Nur Bambang Priyo Utomo
Departemen Budidaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor 16680

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The use of Spirulina platensis as tilapiaOreochromis niloticusdiet supplementation

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 11, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

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Abstract

Spirulina is blue green algae that have high nutrient content like protein and vitamin so itcan beused as source ofsingle cell protein (SCP). This research was conductedto know minimum doses of Spirulina in different protein feed on growth performance of tilapia. Experimental diets devided by two different protein level (25% of protein and 28% of protein) and three levels supplementation of Spirulina 0% (25A), protein level 25% supplementedSpirulina 3% (25B), protein level 25% supplementedSpirulina 6% (25C), protein level 28% supplementedSpirulina 0% (28A), protein level 28% suplemented Spirulina 3% (28B), and protein level 28% supplementedSpirulina 6% (28C). Testeds feedwere tilapia with average initial weight 17,24±0,29 g and density five fish/aquarium. Tilapia rearedin aquarium sized 50×40×35 cm3 filledwith 30 cm waterand provided altrecirculation system. Fish were cultured for 40 days and fed at satiation with three times feeding frequency. All data analyzed statistically by one-way ANOVA.Result demonstrated that various dosesof Spirulina in different protein level of feed influencedspecific growth rate, feeding efficiency, protein deposition, and fat deposition. Fish were fed by feed containing Spirulina 3% in protein level 25% showed growth performance as same as fed of protein level 28%. Keywords: feed protein, Spirulina, growth performance, tilapia

THE ADDITION OF Ulva reticulata AS A STIMULANT INTO ARTIFICIAL FEED ON THE GONAD CONDITION OF THE COLLECTOR SEA URCHIN (Tripneustes gratilla LINNAEUS 1758)

Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 6, No 1 (2014): Electronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Abstract

Dried Ulva reticulata has been proven as a feeding stimulant for the collector sea urchins (Tripneustes gratilla). The purposes of this study were to determine the optimal dose of dried U. reticulata as a feeding stimulant into artificial feed and its effect on the gonad condition of the collector sea urchins, T. gratilla. Previously, starved sea urchins (ca. 66 mm diameter, n=7) was held in 80-l aquarium volume with flow through seawater system (6.25 l/hour inlet and outlet). Sea urchins were fed with diet containing 0, 10, 20, or 30% of dried U. reticulata (designated control, U-10, U-20, and U-30 respectively) ad libitum for 38 days. Each treatment was given 3 replicates. Survival rate, feed consumption, and gonad conditions (gonad index, biochemical composition of the gonad, gonad histology, and egg diameter) parameters were quantified and compared to sea urchins fed with the mixture of fresh macroalgae (Gracilaria lichenoides and Padina) and seagrass (Enhalus acoroides). The results showed that the addition of dried U. reticulata into artificial feed by 10% from feed weight (U-10) was the optimal dose recommended. Sea urchins treated U - 10 diet resulted in gonad index and egg diameter (5.02 % and 82.66 µm each), were higher than other diet treatments. However, this diet treatment was not able to homogenize the reproductive phase composition of T. gratilla. Keywords: Ulva reticulata, Feeding Stimulant, Tripneustes gratilla, Gonad Condition

Fish oil supplementation in commercial diet on growth of Anguilla bicolor bicolor

