Bambang Ngaji Utomo
Balai Besar Penelitian Veteriner Jalan R.E. Martadinata No. 30, Kotak Pos 52 Bogor 16114, Indonesia Telp. (0251) 8331048, 8334456, Faks. (0251) 8336425

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Aspergillus spp. Contamination on Traditional Hatcheries of Alabio Duck in Mamar Village District of Hulu Sungai Utara South Kalimantan Utomo, Bambang Ngaji
Media Veteriner Vol 6, No 4 (1999): Media Veteriner
Publisher : Media Veteriner

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Abstract

Sample of eggs, feed, rice grains and DOD taken from center for traditional hatcheries of Alabio ducks in Mamar Village District of Hulu Sungai Utara South Kalirnantan were examined for Aspergillus contamination. The result showed that @40% of hatched eggs, 25-50% of feed, 0% of rice grairs and 032.86% of DOD was contamined The species of Aspergillus found in those materials were Aspergillus flavus (18 isolates), Aspergillus fumigatus (12 isolates), Aspergillus niger (9 isolates) and AspergiUus sp. (9 isolates). Aspergillus content in feed sample examined was in the range between 2.0 X 103 - 2.3 X 103 colonies/gram.
Oil palm by product as an alternative feedstuff in Central Kalimantan: 1. The effect of feeding palm oil mill effluent on broiler’s performance Widjaja, Ermin; Piliang, Wiranda G; Rahayu, Iman; Utomo, Bambang Ngaji
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 11, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

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Abstract

Palm oil mill effluent, a by product of crude palm oil processing, is found in an exessive amount in Central Kalimantan. It is estimated that 400 ton of this material is produced per day by crude palm oil (CPO) factory in this region. This material contains 12.63-17.41% crude protein, 9.98-25.79% crude fiber, 7.12-15.15% crude fat and 3217-3454 kcal/kg (gross energy). An experiment was conducted on broiler chickens of Hubbard strain in Kapuas District. The objectives of the experiment was to study the performance of broilers fed solid in the diet. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design. The treatments were levels of solid in the diet, i.e., 0.0, 12.5, 25.0 and 37.5%. Four hundred broilers were devided into 4 treatment groups with 5 replications, consisted of 20 chickens in each replicate. The results of this experiment showed that diet containing 0.0, 12.5, 25.0 and 37.5% of solid respectively produced final live weight of broilers 2508, 2229 and 1880 g respectively, whereas control (0.0% of solid) was 2712 g. Feed conversion of the treatments were 2.39, 2.76, 3.24 respectively and without solid as control was 2.36. It is concluded that diet containing as much as 12.5% of solid can be used in broiler ration. Key Words: Solid, Broiler Chickens, Performance
PENGEMBANGAN SAPI POTONG BERBASIS INDUSTRI PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT Utomo, Bambang Ngaji; Widjaja, Ermin
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian Vol 31, No 4 (2012): Desember 2012
Publisher : Pusat Perpustakaan dan Penyebaran Teknologi Pertanian

