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Meningkatkan Keaktifan Mahasiswa dan Reduksi Miskonsepsi melalui Pembelajaran Konstruktivistik Model Kooperatif Berbantuan Modul

Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 13, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Malang

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Abstract

The focus of this action research was to improve teaching quality by using cooperative learning utilizing modules. A number of techniques were employed to collect the data: tests (to examine students’ achivement and misconceptions), documentation (to record learning-related notes in the classroom) and observation (to document sytematically students’s behaviors). The results show that cooperative learning with the use of moduls can minimize misconception of psysics concepts, can improve learning activities, and can improve students’achievement.

PENGEMBANGAN KARAKTER BERBASIS KEARIFAN LOKAL HAMEMAYU HAYUNING BAWANA (Identifikasi Nilai-nilai Karakter Berbasis Budaya)

Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter No 3 (2012): Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter Edisi Oktober 2012, TH. II, No. 3
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter

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Abstract

Abstrak: Bangsa yang besar adalah bangsa yang memiliki karakter kuat bersumber dari nilai-nilai yang digali dari budaya masyarakatnya. Nilai-nilai kearifan lokal bukanlah penghambat kemajuan di era global, namun menjadi kekuatan transformasional yang luar biasa dalam meningkatkan kualitas sumber daya manusia sebagai modal keunggulan kompetetif dan komparatif suatu bangsa. Oleh karena itu, penggalian nilai-nilai kearifan lokal merupakan langkah strategis dalam upaya membangun karakter bangsa. Hamemayu Hayuning Bawana merupakan filosofi yang mengandung dimensi karakter secara komprehensif. Hamemayu hayuning bawana bermakna selalu mengupayakan peningkatan kesejahteraan rakyat dan mendorong terciptanya sikap serta perilaku hidup individu yang menekankan keselarasan manusia dengan manusia, manusia dengan alam, dan manusia dengan Allah dalam melaksanakan hidup dan kehidupan. Kata Kunci: budaya lokal, kearifan lokal, pengembangan karakter, hamemayu hayuning bawana CHARACTER DEVELOPMENT BASED ON LOCAL WISDOM HAMEMAYU HAYUNING BAWANA(Identification of Character Values Based on Culture)Abstract: Abstract: great nation is a nation that has a strong character derived from the values exposed from the culture of the people. The values of local wisdom is not inhibiting progress in the global era, but a tremendous transformational force in improving the quality of human resources as a competitive advantage and comparative capital of a nation. Therefore, extracting the values of local wisdom is a strategic step in building national character. Hamemayu Hayuning Bawana is a philosophy that contains a comprehensive dimensional character. Hamemayu hayuning bawana means always strive to increase the welfare of the people and encouraging attitudes and behavior of individuals who emphasize the harmony between human, between human and nature, and between human and God in carrying out life and living. Keywords: culture, character, local wisdom, hamemayu hayuning bawana

Profil guru SMK Teknik Pemesinan dan relevansinya dengan kurikulum Prodi Pendidikan Teknik Mesin FT UNY

Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi Vol 6, No 1 (2016): Februari
Publisher : Graduate School, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan: (1) profil ideal guru Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK) Kompetensi Keahlian Teknik Pemesinan (KKTP), (2) relevansi profil ideal guru SMK-KKTP dengan kurikulum Prodi Pendidikan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (PTM FT UNY), (3) proses pembelajaran di Prodi PTM FT UNY, dan (4) profil calon guru SMKKKTP. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan metode survei, yang dilakukan di Prodi PTM FT UNY dan sebelas SMK di provinsi DIY. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah dokumentasi dan angket. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian adalah sebagai berikut. (1) profil ideal guru SMK-KKTP terdiri dari lima aspek kompetensi yaitu: pedagogik bidang studi keahlian, manajerial, kepribadian, dan sosial. Profil ideal guru SMKKKTP termasuk dalam kategori sangat penting. (2) Pofil ideal guru SMK-KKTP sangat relevan dengan kurikulum Prodi PTM FT UNY. Terdapat 59 kompetensi tambahan dalam kurikulum Prodi PTM FT UNY untuk menyiapkan lulusannya agar dapat bekerja di industri, menjadi instruktur, atau menjadi widyaiswara. (3) Pembelajaran di Prodi PTM FT UNY menurut persepsi dosen termasuk dalam kategori sangat memadai dan menurut persepsi mahasiswa termasuk dalam kategori memadai. (4) Profil calon guru SMK-KKTP menurut persepsi guru pembimbing PPL termasuk dalam kategori baik; menurut persepsi dosen termasuk dalam kategori baik; dan menurut persepsi mahasiswa termasuk dalam kategori baik.  THE PROFILE OF VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS OF THE MACHINING ENGINEERING AND ITS RELEVANCE TO THE CURRICULUM OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING EDUCATION STUDY PROGRAM, FACULTY OF ENGINEERING, YOGYAKARTA STATE UNIVERSITYAbstractThis study aims to reveal: (1) the ideal profile of vocational high school teachers of the expertise competency of machining engineering (VET teachers of KKTP); (2) the relevance between the ideal profile of VET teachers of KKTP with the curriculum of Prodi PTM FT UNY; (3) the teaching process in Prodi PTM FT UNY; and (4) the profile of the candidates of VET teachers of KKTP. This research was quantitative research with the survey method, conducted at Prodi PTM FT UNY and eleven vocational high schools in DIY province. The data collection techniques used were documentation and questionnaires. The data analysis technique used was the descriptive statistical analysis. The result of this study is as follows. (1) The ideal profile of VET teachers of KKTP consists of five aspects competencies are: pedagogical, subject areas of expertise, managerial, personal, and social. The ideal profile of VET teachers of KKTP is in the very important category. (2) The ideal profile of VET teachers of KKTP very relevant with the curriculum of Prodi PTM FT UNY. There are 59 additional competencies in the curriculum of Prodi PTM FT UNY to prepare graduates to work in the industry, become an instructor, or become trainers. (3) The teaching process at Prodi PTM FT UNY according to the perception of lecturers is in the very adequate category and according to the perception of the students it is in the adequate category. (4) The profile of the candidates of VET teachers of KKTP according to the perception of the supervising teachers of PPL is in the good category; according to the perception of lecturers, it is in the good category; and according to the perception of students, it is in the good category.

Pengaruh kinerja mengajar guru, keterlibatan orang tua, aktualisasi diri dan motivasi berprestasi terhadap prestasi

Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi Vol 3, No 3 (2013): November
Publisher : Graduate School, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh kinerja mengajar guru, keterlibatan orang tua, aktualisasi diri dan motivasi berprestasi terhadap prestasi siswa kelas XII pada mata pelajaran teori Teknik Kendaraan Ringan di SMK Negeri Se-Kabupaten Gunungkidul. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian kuantitatif dengan rancangan ex post facto. Populasi penelitian ini sebanyak 535 siswa dengan sampel sebanyak 237 siswa, yang ditentukan secara proportional random sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan dua cara yaitu angket dan tes prestasi. Data penelitian yang terkumpul dianalisis menggunakan analisis regresi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh kinerja mengajar guru, keterlibatan orang tua, aktualisasi diri dan motivasi berprestasi masing-masing sebesar 0,145; 0,128; 0,108; dan 0,098. Kata kunci: kinerja mengajar guru, keterlibatan orang tua, aktualisasi diri, motivasi berprestasi, prestasi belajar THE INFLUENCE OF TEACHERS’ TEACHING PERFORMANCE, PARENTS’ INVOLVEMENT, SELF-ACTUALIZATION, AND ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION TOWARD ACHIEVEMENTAbstractThe purpose of this study is to determine the influence level of teachers’ teaching performance, parents’ involvement, self-actualization and achievement motivation for the twelfth grade students’ achievement on theory subject of Light Vehicle Technology of SMK Negeri in Gunungkidul Regency. This research is quantitative research which uses expost facto design. Population in this research as much as 535 students, with 237 students as respondents specified by proportional random sampling. In getting data, the writer used two techniques; questionnaires and achievement tests. The research data were analyzed using regression analysis. The results of this study show there is influence of the teachers’ teaching performance, parents’ involvement, self-actualization and achievement motivation each 0.145; 0.128; 0.108; and 0.098.

PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PENGUATAN SOFT SKILLS DALAM MEWUJUDKAN CALON GURU KEJURUAN PROFESIONAL BERKARAKTER

Jurnal Kependidikan (Penerbit : Lembaga Penelitian UNY) Vol 44, No 1: Mei 2014
Publisher : LPPM UNY

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menghasilkan model penguatan soft skills dalam mewujudkan calon guru kejuruan profesional berkarakter. Penelitian  dirancang dengan menggunakan  pendekatan  Researchand  Development selama dua tahun. Sumber data dalam penelitian ini meliputi kepala SMK, guru, mahasiswa, dan ahli pendidikan. Data dikumpulkan dengan teknik observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian meliputi hal-hal berikut ini. Pertama, rumusan model penguatan soft skills calon guru difokuskan kepada dua mata kuliah utama, yakni pengajaran mikro dan PPL dengan model integratif. Kedua, urgensi aspek hard skills dan soft skills berada dalam kategori baik/penting dengan pencapaian rerata di atas  rerata kriteria, dan pencapaian skor masing-masing 88,2%, dan 87,11%. Ketiga, kemampuan aspek hard skills dan soft skills berada dalam kategori baik/penting dengan pencapaian rerata atas rerata kriteria,dan pencapaian skor masing-masing 72,81%, dan 74,11% dalam kategori cukup tinggi

PROFIL DAN RELEVANSI LULUSAN JURUSAN PENDIDIKAN TEKNIK MESIN DENGAN KEBUTUHAN KERJA

PAEDAGOGIA Vol 20, No 1 (2017): Vol 20, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap profil dan relevansi lulusan dengan kompetensi yang dibutuhkan lulusan S1 Kependidikan Jurusan Pendidikan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (JPTM FTUNY). Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survey dengan metode deskriptif. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh lulusan S1 JPTM FT UNY tahun lulus 2011-2014. Data diambil dengan angket, wawancara melalui telepon dan snowball sampling. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa lulusan S1 JPTM telah mendapat pekerjaan dengan rata-rata masa tunggu 4 bulan. Bidang pekerjaan terdiri dari pendidik, wirausaha, karyawan yang tidak terkait dengan bidang teknik mesin, dan karyawan yang terkait dengan bidang teknik mesin. Sebagian besar lulusan bekerja di industri bidang teknik mesin. Kesesuaian relevansi lulusan dengan kompetensi yang dibutuhkan oleh dunia kerja mencapai angka 88%). Lulusan lebih banyak bekerja disektor industri. Kata kunci: Profil lulusan, kompetensi, pendidikan teknik mesin.

Kinerja bursa kerja khusus (BKK) SMK Negeri bidang keahlian teknologi dan rekayasa di Kabupaten Sleman

Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi Vol 4, No 2 (2014): Juni
Publisher : Graduate School, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi kinerja Bursa Kerja Khusus (BKK) SMK Negeri Bidang Keahlian Teknologi dan Rekayasa di Kabupaten Sleman ditinjau dari dimensi input, proses dan output. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian evaluasi dengan model discrepancy. Responden pada penelitian ini adalah pengurus BKK dan siswa tingkat akhir (kelas XII atau XIII) di SMK Negeri Bidang Keahlian Teknologi dan Rekayasa di Kabupaten Sleman yang terdiri dari SMKN 2 Depok, SMKN 1 Seyegan, dan SMKN 1 Cangkringan. Penarikan sampel dilakukan pada responden siswa dengan teknik proportional random sampling. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan inventori, lembar observasi, lembar dokumentasi dan wawancara. Pengujian validitas instrumen menggunakan validitas isi dengan penilaian dari ahli (expert judgement). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kinerja BKK SMK Negeri Bidang Keahlian Teknologi dan Rekayasa baik ditinjau dari dimensi input, proses dan output secara umum masih masuk dalam kategori rendah. THE PERFORMANCE OF CAREER CENTER IN STATE VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEER EXPERTISE SECTOR IN SLEMAN REGENCYAbstractThis study aims to evaluate the performance of Career Center in State Vocational High School Technology and Engineer Expertise Sector Sleman Regency in terms of input, process and output dimension. This study was evaluation research with discrepancy model. Respondent in this study were the Career Center administrators and the latest grade students (class XII or XIII) in State Vocational High School Technology and Engineer Expertise Sector in Sleman Regency which consist of SMKN 2 Depok, SMKN 1 Seyegan, dan SMKN 1 Cangkringan. Sampling technique for students used proportional random sampling. Data was collected with inventory, observation sheets, documentation sheets and interview. The result of this study show that, in general the performance of Career Center in State Vocational High School Technology and Engineer Expertise Sector in Sleman Regency in input, process, and output dimension is included into low category.

