Articles

Keefektifan penggunaan Dua Jenis Ovitrap untuk Pengambilan Contoh Telur Aedes spp. di Lapangan Wahyuningsih, Nur Endah; Rahardjo, Mursid; Hidayat, Taufik
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2009): September
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (185.786 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.6.2.95

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In the last three decades, there has been a four fold increase of dengue incidence globally. The control of the disease depends heavily on controlling the vector. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an ecological data of vector to identify the population density of the mosquitoes. One method to study the density and presence of the mosquitoes is through the use of ovitrap. The aim of this research is to identify the effect of two different types of ovitraps. One hundred and eighty ovitrap consist of coconut shell and glass ovitrap were placed in three different subdistricts which was selected based on the Incidence Rate of DHF in the district of Purwokerto City. The container indices and eggs density were compared between two types of ovitrap. Research was conducted using experimental quasy and the data were analyzed with the Mann-Whitney test. The total amount of eggs from coconut shell ovitrap were 9328 of eggs were obtain from 51.33 of ovitrap while the total amount of eggs from glass ovitrap only 1858 of eggs were obtain from 29 ovitrap. Statistical test showed significant difference between the amount of eggs of coconut shell higher than the glass. Mosquitoes prefer natural coconut shell ovitrap compared with artificial ovitrap so we recommended that to eradicate the mosquitoes nest, should not only artificial containers but also natural container to be managed in order to control the dengue vector.
Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Gangguan Fungsi Paru Pada Pekerja Pengelasan di Kota Pontianak Deviandhoko, Deviandhoko; Wahyuningsih, Nur Endah; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (133.875 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.11.2.123 - 129

Abstract

Background: Home industry has grown rapidly in recent years in the Pontianak city. One of the exhaust particulatematerial from the welding process. This will be the potential occurrence of exposure to workers. Result from thispreliminary study (15 workers), found that the average work for 8-9 hours per day, taking hours of overtime (40,%)for 4 hours / day, and the symptom for respiratory disorders were cough (60%) and shortness of breath (20%), thisstudy showed that welding work had a risk of pulmonary function disorders for workers. The aim of this study was tomeasure lung function disorders in welding workers and factors influencing it in the Pontianak city.Methode: This research was an observational research using a cross sectional design, with 78 samples of workerwere taken by random sampling. Data of levels welding respirable dust were obtained by measured usingpersonal dust sampler, while lung function data obtained with examine the lung function of workers usingspirometri, and other data obtained by interview. Data analysis performed by univariate and biavariate analysisusing Kendall-tau and chi-square (±=0,05).Result : Study showed respirable dust still below threshold limit value (NAB=3 mg/m3), the highest = 2,791 mg/m3, the lowest = 0,085 mg/m3, mean= 0,83 mg/m3 and SD=0,70, and as many as 59 respondents (75.6%) hadpulmonary function disorders. Statistical test results showed there was significant association between level ofrespirable dust (p-value=0,001), and working hour/day (p-value=0,008, OR=6,321, 95%CI =1,663-24,026with pulmonary function disorders.Conclusion : Levels of respirable dust and duration of exposure is a potential factor of pulmonary functiondisorders in welding workers in the Pontianak city.Key words : respirable dust, capacity of lung function, welding workers, Pontianak.
Hubungan Praktek Personal Hygiene Ibu dan Kondisi Sanitasi Lingkungan Rumah dengan Kejadian Diare pada Balita di Puskesmas Kampung Dalam Kecamatan Pontianak Timur Kamilla, Laila; Suhartono, Suhartono; Wahyuningsih, Nur Endah
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (98.095 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.11.2.138 - 143