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Abstract

Industri perkebunan kelapa sawit menyimpan potensi sumber dayapakan yang besar untuk pengembangan ternak ruminansia khususnyasapi. Integrasi sapi dengan kelapa sawit memunculkan tigakegiatan terpadu sekaligus, yaitu 1) industri pakan ternak berbasishasil samping perkebunan kelapa sawit, 2) usaha perkembangbiakansapi (cow calf operation), dan 3) penggemukan sapi potong.Potensi sumber daya pakan dari industri kelapa sawit meliputi daundan pelepah kelapa sawit sebagai sumber serat dan hasil sampingpabrik pengolahan kelapa sawit (PKS) seperti solid sawit/lumpursawit dan bungkil inti sawit sebagai sumber protein. Inovasiteknologi Badan Litbang Pertanian pemanfaatan bahan pakan dariindustri sawit telah tersedia dan dapat diterapkan pengguna dilapangan. Usaha sapi potong dengan pola integrasi sawit-sapimenguntungkan dan berpeluang dikembangkan. Demikian pulapenggemukan sapi potong di dekat PKS memiliki prospek yangbaik sehingga dapat diterapkan di lokasi lain. Kegiatan ini dapatmembuka peluang usaha bagi karyawan kebun dan pabrik kelapasawit melalui koperasi. Pengembangan ternak berbasis industrikelapa sawit meningkatkan efisiensi dan produktivitas ternakmaupun tanaman kelapa sawit. Namun, penerapannya masih terbatassehingga memerlukan dukungan dan komitmen dari berbagaipihak, yaitu petani, pengusaha/investor, perbankan, peneliti, sertapemerintah daerah dan pusat. Sosialisasi kepada pelaku usahaperkebunan kelapa sawit harus dilakukan pada level pengambilkeputusan agar ada pemahaman yang benar tentang integrasi sawitsapidan model pengembangannya.
Oil palm by product as an alternative feedstuff in Central Kalimantan: 1. The effect of feeding palm oil mill effluent on broiler’s performance Widjaja, Ermin; Piliang, Wiranda G; Rahayu, Iman; Utomo, Bambang Ngaji
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 11, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

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Abstract

Palm oil mill effluent, a by product of crude palm oil processing, is found in an exessive amount in Central Kalimantan. It is estimated that 400 ton of this material is produced per day by crude palm oil (CPO) factory in this region. This material contains 12.63-17.41% crude protein, 9.98-25.79% crude fiber, 7.12-15.15% crude fat and 3217-3454 kcal/kg (gross energy). An experiment was conducted on broiler chickens of Hubbard strain in Kapuas District. The objectives of the experiment was to study the performance of broilers fed solid in the diet. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design. The treatments were levels of solid in the diet, i.e., 0.0, 12.5, 25.0 and 37.5%. Four hundred broilers were devided into 4 treatment groups with 5 replications, consisted of 20 chickens in each replicate. The results of this experiment showed that diet containing 0.0, 12.5, 25.0 and 37.5% of solid respectively produced final live weight of broilers 2508, 2229 and 1880 g respectively, whereas control (0.0% of solid) was 2712 g. Feed conversion of the treatments were 2.39, 2.76, 3.24 respectively and without solid as control was 2.36. It is concluded that diet containing as much as 12.5% of solid can be used in broiler ration. Key Words: Solid, Broiler Chickens, Performance
Palm oil by-product as an alternative feedstuff in Central Kalimantan: 2. The effect of feeding palm oil mill effluent on cholesterol, fatty acid and vitamin A of broilers Widjaja, Ermin; Utomo, Bambang Ngaji
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 12, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

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Abstract

Solid heavy paste, a byproduct of crude palm oil processing, is found in an excessive amount in Central Kalimantan. It is estimated that 400 tons of this material were produced per day by crude palm oil (CPO) factories in this region. This material contains 12.63-17.41% crude protein, 9.98-25.79% crude fiber, 7.12-15.15% crude fat, 3217-3454 kcal/kg (gross energy) and 1.5% CPO. Considering its composition, this material can be used as an ingridient in broiler’s diet. This study was conducted on broiler chickens of Hubbard strain in Kapuas district. The objectives of the experiment were to study the cholesterol, fatty acid and vitamin A retained in meat and liver of broilers as a result of feeding ration containing solid heavy paste. This experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design. The treatments were levels of solid in the diet, i.e., 0.0, 12.5, 25 and 37.5%. Four hundred broilers were divided into 4 treatmen groups with 5 replications, consisted of 20 chickens in each replication. Data was analyzed based on statistical and descriptive analyses. The results of this experiment indicated that 25% solid in the diet decreased the total fat and cholesterol in the meat and liver, but increased polyunsaturated fatty acid contained in meat. The highest contain of vitamin A in meat and liver was found in the group that received diet containing 12.5% solid. Key Words: Solid, Broiler Chickens, Cholesterol, Fatty Acid, Vitamin A
The qualitative variation of Katingan cattle Utomo, Bambang Ngaji; Noor, R.R.; Sumantri, C; Supriatna, I; Gunardi, E.D; Tiesnamurti, B
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 17, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

