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PENGOBATAN INFEKSI CACING USUS YANG DITULARKAN DENGAN PERANTARAAN TANAH (SOIL TRANSMITTED HELMINTHS), DENGAN PYRANTEL PAMOATE, DI YOGYAKARTA

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 8, No 1&2 Jun (1980)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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Abstract

The use of pyrantel pamoate in controlling soil transmitted helminthic infection has been studied in a sample of population on low socio-economic level, consisting of workers of the Madukismo Suger Estate and their families. Pyrantel pamoate proved to be more effective to Ascaris lumbricoides and hookworm than to Trichuris trichiura infection. The cure rates found were 90.2%, 57.5% and 3.7% for A. lumbricoides, hookworm and T. trichiura respectively, while in the hookworm infection the drug was more effective to Ancylostomiasis duodenale than to Necator americanus. The result of the study showed, that 6 months after treatment was still found a reduction of the prevalence of A. lumbricoides infection to 27.2% (from 74.4% to 47.2%) and a reduction of the egg count from 6352 to 3348 per gram of stool. After one year the prevalence rate and the intensity of Ascaris infection reached almost the same level as that before treatment. As regards the hookworm infection, it seemed that the treatment was still effective after a period of one year. Prior to the treatment the prevalence rate was 36.3% and the egg count was J37 per gram of stool, while one year after treatment they were still reduced to 23.97c and 39 respectively.

PEMILIHAN STRUKTUR PONDASI PADA GEDUNG PABRIK BAHAN BAKAR NUKLIR

PRIMA - Aplikasi dan Rekayasa dalam Bidang Iptek Nuklir Vol 8, No 2 (2011): Nopember 2011
Publisher : BATAN

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Abstract

ELECTORAL STRUCTURE OF BUILDING FOUNDATIONS IN NUCLEAR FUEL ELEMENT PLANT. Pl ant structures of nucl ear fuel  el ements have a substanti al  burden. This requires analysis of the selecti on of the proper foundation for buildi ng support for a variety of different soil conditions found i n two locati ons, first at a l ocation near the nucl ear power pl ant i n Jepara and the second location BATAN Serpong area. Expected to know the location of soil condi ti ons, we can determined the type of foundation that will be used based on the criteria requirements of the building PEMILIHAN STRUKTUR PONDASI PADA GEDUNG PABRIK ELEMEN BAHAN BAKAR NUKLIR. Struktur bangunan pabrik el emen bahan bakar nuklir mempunyai  beban yang cukup besar. Untuk it u diperlukan anali sa pemilihan jeni s pondasi yang tepat sebagai penopang bangunan untuk berbagai kondisi tanah berbeda yang terdapat di dua lokasi,  lokasi  pertama didekat PLTN Jepara dan l okasi kedua di kawasan BATAN Serpong. Diharapkan dengan mengetahui kondisi tanah lokasi, kita dapat menentukan  j enis pondasi yang akan digunakan berdasarkan criteria persyaratan bangunan gedung.

PENGARUH JENIS PUPUK ORGANIK DAN PORPOSI PUPUK ANORGANIK TERHADAP KARAKTER FISIOLOGI DAN SERAPAN HARA N TANAMAN PADI SAWAH

AGROLAND Vol 18, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : AGROLAND

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to determine the effect of inorganic fertilizer proportion and organic fertilizer as well as its interaction to N uptake, N uptake efficiency, and physiological characters of rice plant. This research was conducted in the Experimental Farm of Agriculture Faculty of Jenderal Soedirman University Purwokerto, with soil type used was Inceptisol and located 110 m above sea level. This research was arranged using split plot design with four replicates. The main plots were the type of organic fertilizers i.e cow manure 5 t/ha, and straw compost 5 t/ha. The subplots were the proportion of inorganic fertilizers i.e P1: general dose recommendation (250 kg Urea, 150 kg SP-36 and 150 kg KCL), P2: 75% of general dose recommendation (187.5 kg Urea, 112.5 kg SP-36 and 112.5 kg KCL), P3: 50% of general dose recommendation (125 kg Urea, 75 kg SP-36 and 75 kg KCL), P4: P and K according to soil nutrient status + N according to Leaf Color Chart scale (LCC), P5: 150 kg SP-36, 150 kg KCl, and N according to LCC scale, and control (without fertilizer). The observed variables were leaf area index, leaf greenness, leaf chlorophyll content, N uptake, and N uptake efficiency. Data was analyzed using F test and if the differences were significant, the analysis was proceed with DMRT test at 5% error levels and orthogonal contrast test. The results showed that the dose of inorganic fertilizer increased the leaf area index, chlorophyll content, N uptake and N uptake efficiency. The reduction of inorganic fertilizer dose up to 50% of general dose increased the content of chlorophyll a. N uptake efficiency was higher in the N fertilizer added based on LCC and P and K based on soil nutrient status treatment than the recommendation dose when straw compost was applied.

