ARI WAHYUDI
Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Brawijaya

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KONSTRUKSI MASYARAKAT DESA BANDUNG TERHADAP ORANG DENGAN GANGGUAN JIWA (ODGJ) PASCA REHABILITASI APRILIA, ADELA; WAHYUDI, ARI
Paradigma Vol 8, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Paradigma

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KONSTRUKSI MASYARAKAT DESA BANDUNG KECAMATAN DIWEK KABUPATEN JOMBANG TERHADAP ORANG DENGAN GANGGUAN JIWA (ODGJ) PASCA REHABILITASI Adela Aprilia Program Studi S-1 Sosiologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Hukum, Universitas Negeri Surabaya adelaaprilia@mhs.unesa.ac.id Abstrak Orang dengan Gangguan Jiwa (ODGJ) sering dikonstruksi negatif oleh masyarakat karena adanya anggapan yang salah tentang gangguan jiwa. Sejatinya Orang dengan Gangguan Jiwa (ODGJ) perlu untuk direhabilitasi agar bisa hidup normal. Namun meskipun telah direhabilitasi seperti di Desa Bandung Kecamatan Diwek terdapat konstruksi yang berbeda terhadap Orang dengan Gangguan Jiwa (ODGJ) pasca rehabilitasi. Metode penelitian ini adalah kualitatif dengan pendekatan konstruksi sosial Peter L. Berger. Analisis data dilakukan sesuai dengan teori konstruksi sosial Berger dimana konstruksi sosial dapat dipahami melalui tiga momentum yakni eksternalisasi, obyektivikasi, dan internalisasi. Subjek dalam penelitian ini menggunakan teknik purposive. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan teknik wawancara kepada perangkat desa setempat, dan masyarakat sekitar, dan teknik observasi. Hasil penelitian mengenai konstruksi masyarakat Desa Bandung Kecamatan Diwek Kabupaten Jombang terhadap Orang dengan Gangguan Jiwa (ODGJ) pasca rehabilitasi menunjukkan bahwa masyarakat Desa Bandung Kecamatan Diwek Kabupaten Jombang memiliki pandangan yang berbeda-beda terhadap orang dengan gangguan jiwa (ODGJ) pasca rehabilitasi. Ada yang berpandangan positif dan ada yang berpandangan negatif. Adapun konstruksi lainnya yakni Orang dengan Gangguan Jiwa (ODGJ) pasca rehabilitasi karena faktor keturunan, faktor menganut ilmu hitam, dan faktor mengkonsumsi obat terlarang serta minuman keras. Kata Kunci: konstruksi masyarakat, Orang dengan Gangguan Jiwa (ODGJ) pasca rehabilitasi. Abstract People with Mental Disorders (ODGJ) are often negatively constructed by the community because of the wrong perception of mental disorders. Indeed, people with mental disorders (ODGJ) need to be rehabilitated so they can live a normal life. But even though it has been rehabilitated as in Bandung Village, Diwek Subdistrict, there is a different construction for post-rehabilitation people with mental disorders (ODGJ). This research method is qualitative with phenomenology approach, Peter L. Bergers social construction approach which is externalization, objectification, and internalization. The subjects in this study used a purposive technique. Data was collected using interview techniques to local village officials, and surrounding communities, and observation techniques. The results of the study on the construction of the community of Bandung Village, Diwek Subdistrict, Jombang Regency after people with mental disorders (ODGJ) post rehabilitation showed that the people of Bandung Village, Diwek District, Jombang Regency had different views on post-rehabilitation people with mental disorders (ODGJ). Some have a positive outlook and some have a negative outlook. The other constructions are people with mental disorders (ODGJ) after rehabilitation due to heredity, black magic, and illegal drugs. Keywords: community construction, People with Post-Rehabilitation Mental Disorders (ODGJ).
Program Layanan Bimbingan Perilaku Seksual bagi Siswa Cerebral Palsy Wahyudi, Ari
Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 13, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (66.046 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/jip.v13i1.65