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT This study was aimed to determine the effect of fish oil addition on growth performance and fatty acid composition of eel Anguilla bicolor bicolor. Freswater eel at an initial body weight of 9.90± 0.05 g were maintained in aquarium with volume of 120 L at stocking density of 1 g/L for 40 days. This research applied complete randomized design with four treatments addition of fish oil, i.e. 0%, 5%, 10%, and 15%. All treatments were carried out in triplicate. Feed given as much as 3% of the fish biomass a day for four times at 06:00, 11:00, 16:00, and 21:00. The results showed that the addition of fish oil in the diet have different effects (P<0.05) on specific growth (0.88–1.36%), feed efficiency (30.18–48.53%), protein retention (14.57–20.24%), fat retention (16.77–52.49%), energy retention (12.38–20.20%), and hepatosomatic index (1.72–2.72%) whereas the survival showed no difference (P>0.05) at 100%. In the fatty acid composition total of unsaturated fatty acid composition was 30.91–40.95%, n-3 fatty acids was 6.10–8.19%, and n-6 fatty acids were 6.18–8.19%. In conclusion, the addition of fish oil in the diet of freshwater eel Anguilla bicolor bicolor can be done up to 5% (13% fat content of diet). Keywords: Anguilla bicolor bicolor, fish oil, growth performance, fatty acid composition  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh penambahan minyak ikan terhadap kinerja pertumbuhan dan komposisi asam lemak ikan sidat Anguilla bicolor bicolor. Ikan sidat dengan bobot 9,90±0,05 g dipelihara dalam akuarium dengan volume 120 L pada padat tebar 1 g/L selama 40 hari. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap terdiri atas empat perlakuan penambahan minyak ikan pada pakan sebesar 0%, 5%, 15%, dan 15%. Semua perlakuan terdiri atas tiga ulangan. Pakan diberikan sebanyak 3% dari biomassa ikan dan diberikan sebanyak empat kali sehari yaitu pukul 06.00, 11.00, 16.00 dan 21.00. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penambahan minyak ikan dalam pakan memberikan pengaruh yang berbeda (P<0,05) terhadap spesific growth rate (0,88– 1,36%), efisiensi pakan (30,18–48,53%), retensi protein (14,57–20,24%), retensi lemak (16,77–52,49%), retensi energi (12,38–20,10%), dan indeks hepatosomatik (1,72–2,72%). Sintasan tidak menunjukkan adanya perbedaan (P>0,05) yaitu 100%. Pada komposisi asam lemak dihasilkan total komposisi asam lemak tidak jenuh 30,91– 40,95%, asam lemak n-3 6,10–8,19%, dan asam lemak n-6 6,18–8,19%. Dengan demikian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa penambahan minyak ikan dalam pakan ikan sidat Anguilla bicolor bicolor dapat dilakukan sampai dengan 5% (kadar lemak pakan 13%). Kata kunci: Anguilla bicolor bicolor, minyak ikan, kinerja pertumbuhan, komposisi asam lemak

The growth and meat quality of Siamese catfish fed different level of protein

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT This study was to evaluate growth performance and meat quality of Siamese catfish Pangasianodon hypophthalmus fed on commercial diets with different protein levels. Fish with average initial body weight of 33,61 g were reared in hapa (2×2×1 m3) at density of 30 ind/hapa. Fish were hand-fed with experimental diet to satiety twice daily for 60 days. Experimental design was set in completely randomized design. Each treatment was done in triplicates. Experimental diets were a commercial diet to contain four differennt levels of protein; i.e. diet A (18%), diet B (23%), diet C (28%), and diet D (32%). Specific growth rate (SGR), feed conversion ratio (FCR), protein (RP) and lipid (RL) retention, hepatosomatic index (HSI), lipid and glycogen content of liver, protein and lipid content of meat, edible portion, and fillet textural were calculated. The results of the experiment showed that the highest weight gain and SGR, lowest FCR and meat protein were obtained in the group of fish fed 23%–32% protein diets. In conclusion, 23% protein diets gave the best growth performance and meat quality of Siamese catfish. Keywords : growth performance, meat quality, commercial diet, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi kinerja pertumbuhan dan kualitas daging ikan patin siam Pangasianodon hypophthalmus yang diberi pakan komersial dengan kandungan protein berbeda. Ikan patin yang digunakan dengan bobot awal 33,61 g ditebar sebanyak 30 ekor/hapa ukuran 2×1×1 m3 dan ikan diberi pakan percobaan dua kali sehari secara at satiation selama 60 hari. Penelitian ini didesain dalam rancangan acak lengkap dengan empat perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Pakan yang digunakan adalah pakan komersial dengan empat kandungan protein yang berbeda: pakan A (18%), pakan B (23%), pakan C (28%), dan pakan D (32%). Parameter uji pada penelitian ini adalah laju pertumbuhan spesifik (SGR), rasio konversi pakan (FCR), retensi protein (RP), retensi lemak (RL), indeks hepatosomatik (HSI), lemak dan glikogen hati, protein dan lemak daging, serta tekstur daging. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa penambahan bobot tubuh, SGR tertinggi, FCR terendah, dan protein daging diperoleh pada perlakuan protein pakan 23%–32%. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan protein pakan 23% memberikan kinerja pertumbuhan dan kualitas daging ikan terbaik. Kata kunci: kinerja pertumbuhan, kualitas daging, pakan komersial, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus

The growth of eel fed with different protein level and protein-energy ratio

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT The study was aimed to determine the optimum dietary protein level and energy protein ratio which can optimize growth performance of the eel A. bicolor bicolor on nursery phase.  Four treatments and three replications were applied in this study. The treatments were  P1, containing 37.66% protein with energy protein ratio 14.75 kcal GE/g (37.66%; 14.75 kcal GE/g), treatment P2 (41.30%; 13.51 kcal GE/g), treatment P3 (45.38%; 12.27 kcal GE/g), and treatment P4 (49.60%; 11.31 kcal GE/g). Eels used for this study were 6.5±0.3 g in average body weight. Eels were reared in a series of aquaria with dimension 90×40×40 cm3 and filled with 100 L of fresh water. Total weight of eel stocked in aquarium were 400 g. Eels were fed until satiated  twice a day at 8 am and 4 pm for 60 days. The result showed  that different protein level and energy protein ratio was significantly affected  growth performance (feed consumption, specific growth rate, feed efficiency, protein retention, and lipid retention), protein and fat of whole body eels at confident limit of 5%. In contrary, there was no significant different on the survival rate, hepatosomatic index, ash content, and nitrogen free extract of the body eel. The optimal growth performance was reached by dietary protein level and energy protein ratio of 45.38%; 12.27 kcal GE/g and 49.60%; 11.31 kcal GE/g. Keywords: Anguilla bicolor bicolor, energy protein ratio, feed, growth performance, protein  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan menentukan kadar protein dan rasio energi protein optimum yang dapat meningkatkan kinerja pertumbuhan ikan sidat A. bicolor bicolor fase pendederan. Empat macam perlakuan dan tiga ulangan digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Perlakuan tersebut adalah P1 yang mengandung protein 37,66%; dengan rasio energi protein 14,75 kkal GE/g (37,66%; 14,75 kkal GE/g), perlakuan P2 (41,30%; 13,51 kkal GE/g), perlakuan P3 (45,38%; 12,27 kkal GE/g) dan perlakuan P4 (49,60%; 11,31 kkal GE/g). Bobot rata-rata ikan sidat yang digunakan adalah 6,5±0,3 g. Ikan sidat dipelihara dalam akuarium berukuran 90×40×40 cm3 dengan volume air 100 L. Total bobot ikan yang digunakan dalam setiap akuarium adalah 400 g. Ikan sidat diberi pakan sekenyangnya dengan frekuensi dua kali sehari yaitu pukul 08.00 dan pukul 16.00 WIB selama 60 hari. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa pemberian kadar protein dan rasio energi protein pakan berbeda, memberikan pengaruh nyata (P<0,05) terhadap kinerja pertumbuhan (jumlah konsumsi pakan, laju pertumbuhan spesifik, efisiensi pakan, retensi protein, retensi lemak), protein tubuh dan lemak tubuh, tetapi tidak berpengaruh nyata (P>0,05) terhadap tingkat kelangsungan hidup, indeks hepatosomatik, kadar abu, dan bahan ekstrak tanpa nitrogen (BETN) tubuh ikan sidat. Kinerja pertumbuhan optimal dicapai oleh kadar protein dan rasio energi protein pakan 45,38%; 12,27 kkal GE/g dan 49,60%; 11,31 kkal GE/g.  Kata kunci: Anguilla bicolor bicolor, kinerja pertumbuhan, pakan, protein, rasio energi protein 

