo beras merah yang terdiri dari 8 galur yaitu AMP-G1, AMP-G2, M-G3, AMP-G4, M-G5, M-G6, M-G7 dan M-G8. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) Dosis pupuk P rendah yaitu dosis pupuk SP36 100 kg/ ha memberikan bobot gabah berisi (15,23 g/ pot) dan bobot 100 butir gabah (3,03 g/ 100 butir) lebih tinggi dibandingkan pemberian dosis pupuk SP36 200 kg/ ha. (2) Perbedaan galur memberikan komponen hasil padi gogo beras merah yang berbeda, yang mana bobot gabah berisi per rumpun dan bobot 100 butir gabah tertinggi pada galur M-G7 (18,55 g/pot dan 3,20 g/100 gabah). (3) Respon antar galur padi gogo beras merah bervariasi terhadap pemberian berbagai dosis pupuk SP36, yang mana galur yang memberikan hasil tertinggi pada dosis pupuk P rendah yaitu dosis pupuk SP36 100 kg/ ha adalah galur AMP-G1, M-G6 dan M-G7 untuk bobot gabah berisi dan galur M-G6, M-G7 dan M-G9 untuk bobot 100 butir gabah.  Phosphorus is one of the most important things for upland brown rice. Rice plants that low P will provide low production. Therefore, this research was aimed to the effect of P fertilizer dosage on the yield components of upland brown rice. The experiment was conducted in a plastic housing from February to May 2016. The experiment design was a Randomized Block Design (RBD) with 2 factors, namely: P fertilizers i.e; without P fertilizer (d1), 100 kg SP36/ hectare (d2), and 200 kg SP36/ hectare (d3). The other factor is strain with 8 levels, i.e: AMP-G1, AMP-G2, M-G3, AMP-G4, M-G5, M-G6, M-G7 dan M-G8.  Results show that: (1) Low dosage of P fertilizer  SP36 100 kg / ha gave the weight of grain containing (15,23 g / pot) and 100 grain weight (3.03 g / 100 egg) higher than SP36 fertilizer 200 kg / ha. (2) Different strains give different yield components of brown rice, which grain weight contains per clump and weight of the highest 100 grains on M-G7 strain (18.55 g / pot and 3.20 g / 100 grain). (3) The response between the upland brown rice varies with the provision of various doses of SP36 fertilizer, which is the highest yield of low fertilizer dosage ie SP36 100 kg / ha fertilizer is AMP-G1, M-G6 and M- G7 for grain weight contains and M-G6, M-G7 and M-G9 strains for weight of 100 grains of grain. 
PENINGKATAN “ESTABLISHMENT RATE” TANAMAN KEDELAI DAN KACANG HIJAU DENGAN APLIKASI BEBERAPA BAHAN PEMBENAH TANAH PADA BEDENG DI LAHAN VERTISOL TADAH HUJAN LOMBOK SELATAN Wangiyana, Wayan; M. Kusnarta, I.G.; Farida, Nihla; Zairin, M.
CROP AGRO, Jurnal Ilmiah Budidaya Pertanian Vol 5 No 1 (2012): Jurnal Crop Agro
Publisher : Department of Agronomy Faculty of Agriculture University of Mataram

