Margo Utomo
Departemen Fisika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang
Articles
23
Documents
DAYA BUNUH BAHAN NABATI SERBUK BIJI PAPAYA TERHADAP KEMATIAN LARVA Aedes aegypti ISOLAT LABORATORIUM B2P2VRP SALATIGA

PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL Vol 2, No 1 (2010): Kesehatan Masyarakat, Olahraga, Gizi, dan Pangan
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (89.731 KB)

Abstract

Background: Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a disease caused by Dengue virus and infected by Aedes aegypti mosquito that is indicated by acute fever for about 2-7 days followed by the nuisance on capillary blood artery and blood freezing system so that, it caused bleeding and even death. Some factors that influence the spreding increase of DHF case are very complex they are population growth, no effective mosquito control in endemic. Any expedient to fight against the diseases by controlling the vector has been done, both chemically and naturally. Objective: To analyze the the priciest doze to reach up the most effective impact papaya seed powder towards amounth death Aedes aegypti larvae. Method: A randomized post test only control group design, on 660 tails, per bowl 20 tails of Aedes aegypti larvae instar III in B2P2VRP Salatiga, divided into the treatment and control group. Controlled variable were temperature and pH of water media. Length of contact with papaya seed powder were 24 hours. Analyzing data with one way Anova test. Result: The most effective doze at 200 mg/100 ml, reach up to 100 % of death in 24 hours. With Anova test p-value = 0,000 (p < 0,05), there is significant difference of larvae death on several dozes, only at 20 mg/100 ml and 40 mg/100 ml dozes there are no significant difference of larvae death (p-value = 0,763 p > 0,05). Conclusion: There is significant difference lethal effect on several dozes of papaya seed powder with the Aedes aegypti larvae death, and the most effective doze is 200mg/100 ml.Keyword: Papaya seed powder, several dozes, Aedes aegyti larvae.

PERBEDAAN KEPADATAN TELUR AEDES SPESIES PADA AVITROP YAIG DIPASANG DI DALAM RUMAH DAN DI LUAR RUMAH DI DESA KANDANGREJO, KLAMBU, GROBOGAN TAHUN 2OO4

JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 2, No 1 (2005): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Dengue fever was the deadly disease, neither hqs cure nor vaccine. The only way to effectively and efficiently prevent the disease is by cleaning up the mosquitoes hideouts. Ovitrap is a way to get ricl of the disease vector by reducing the number ofmosquitoes through their eggs. Purpose: to describe and analyze the density ofthe Aedes Species eggs in the ovitraps installed in Kandangrejo, Subdistrict Klambu, regency of Grobogan. Method; This research is explanatory research with experiment method by the Post Test Only With Control Group Design. Researchsubiect is the eggs trapped in the ovitraps placed both inside snd outside the house. The sample is determined by Systematic Random Sampling. The variables covered in the research are; ovitrap inside and outside the house and the number of aedes species eggs and its density, and measured with ovitrap index. Result: Kandangrejo, Subdistrict Klambu, the regency of Grobogan is an endemic area for Dengue with Container Index (CI); House Index (HI) dan Breuteau Index (BI) startfrom the month of January until May 2004 between 13,3 - 30,7 % ; 19,4 - 41,8 % and 2j,2- 64,4 %. The Ovitrap Index inside the house is 12,50 ok whereas the ovitrap index outside the house is 30,00 %.Conclusion:There is no dffirence between the eggs density of the Aedes Sp in the ovitrap placed inside the house with the ovitrap placed outside the house (p : 0,653). After being identified, the eggs captured in the ovitrap inside the house are Ae. aegepty, whereas those captured outside the house is Ae. Albopictus .Keywords: Eggs density, ovitrap, Dengue Fever.

