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Journal : Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan

PEMANFAATAN AKTIVITAS ANTIMIKROBA SAPONIN DAUN PEPAYA PADA KEMASAN KELOBOT JAGUNG Wahyuningsih, Sri; Suyatma, Nugraha E.; Kusumaningrum, Harsi D.
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol 27, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (230.903 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2016.27.1.68

Abstract

This study aimed to utilize saponins from papaya leaves as antifungal on maize husk packaging. Crude and semi-pure saponins were extracted from papaya leaves using Soxhlet and Ultrasonic-Assisted Extraction (UAE) methods. The total saponin contents were determined using UV-Vis spectrophotometry. Their ability to inhibit Aspergillus niger was tested by macrodillution method. The extracts were also applied to maize husk by soaking it for 5 minutes at concentration of 10, 20 and 25 mg/mL. The parameters observed were physical and mechanical properties (tensile strength and elongation), water vapor transmission rate (WVTR), total plate count (TPC) and mold and yeast counts (MYC) after 25 days of storage at room temperature (±28ºC). Drying of young papaya leaves using cabinet dryer resulted in the highest yield of crude saponin (12.96 ± 0.26%). Total saponin content in crude saponin extract was 115.43 mg/g, while in semi-pure saponin extract was 480.19 mg/g. Crude saponin and semi-pure saponin extract at concentration of 25 mg/mL could inhibit the growth of A. niger for 1.35 and 0.36 log CFU/mL, respectively after 24 hours. The WVTR test indicated that treatment with a concentration of 25 mg/mL of crude saponin extracts showed the lowest transmission. The addition of crude saponin and semi-pure saponin extract to the maize husk at the concentration of 10, 20 and 25 mg/mL was able to inhibit the microbial growth, represented by constant number in TPC and MYC for 25 days storage. This study showed that crude saponin and semi-pure saponin extract could improve the functional properties of maize husk as packaging materials.
Co-Authors ', Isjoni . Indarto . Sukrasno Abdullah, Teuku Aceng Komarudin Mutaqin Achmad subhi Gumilar Adyatma, Rengga Agus Supriyadi Agus Yodi Gunawan Ahmad Sofwan Ahmad Yusron, Ahmad Akriono, Muhammad Luqman Amri, Khabib Saiful Andries Lionardo, Andries Ani Rusilowati Anis Khiyaroh, Anis Arca Datam Sugiarto, Arca Datam Arif Budi Satrio Ash Shiddiq, Dimas Ghufron Ash-Shiddiq, Dimas Ghufron Askin, Askin Askin, Askin Asrul Sani Astuti, Desi Widi Aulanni’am a Aziza, Siti Nur Bambang Herry Purnomo, Bambang Herry Budi Prayitno BUDI SETIADI DARYONO Cahyono Purbomartono DAHRI, IRSYAD Dani, Andrea Tri Rian Denny Irbianto Devi, Mike Indriana Dinda, Susanne Dini Siswani Mulia Djumadi Djumadi Edijatno Edijatno Eka Dewi Nurjayanti Eka Haryani, Eka Eko Prasetyo Eko Pudjadi, Eko Elida Novita Endah Subekti Endang Semiarti Erly Anna Rosita Ernawiati, Eti Ervi Rachma Dewi, Ervi