Role of various fishmeal ingredients on sangkuriang catfish Clarias sp. growth

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT This research was aimed to evaluate the role of fish meal from different raw materials in improving growth performance of sangkuriang catfish Clarias sp. The source of raw materials used were derived from trash fish, salted fish, and head fish eal. Fish reared for 44 days and were given feed test three times per day at 08.00, 12.00, and 16.00. Biomass weight of the experimental fish used were 38.49±1.61 g. The fish reared on the aquarium of 60x50x40 cm3 and by using recirculation system. The results showed that fish meal derived from trash fish provide the best result for feed consumption, daily growth rate, absolute length, biomass, retention of protein, retention of fat, feed efficiency, feed conversion (P>0.05). However, it does not significantly different on the survival of fish (P>0.05). The data showed that the use of trash fish meal resulted on the best growth performance of sangkuriang catfish. It was indicated that the trash-fish meal might be used as the main protein source of sangkuriang catfish feed. Keywords: catfish, growth, at satiation, fish meal  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi pakan uji yang menggunakan sumber tepung ikan dari bahan baku berbeda dalam meningkatkan kinerja pertumbuhan lele sangkuriang Clarias sp. Sumber tepung ikan yang digunakan berasal dari ikan rucah, ikan asin, dan kepala ikan, yang memiliki umum digunakan sebagai salah satu bahan baku pakan lokal. Ikan diberi pakan at satiation selama 44 hari dengan frekuensi tiga kali sehari, yaitu pada pukul 08.00, 12.00, dan 16.00. Biomassa rata-rata ikan uji yang digunakan adalah 38,49±1,61 g. Ikan dipelihara dalam akuarium berukuran 60x50x40 cm3 dan dengan menerapkan sistem resirkulasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tepung ikan yang berasal dari ikan rucah mampu memberikan hasil terbaik dalam meningkatkan kinerja pertumbuhan ikan uji. Hal ini ditunjukkan oleh nilai kinerja pertumbuhan seperti jumlah konsumsi pakan, laju pertumbuhan harian, panjang mutlak, biomassa, retensi protein, retensi lemak, efisiensi pemberian pakan, dan konversi pakan yang menunjukkan perbedaan nyata (P<0,05). Namun, tidak terjadi perbedaan pada kelangsungan hidup ikan (P>0,05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan tepung ikan rucah menghasilkan pertumbuhan terbaik sebagai sumber protein utama pada pakan ikan lele sangkuriang. Kata kunci : ikan lele, pertumbuhan, at satiation, tepung ikan 

Pemberian Fikosianin Spirulina Meningkatkan Jumlah Sel Darah, Aktivitas Fagositosis, dan Pertumbuhan Ikan Kerapu Bebek Juvenil (ADMINISTRATION OF SPIRULINA PHYCOCYANIN ENHANCES BLOOD CELLS, PHAGOCYTIC ACTIVITY AND GROWTH IN HUMPBACK GROUPER JUVENILE)

Jurnal Veteriner Vol 15, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate effects of Spirulina phycocyanin on the total  blood cell count,phagocytic activity, and growth of humpback grouper fish, Cromileptes altivelis juvenil.  Fishes were fedwith a diet containing   0, 150, 250, 350 dan 450 mg  phycocyanin per kg diet for four weeks and eachtreatment was triplicates.  Initial body weight  of  grouper was  8.46 ± 0.22 g with a density of 10 fish per56 litre volume. The total count of  erythrocytes and leucocytes increased until the fourth week of rearingperiod. The highest of total erythrocyte and leucocytes were observed in fish treated with 150 mg phycocyaninper kg diet ( 13.17 x  105 cells/mm3 and 8.93 x 105 cells/mm3 respectively) which were not significantlydifferent (P>0.05) to those treated with 250 mg phycocyanin per kg diet. The total leucocytes and phagocyticactivity of fish fed diet containing  250 mg phycocyanin  per kg diet (8.49 x 105 cells/mm3 and 59.67%respectively) were significantly higher  (P <0.05) to those of control group. The highest of final weight(Wt=14.32 g) and weight growth (G=5.89g) and lowest of feed conversion ratio (FCR=1.13) were obtainedin fish treated with  250 mg phycocyanin per kg diet which were  significantly  higher  (P <0.05) than thosefed control diet. The data showed that  the addition of  phycocyanin 250 mg/kg diet enhances the totalleukocyte count, phagocytic activity and the growth of humpback grouper juvenil.

Development of Humpback Grouper Fish (Chromileptes altivelis) Culture in Gebe Island, Central Halmahera, North Moluccas

Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Vol 3, No 1 (2017): Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Gebe Island as one of the islands in Central Halmahera of North Moluccas Province, has a high potential of fishery resources both for capture and aquaculture fisheries. This activity aimed to improve community skill to rear humpback grouper fish (Chromileptes altivelis ) in floating net at Umera and Umiyal Villages as community empowerment in the Gebe Island. The method of this activities were training and mentoring. Juvenile of the fish was from artificial breeding, and collected naturally from the sea around the Gebe Island. According to the observation of the activity, the community can rear the humpback grouper fish from 5 cm to 2025 cm total body length per individual for 12 months (Umera Village), and it was from 5 cm to 1015 cm total body length per individual for 10 months (Umiyal Village). The fish grew to be 300 g/ind (in December 2013), 500 g/ind (July 2014), and 600 g/ind (October 2014). The community has been able to harvest and sell the grouper fish collected from the sea, reared for 24 months in the floating net.

