Tutik Dwi Wahyuningsih
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281

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Identification of Pediococcus Strains Isolated from Feces of Indonesian Infants With in vitro Capability to Consume Prebiotic Inulin and to Adhere on Mucus ., Widodo; Anindita, Nosa Septiana; Taufiq, Tiyas Tono; Wahyuningsih, Tutik Dwi
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 17, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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The aim of this experiment was to identify isolates obtained from feces of Indonesian infants and to evaluate their capability as probiotics. Identification of isolates was carried out based on morphology, physiology and biochemical identifications, and molecular identification based on 16S rRNA sequence. Morphological and physiological identification was carried out based on Gram staining, shape, motility, spore formation and catalase production. Biochemical identifications based on production of CO2 and NH3 from glucose, the ability to grow on different temperature (10 and 45°C) and pH (4.4 and 9.6), and different salt concentration (6.5 and 18%). Probiotics capability of isolates was assayed on the ability to grow on low pH (pH 2.0), on different bile salts concentration (0.3; 0.5; 1.0 and 1.5%), the capacity to grow on media with inulin as the only carbon source, and in vitro adhesion ability on porcine mucin. Morphological, physiological and biochemical identification suggest that all of isolates belong to lactic acid bacteria. Further molecular identification of five isolates showedthat isolates AA, BE and BK were strains of Pediococcus acidilactici (similarity 99%), while isolate AP and AG were strains of Lactobacillus casei (similarity 99-100%). Probiotic assays showed that more than 80% of cells of Pediococcus acidilactici isolates AA, BE and BK were viable after grown on pH 2.0 for 90 min, and around 80% of cells from the same isolates were survived on media supplemented with bile salt 1.5% for 2 h. All of isolates had high adhesion capacity as seen by more than 75% of cells attached on pig gastric mucin. Investigationof isolates to grow on inulin showed Pediococcus acidilactici isolate BE was able to consume inulin as the only carbon source. It is concluded that Pediococcus acidilactici isolate BE was a candidate probiotics and subject to further in vivo evaluation using animal models to examine their beneficial health effects.Key word : Pediococcus acidilactici, Lactobacillus casei, human origin and probiotics.
Metilasi Asam Galat Menggunakan Agen Metilasi Dimetil Sulfat (DMS) atau Dimetil Karbonat (DMC) Yulinda, Lolita Ramya; Wahyuningsih, Tutik Dwi; Pranowo, Harno Dwi
Berkala Ilmiah MIPA Vol 23, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : FMIPA UGM

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Methylation of gallic acid has been conducted by the use of dimethyl sulfate (DMS) or dimethyl carbonate (DMC)  as methylating agents. Methylation of gallic acid using DMS was carried out by various methods, i.e. mild condition at ambient temperature, reflux and sonication. The best method was achieved by methylation under reflux yielded 48.9% efficiency of 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic acid.            Methylation of gallic acid with DMC was performed with several variations on the type and amount of base and phase transfer catalyst (PTC). In addition, green methods sonochemistry and microwave irradiation have also been done. Unfortunately, the methylation of gallic acid failed to give 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic acid. Methylation of gallic acid using green reagent DMC gave high yield at mole ratio of gallic acid : DMC : K2CO3 : KI : PTC of tetrabuthyl ammonium bromide (TBAB) = 5 : 320 : 20 : 5 : 8 under reflux for 10 hours and produced 75.96% of methyl 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoate. Atom economy of gallic acid methylation method using DMC is 37.95%, which is not very different from that of DMS method (30.47%). However, the methylation method using DMC produced by products, which  have the lower toxicity compared to that of methylation using DMS.