Rachma Eva Dolorosa F. Parasmawati Fauziah, Normalita Feti Fatimatuzzahroh, Feti Firman Fuad Wirakusumah Fitri, Susi Gofar Ismail Hafidz, Moh. salman A. Hamid Ahmad Hardiyanto Hardiyanto Hari Wijayanto Harsi D. Kusumaningrum Heri Nugroho Hermawan, Agnesa Arunggi Gaumanda Hery Maryanto, Hery Humayro, Aisyah Husaini . Husin, Farid I Wayan Suteja Idah Andriyani Ikhwanudin Ikhwanudin Imami, Rizky Fathonah Imelda Imelda Indarto - Indarto Indarto Indriani . Ishak Abdulhak Ismiyatun Ismiyatun Istanto Istanto Istianah Istianah Jang, Soenghoe JB. Suparyatmo Suparyatmo, JB. Suparyatmo Jenny Ratna Suminar Joko Suryanto Joko Tri Sujiwo Kamaruddin Oemar, Kamaruddin Karim, Muhamad Derajat Karunia, Nurlita Endah Karunia, Nurlita Endah Khairunnissa, Aulia Khoiriyah, Naila Ulfa Komalasari, Gantina Lalu A. Zaenuri Larasati, Ratri Mauluti Latipah, Latipah Lawrie, Muhammad Dylan Lepong, Piter Lepong, Piter lina marlina, lina LUKMAN ILHAM, LUKMAN Lutfi Aris Sasongko M Nur Ihsan Mahfut Mahfut, Mahfut Mahraenanto, Bambang Malihatin Munawaroh, Malihatin Martha Lulus Lande, Martha Lulus Masyhudi, Lalu Mateus Sakundarno Adi, Mateus Sakundarno Moh. Djazari Muhamad Afandi, Muhamad Muhammad Ade Salim Muhammad Sudia Muhardjo Pudjojono, Muhardjo Muslim, Khaerul N, Karina Nadjadji Anwar Nafrida Ulfah, Nafrida Nanang Sugiarto Nanda Arista Rizki Nasir Saleh Nathan Hindarto Nieke Karnaningroem Nina Fitriyati Ningtias, Rahayu Ninik Hasanah, Ninik Nuada, I Wayan Nugraha E. Suyatma, Nugraha E. Nugroho Arifianto Nur Ducha Nur Hidayah, Afifah Nurjazuli Nurjazuli NURTITI SUNUSI Pradana, Hendra Andiananta Pradana, Hendra Andiananta Pramudya Annisa Firdausi Prasetyo, Firza Ersalina Pratiwi Trisunuwati Rahmadiyanti, Ridhani Ramdani, Aulia Ratna P, Kenah Renan Subantoro Rini Rita T. Marpaung Risma Sake, Risma Rita Irma, Rita Rossi Prabowo Rosyid Ridho Royaningsih, Nanik RUBEN DHARMAWAN Saefudin Saefudin Sahat, Afro Aransa Salsabilah, Salsabilah Sasono Wibowo Satrijo Budiwibowo, Satrijo Saud Irsyad, Nasihin Savitri, Intan Maya Setiawan Setiawan Setyono, Bagus Dwi Hari Shinta Arum Wahyuningsih, Shinta Arum Shofia Nur Awami Sitti Raodhah, Sitti Soekarsono Hardjono, Soekarsono Sri Hartini Sri Heny Wahyuningsih, Sri Heny Sri Suparwitri, Sri St. A. Rahayuningsih Stiawan, Agus Sucipto Sucipto Sudaryati ., Sudaryati Suhardjo Widodo Dan, Suhardjo Widodo Suhartono Suhartono Suharyo Hadisaputro sujarwo, Moh Wawan Sukadi, Desi Rahmawati Sukarti Moeljopawiro Suprapti Supardi Suprati Supardi Supriyanto Supriyanto Suryaningtias, Siska Susanne Dida Susiarno, Hadi Sutawanir Darwis Sutiman B. Sumitro Sutrisno sutrisno Suyadi Suyadi Suyitno Suyitno Suyoto Suyoto Syahrul Basri Syaripuddin Syaripuddin Tino Bachtiar, Tino TITIK SUNDARI Tri Jalmo Trinil Susilawati Utami Dyah Syafitri Utami Kurniawati Widiyani', Aniya Yanti Setianti Yudhatama, Tri Galih Yudi Widodo Yuki Novia Nasution, Yuki Novia Yulianto Nugroho Yulianty Yulianty Yulinah S, Elin Yulinah, Ellin Yuwono Yuwono Zulkifli Zulkifli