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh aplikasi bahan pembenah tanah pada bedeng di lahan vertisol Lombok Selatan terhadap pertumbuhan (crop establishment) dan hasil biji tanaman kedelai yang ditanam pada MK1 dan tanaman kacang hijau pada MK2 yang ditugal langsung setelah panen kedelai MK1. Percobaan dilaksanakan di lahan sawah tadah hujan milik petani di desa Mujur (Lombok Tengah), dari bulan Juni sampai dengan Nopember 2011, yang ditata menurut Rancangan Acak Kelompok, dengan 3 blok dan 6 perlakuan, yaitu tanpa bahan pembenah tanah (P0), aplikasi bahan pembenah tanah berupa pasir (P1), pupuk kandang (pukan) sapi (P2), Bokashi (P3), pasir + pukan (P4), dan pasir + Bokashi (P5). Analisis data dilakukan dengan ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) menggunakan teknik kontras-ortogonal pada taraf nyata 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aplikasi bahan pembenah tanah pada bedeng permanen di lahan vertisol tadah hujan Lombok Selatan secara nyata meningkatkan establishment rate dan hasil biji tanaman kedelai dan kacang hijau. Bahkan hanya dengan aplikasi pasir (P1), yang dicampur dengan lapisan atas tanah pada bedeng, dapat dicapai crop establishment dan hasil biji yang lebih tinggi, dengan rata-rata hasil 1,9 ton/ha biji kedelai dan 1,96 ton/ha biji kacang hijau, jika dibandingkan dengan bedeng tanpa bahan pembenah tanah (P0), dengan rata-rata hasil 1,1 ton/ha biji kedelai dan 0,29 ton/ha biji kacang hijau, padahal secara jangka panjang, pasir tidak akan hilang karena tidak diserap oleh tanaman. Hasil tertinggi diperoleh pada perlakuan aplikasi pasir dan Bokashi (P5), dengan rata-rata hasil 2,5 ton/ha biji kedelai dan 3,43 ton/ha biji kacang hijau. ABSTRACT The study aimed to examine the effect of application of soil amendment materials on raised-beds of Southern Lombok vertisol land on growth (crop establishment) and seed yield of soybean plants grown in MK1 (dry season 1) and MK2 mungbean plants direct dibbled immediately after harvest of the MK1 soybean. The experiment was conducted on a rainfed ricefield owned by a farmer in the Mujur village (Central Lombok), from June to November 2011, which was designed according to the Randomized Complete Block Design, with 3 blocks and 6 treatments, i.e. without soil amendment (P0), the application of sand (P1), cattle manure (P2), Bokashi (P3), sand + manure (P4), and sand + Bokashi (P5). Data were analyzed using ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) based on the contrast-orthogonal technique at 5% level of significance. The results indicated that application of soil amendment materials on the raised-beds, in the southern Lombok rainfed vertisol land, significantly increased the establishment rate and seed yield of soybean in MK1 (dry season 1) and mungbean in MK2 (dry season 2), which was direct dibbled immediately after harvest of the MK1 soybean. Even with the application of sand only, by mixing it with the top soil layer of the raised-beds, better crop establishment and higher seed yields were achieved, with an average of 1.9 ton/ha soybean seeds and 1.96 ton/ha mungbean seeds, compared with an average of only 1.1 ton/ha soybean seeds and 0.29 ton/ha mungbean seeds obtained from the plots without application of amendment materials, while in fact in the long term, the sand will not be disappear because it is not absorbed by plants. The highest yield was obtained from the plot with application of both sand and Bokashi (P5), with an average of 2.5 ton/ha soybean seeds and 3.43 ton/ha mungbean seeds.
PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL TANAMAN PADI (Oryza sativa L.) DI MEDIA VERTISOL DAN ENTISOL PADA BERBAGAI TEKNIK PENGATURAN AIR DAN JENIS PUPUK *1, Cepy; Wangiyana, Wayan
CROP AGRO, Jurnal Ilmiah Budidaya Pertanian Vol 4 No 2 (2011): Jurnal Crop Agro Pertanian
Publisher : Department of Agronomy Faculty of Agriculture University of Mataram

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Abstract

  Penelitian ditujukan untuk menentukan apakah aplikasi pupuk organik berupa Bokashi pupuk kandang sapi pada teknik budidaya padi hemat air (Gogo rancah dan SRI) memberikan dampak positif terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman padi (Oryza sativa L.) varietas Ciherang pada dua jenis tanah, dibandingkan dengan teknik budidaya padi secara konvensional. Dari hasil percobaan pot dalam rumah kaca Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Mataram, dapat disimpulkan bahwa pertumbuhan tanaman padi tidak berbeda nyata antara aplikasi pupuk organik (30 t/ha) dan pupuk anorganik, tetapi komponen hasil (jumlah anakan produktif, jumlah gabah berisi, berat 100 gabah dan hasil gabah kering panen) masih lebih tinggi pada pemupukan anorganik. Demikian pula pengaruh teknik pengaturan air, teknik penggenangan secara konvensional memberikan hasil gabah tertinggi dibandingkan dengan Gogo rancah dan SRI. Namun demikian, ada interaksi antara teknik pengaturan air dan jenis tanah, di mana di tanah entisol, jumlah anakan produktif sedikit lebih tinggi pada sistem Gogo rancah daripada konvensional. Jika dikaitkan dengan jenis pupuk, pada teknik konvensional di tanah entisol, hasil gabah tidak berbeda nyata antara aplikasi pupuk organik dan anorganik. Karena sifat “slow release” pupuk organik, perlu dilakukan penelitian jangka panjang dalam usaha transformasi dari sistem anorganik menjadi organik, terutama pada teknik budidaya padi hemat air (Gogo rancah dan SRI).   ABSTRACT   This research was aimed to examine if application of organic fertilizer in the form of EM-4 fermented cattle manure (Bokashi) on water thrifty techniques of growing rice (“Gogo rancah” and SRI) gives positive impacts on growth and yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) var. Ciherang on two types of soil, compared with the conventional technique. Based on the results obtained from a pot experiment conducted in the glasshouse of the Faculty of Agriculture, Mataram University, it was concluded that growth or rice plants was not significantly different between application of organic (30 t/ha) and inorganic fertilizers, but its yield components (number of productive tillers, filled grains, weight of 100 seeds, and grain yield) were still higher on inorganic fertilization. So did the effect of water management technique, in which the conventional (flooding) technique resulted in the highest grain yield compared with “Gogo rancah” and SRI techniques. However, there were interaction effects between water management technique and soil type, in which number of productive tillers was slightly higher on “Gogo rancah” than the conventional technique. When related to fertilizer types, in the conventional technique, grain yield was not significantly different between organic and inorganic fertilization on entisol. Due to the “slow release” nature of organic fertilizer, a more long-term research needs to be conducted in an effort to convert from inorganic to organic system, especially on water thrifty techniques of growing rice (“Gogo rancah” and SRI).
RESPON BEBERAPA VARIETAS JAGUNG PADA JARAK TANAM BERBEDA TERHADAP PENYISIPAN BEBERAPA BARIS KACANG TANAH WANGIYANA, Wayan; Gunartha, I Gde Ekaputra; Farida, Nihla
CROP AGRO, Jurnal Ilmiah Budidaya Pertanian Vol 11 No 2 (2018): Jurnal cropagro juli 2018
Publisher : Department of Agronomy Faculty of Agriculture University of Mataram and Indonesian Society of Agronomy Branch NTB