DETERMINAN KINERJA GURU SMK BIDANG KEAHLIAN TEKNIK MESIN

Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pendidikan Vol 17, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Graduate School, Yogyakarta State University

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) mengetahui gambaran faktor situasional, faktor psikologis, dan kinerja guru SMK di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta; (2) menemukan pengaruh faktor situasional dan faktor psikologis terhadap kinerja guru SMK di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta; (3) merumuskan hubungan kausal kepe-mimpinan kepala sekolah, budaya sekolah, imbalan, kemampuan guru, komitmen guru, motivasi kerja guru terhadap kinerja guru SMK di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Penelitian yang dilakukan merupakan penelitian korelasional dan bersifat ex-post facto. Sampel sejumlah 155 ditentukan dengan Formula Cohen dengan teknik proportionale random sampling. Data dikumpulkan dengan inventori, lembar pengamatan, dan self assessment. Validasi isi dilakukan dengan expert judgment. Validasi konstruk dilakukan dengan analisis faktor dan reliabilitas ditentukan dengan rumus Alpha Cronbach. Data dianalisis dengan analisis deskriptif, analisis regresi dan analisis jalur. Interpretasi hasil analisis data menggunakan taraf signifikansi 0,05. Hasil analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahwa ke-pemimpinan kepala sekolah, budaya sekolah, imbalan, kemampuan guru, komitmen guru, motivasi kerja guru, dan kinerja guru ter-masuk dalam kategori tinggi. Kata kunci: kinerja guru, Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan, faktor psikologis, faktor situasional ______________________________________________________________DETERMINANT OF SMK TEACHERS’ PERFORMANCE IN THE FIELD OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING EXPERTISEAbstract This study was aimed at: (1) describing the situational factors, psychological factors, and vocational high school teachers’ performance; and (2) revealing determination of situational factors (principal’s leadership, school culture, and compensation), and psychological factors (teachers’ ability, teachers’ commitment, teacher’s work motivation) to vocational high school teachers’ performance, (3) revealing causal effect of principal’s leadership, school culture, compensation, teachers’ ability, teachers’ commitment, and teacher’s work motivation to vocational high school teachers’ performance. This ex-post facto research was done at mechanical engineering program in technological and industrial vocational high schools at Yogyakarta Special District. The population was 187 teachers and samples of 155 teachers were determined using the Cohen formula and proportional random sampling technique. Data were collected through inventory, observations, and self assessment. Analysis of content validity was conducted by expert judgment and construct validity was conducted using factors analysis. Reliability analysis was conducted using Cronbach Alpha formula. The data were analyzed using descriptive methods, correlations, regression, and path analysis. The result of descriptive analysis showed that principal’s leadership, school culture, compensation, teachers’ ability, teachers’ commitment, teachers’ work motivation, and vocational high school teachers’ performance was in high category.Keywords: teachers’ performance, vocational high school, psychological factors, situational factors