Synthesis of Chalcones Substituted with Nitro and Hydroxyl Group in Alkaline Medium Fauziah, Lina; Wahyuningsih, Tutik Dwi
Eksakta: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu MIPA VOLUME 16, ISSUE 2, August 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Telah dilakukan sintesis turunan senyawa kalkon tersubstitusi gugus nitro dan hidroksi melalui reaksi kondensasi Claisen Schmidt. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mensintesis senyawa kalkon yang tersubstitusi gugus hirdoksi dan nitro dalam medium basa, dan mempelajari pengaruh gugus tersebut dalam reaksi kondendasi. Kalkon 1 disintesis dari 4-nitroasetofenon dan vanilin menggunakan katalis NaOH 60% (b/v dalam akuades) melalui pengadukan selama 24 jam. Kalkon 2 didapatkan dari reaksi antara 4-nitroasetofenon dan veratraldehida dengan katalis NaOH 15% selama 4 jam, sedangkan kalkon 3 disintesis dari 4-nitroasetofenon dan 6-nitroveratraldehida dalam 5% NaOH 10 tetes. Produk hasil sintesis dikarakterisasi dengan FTIR, GC-MS dan 1H-NMR.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa senyawa kalkon telah berhasil disintesis dengan rendemen berturut-turut sebesar 16,80; 75,83; dan 44,11 % dalam medium basa. Dari penelitian ini, dapat disimpulkan bahwa adanya gugus hidroksi dari sumber aldehida aromatik pada kalkon 1 menghambat terjadinya reaksi, sedangkan gugus nitro yang terikat pada aldehida aromatik menjadi kendala pada reaksi kalkon 3 karena sifatnya yang sensitif terhadap cahaya.
Identification of Pediococcus Strains Isolated from Feces of Indonesian Infants With in vitro Capability to Consume Prebiotic Inulin and to Adhere on Mucus Widodo, W.; Anindita, Nosa Septiana; Taufiq, Tiyas Tono; Wahyuningsih, Tutik Dwi
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 17, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The aim of this experiment was to identify isolates obtained from feces of Indonesian infants and to evaluate their capability as probiotics. Identification of isolates was carried out based on morphology, physiology and biochemical identifications, and molecular identification based on 16S rRNA sequence. Morphological and physiological identification was carried out based on Gram staining, shape, motility, spore formation and catalase production. Biochemical identifications based on production of CO2 and NH3 from glucose, the ability to grow on different temperature (10 and 45°C) and pH (4.4 and 9.6), and different salt concentration (6.5 and 18%). Probiotics capability of isolates was assayed on the ability to grow on low pH (pH 2.0), on different bile salts concentration (0.3; 0.5; 1.0 and 1.5%), the capacity to grow on media with inulin as the only carbon source, and in vitro adhesion ability on porcine mucin. Morphological, physiological and biochemical identification suggest that all of isolates belong to lactic acid bacteria. Further molecular identification of five isolates showedthat isolates AA, BE and BK were strains of Pediococcus acidilactici (similarity 99%), while isolate AP and AG were strains of Lactobacillus casei (similarity 99-100%). Probiotic assays showed that more than 80% of cells of Pediococcus acidilactici isolates AA, BE and BK were viable after grown on pH 2.0 for 90 min, and around 80% of cells from the same isolates were survived on media supplemented with bile salt 1.5% for 2 h. All of isolates had high adhesion capacity as seen by more than 75% of cells attached on pig gastric mucin. Investigationof isolates to grow on inulin showed Pediococcus acidilactici isolate BE was able to consume inulin as the only carbon source. It is concluded that Pediococcus acidilactici isolate BE was a candidate probiotics and subject to further in vivo evaluation using animal models to examine their beneficial health effects.Key word : Pediococcus acidilactici, Lactobacillus casei, human origin and probiotics.