FAKTOR – FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEPADATAN TULANG PADA WANITA POSTMENOPAUSE

JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 6, No 2 (2010): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background. Osteoporosisis a chronic disease characterized by reduced bone mass. Factor which affect such as family history, physical activity, nutritional status and habits of high calcium foods. Objective. To Analyze the correlation between family history, physical activity, nutritional status and habits of high calcium foods consumption with bone density at postmenopaused women. Methods. This study is a survey with a cross sectional approach with 35 subject. Independent variables was family history, physical activity, nutritional status and habits of high calcium foods consumption while dependent variable is the density of bone. The data family history and physical activity were searched by interview, nutritional status based on BMI and habits of high calcium foods consumption habits was searched by interview using FFQ. Bone density were measured by Ultrasound. The data analysed with Pearson Product Moment, Spearman Rank and Chi Square. Result. Six subject (17,1 %) have history of osteoporosis. A few of physical activity subjects (22,9%) is low category. Most subjects had a BMI > 18 kg / m2. A total of 74,3 % subjects consumed milk. Two subjects (5,7 %) had osteoporosis. There were significant correlation between family history, nutritional status and habits of high calcium foods consumption with bone density, but there was no correlation between physical activity with bone density. Conclusion. There were correlation between family history, nutritional status and habits of high calcium foods with bone density. Keyword. Family history, physical activity, nutritional status, food calcium, bone density, postmenopausal women

PENGARUH JUMLAH AIR YANG DI TAMBAHKAN PADA KEMASAN SERBUK BUNGA SUKUN (Artocarpus communis) SEBAGAI PENGGANTI ISI ULANG (Refill) OBAT NYAMUK ELEKTRIK TERHADAP LAMA WAKTU EFEKTIF DAYA BUNUH NYAMUK Anopheles aconitus LAPANGAN.

JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 6, No 1 (2010): Public Health
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Malaria is spread by female mosquito Anopheles bite. Malaria destroy is by cutting off the contagious chain. The mechanical and biological destroy is better for environment than chemical. It is because most anti-mosquito medicine contains synthetic chemical substance with high concentration (propoxur and transfluthrin). Live insect from the plants have potency to control the vector. Because it is made from natural substance, this insect is bio-degradable so it will not dirty the invironment, and relatively safe for human and cattle. The extinguish skill of insect come from toxic substance within. Besides it is cheaper and more economics. Objective: This research objective is to know the influence of water amount (I ml, 4 ml, 8 ml, 12 ml, 16 ml ) at sukun flower dust as the substitution of electric mosquito medicine refill against the effective long time of mosquito Anopheles aconitus extinguish skill. Method : The researches type is true experiment with control group posttest design. The research sample is female An.aconitus mosquito with simple random sampling technique. The amount of samples are 2400. Independent variable is water amount (1 ml, 4 ml, 8 ml, 12 ml, 16 ml) at sukun flower dust as the substitution of electric. Dependent variable is the effective long time of sukun flower extinguish skill in dust packed. Intruder variables are physical environment : temperature, wind direction, damp, and light are controlled by glass chamber size and put into the same room, long time of contact, controlled by stop watch when refill is described, while mosquito’s age can not be contrrolled because mosquito is coming from the nature. Univariate analysis is using frequency distribution. Bivariate analysis is using Kruskall Wallis test. The data is then examined the normality with Kolmogorov Smirnov test. Result: The most mortality rate are 20 (100%) at 16 ml water added. The fewest mortality are 14,8 ( 74%) at I ml water added, at the control did not find the An.aconitus mortality (0%). The average effecive of time long at every implementation after described ± 6 hours depend on the dead mosquito the most is at the most 16 ml (6,298 hours) water added and the fewest at I ml (6,106 hours) water added. There is significant influence water amount added to dust packed of sukun flower (Arocarpus communis) as the electric mosquito medicine refill with the effective time long of extinguish skill  An.aconitus mosquito( p  = 0,019) (p < 0,05). Conclusion : There is significant influence between water amount added to dust packed of sukun flower (Arocarpus communis) as the electric mosquito medicine refill with the effective time long of extinguish skill An. aconitus mosquito. Keyword: Malaria, insect, sukun flower ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Malaria ditularkan oleh gigitan nyamuk Anopheles betina. Pemberantasan malaria adalah dengan memutus rantai penularan. Pemberantasan mekanik dan biologi lebih ramah lingkungan dari pada kimia. Dikarenakan sebag/an besar obat antinyamuk mengandung bahan kimia sintetis konsentrasi tinggi (propoxur dan transfluthrin). Insektisida hayati dari tumbuhan mempunyai potensi untuk mengendalikan vektor. Oleh karena terbuat dari bahan alami/nabati maka insektisida ini bersfat mudah terurai (bio- degradable) di alam sehingga tidak mencemari lingkungan, dan relatif aman bagi manusia dan binatang ternak. Daya bunuh insectisida hayati berasal dari zat toksik yang dikandungnya. Selain itu lebih ekonomis dan terjangkau semua kalangan. Tujuan: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh berbagai jumlah air yang ditambahkan (lml,4m1,8m1,12m1,16m1) pada serbuk bunga sukun sebagai Refill obat nyamuk elektrik terhadap lama waktu efektif daya bunuh pada nyamuk An.aconitus. Metode: Jenis penelitian adalah eksperimen murni dengan rancangan Postes dengan kelompok kontrol. Sampel penelitian adalah nyamuk An. aconitus betina lapangan dengan teknik pengambilan simple random sampling. Besar sampel sebanyak 2400 ekor. Vaiabel bebas adalah jumlah air yang di tambahkan pada serbuk bunga sukun (Iml,4m1,8m1,12m1,16m1) sebagal Refill obat nyamuk elektrik Variabel Terikat adalah lama waktu efektif daya bunuh kemasan serbuk bunga sukun. Variabel Pengganggu terdiri dari lingkungan fisik: suhu, arah angin, kelembaban, dan cahaya dikendalikan dengan ukuran glass chamber dan di tempatkan pada ruang yang sama, lama waktu kontak, dikendalikan dengan alat bantu stop watch saat pemaparan Refill, sedangkan umur nyamuk tidak dapat dikendalikan karena nyamuk berasal dari alam . Analisis Univariat menggunakan distnibusi frekuensi. Analisis Bivariat dengan Uji Kruskall Wallis. Setelah data di uji kenormalannya dengan Uji Kolmogorov Smirnov. Hasil: Rata-rata kematian terbesar 20 ekor (I00%) pada penambahan air 16m1. Dan rata-rata kematian terkecil 14,8 ekor(74%) pada penambahan air 1ml,pada kontrol tidak ditemukan kematian (0%) nyamuk An,Acontus. Rata-rata lama waktu efektf pada masing-masing perlakuan setelah dipaparkan ± 6jam berdasarkan nyamuk yang mati paling banyak pada penambahan air 16ml (6,298 jam). dan paling sedikit pada penambahan air 1ml (6,106 jam), sedangkan kontrol tidak ada nyamuk An. aconitus lapangan yang mati sejak jam pertama pengujian. Ada pengaruh yang bermakna antara jumlah air yang ditambahkan pada kemasan serbuk bunga sukun (Artocarpus communis) sebagai isi ulang (Refill) obat nyamuk elektrik terhadap lama waktu efektif daya bunuh pada nyamuk An. aconitus lapangan, (p=O, 019) (p< 0,05). Kesimpulan: Ada pengaruh yang bermakna antara jumlah air yang ditambahkan pada serbuk bunga sukun (Artocarpus communis) sebagai isi ulang (Refill) obat nyamuk elektrik terhadap .ama waktu efe kqf daya bunuh pada nyamuk An Aconitus. Kata Kunci           : Malaria, insektisida, bunga sukun.