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh penyisipan beberapa baris tanaman kacang tanah varietas Hypoma-1 di antara barisan jagung yang ditanam pada jarak tanam berbeda terhadap pertumbuhan dan komponen hasil beberapa varietas jagung. Percobaan dilaksanakan di kebun percobaan Fakultas Pertanian di Narmada, dari bulan Juni s/d Oktober 2017, yang ditata menurut rancangan Split Split Plot dengan 3 faktor perlakuan, yaitu tumpangsari (T) aditif dengan tanaman kacang tanah sebagai faktor petak utama, dengan 4 aras perlakuan (T0= jagung monokrop; T1, T2, T3= penyisipan 1, 2 atau 3 baris kacang tanah); varietas jagung (V) sebagai faktor anak petak, dengan 3 varietas (V1= jagung ketan lokal Bima, V2= populasi C2; V3= varietas hibrida Bisi-816); dan jarak tanam (J) jagung antar baris sebagai anak anak-petak, dengan 3 aras perlakuan (60, 75 atau 90 cm), sehingga terdapat 36 kombinasi perlakuan yang masing-masing dibuat dalam 3 blok (ulangan). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh interaksi tiga faktor terhadap bobot tongkol per ha dan variabel pengamatan lainnya, kecuali tinggi tanaman dan lingkar batang saat panen sampel tanaman pada akhir fase pengisian biji, sedangkan interaksi dua faktor hanya signifikan terhadap jumlah daun per ha, yaitu antara varietas jagung dan jarak tanam. Masing-masing faktor perlakuan secara mandiri (main effect) juga berpengaruh terhadap komponen hasil tanaman jagung. Peningkatan jumlah baris tanaman kacang tanah yang ditanam-sisip di antara barisan jagung mampu meningkatkan bobot tongkol per ha dibandingkan dengan tanpa penyisipan tanaman kacang tanah. Jarak tanam juga berpengaruh terhadap semua variabel pengamatan, terutama komponen hasil; secara per individu tanaman, bobot tongkol tertinggi pada jarak tanam 90x20 cm sedangkan bobot tongkol per ha tertinggi pada jarak tanam tersempit (60x20 cm), yang berarti bahwa peningkatan kerapatan tanaman masih bisa dilakukan dalam upaya meningkatkan produktivitas tanaman jagung terutama yang disisipi tanaman kacang tanah, yaitu varietas Hypoma-1.
Pengaruh Inokulasi Mikoriza terhadap Komponen Hasil Padi Sistem Pengairan Aerobik yang Ditumpangsarikan dengan Kacang Hijau Wangiyana, Wayan; Aryana, I Gusti Putu Muliarta; Gunartha, I Gde Ekaputra; Dulur, Ni Wayan Dwiani
agriTECH Vol 38, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.29062

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This study was aimed to examine effect of inoculation with Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) and intercropping with several mungbean varieties on yield components of red rice grown under aerobic irrigation technique. The experiment was carried out in a pot in the plastic house from June to September 2017. The experiment was designed using Completely Randomized Design with two treatment factors arranged factorially, i.e. AMF inoculation (M0= without, or M1= with AMF inoculation) and mungbean varieties (V) grown together with red rice plant (V1= Kenari, V2= Vima-1, V3= Vima-3, V4= Merak, and V5= No. 129 ). Each treatment combination was made in triplicate. The results indicated that inoculation had a significant effect in increasing filled panicle number, number of filled grains, and dry grain yield per pot, while decreasing percentage number of unfilled grains. For the rice plants incoluated with AMF, intercropping with mungbean of Kenari and Merak varieties produced similar or higher number of filled panicles compared to those without intercropping. In contrast, for the rice plant without inoculation with AMF, intercropping resulted in lower amount of filled panicles than those without intercropping.
Distribusi Enzim Nitrat Reduktase pada Cabai Merah (Capsicum annum) dalam Rangka Mendukung Sistem Agroforestry Berkelanjutan Wangiyana, I Gde Adi Suryawan; Wangiyana, Wayan
Rona Teknik Pertanian Vol 11, No 2 (2018): Volume 11, No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/rtp.v11i2.12061