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Background : Diarrhea has been one of severe health problems in Indonesia. A survey on household health, SKRT(2004) reported that diarrhea was the second ranked disease that caused death of under five year-old infants, andthe third ranked of the overall ages. In Kalimantan Barat, diarrhea becomes the third most dangerous disease,behind dengue and tuberculosis, to cause fatalities with the Incidence Rate of 10%. Data from the Health Office ofPontianak showed 8,374 diarrhea incidences in six districts. The frequent cases were found in Pontianak TimurRegency with 1,430 incidences. Data obtained from the Kampung Dalam Public Health Center, which is situated inPontianak Timur District, showed the highest rate of diarrhea incidence in the regency with 480 cases with prevalencerate of 33.6% (368 of them suffered by under the five year-old infants).Methode : This research aimed to find out the relationship of maternal personal hygiene and housing environmentalsanitation to diarrhea in under five year-old infants at the Public Health Center of Kampung Dalam. The researchwas performed by cross-sectional design, using 1,125 mothers with 12-59 month-old infants who lived in the servicearea of Kampung Dalam Public Health Center as population, resulting in 89 samples by a proportional randomsampling method. These data were then subject to bivariate Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression test.Result : The overall results showed that the diarrhea incidences were suffered by 50 (56.2%) under five year-oldinfants. Most respondents had poor personal hygienic practices, as the bivariate analysis show the relationshipbetween washing hands with soap before eating (p = 0.002; RP = 1.853), washing hands with soap after going torestroom (p = 0.020; RP = 1.690), and good practices in food management (p = 0.0001; RP = 3.467) on diarrhea.The environmental conditions relating to diarrhea consisted of restroom availability (p = 0.014; RP = 2.72), SPAL(p = 0.025; RP = 4.84), and water quality (p = 0.014; RP = 1.76). However, waste bin condition (p = 0.135) andclean water source (p = 0.627) did not relate to diarrhea. The multivariate variables that became the dominant riskfactor to the diarrhea incidence on the under five year-old infants were food management good practices and healthyrestroom.Conclusion : In conclusion, good practices in food management and healthy restroom gave the diarrhea probabilityof 94%.Keywords : personal hygiene, environmental sanitation, diarrhea
Analisis Cemaran Logam Berat Merkuri pada Air dan Udang di Sungai Mandor Kecamatan Mandor Kabupaten Landak Triana, Linda; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli; Wahyuningsih, Nur Endah
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (337.897 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.11.2.144 - 152

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Background : Mercury used in gold mining activities in the water of Mandor river in Mandor Disrict of LandakRegency may couse environmental pollution in form of the degradation of water quality and pollution to thebiota, one of them was shrimp. The shrimp living in Mandor river was predicted to be polluted with mercury, andif it was consumed, it may cause health disorders for people, especially those living near the river. This researchhad the objectives of finding out the water Hg content and shrimp Hg content in the Mandor river and finding outthe correlation of water Hg content to shrimp Hg content.Methode : This research was an observing research with the cross-sectional design. The sample collection pointswere at five points with 30 water sample and 30 shrimp samples. The used statistical test was the product mommetcorrelation test.Result : The average of water Hg content was as much as 2,15 ppb ang the average shrimp Hg content was as muchas 0,18 mg/kg. From the test result, the differences in water Hg content showed that there were differences of waterHg content in each research location (p value = 0,001); for shrimp Hg content, there were no different of resultsamong research location except in Kunyit Village and Kopiang Village that showed differences. From the resultsof correlation test, it was found that there was a correlation between water Hg content to shrimp Hg content ( pvalue = 0,047; r = 0,366). The regression result showed the regression coefficient value as much as 0,134 (p value= 0,47); the highest the water Hg content in Mandor river, therefore, the shrimp Hg content will also increase, andwater Hg content influenced on the existence of shrimp Hg content as much as 10,3%. The analysis result ofmercury pollution in Mandor River show that the downstream area has a higher Hg content compared to theupstream area, and the shrimp Hg content increases especially in Mandor Village.Keyword : Hg water, Hg shrimp, Mandor River, Landak Regency
Faktor Lingkungan Rumah Dan Praktik Hidup Orang Tua Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Pneumonia Pada Anak Balita Di Kabupaten Kubu Raya Tahun 2011 Dewi Sartika, Mas Henny; Setiani, Onny; Wahyuningsih, Nur Endah
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (99.15 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.11.2.153 - 159

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Background : Pneumonia is one of respiratory tract infections that attacks a below part of a respiratory tract. AHealth Profile of Kubu Raya District in 2010 indicated that there were 545 pneumonia cases in 2009 and 276pneumonia cases in 2010 on children less than five years old. The objective of this research was to analyze therelationship between the factors of house environment and healthy behavior with the occurrence of pneumonia onchildren less than five years old in Kubu Raya District year 2011.Methode : This was observational-analytic research with Cross-Sectional approach. Population of this researchwas all children less than five years old who visited outpatient unit and suffered from pneumonia at HealthCenters in Kubu Raya District from January to August 2011. Number of cases and controls were 124. Data wereanalyzed using Chi-Square and Logistic Regression tests using SPSS 16.Result : The result of this research showed that the variables which had significant relationship with the occurrenceof pneumonia were: type of house roof (p value < 0.001), type of floor (p value < 0.001), index of house ventilation(p value = 0.012), and house density (p value = 0.006), habit of opening a window (p value = 0.001), habit ofwashing hands (p value = 0.004), habit of smoking inside a house (p value < 0.001), and habit of cleaning ahouse (p value < 0.001). As a suggestion, they need to replace their house roofs with metal material, change aconstruction of a house floor with a waterproof material, widen house ventilation, enlarge a room, open a windowfrom morning to afternoon, wash hands, not smoking inside a house, and clean a house.Key Words : House Environment, Healthy Behavior, Pneumonia
Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Malaria Di Wilayah Pertambangan Emas tanpa Izin (PETI) Kecamatan Mandor Kabupaten Landak Propinsi Kalimantan Barat Salim, Maulidiyah; Suhartono, Suhartono; Wahyuningsih, Nur Endah
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (176.032 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.11.2.160 - 165