EFIKASI BERBAGAI DOSIS METHOPRENE SEBAGAI INSECT GROWTH REGULATOR TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN LARVA Aedes aegypti

JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Public Health
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Latar Belakang : Untuk memutus mata rantai penularan maka pengendalian vektor DBD dapat dilakukan baik terhadap jentiknya maupun terhadap nyamuk dewasa. Pengendalian terhadap jentik ada beberapa macam cara salah satunya dengan pengendalian kimiawi (pemberian larvasida di kontainer). Methoprene merupakanInsect Growth Regulator (IGR) yaitu sejenis larvasida yang bekerja dengan cara memotong pemenuhan siklus hidup nyamuk. Tujuan : Untuk mengetahui efikasi berbagai dosis methoprene terhadap pertumbuhan larva Aedes aegypti di laboratorium. Metode: Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah eksperimen murni, dengan rancangan post test only with control group design, menggunakan 6 dosis perlakuan dan satu kontrol dengan pengulangan sebanyak 4 kali jadi jumlah subyek penelitian sebanyak 28 perlakuan. subyek penelitian menggunakan larva Aedes aegypti instar III dan teknik pengambilan sampel secara random/acak. Variabel Dependen pertumbuhan larva Aedes aegypti, Variabel Independent larvasida berbahan aktif Methoprenesebagai IGR, yaitu Altosid. masing-masing kelompok eksperimen diuji menggunakan varians satu jalan (One Way Anova). Hasil : dosis Methoprene 1,75 ppm mencapai kematian larva secara tidak langsung lebih dari 70%.dengan rata-rata sebesar 14,25 (7 1,25 %) dalam waktu 48 jam, dosis Methoprene 0,7 ppm yaitu sebesar 28,75 % dengan rata-rata kematian 5,75, dosis Methoprene 0,8 dengan rata-rata kematian 7 (35%), dosis Methoprene 0,9 dengan rata-rata kematian 8,5 (42,5%), dosis Methoprene 1,25 ppm dengan rata-rata kematian10 (50%), dosis Methoprene 1,25 dengan rata-rata kematian 11,5 (57,5%). dari uji one way Anova diperoleh nilai p:0,000 (p<0,05) yang artinya ada perbedaan yang bermakna pada konsentrasi berbagai dosismethoprene terhadap pertumbuhan larva Aedes aegepti. Kesimpulan: Terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna pada konsentrasi berbagai dosis methoprene terltadap pertumbuhan larva Aedes aegepti.Kata Kunci : IGR, Methoprene, larva, Aedes aegypti

PENGARUH PERBEDAAN KONSENTRASI ACCUZUUR TERHADAP LAMA HANCUR JARUM SUNTIK DI PUSKESMAS GAJAHAN KOTA SURAKARTA

JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 4, No 2 (2008): Public Health
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Immunization and treatment in Gajahan Publio Health Centre yield clinic wasted, injection needlg yield mean 24 needles. Periodical in immunization at school yield clinic waste mean 5000 needles. It has potential to generate danger, environmental contamination if thrown by any place. Gajahan Public Health Centre not yet owned processing special unit and destruction of clinic waste because the limited farm. Accuuzuur is Acid Sulfate havs experienced of liquid with rate 38,065 %o. Mixture iron represent elementary materials of hypodermic needle, iron will be eroded at acid condition.Objective: Knowing influence difference of four kind concentration accuzuur to breaking duration time to hypodermic needles Method: A randomized post test only control group design, on 150 hypodermic needles, devise to 15 tubes, which has been filled 500 cc accuzuur with 85 o/o, 90o/o, 95 o/o and I 00 o/o concentration, and 500 cc aquadest for controlled group.Controled variable were type of needle, amount of needle, temperature, humidity and kind of tubes. The hypodermic needles being cut on covered with plastic. Treatment of final of accuzuur garbage, was given calcium carbonat little bits until pH 6,5-8,5, and then were been throwed . Statistic analyzed with One Way Anova.Result: From 100 ?o concentration starting to break after 24 hours, and all needles breaked entirely after 72 hours. In 95 o/o concentration starting to break after 24 hours, and all needles breaked entirely after 96 hours. In 90% concentration starting to break after 48 hours, and all needles breaked entirely after 96 hours. In 85 o/o concentrationstarting to break after 12 hours. and all needles breaked entirely after 120 hours. There are no sigrificant difference among 85 % with 90%o,95 Yo, and there is significant difference among 85% with 100 %o concentration (p:0.004) at24 hours exposed. There are significant difference among four kind ofconcentration at 48 hours, 72 hours and 96 hours.Conclusion: 100 %o concentration is the most effective, and all needles were breaking after 120 hours.

BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PRAKTIK PEMAKAIAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI (APD) PADA RADIOGRAFER DI INSTALASI RADIOLOGI 4 RUMAH SAKIT DI KOTA SEMARANG

JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 7, No 1 (2011): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Latar Belakang: APD adalah salah satu pelindung radiografer dari bahaya efek radiasi. Berdasarkan  pengamatan masih banyak radiografer yang belum patuh menggunakan APD, khususnya radiografer di 4 Rumah Sakit di kota Semarang. Tujuan : Mengetahui beberapa faktor yang mempengaruhi radiografer dalam menggunakan APD pada saat bekerja. Metode : Jenis penelitian ini adalah explanatory, metode yang digunakan adalah observasi dan wawancara dengan Pendekatan croos sectional. Populasi adalah radiografer 4 rumah sakit di kota Semarang. Jumlah sampel adalah 31 orang. Variabel bebas penelitian ini adalah umur, pendidikan, pelatihan, masa kerja, keberadaan Protap. variabel terikatnya adalah praktik pemakaian APD. Analisis data menggunakan Chi Square. Hasil : Radiografer yang tidak patuh menggunakan APD 96,8 % dan tidak ada hubungan yang bermakna antara umur p = 0,484 pendidikan p = 1,000 pelatihan p = 1,000 masa kerja 0,387 dengan praktik penggunaan APD. Kesimpulan : Tidak ada hubungan antara umur, pendidikan, pelatihan, keberadaan protap     dengan praktik penggunaan APD. Kata kunci : APD, umur, pendidikan, pelatihan, masa kerja, protap

BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG TERKAIT DENGAN KEBIASAAN MEROKOK PADA SISWA PRIA KELAS I DAN II SMK MUHAMMADIYAH 2 SEMARANG 2OO3

JURNAL LITBANG Vol 1, No 1 (2004): Penelitian, Pengembangan dan Pengabdian
Publisher : JURNAL LITBANG

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Smoking is a habit that is detrimental to human health. In one piece of cigarette there are more than four thousand toxic chemical such as nicotine,CO, Arsenic, and tar. The prevalence of smokers in Indonesia has reached 70% of population, and 20% of them between I 5 18 years of age (school age).This research is intended to find out the factors related with smoking on the students of SMI( Muhammadiyah 2 Semarang. The result of the research shows the 90%t of students are smokers. The factor of age, has significant correlation wilh the smoking habit while thefactors offamily, peer, teacher, and idolfigures do not hatte s igrificant correlation.Key words: smoking, students, age.

Hubungan Antara Faktor Konflik Pribadi Dengan kategori Skikizoprenia Pada Pasien Rawat Inap Di Bangsal

JURNAL LITBANG Vol 2, No 2 (2005): Penelitian, Pengembangan, dan Pengabdian
Publisher : JURNAL LITBANG