Abstract

Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui distribusi enzim nitrat reduktase pada tanaman cabai merah (C. annum) yang dipengaruhi oleh berbagai faktor fisiologis. Percobaan ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan banyak faktor diantaranya: Faktor organ tanaman, umur tanaman, posisi daun dan pemupukan dengan nitrat. Berbagai organ tanaman cabai direndam dalam buffer fosfat pH 7,5 selama 20 menit. Setelah itu dilakukan penambahan susbtrat berupa 0,1M NaNO3 dan diinkubasi selama 60 menit. Sampel selanjutnya direndam dalam larutan Napthylediamine dan Sulfanilamide 1:1. Absorbansi sampel diukur dengan spektrofotometer pada panjang gelombang 540nm. Berdasarkan pengukuran absorbansi diperoleh hasil bahwa tanaman cabai usia dewasa memiliki aktivitas nitrat reduktse lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan usia muda dan tua. Aktivitas nitrat reduktase pada organ daun lebih tinggi dibandingkan organ akar, batang dan buah. Sementara itu daun pada posisi pucuk memiliki aktivitas nitrat reduktase lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan daun di posisi pangkal dan tengah. Pemupukan nitrat tidak memberikan pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap aktivitas nitrat reduktse pada tanaman cabai. Berdasarkan hal tersebut, dapat disimpulkan bahwa Capsicum annum usia dewasa memiliki aktivitas nitrat reduktase tertinggi dengan kecenderungan organ daun memiliki aktivitas nitrat reduktase terbesar dibandingkan organ lainnya terutama daun pada posisi pucuk. Penambahan susbtrat NaNO3 tidak memberikan pengaruh secara signifikan terhadap aktivitas nitrat reduktase. Distribution of Nitrate Reductase Enzymes in Red Chili (Capsicum annum) in Order to Support Sustainable Agroforestry Systems Abstract. This study aims to determine the distribution of the enzyme nitrate reductase in red chili plants (C. annum) which are influenced by various physiological factors. This experiment uses a completely randomized design with many factors including: Plant organ factors, plant age, leaf position and fertilization with nitrates. Various organs of chili plants are immersed in phosphate buffer pH 7.5 for 20 minutes. After that the addition of susbtrat in the form of 0.1 M NaNO3 and incubated for 60 minutes. The samples were then immersed in Napthylediamine and Sulfanilamide 1: 1 solutions. Sample absorbance was measured by a spectrophotometer at a wavelength of 540 nm. Based on absorbance measurements, the results showed that adult chili plants had higher nitrate reductase activity compared to young and old age. The activity of nitrate reductase in leaf organs is higher than that of root, stem and fruit organs. Meanwhile the leaves in the shoot position have higher nitrate reductase activity compared to the leaves in the base and middle positions. Nitrate fertilization did not have a significant effect on nitrate reductase activity in chili plants. Based on this, it can be concluded that the adult age Capsicum annum has the highest nitrate reductase activity with the tendency of leaf organs to have the greatest nitrate reductase activity compared to other organs, especially leaves in the shoot position. The addition of NaClO3 does not significantly influence the activity of nitrate reductase.
Respon Pola Tanam Jagung-Sorgum Terhadap Beberapa Paket Pemupukan Berbasis Mikoriza Indigenus Dan Bahan Organik Di Lahan Kering Lombok Utara Astiko, Wahyu; Wangiyana, Wayan
JURNAL SAINS TEKNOLOGI & LINGKUNGAN Vol 4, No 2 (2018): JURNAL SAINS TEKNOLOGI & LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (691.19 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jstl.v4i2.95

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This study aims to determine the response of corn-sorghum cropping patterns on several environmentally friendly fertilization packages that can improve the quality of soil fertility streamline the use of inorganic fertilizers and improve crop yields on dry land. This research was conducted at Akar-Akar Village, Bayan District, North Lombok. The experimental design used was a Randomized Block Design, by testing five environmentally friendly fertilization packages on the corn-sorghum cropping pattern and repeated 4 times. The results showed that the response of maize-sorghum cropping patterns to the fertilizing package 60% lower than the recommended fertilizer dosage with the addition of 12 tons of manure per ha accompanied by mycorrhizal inoculation increasing soil fertility shown by increasing nutrient status of N, P, K and ingredients soil organic matter, increasing plant nutrient uptake (N, P, K and Ca), growth, crop yields and MA activity in the soil.