Enhancement of colour quality, growth, and health status of rainbow Kurumoi fish Melanotaenia parva through dietary synthetic carotenoids supplementation

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 18, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Carotenoids were known as pigment sources, the precursor of vitamin A, potential antioxidant and can improve the health status of fish. Furthermore, there are also studies that reveal the role of carotenoids in bone formation and metabolism. This study was conducted to determine the effect of different carotenoids at two different doses in the feed on growth, pigmentation, vitamin A conversion, blood profile, antioxidant activity, and calcium bone of the rainbow fish. Twenty-one aquariums with a volume of 20 L each stocked with 20 fish (1.08 ± 0.03 g of body weight and 4.56 ± 0.07 cm of body length). The experiment applied seven experimental diets (in triplicates) consisted of three types of carotenoids were astaxanthin (AS), canthaxanthin (CS), and lutein (LS) and two doses (130 and 260 mg/kg), i.e. AS-130, AS-260, CS-130, CS-260, LS-130, LS-260 and basal (without carotenoids) as the control. The fish were fed for 56 days of experimental period. The results showed that carotenoid diets were able to increase growth, total carotenoids, percentages of chromatophores, vitamin A conversion, erythrocyte, leukocytes, packed cell volume (PCV), neutrophils, and hemoglobin (Hb) compared to the control. Fish fed dietary astaxanthin at a level of 260 mg/kg was superior compared to other diets. Dietary carotenoids were also capable of decreasing the endogenous antioxidant activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malonyl dialdehyde (MDA) and increased the calcium level in fish bone than basal diet. Keywords: carotenoids, growth, health status, Melanotaenia parva, pigmentation  ABSTRAK Karotenoid diketahui sebagai sumber pigmen, prekursor vitamin A, antioksidan potensial dan dapat meningkatkan status kesehatan ikan. Selain itu, karotenoid juga memiliki peran dalam formasi dan metabolism tulang. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh jenis dan dosis karotenoid yang berbeda terhadap pertumbuhan, pigmentasi, konversi vitamin A, gambaran darah, aktifitas antioksidan dan kalsium tulang ikan rainbow Kurumoi. Sebanyak 20 ekor ikan (bobot tubuh rata-rata 1,08 ± 0,03 g dan panjang total rata-rata 4,56 ± 0,07 cm) dan diberi makan pakan yang mengandung karotenoid. Pakan uji terdiri atas tiga jenis karotenoid dengan tiga ulangan yaitu astaksantin (AS), cantaksantin (CS), dan lutein (LS) dan dua dosis (130 dan 260 mg/kg) dikodekan dengan AS-130, AS-260, CS-130, CS-260, LS-130, LS-260 dan basal (tanpa karotenoid) sebagai kontrol. Ikan diberi makan selama 56 hari pemeliharaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karotenoid dapat meningkatkan pertumbuhan, total karotenoid, persentase kromatofora, konversi vitamin A, eritrosit, leukosit, hematokrit, neutrofil, dan hemoglobin dibandingkan dengan kontrol. Ikan yang diberi pakan mengandung astaksantin 200 mg/kg lebih baik dibandingkan denga pakan uji lainnya. Pakan yang mengandung karotenoid juga mampu menurunkan antioksidan endogenus superoxide dismutase (SOD) dan malonyl dialdehyde (MDA), serta meningkatkan kalsium tulang ikan dibandingkan pakan kontrol. Keywords: Melanotaenia parva, karotenoid, pertumbuhan, pigmentasi, status kesehatan. 

Utilization of Cinnamon Leaf and Shrimp Flour as an Enhancer of Catfish Meat Quality

Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 20, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) is a freshwater fish that has been produced in the form of a filet. One of the problems in producing good catfish fillet is compactness and brightness of catfish farmed meat. This research aimed to get feed formulation as enhancer  meat quality of striped catfish with added Cinnamon leaves flour (Cinnamomum burmannii)  and used shrimp head meal. A Fish with a weight of  208.98±25.76 g reared in 12 floating nets cage (2x1x1.5 m3) with density of 15 fish/nets for 60 days. As treatment, fish were fed with feed contains 1% cinnamon leaves,  45% shrimp head meal, and combined of cinnamon leaves and shrimp head meal, and as control used feed were formulated without cinnamon leaves and shrimp head meal. Fish were fed 2 times a daily with feeding rate 3.5% of average body weight offish. The test parameters observed were physical, chemical and organoleptic test of catfish meat. The results showed feed with contains cinnamon leaves and shrimp head meal could decrease level of body fat 14.7% compared than control (p<0.05). Feed with used cinnamon leaves and shrimp head meal gave a texture offillet fish more compact,  elastic and color of fillet fish white.