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Bockground : Mental Healthy is condition may be to development physical,intelectual and emotional anyone individual by optimal hirmoniiing with development anyone the other in environment. Sktzofrenia is mental inteiefenceoften happened with incidence rate on the world"about 0,5-0,8 % on year. Appearance of skizofrenia seen lack of abil-ity nurse self, nothing observed self, social fall, drowing self from environment along with halisination or suspiciousis very interference. Much predisposing factor skizofrenia from psikological aspect that is personal conflict. personal conflict happened if person faced to problem or condition is have to decided, but can not decide for self. So this research havepurpose to know how correlation between personal conflict factor with skizofrenia cases at patien hospitalized in shed 3th grade RSJD dr RM Soedjarwadi Klaten mont April- May 2004.Method : Kind this research is descriptive analytic, use method survey with interview by quesioner and use cross sectional design. As population of all patient skizofrenia is hospitalized in shed 3th grade RSJD dr RM Soedjarwadi Klatenmonth April - May 2004 and sample in this research is total of population as much as 34 person.Independen variabel is personal conflict factor, that is : 1)approach-refusal conflict ; 2) approach fold conflict ; 3) refusal fold conflict.Dependen variabel is category skizofrinia, that is : 1)acut ; 2)sub acut; 3)residualResult : From univariat analitic obtained mean of age patient 28 years, man patient 70,6 %. Education patient majority in level SLTP 35,3 %. Patient not married yet 82,4%, patient not work yet 64,7 %, personal conflik factor majority is approach refusal conflict 64,7%, approach fold conflict 17,6 % and refusal fold conflict 14,7 %. Category skizofrenii majority is residual 70,6 %, sub acut 20,6 % and acut 8,8 %. From bivariat anilitic with assosiatif test use coefisien contingenti (C) obtained C = 0,524, x2 count 12,841 with approx significansi (p) = 0,012. At a= 5 % with df :=4 obtained x2 table= 9,448. Because p =0,012 <a:0,05 and x2 count= 12,841 > x2 table= 9,449 so that can mean there is significan correlation between personal conflict factor with category skizofrenia by p value o= 0,012 (p < 0,05).Cinclusion : There is significan correlation between personal conflict factor with category skizofrenia at patient skizofrenia that hospitalized in shed 3th grade RSJD dr RM Soediarwadi Klaten at month may 2004.Key word : personal conflict factor, patient skizofrenia, skizofrenia cases.

THE CORRELATION BETWEEN VENTILATION SPACE, HUMIDITY, SUNLIGHTING, DENSITY OF OCCUPANTS, AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS WITH ACUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTION SUFFERED BY CHILDREN ONE TO FIVE YEARS OLD AT MOJOSONGO VILLAGE, SURAKARTA CITY IN 2005.

JURNAL LITBANG Vol 3, No 2 (2007): Penelitian, Pengembangan dan Pengabdian
Publisher : JURNAL LITBANG

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Bockground:There were 72,27 % of acute respiratory infection cases in Sibela Public Health Center, Kalurahan Mojosongo in 2004. In addition, there were 49 % houses at the end of December 2004 which were not qualified for living, there were: not enough ventilation space, few sunlighting coming in the house, too density of occupant, and lack of nutrition for children one to five years old.Purpose : to find out the correlation between ventilation, huntidity, sunlighting, density of occupants, and rutritional stahrs and acute respiratory infection suffered by children oneto.five years old in Mojosongo village, Surakarta City..Method : The study uses eksplanatory research by surveying method, interviewing by giving questionairs, observation and measttring by case control design.The population are 66 babies at 12 to 59 months old who came in Sibela Public Health Centt"e surakarta fiom mid April to May 2005. The sample is 33 babies suffired from acute respiratory infection as the case group and 3i babies not suffered from acute respiratory infection as the control group by using quota sampling technique. Independent variable were ventilation, humidity, sunlighting, density of occupants, and nutritional status of children one to five years old. Dependent variable was acute respiratory tract infection.To analyze the risk of each variable, the shtdy uses ODDS Ratio. Chi Square test was used to/ind out the correlation of the variables.Result : Descriptive analisis shows that the biggest percentage is 100 % for humidity, 93,9 %for good ruttritional status, 59,1 %for high density of occupants and, si.,0 % for good house ventilation space and sunlighting..with chi square test p : 0,012 for ventilation space, constant for humidity, p : 0,000 for sunlighting, p : 0,0a9 for density of occupants, and p : 0,748 for nutritional status of children one to five years old.Through ODDS Ratio analysis, the writers finds out that unqualified ventilation had 7,233 times; highly density of occupants had 4,342 times and sunlighting had 1g,254times risk for children one to five years old. to get suffered from acute respiratory tract infection.Conclusion : There is significant correlation between ventilation space, sunlighting and density of occupants with acute respiratory tract infection suffired by children one tofiveyears old (p<0,05). On the other hand, there is no significant correlation between nutritional status tvith acute respiratory tract infection suffered by children one to five years old (p>0,05).Key Words : ARI, Risk Factor, Character Factor