ALIH TEHNOLOGI KEGIATAN MANAJEMEN KONSTRUKSI MENUJU PERSIAPAN PEMBANGUNAN PLTN DI INDONESIA

PRIMA - Aplikasi dan Rekayasa dalam Bidang Iptek Nuklir Vol 8, No 1 (2011): Juni 2011
Publisher : BATAN

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Abstract

TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES TOPREPARATION OF NPP DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA (An Experience Of Mul ti Propose Reactor 30 Devel opment at Serpong). Management and development of a nuclear installati on coul d not be separated from the role of Construction Management in the pl anning stages of the project start until  the commissioni ng. On the construction of nuclear install  tions MPR 30 Serpong, the rol e of human resource  of Indonesia particularly Batan has recei ved a lot of knowl edge and experiences i n the development process, the ongoing process of transfer of technology from the foreign consultants (Bechtel -USA) to Batan has been conducted at theti me, and at l east we are abl e to absorb knowledge and prove i t  hrough to completi on development incl udi ng commissioni ng activiti es. In the course of the time human resource chal lenges are requi red to have individual skil ls and expertise suffici ent to handle a mega project such as nuclear power plants. Constructi on Management is managi ng a maj or project stages from planning, construction, procurement, i nstall ation commissioni ng until handover to the owner. Based on the experience of the construction of the RSG-LP, it  i s expected that  human resources that meet to the standards requi red competencies for the preparation of NPP i n Indonesia are fulfill ed. PROSES ALIH TEHNOLOGI KEGIATAN  MANAJEMEN KONSTRUKSI MENUJUPERSIAPAN PEMBANGUNAN PLTN DI INDONESIA (Pengalaman Pembangunan Reaktor Serba Guna Serpong).Pengelolaan pembangunan i nstalasi nukli r tidak lepas dari peran Manajemen Konstruksi dal am  ahapan proyek mulai perencanaan sampai kommisioning. Pada pembangunan i nstal asi  nuklir RSG-LP Serpong peran SDM Indonesi a khususnya Batan telah banyak menimba pengalaman dal am proses pembangunan, pada saat it u proses  alih tehnologi sedang berlangsung dari pihak konsul tan asing ( Bechtel-USA ) kepada  Batan, setidaknya kit a mampu menyerap ilmu dan membuktikannya  sampai sel esai  pembangunan  termasuk kegi atan kommisioning. Dalam perjalanan waktu tantangan SDM dituntut untukmemiliki kemampuan indifidual dan keahl ian yang memadai dal am menangani  suatu mega proyek seperti pembangki t tenaga nuklir. Manaj emen Konstruksi  merupakan tahapanpengel ol aan suatu proyek besar dari perencanaan, konstruksi ,  pengadaan ,kommisioni ng hingga serah terima instalasi  kepada pemilik. Berdasarkan  pengalaman pembangunan RSGLP, di harapkan kebutuhan SDM yang memiliki  persyaratan standar kopetensi  dapat terpenuhi menyongsong persiapan  pembangunan PLTN di Indonesia

MANAJEMEN RENCANA KEGIATAN PERSIAPAN PEMBANGUNAN PLTN DI INDONESIA

PRIMA - Aplikasi dan Rekayasa dalam Bidang Iptek Nuklir Vol 8, No 2 (2011): Nopember 2011
Publisher : BATAN