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Background : Malaria disease is one of many health problems in Indonesia. The National Annual Parasite Incidence (API) in 2009 is 1.85 per 1,000 people with the provincial range of 0.02 – 27.66 per 1.000 people. According to the data of Health Profile in West Kalimantan in 2009, the clinical malaria was 55.987 and positive malaria was 17.885.In Landak County in 2009, the number of clinical malaria was 4.656 and positive malaria was 698.Methode : This research was an observasional reserved with the approact case control. The case was the in habitants malaria in the period January to December 2011 and the control was the in habitants who free from have malaria.The number of the respondents was 132 samples. Data collection was conducted by interviews and environmentalobservation. The statistical analysis used univariate analysis, bivariate analysis, and simple regression multivariate analysis; and the instrument used to calculate the amount of risk was the odd ratio (OR).Result : The factors that were proven to correlate to the cases of malaria disease were the finding of Anopheles sp.larva in the water of lagoon and swamp, the existence of the lagoon (p = 0.037; OR = 2.414; CI 95 95% = 1.118 –5.211), the usage of mesh on the house ventilations (p = 0.034; OR = 5.714; CI 95 95% = 1.201 – 7.192), the habit of using mosquito net (p = 0.004; OR = 5.378; CI 95 95% = 1.700 – 7.014), the habit of using mosquito repellent (p = 0.000; OR = 6.5; CI 95 95% = 2.935 – 4.394), and the habit of going out of the house at night (p = 0.006; OR = 7.849; CI 95 95% = 1.695 – 6.341).From the multivariate analysis by binary logisticregression, the risk factors influencing on the malaria cases were found: the use of mosquito net, the use of mesh on the house ventilations, the use of mosquito repellent, and the habit of going out of the house at night. The most dominant factor was the use of mosquito repellent with p = and CI 95% = 3.048 – 18.033. Based on the analysis results, it can be found that the use of mosquito net, the use of mesh on the house ventilations, the use of mosquito repellent, and the habit of going out of the house at night have the probability of the risk of having malaria is as much as 95.5%.Keywords : endemic area, malaria, risk factors, area of gold mining
Hubungan Paparan Pestisida Pada Masa Kehamilan Dengan Kejadian Berat Badan Bayi Lahir Rendah (BBLR) di Kecamatan Ngablak Kabupaten Magelang Setiyobudi, Bambang; Setiani, Onny; Wahyuningsih, Nur Endah
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 12, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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Background : The use of pesticides in agriculture is a dilemma, because in addition to increasing agricultural output, also have an impact on human health. Maternal exposure to pesticides can cause reproductive disorders and birth of children with low birth weight (LBW). This study aims to association between the effect of pesticide exposure during pregnancy on the incidence of LBW in Ngablak Magelang regency. Methode: Research using observational designs with crossectional approach. The number of samples in this study were 76 mothers who had babies aged 0-12 months. Data were collected by interview using a questionnaire. In the study conducted from December 2011 to July 2012. Analyze of data with a frequency distribution, chi square and logistic regression. Result : The results showed that the incidence of LBW in the  Ngablak  Sub District and as much as 22.4% in 2011. There were statistically significant effects of work related to pesticides (p = 0.0001), duration of exposure to pesticides (p = 0.0001), frequency of exposure to pesticides (p = 0.039) and use of PPE (p = 0.039) with the incidence of LBW. There is no significant effect of storage of pesticides (p = 0.634), pesticide handling equipment (p = 1.00), maternal age (p = 0.746), number of parity (p = 0.087) and maternal education (p = 0.60) with incidence of LBW. In multivariate work related to pesticides (p = 0.019) and duration of exposure to pesticides (p = 0.029) with the incidence of LBW in a large probability of 62,86%. Conclusion : The conclusion is that doing work related to pesticides and old pesticide exposure during pregnancy affect the LBW. When pregnant women should not exposed to pesticides or the use of PPE use in agriculture. Keywords: Pesticides Exposure  , Pregnancy, Low Birth Weight (LBW)
Hubungan antara Riwayat Paparan Asap Rokok dengan Kejadian Ketuban Pecah Dini pada Ibu Hamil di RSUD Dr. H. Soewondo Kendal Muntoha, Muntoha; Suhartono, Suhartono; Wahyuningsih, Nur Endah
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 12, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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Background : The incidence of maternal mortality were caused by bleeding, eclampsia, bleeding before labor and infection. One of the triggering factors caused the onset of infection was premature rupture (PR). It defined as the rupture of amniotic membrane without uterus contractions and labor signs. The strength of amniotic membrane could also be disrupted due to the effect of nicotine of cigarette. The nicotine contained in cigarette was harmful to the pregnancies. The premature rupture rate in Indonesia was quite high. In Kendal regency the number of pregnant women who experienced in premature rupture in the year 2011 was approximately 445 patients. Meanwhile, in January up to September 2012 the premature rupture cases reached about 542 patients. Based on the preliminary survey conducted on 7 premature rupture patients in dr.H.Soewondo hospital Kendal in October 2012 the data obtained 5 (71,4%) patients had a history of smoking husbands. Methode : This study purposed to know the most influential variable to the incidents of premature rupture in pregnant women in dr.H.Soewondo Kendal, Central Java Province. The design of the study used case control. The case population was pregnant women with premature rupture. Meanwhile, the control population of normal pregnant women and the sampling technique used accidental sampling. The collecting data used questionnaire, checklist and tool, rapid diagnostic cotinine test. The data analysis used chi square test. Result : The result of the study showed the most influential variable to the incidents of premature rupture was the history of cigarette smoke exposure with value p = 0,00 and OR 23,188. Thus, it could be concluded that the history of cigarette smoke exposure was the most influential variable to the incidents of the premature rupture than parity and polyhidramnion history. Keywords  : the cigarette smoke exposure, premature rupture, cotinine, polyhidramnion.
Kejadian Keracunan Pestisida Pada Istri Petani Bawang Merah di Desa Kedunguter Kecamatan Brebes Kabupaten Brebes Mahmudah, Muamilatul; Wahyuningsih, Nur Endah; Setyani, Onny
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012): MKMI
Publisher : MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