Method Development for the Analysis of Pharmaceuticals with Acethylcholinesterase Activity in Water Using HPLC-DAD and Solid Phase Extraction Wardhana, Samuel Budi; Kolb, Marit; Bahadir, Müfit; Purwono, Bambang; Wahyuningsih, Tutik Dwi
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 14, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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An SPE followed by HPLC-DAD method with ion pair chromatography technique to analyze pharmaceuticals with acethylcholinesterase activity including pyridostigmine (PYR), galathamine (GAL), neostigmine (NEO), eserine (ESE), and donepezil (DON) in water samples was developed. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors have been used to treat less severe dementias such as Alzheimer’s disease. Chromatographic separation was achieved using reversed-phase SymmetryShield column using gradient system with mobile phase consisting of H2O/ACN (99:1, v/v) as mobile phase A with 10 mM sodium 1-hexanesulfonate and 0.1% acetic acid (HAc). The HPLC/DAD method was linear between concentrations of 5 to 100 ng/μL. The IDL and IQL ranged from 0.50 to 1.25 ng/μL and 1.5 to 3.0 ng/μL, respectively. SPE was used to extract and clean up the target substances in spiked pure water, tap water, and wastewater samples. The application of extraction method of 5 target substances in wastewater sample was divided into 2 parts: Oasis WCX (6 mL, 500 mg) for PYR and Oasis HLB (6 mL, 200 mg) for GAL, NEO, ESE and DON. The developed SPE and HPLC/DAD method is applicable for quantification of the 5 target substances in water samples in a concentration range > 50 µg/L and assumable lower for DON (> 25 µg/L).
SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF 7-HYDROXY-3,4-DIMETHOXYFLAVONE Susanti VH, Elfi; Matsjeh, Sabirin; Wahyuningsih, Tutik Dwi; Mustofa, Mustofa; Redjeki, Tri
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 12, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Synthesis of flavones and their derivatives has attracted considerable attention due to their significant pharmaceutical effects. 7-hydroxy-3,4-dimethoxyflavone has been synthesized and its antioxidant activity has been investigated. Flavone was synthesized by oxidative cyclization of chalcone. 2,4-dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxychalcone was prepared by Claisen-Schmidt condensation of 2,4-dihydroxyacetophenones with 3,4-dimethoxybenzaldehydes in the presence of aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide and ethanol at room temperature. Oxidative cyclization of 2,4-dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxychalcone was done by using I2 catalyst in DMSO to form 7-hydroxy-3,4-dimethoxyflavone. The synthesized compounds were characterized by means of their UV-Vis, IR, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectral data. The compound was tested for their antioxidant activities by DPPH method.
SYNTHESIS OF 4-(3,4-DIMETOXY-PHENYL)-3-BUTENE-2-ON AND ACTIVITY IT’S TEST AS A FRUIT FLIES ATRACTANT Pranowo, Deni; Suputa, Suputa; Wahyuningsih, Tutik Dwi
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 6, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-buten-2-on has been synthesized from veratraldehyde and acetone via aldol condensation. The reaction was performed at room temperature under basic condition for 24 hours to give brown solid of product (m.p 64-6 5oC) in 73.7% yield. Veratraldehyde itself was produced from alkylation of vanillin by the use of dimethylsulfate. The structure of the products was analyzed by FTIR, 1H NMR and GC-MS. Activity test of 4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-buten-2-on as an attractant was carried out in Sleman, Bantul and Kulon Progo with methyl eugenol as a reference. The result showed that 4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-buten-2-on was inactive compound as a fruit flies attractant and some of fruit flies, i.e. Bactrocera papayae, B. carambolae, B. umbrosa and B. abdolonginqua was found on the test area.   Keywords: 4-(3,4-dimetoxy-phenyl)-3-butene-2-on, Bactrocera spp., attractant
THE ADSORPTION OF Pb(II) AND Cr(III) BY POLYPROPYLCALIX[4]ARENE POLYMER Utomo, Suryadi Budi; Jumina, Jumina; Wahyuningsih, Tutik Dwi