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Abstract

A feasibi lity Study that has been updated show that two nuclear power uni ts wi th eachuni t of power up to  lOOOMWe can represent decently an economical  alternative energy supply.It added that the available time schedul e was quite tight so that the preparation for thedevelopment must be starti ng  first.   Thi s paper will  discuss the preparati on of plans of the firstnuclear power plant whi ch includes program activiti es, the structure of contracts, schedules of activities and funding. From the information obtai ned to date that in addition to a candidate site that is ready to be buil t in Muria peni nsula i s  sti ll  required another  potential al ternative site besides  to search other  compl ete data information. This sit e i nvestigation activi ties completed wi thin the time schedule was passed "critical path", so that these acti vi ti es should be carried outi ntensively and obey the time.  This paper describes the steps that need to be prepared to welcome the first nucl ear power plant, after reviewi ng the various input above and apply the reality in Indonesi a as the i nitial condi tions. Studi  Kelayakan yang telah dimutakhirkan menunj ukkan bahwa dua unit PLTN dengan daya unit masi ng-masing sampai lOOOMWe dapat merupakan alternatif penyediaan energi yang ekonomis, dan layak. Di sebutkan pula bahwa jadwal waktu yang tersedia cukup padat sehi ngga persiapan menjelang diawal inya pembangunan harus di mulai  dari sekarang.Dalam makalah  i ni akan dibahas  rencana kegiatan persiapan pembangunan PLTN yang pertama meli puti program kegiatan, struktur kontrak, jadwal kegi atan dan pendanaan .Dari informasi  yang telah diperol eh sampai saat i ni  bahwa selain cal on tapak yang sudah si ap dibangun  di semenanjung Muria masi h di perlukan tapak alternative yang potensial  di samping mel engkapi  pencarian data informasi  l ai nnya. Kegiatan merampungkan penyeli di kan tapak ini di dalam adwal waktu ternyata melewati "criti cal path", sehi ngga kegi atan i ni  harus dilaksanakan secara ntensif dan taat waktu. Makalah  ini menguraikan langkah-langkah yang perlu di siapkan  dalam menyongsong  pembangunan PLTN pertama  , setel ah menelaah berbagai  masukan di atas dan menerapkan kenyataan di Indonesia sebagai kondi si awalnya.

Pericarditis and Pleuritis Caused by Extramedullary Plasmacytoma

Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 30 No 11-12 (1990): November 1990
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

The following illustrates a case study of a 9 years-old girl with combined pericarditis and pleuritis caused by solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma. Pericardiocentesis and permanent thoracocentesis were performed, both yielded serohemorrhagic and serous fluid in succession. In the beginning etiological diagnosis was made on the basis of the clinical pattern for tuberculosis infection and growth of three species of bacteria for bacterial infections and candida species for candidiasis. The initial treatment was in accordance with the etiological diagnosis mentioned above. The final diagnosis was establish in the fourth month after the discovery of plasmacytoma in the pleural fluid and CT scan examination disclosing masses in the right lung. Accordingly, cytostatic therapy was started. The result of therapy was very good, exudation into the pleural and pericardia/ sac regressed gradually and eventually ceased completely. According to the literature the prognosis of these neop/asma is good.  

EVALUASI SISTEM PENCAHAYAAN ALAMI PADA RUANG KONTROL UTAMA IRADIATOR GAMMA MERAH PUTIH

PRIMA - Aplikasi dan Rekayasa dalam Bidang Iptek Nuklir Vol 15, No 2 (2018): Nopember 2018
Publisher : BATAN

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Abstract

EVALUASI SISTEM PENCAHAYAAN ALAMI PADA RUANG KONTROL UTAMA IRADIATOR GAMMA MERAH PUTIH.Suatu ruangan bila memiliki sistem pencahayaan yang baik bisa membuat pengguna ruangan dapat melaksanakan aktifitas di ruangan tersebut secara maksimal dan nyaman.Sehingga perlu dilakukan evaluasi dari sistem pencahayaan alami pada ruang kontrol utama iradiator gamma merah putih sesuai dengan standart SNI 03-2396-2001.Bila pada ruang kontrol utama sistem pencahayaan alaminya telah memenuhi standart SNI 03-2396-2001, maka tidak diperlukan sistem pencahayaan buatan yang berasal dari bola lampu pada siang hari untuk membantu pemenuhan kebutuhan pencahayaan.Keuntungan utama dari penggunaan cahaya alami adalah dapat menghemat energi listrik yang digunakan. Dari hasil evaluasi berdasarkan pengukuran dan perhitungan yang telah dilakukan dapat diketahui bahwa sistem pencahayaan alami di ruang kontrol utamairadiator gamma merah putih telah memenuhi standart SNI 03-2396-2001 karena nilai Fl min di TUU1 sebesar 3.59% telah lebih dari nilai standart TUU untuk ruang kantor yaitu 0.35 d% (atau sebesar 1.5%), serta Fl min di TUS1 sebesar 1.85% dan Fl min di TUS2 sebesar 0.6% juga  telah lebih dari nilai standart TUS untuk ruang kantor yaitu 0.15 d % (atau sebesar 0.6%).