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Data pemeriksaan kalinesterase DKK Brebes menunjukkan bahwa 19,25% petani mengalami keracunan ringan dan 4,08% mengalami keracunan sedang, dimana istri petani berisiko mengalami keracunan karena keterlibatan mereka dalam kegiatan pertanian. Tujuan penelitian untuk megetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian keracunan pestisida pada istri petani bawang merah di Desa Kedunguter Kecamatan Brebes Kabupaten Brebes. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain cross sectional. Sampel penelitian sejumlah 37 orang diambil menggunakan metode purposive sampling. Analisis data dengan menggunakan uji Chi-Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan istri petani yang mengalami keracunan sebanyak 29 orang (78,4%). Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan ada hubungan antara keikutsertaan istri dalam kegiatan pertanian (p=0,042), tingkat risiko paparan (p=0,002) dengan kejadian keracunan pestisida. Upaya yang perlu dilakukan adalah tetap berhati-hati terhadap paparan pestisida. Perlu dilakukan sosialisasi, pemantauan dan evaluasi terhadap perilaku petani dan istrinya dalam melakukan aktivitas pertanian serta bahaya penggunaan pestisida oleh instansi terkait. Kata kunci: Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan, istri petani, kejadian keracunan Factors Related to the Incidence of Pesticide Poisioning on Farmers Wife in Kedunguter Village, Brebes Regency, The data of cholinesterase test from Brebes Health Departement showed that 19,25% onion farmers get mild intoxication and 4,08% get severe intoxication which farmers wife is one of the populations who risked for getting intoxication because of their involvement in agricultural activities. This research was to analyze the factors related to the incidence of pesticide poisioning. This research used observational research with cross sectional approach. The samples are 37 people were taken using the purposive sampling. Data was analized with Chi-Square. Examination results showed farmers wife who get intoxication are 29 people (78,4%). The results showed relationshipbetween the wifeb participation in agricultural activities (p=0.042), the level of risk exposure (p=0.002) with the incidence of pesticide poisoning. Efforts need to doing is to remain cautious due to exposure to pesticides. It’s needed in doing socialiszation, obsentation, and evaluation to the farmers and wife habit in agriculture activity and the dangers af using pesticide by the related. Keywords: Factors related, the farmer’s wfe, the incidence of poisoning
Aplikasi Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu Di Kelurahan Tembalang Kota Semarang Af’idatul Himmah, Elzha; Wahyuningsih, Nur Endah; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)