Abstract

This colaborative action research aims to implement a counselling program to deal with the sexual behaviors of students with cerebral palsy. The program was developed collaboratively by the resercher and advisory teachers. Data were collected from observation to the students and interviuews with the students, teachers, and parents. The results of the qualitative analysis indicate that the counselling program helps effectively develop the students’ sexual behaviors in accordance with the local norms and values.
Dinamika Penyelenggaraan pendidikan inklusif di SMAN 4 Sidoarjo SUKMAWATI, CAHYANING; WAHYUDI, ARI
Paradigma Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Paradigma

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan dinamika penyelenggaraan pendidikan inklusif dan mengidentifikasi bentuk disfungsi, fungsi manifes-laten, serta bentuk inovasi yang dilakukan oleh para penyelenggara dalam melaksanakan pendidikan inklusif di SMAN 4 Sidoarjo. Penelitian ini menggunakan teori taraf menengah Robert K. Merton dan bentuk adaptasi yang terdapat dalam teori perilaku menyimpang Merton. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini kualtitatif deskriptif yang berusaha menjelaskan sebah fenomena secara mendalam. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan adanya dinamika penyelenggaraan pendidikan inklusif di SMAN 4 Sidoarjo, yang terlihat dari beberapa perubahan pada aspek sekolah dari awal penyelenggaraan hingga berjalan sampai saat ini. Salah satunya adalah bertambahnya organisasi sekolah yang khusus menangani masalah inklusi. Dinamika yang terjadi ini menggiring pada fenomena lain yakni adanya disfungsi, fungsi manifes, dan fungsi laten yang ditemukan dalam penyelenggaraan pendidikan inklusif di SMAN 4 Sidoarjo. Sedangkan untuk inovasi yang dijumpai dalam penyelenggaraan pendidikan inklusif adalah inovasi dalam proses penerimaan siswa difabel, inovasi dalam pemberian nilai siswa difabel, dan inovasi dalam proses KBM di kelas.
MEDIA WAYANG BEBER TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN MENYIMAK ISI CERITA PADA ANAK TUNAGRAHITA RINGAN ARGOSARI, SULFIANA; WAHYUDI, ARI
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 3, No 3 (0): volume 3 No.3 tahun 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus

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AbstractDeveloping listening to story content skill at SLB is done through language skills. There are listening, speaking reading, and writing. Listening to the content of the story must be acquired by the mental retarded children. Based on the observation, it shows that low mental retarded children’s listening skill has not shown the satisfiend result. This research aims to find out the effect of leather puppet “beber” for the mental retarded children’s listening skill to the content of the story at fifth grade of SLB Dharma Wanita Kebonsari Madiun.This research is pseudo experiment quantitative research by using the one group pre test post test design. That is an experiment conducted to one group without having controlled or compared group. The research samples are five student of fifth grade of SLB Dharma Wanita Kebonsari Madiun. The sign test is used to analyze the data.The data analysis of the critical score of 5 % top one side test (1,64) concludes that ZH = 1.80 is bigger than critical score of 5% in one side test (1.64). Therefore, it can be concluded that there is a significant effect of leather puppet “beber” for the fifth grade low mental retarded children at SLB Dharma Wanita.The school is expected to apply the interactive learning technique which can support and motivate the mental retarded children when they are learning.Key words: wayang beber, learning
PENINGKATAN INTERAKSI SOSIAL ANAK TUNAGRAHITA RINGAN DENGAN METODE BERMAIN KELOMPOK SWITCHEROO DI SDN INKLUSI PRATIWI RUKMANA SUTOYO, LANA; WAHYUDI, ARI
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 3, No 3 (0): volume 3 No.3 tahun 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus

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AbstractIn their socialization, mental retarded children have difficulties or cannot interact with their friends in the inclusive school. It is because they cannot take care of and lead themselves.The next development make the children socialize with their friend. The children do not only get that kinds of social contact, but also social contact. They start to understand that there are some rules and certain social norms to continue their relationship within a group. Unfortunately, children with special needs have various condition, especially mental retarded children. Mental retarded children get troubles in their intelligence. They have poor intelligence. Their intelligence is below the average. Therefore, their social development is disturb.In their socialization, mental retarded children have difficulties or cannot interact with their friends in the inclusive school. It is because they cannot take care of and lead themselves. This studyaims to determinewhether or not theincrease inchildren´s socialinteractionslowmental retardationwiththe methodof group gamesswitcherooThis research is pre experimental research by using one group pre test-post test design. There is an observation before and after the action. The data collecting methods are observation and documentation. The research sampel of this research low mental retarded children of first until fifth grades of sidodadi II inclusive primary school surabaya. Non parametric analysis is used as the data analysis technique. This is complited by wilcoxon sign test.Based on data, the results of the research are, n = 10, X= 8.5, α=5%, ð = 1.58, and μ = 5. In the two side test, Z count (ZH) = 2.21. it is compared to critical score of two. The results is ZH >Z table, 2.21>1.96. it can be concluded that Ho is Rejected and Ha is accepted. It means that there is a significant improvement of social interaction through switcheroo group games at sidodadi II inclusive primary school surabaya.Keywords: social interaction, play group
PENERAPAN MODIFIKASI PERMAINAN ULAR TANGGA TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN MENGHITUNG PENJUMLAHAN DAN PENGURANGAN PADA ANAK TUNAGRAHITA RINGAN DWI SAWITRI, RAGIL; WAHYUDI, ARI
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 3, No 3 (0): volume 3 No.3 tahun 2013
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Abstract; Addition and subtraction are the basic things to understand mathematics. Mental retarded children get difficulties in operating the addition and subtraction. It can be solved by interesting media. It is used to make them study and understand addition and subtraction counting process easily. Anake and ladders game increases student’s cognitive successfully. Therefore. The researcher expects to solve the mental retarded children’s problem of addition and subtraction amounting process at second grade of Gedangan special need elementary school Sidoarjo by using modified snake and ladders game. This research is a quantitative research approach. It is a pre experiment research by using one group pre tes post tes design. The subjects of the research are 6 children. Post tes is given in the first meeting. The treatment is given eight times. Post test is given in one meeting. From the data obtained, the value of Zh is 2,04 is greater than the critical value of 5% is 1,96 so Ha is accepted and Ho is rejected and it can be concluded that there is “an effect of modified snake and ladders game for the low mental retarded children’s addition and subtraction counting skill at Gedangan special need elementary school Sidoarjo”.Keywords: snake and ladders game, addition and subtraction counting skill.
PENGARUH MEDIA HAND PUPPET TERHADAPKEMAMPUAN MENYIMAK CERITA PENDEK ANAKTUNAGRAHITA KELAS V FATIMAH, DARUL; WAHYUDI, ARI
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 3, No 3 (0): volume 3 No.3 tahun 2013
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Abstract: Someone’s linguistics skill cannot be separated from the listening skill. A good listeningskill will make the students communicate easily. A good listening skill is in line with the student’sability in accepting the given materials in the learning process. Mental retarded children are similarto normal children. They need listening skill in their learning process. Based on the fieldphenomenon, mental retarded children’s listening skill is still low. It can be proven by theirIndonesian language average score which is low. Based on the problem above, the writer conductsthe research by using certain media. one of the media which can be used to develop listening toshort story skill for mental retarded children is hand puppet. This research aims to prove whetermental retarded chlidren’s listening to short story skill can be affected by hand puppet. Thequantitative approach is used to gain the research aims. The data collecting methods used areobservations, test, and documentations. The non parametric analysis is used to analyze the data. Itassisted by sign test. Based the analysis on pre tes and post tes by using sign test, ZH is 2,27. itcomes from critical score of α = 5% (two side test) and Z table 1,96. therefore, Ho is rejectedbecause ZH > 1,96. It means that Ha is accepted. Therefore, there is a significant effect of handpuppet for the mental retarded children’s listening to short story skill of at fifth grade.Keywords: hand puppet, listening skill, mental retarded children.
PENDEKATAN KONTEKSTUAL TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR IPA PADA SISWA TUNAGRAHITA DI SDLB RUSDIANSYAH, IRHAM; WAHYUDI, ARI
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 4, No 1 (2014): volume 4 edisi yudisium
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus

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Child mental retardation or often known as mental limitations are children who have lower intelligence than other children the same age, so the child mental limitations difficult to follow the regular education program in schools in the classical, therefore child mental limitations require special education services that tailored to the needs of the child. One of the aid that could be implemented is contextual teaching, the concept of learning that helps teachers relate the material being taught with real-world situations students and encourage students to make connections between the knowledge he has with the application in their lives as members of families and communities. Purpose of this research is toanalyze or prove the influence of contextual approach to science learning outcomes mentally disabled children in special schools Pertiwi ACD Mojokerto This research used a quantitative approach and type of quasi-experimental research. As research subjects are mentally disabled children in special schools Pertiwi ACD Mojokerto which amounted to 6 children. The sampling technique used is the total population. Data collection techniques with the test method. For the analysis of the data using the sign test. Based on the results of research are (1) The occurrence of increased learning outcomes in investigating the nature around after a given intervention through a contextual approach to the modeling directly. (2) There is a significant effect on the application of a contextual approach to the learning outcomes of  childrenwithmild mental retardation in the SLB Pertiwi ACD Mojokerto (3) From the formula sign test data obtained test results were 2.05 Zh greater than the critical value of 5% ieZh + 1.64 so that the application of a contextual approach to significantly influence the results of the skills children learn science in mild mental retardation in SLB ACD PertiwiMojokerto City. As for the suggestions that need to be delivered to the school in order to help more teachers in managing learning activities by providing infrastructure and media supporting learning so much fun learning atmosphere for students. Parents also need to be more contextual approach to optimize the use of modeling in the development of children both at home and learning outcomes of children in school     Keywords: contextual approach, the results of science learning
METODE BERCERITA MEDIA GAMBAR SERI TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN PERBENDAHARAAN KATA SISWA TUNARUNGU KELAS IV TIMANSAH, ANGGER; WAHYUDI, ARI
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 6, No 6 (2014):
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus

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ABSTRACTHearing impairment was a student who had disturbance in hearing function. The main problem of hearing impairment students was ability in speech mastery. Although they had good enough intelligence potency even perhaps upper average however they were less in developing their intelligence function. Hearing impairment students was difficult to understand concept so that it was often found that hearing impairment students had speech mastery pattern deviating from the norm of Indonesian structure. This research had purpose to know the influence of telling story method with a series of picture media toward vocabulary ability to the fourth class of hearing impairment students in SDLB Negeri Tompokersan Lumajang.The approach used in this research was quantitative and the research kind was sign test with the design “one group pre-test – post-test design”. The data collection method used test and documentation, the data analysis technique used statistic non parametric with ”willcoxon” formula.The research result around the influence of telling story method with a series of picture media toward vocabulary ability to hearing impairment students was Z = 2.05 > Z table = 1.96 to significant level 5%. It proved that Ho was refused and Ha was accepted so that it could be concluded that speech guide program based total communication toward speech ability to hearing impairment students gave significant influence.Keywords: Telling story a series of picture media, vocabulary,
MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPENUMBERED HEAD TOGETHER (NHT) TERHADAPKEMAMPUAN BERCERITA ANAK TUNARUNGUKELAS V DI SDLB ANNURIYAH, ININ; WAHYUDI, ARI
Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus Vol 6, No 6 (2014):
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan Khusus

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AbstractHearing impairment could prevent language development language matery was the childern’s investment to get good education either formally or informally. Hearing impairment children had hindrace of speech ability in scrutinizing, speaking, reading and writing. Developing speech ability to hearing impairment children especially speacking could be mastered well by training continually. The training could be done by storytelling. Therefore, this research purpose was to observe the influence of Numbered Head Together (NHT) cooperatif learning for hearing impairment for children’s storytelling skill at fifth grade of balongsari state primary school for special needs children.The mode used in this research was quantitative. The kind of research was pre experiment with “one group, pre-test-post-test design”. The data collection method used test an documentation. The data analysis technique used statistic nonparametric with “sign test” formula. The data analysis result indicated ZH = 2.05 > Z table = 1.96 to significant level 5%. It proved that Ho was refused an Ha was accepted so that it could be concluded that there was significant influence to Numbered Head Together (NHT) cooperatif learning for hearing impairment for children’s storytelling skill at fifth grade of balongsari state primary school for special needs children.Keywords: Numbered Head together (nht), storytelling skill