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 9, No 3 (2009)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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A research has been conducted to investigate the adsorption behavior of Pb(II) and Cr(III) onto polypropylcalix[4]arene polymer. The polypropylcalix[4]arene polymer was synthesized in the presence of H2SO4 catalyst and chloroform under N2 condition for 5 h using 25-allyloxy-26,27,28-trihydroxycalyx[4]arene as the precursor. The Polymer was obtained as yellow crystal with melting point of  288-290 °C and its relative molecular weight was 44.810 g.mol-1. The application of polypropylcalix[4]arene for trapping heavy metal cations and its adsorption model were examined by stirring the suspension of the calixarene in the sample solutions for various pH, time, and concentration of Pb(II) and Cr(III) solution. Effect of pH on batch experiments for the mentioned ions indicated that the optimum pH for metal binding were 5 for lead(II) and chromium(III). The adsorption model of metal ions on polypropylcalix[4]arene followed both the pseudo second order adsorption of Hos and Langmuir isotherm adsorption kinetics models with rate constant (k) were 6.81 x 101 min-1 for Pb(II) and 2.64 x 10-2 min-1 for Cr(III). The adsorption equilibrium constant, K, were 5.84 x 105 L.mol-1 for Pb(II) and 4.66 x 105 L.mol-1 for Cr(III). The maximum adsorption capacity of polypropylcalix[4]arene to Pb(II) and Cr(III) were 16.31 and 18.14 mg.g-1 with adsorption energy of 32.90 and 32.34 kJ.mol-1, respectively.   Keywords: polypropylcalix[4]arene, adsorption, Pb(II), and Cr(III)
SYNTHESIS OF 3,4-DIMETHOXY ISOAMYL CINNAMIC AS THE SUNSCREEN COMPOUND FROM CLOVE OIL AND FUSEL OIL Wahyuningsih, Tutik Dwi; Raharjo, Tri Joko; Tahir, Iqmal
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 2, No 1 (2002)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Synthesis of sunscreen compound 3,4-dimethoxy isoamyl cinnamic from clove oil and fusel oil has been done. The majoring component of clove oil that is eugenol has been isolated, followed with several chemical processes i.e. isomerization into isoeugenol, oxidation of the product to change into vanillin, then modification vanillin into veratraldehyde. From the fusel oil, we isolate isoamyl alcohol and modified by acetylation into isoamyl acetic. The final product could be produce by Claissens condensation of isoamyl acetic and veratraldehyde to give 3,4-dimethoxy isoamyl cinnamic. All of the processes are followed with structure characterization using GC, IR, GC-MS and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. The result shown that compound has 46.98% purity and potent as the UV-B sunscreens type (lmax = 313 nm). In-vitro sunscreens activity of the compound was tested by UV-Vis spectrophotometry and resulting a maximum Sun Protection Factor value (SPFin-vitro) at low concentration, 10.25 mg/mL.   Keywords: UV absorber, sunscreen, clove oil, cinnamic esther.
Synthesis of 1,4-Dioxaspiro[4.4] and 1,4-Dioxaspiro[4.5] Novel Compounds from Oleic Acid as Potential Biolubricant Kurniawan, Yehezkiel Steven; Ramanda, Yudha; Thomas, Kevin; Hendra, Hendra; Wahyuningsih, Tutik Dwi
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 17, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Two 1,4-dioxaspiro novel compounds which derivated from methyl 9,10-dihydroxyoctadecanoate (MDHO) with cyclopentanone and cyclohexanone had been synthesized by a sonochemical method in the presence of montmorillonite KSF catalyst. The MDHO compound had been prepared from 9,10-dihydroxyoctadecanoic acid (DHOA) and methanol. Meanwhile, DHOA was synthesized by hydroxylation of oleic acid with the solution of 1% KMnO4 under basic condition. The structures of the products were confirmed by FTIR, GC-MS, 1H-NMR, and 13C-NMR spectrometers. Hydroxylation reaction of oleic acid gave DHOA as a white solid powder in 46.52% yield (m.p. 131-132 °C). On the other side, esterification reaction via sonochemical method between DHOA and methanol gave MDHO as a white powder in 93.80% yield (m.p. 80-81 °C). The use of cyclopentanone in 45 min sonochemical method gave methyl 8-(3-octyl-1,4-dioxaspiro[4.4]nonan-2-yl)octanoate as a yellow viscous liquid in 50.51% yield. The other compound, methyl 8-(3-octyl-1,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decan-2-yl)octanoate as yellow viscous liquid had been synthesized by similar method with cyclohexanone via the sonochemical method in 45.12% yield. From physicochemical properties, i.e. density, total acid number, total base number, and iodine value, gave the conclusion that these novel compounds are potential biolubricant candidates to be developed.