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Garbage is a classic problem for developing countries such as Indonesia, high population density and human activities lead to a growing amount of waste that is produced also increased and varied. The total population of around 47,763 souls Tembalang Village consists of 5,334 natives and newcomers. High number of population and environmental impacts of solid waste problems especially. Everyday TPS got a shipment exceeding 24 m3 of garbage containers. So that not all waste can be transported to the landfill. Based on data from Semarang City Health Office in 2012-August 2013 in the village Tembalang there were 43 cases of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever. As for cases of diarrhea based on the data of Semarang City Health Office in 2012 to April 2013 there were 198 cases of diarrhea. This study aims to identify the application of integrated waste management in Sub Tembalang This study is a descriptive study using a qualitative approach to the collection of data through observation depth interview. Subjects taken by purposive sampling, a total of 8 people each RW is in the Village Tembalang, 2 officers garbage collector and three informants triangulation. Analysis of the data using interactive model analysis technique used is content analysis. These results are the source of waste generation from the activities of the household population and non- domestic activities. Operating technic is by shelter, the collection, and transportation. Organic waste processing activities carried residents from 8 RW 2 RW available (25%) and inorganic waste processing done PKK. Community participation in the form of retribution for the collection, sorting garbage, sewage treatment, and the provision of bins. The integration of waste management is a form of guidance, cooperation and partnership in supply/procurement of waste management facilities
Co-Authors Abdul Hadi Hanif, Abdul Achmad Ian Rudiyansyah, Achmad Ian Agus Iskandar Bagoes Widjanarko Bambang Setiyobudi Banu Ardi Hidayat, Banu David Laksamana Caesar, David Laksamana Deviandhoko Deviandhoko Dharminto Dharminto Edi Dharmana Edy Purwanto Elzha Af’idatul Himmah Endang Kusnawati Endang Kusumanti Estri Irawati, Estri Evika Prilian P., Evika Febita Resatika, Febita Hardiko Hardiko, Hardiko Harmendo Harmendo, Harmendo Haryudi Okta Sofiyanto, Haryudi Okta Hepi Prihati Hayu Laturohmi, Hepi Prihati Hayu Jeany Rahma Nafizar, Jeany Rahma Khiki Purnawati Kasim, Khiki Purnawati Kintan Arifa Shafirin, Kintan Arifa Laila Kamilla Lidya Alvira, Lidya Linda Triana Luluk Masruroh, Luluk M. Sakundarno Adi Mas Henny Dewi Sartika Mateus Sakundarno Adi, Mateus Sakundarno Maulidiyah Salim Mawaddah Salwa, Mawaddah Mifbakhuddin Mifbakhuddin, Mifbakhuddin Muamilatul Mahmudah Mudiyono Mudiyono Muh Fauzi, Muh Muntoha Muntoha Mursid Rahardjo Mursid Raharjo Nafifah Rahmayanti, Nafifah Netti Juita, Netti Nugroho, Aldo Arta Nurjazuli Nurjazuli Nurul Fitria Onny Setiani Onny Setyani Praba Ginandjar Prasti Widyorini, Prasti Pudjaningrum Pudjaningrum, Pudjaningrum Raynaldi Raynaldi, Raynaldi Resa Ana Dina, Resa Ana Retno Murwani Rifka Fuazia Bilqis, Rifka Fuazia Riza Nurul Husna, Riza Nurul Sihit, Ramauli Agustina Soedjono Soedjono Sofia Sofia, Sofia Suhartono Suhartono Sukamto Sukamto Sulistiawan, Aris SULISTIYANI SULISTIYANI Sunarti Sunarti Sus Setyabudi, Sus Taufik Hidayat Tri Joko Wiarisa, Hesty Widya Gian Argintha, Widya Gian Yulhaimi Febriantoro, Yulhaimi Yulia Nur Hasanah, Yulia Nur Yunisa Ratna R., Yunisa Yusniar Hanani D., Yusniar Yusniar Hanani Darundiati