PEMBUATAN MESIN PERAJANG KETELA SERBA­ GUNA UNTUK INDUSTRI PATILO DAN CERIPING KETELA SKALA KECIL

INOTEK Vol 9, No 1 (2005): Februari 2005
Publisher : LPM UNY

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Abstract

A group  called  SARILA  in Kauman,  Dadapayu,   Semanu,  Gunung­ kidul,  had  a problem  of low production   quality  and  capacity  in their  busi­ ness  of making  patilo  and  fried  cassava  chips  because  the  work  of cutting and scraping  the basic  material  for their products,  cassava,  was done manu­ ally by using  simple  tools that caused  the cassava  to break  when  cut so that the  resulting   chips  were  also  in  broken  conditions   and  the  manual  work caused the workers  to quickly become  exhausted.  Therefore,  the main objec­ tive of one voucher  program  was to enable the workers  to do their work me­ chanically  instead  of manually.It had  to be able  to design  and  produce  an easily-operated   cassava processing  machine  with a frame strong  enough  to withstand  vibrations  and do two kinds  of work,  cutting  and scraping  cassava,  easily,  accurately,  and simultaneously.    An  ergonomic   table  also  had  to  be  developed   to  ensure long-lasting   use  of the machine  in the  cassava  processing.   The  machine  at last successfully  produced  is 90 em in length,  60 em in width,  and 90 em in height,  designed  high enough  to enable the operator  to do the work easily in a standing-up  position.  Stainless  steel  plate  material  is applied  on all parts having direct  contact  with the cassava  processing.  The frame of the machine is made of 5-cm rectangular  steel profiles  to ensure  its being  strong  enough to withstand  operation.  An electrical  motor  with  a power  of  Y2  HP and pul­ ley-and-belt  transmission   aids the operation.   Such  transmission   enables  the cutting  and scraping  parts to operate  simultaneously   at different  speeds. The position  of the cutting tool can be adjusted  for desired  thickness.  Except the frame, all parts of the machine  are designed  according  to a knock-down  sys­ tem for easy replacement  of broken parts.The  result  of a performance   test  on the  machine  has  shown  that  itcan  be  operated   easily  without  the  operator   becoming   quickly  exhausted. Compared  to what is produced  in the old ways, the product  looks better; it is smoother,  and there  is less cassava  fibers.  The   product  capacity  of the ma­ chine  is about  50 kg every  50 minutes  from  its cutting  process  and  50 kg every  75 minutes  from  its scraping  process.  During  operation,   there  is no vibration on its frame. It shows that the construction design is strong enough to withstand the vibration of the motor rotation and cassava processing.Keywords: cassava, multipurpose machine, cutting and scraping

PENINGKATAN KEAKTIFAN MAHASISWA DAN REDUKSI MISKONSEPSI MELALUI PENDEKATAN PROBLEM BASED LEARNING

Jurnal Kependidikan Vol 37, No 1: Mei 2007
Publisher : LPPM UNY

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Abstract

Abstract This research is trying to improve the quality of learning, reduction of misconceptions, improving of learning activity by using the method of Problem-based Learning in the subject matter of Matematika Teknik. The goal of this research is reducing as well as eradicating the students’ inactiveness in learning, reduction ofmisconceptions followed by theimprovement of learning performance. This research is a classroom action research consisting two cycles. Each cycle consists of four steps of activities: planning the action, implementation and observation, reflection and revision. Research conducted to all students participant of Matematika Teknik subject. The data were collected through observation and tests. Data were analyzed descriptively. Result of this research indicate that: (1) Learning model of Problem-Based Learning based on constructivism can reduce the frequency of misconceptions to Matematika Teknik concepts (misconceptions reduced from 87.1%  in pre-test become 41.3% at the post-test), (2) Learning model of Problem-Based Learning base on constructivism can improve students’ leaning activity marked with more and more students participate actively in learning (3) Learning model of Problem-Based Learning base on constructivism can improve learning performance of the students(from 3.3 at pre-test become 7.0 at the time of post-test). Pursuant to result of this research hence require to strive applying of learning model of Problem-Based Learning base on constructivism at broader scope in the effort of improving the quality of learning and education in applying of competence based curriculum. Keywords: Konstruktivistik, Problem-based learning, misconceptions, learning performance