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Journal : Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research)

The Analysis of Renal Anatomy and Histological Changes of Green Iguana (Iguana Iguana) After Feeding With Red Spinach (Amaranthus tricolor L.) Nurjunitar, Annita Vury; Purba, Fika Yuliza; Wahyuni, Wahyuni; Ismartoyo, Ismartoyo; Sari, Dwi Kesuma
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 3 No. 1, JANUARY 2019
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v3i1.5816

Abstract

Background and Objective: Iguana breeders usually used red spinach as a feed for iguanas. However, several studies have indicated that red spinach contains oxalate and purine which are harmful if consumed at a certain level because they can interfere with kidney function. This study aimed to investigate the change of anatomy and histology of green iguana (Iguana iguana) kidney after feeding with red spinach. Materials and methods: Twelve iguanas were used in this study and were divided into four groups in accordance to the dose level of red spinach (100%, 75%, 50% and 25%, namely group I to IV, respectively). The red spinach was given for 30 days through the nasogastric intubation. The effect of red spinach administration was observed through the anatomy and histological changes. The results were statistically analyzed with One Way ANOVA with p<0.05 was considered significant, and Post Hoc Test. The histopathology change of the kidney was analyzed descriptively. Results: The administration of red spinach in iguanas caused some anatomy changes of the kidney; such as the enlargement of iguana?s kidney. The histological findings included the enlargement of the glomerulus, capsular space constriction, hydropic degeneration, tubular dilation, necrosis, and formation of connective tissue (fibrosis), uric acid crystal sediment (gout), oxalate crystal, and lymphocyte infiltration. Among four different dose levels of red spinach, 100% of red spinach caused the highest damage to the iguana?s kidney. The significant change grew as the increasing dose of red spinach that was given to the green iguanas? bodies. Conclusion:? Red spinach caused changes in anatomy structure as well as kidney histology of green iguanas. Severe damages occurred in the treatment group III, moderate damage occurredin the treatment group II, and light damage occurred in the treatment group I.?Keywords: Green iguana, Red spinach, Kidney, Anatomy Change, Histology Change
Co-Authors A P, I Nyoman Nugraha Abdullah, Dahliana Abu Bakar Adrianus Adrianus, Adrianus Adryan, Fristiohady Afriani, Miskah Alam, Ilham Kudratul Alfyano, Aexsa Aliah, Ahmad Irsyad Amirullah Amirullah Andayani Andayani Andi Parenrengi Andriani, Rina Andriani, Rina Anggraini Anggraini Anika, Mutia Annawaty Annawaty, Annawaty Anwar Umar Anwar, Zakariya Apriliani, Apriliani Ardyana, Della Arianto, Asnandar Arianto, Asnandar Ariastika, Dian Arief, I. I. Arief, Tita Rahayu Armin, La Ode Arsa Wahyu Nugrahani Arsyad, Usman ASMAN SADINO, ASMAN Asrul Sani Astuti Wijayanti, Astuti B. Yuliadi Bafadal, Mentarry Bahrun Bahrun Baru Sadarun, Baru Benny Rusli, Benny Benny, Faichal Budirman Bachtiar Budiwitjaksono, Gideon Setyo Damanhuri Daud, Damanhuri Darsono Darsono Desiana Trisnawati Tobigo, Desiana Trisnawati Dj, MUHAMMAD ZUHRI Dwi Hilda Putri Dwi Kesuma Sari Dwi Shintia, Ulan Emilia Emilia Eva Dolorosa Fahri Fahri Fauziyyah, Afifah Feriadi, Eva Feriadi, Eva Fredricka, Jhoanne Fristiohady, Adryan Fristiohady, Adryan Fristiyohadi, Adryan hajrawati, Hajrawati Halik, Tian Amalia Harahap, Milna Chairunnisa Hartono Hartono Hasratuddin Hasratuddin heri aryadi, heri Herri Mahyar Hidayat Hidayat Hidayat, Alfa Manarul Hidayati, Siti Aisyah Himawan, Noni I Sahidin Imelda Imelda Imran Imran Inayah Inayah Indalifiany, Astrid Indalifiany, Astrid Indrayana, Sofyan Irawati Mei Widiastuti Irmawanty, Irmawanty Islamiah, Nurul Ismartoyo Ismartoyo Isnaini Herawati, Isnaini Istiqomah, Widya Izwita Dewi Jabbar, Asriullah Jamaluddin . Jesi Alexander Alim Kalimin, Wa OIL. Kardi, Ipa Sari Kasmawati, Henny Ketut Sofjan Firdausi, Ketut Sofjan Khaeruddin Khaeruddin Kurniawan, Dedy Hendra Lestari Sukarniati, Lestari Lestari, Indri Lilis Martutik Limbongan, Amelia A Lubis, Adryan Fristiohady M., Fadliah Mahidin Mahidin Mahmudah, Zakiyatul Malaka, Muh Hajrul Malaka, Muhammad Hajrul Malik, Fadhliyah Malik, Fadhliyah Masdul, Muhammad Rizal Matandung, Karla Kembongallo Mirda, Mirda Mohammad, Habsah Muhammad Fadli Muhammad Ikhsan Muhammad Ilyas Yusuf Muhammad Irfan Muhammad, Tengku Sifzizul Tengku Mukarramah Mukarramah, Mukarramah Munar Munar Musa, Najiah Muwakhidah, Muwakhidah Nasution, Rina Mahyurni Ningsi, Andryani Ningsih, Andryani Normawati Normawati, Normawati Nur Illiyyin Akib Nurahmi, Nurahmi Nuralifah Nuralifah, Nuralifah Nurjaman, Jajang Nurjannah Bachri, Nurjannah Nurjunitar, Annita Vury Nurlaela Rauf Nurlina Ibrahim Nuryamin Nuryamin, Nuryamin Parawansah Parawansah, Parawansah Permana, La OMJ. Poko, Feny Rizkia Purba, Fika Yuliza Purnama, La Ode Muhammad Julian Rahayu, Gustin Sari Margiani Rahmanpiu, Rahmanpiu Rahmayani, Nur Rina Sri Widayati Rini Hamsidi, Rini Ristiyanto Ristiyanto Roland Alexander Barkey, Roland Alexander Rosmiati Rosmiati Rustam HN, Muhammad Sabrianto Aswad, Sabrianto sadimantara, muhammad syukri Safa’at, Rachmat Sahidin Sahidin Sahidin, Idin Sahidin, Idin Saktiani, Dwi Nur Salsabila, Syefira Saripuddin, Saripuddin Satria Bijaksana silvitasari, ika Siregar, Khoirotun Najihah Sitanggang, Andri Sahata Soma, Andang Suryana Sri Wahyuni Supriati, Yulia Suriana Suriana Surjono Surjono Suryani Suryani Sutji Rochaminah Suwarjo Suwarjo Syafariani, R Fenny Taufiq Taufiq Totok Budi Santoso Tukiran Tukiran Umar Dani, Ali Wanialisa, Mery Widodo Widodo Winda Irwanti, Winda Wirawan, Reza Ashari Yusuf, Muhammad I. Yusuf, Muhammad I. Zubaydah, Wa Ode Siti Zubaydah, Wa Ode Sitti