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Abstract

The characterization is main activities in order to identify important trait of Katingan cattle. Information of its phenotypic characteristic is not available yet. The aim of the study is to describe the qualitative characteristic of Katingan cattle. Three location of the study were sub-district of Tewah Sanggalang Garing (Pendahara Village), sub-district of Pulau Malan (Buntut Bali Village), and sub-district of Katingan Tengah (Tumbang Lahang Village). The samples of Katingan cattle were taken as many as possible based on the field conditions to observe pattern of colour, growth of horn and gibbosity appear among two horns. General characteristic of Katingan cattle was various in colours of coat, having horns, humped and dewlop. The main characteristics were expressed at female of Katingan cattle. There were six variations of horn shape at female, however the growth of arching forwards was dominant (78.4%). Horn shape of male was generally grown upside (98.3%). Gibbosity was founded among horn only at female cattle (92.6%). There were 9 combinations of coat colour of female Katingan Cattle, those were brown reddish (27%), brown whitish (14.1%), brown like colour of Bali cattle (13.8%), black (12.5%), brown dull (9.6%), brown sorrel (9.3%), blackish (7.1%), white brownish (5.5%) and white grayish (4.5%). Male of Katingan cattle had eight colour combinations, those were brown whitish (14.8%), brown whitish and reddish (14.8%), brown reddish (13.1%), blackish (12.3%), brown whiteish with black withers (10.7%), brown sorrel (9.8%) and brown sorrel with black withers (7.8%). Based on qualitative analysis, the Katingan cattle had variations in coat of colour, growth of horn and the gibbosity. The variation of coat colour had potentially selection related to the value of cultural. Key Words: Katingan Cattle, Qualitative, Coat Colour, Horn, Gibbosity
SAPI KATINGAN SAPI LOKAL KALIMANTAN TENGAH DAN UPAYA PELESTARIANNYA Utomo, Bambang Ngaji
Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian Vol 34, No 3 (2015): September 2015
Publisher : Pusat Perpustakaan dan Penyebaran Teknologi Pertanian

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Abstract

Sapi Katingan merupakan sapi lokal Kalimantan Tengah yangdipelihara oleh masyarakat Dayak. Ciri umum sapi katingan ialahbergelambir, berpunuk, bertanduk, dan mempunyai warna bulu yangbervariasi. Penciri utama dapat dilihat pada sapi betina, yaknimemiliki enam variasi pertumbuhan tanduk, namun yang dominanialah melengkung ke depan (78,4%). Pada sapi jantan, tanduk padaumumnya tumbuh normal ke samping atas (98,3%). Sapi betina jugamemiliki tonjolan di antara tanduk (92,6%). Ada sembilankombinasi warna pada sapi betina, namun yang dominan ialahcokelat kemerahan (27%). Sapi jantan memiliki delapan kombinasiwarna dan yang dominan adalah cokelat keputihan (14,8%). Sapikatingan memiliki ukuran tubuh lebih besar dibanding sapi pesisirdan sapi aceh, namun lebih kecil daripada sapi bali dan sapi madura.Sapi lokal Kalimantan Tengah mempunyai keragaman genetik yangtinggi dan berada satu klaster dengan sapi PO. Untuk meningkatkanpopulasi, produktivitas, dan reproduksi sapi lokal KalimantanTengah perlu dilakukan perbaikan mutu genetik melalui seleksi danpeningkatan kualitas pakan. Upaya pelestarian dilakukan melaluipenetapan wilayah konservasi yakni Desa Buntut Bali. Penetapanrumpun juga diperlukan agar sapi lokal Kalimantan Tengah mendapatperhatian yang lebih baik pada level daerah maupun nasional.
Palm oil by-product as an alternative feedstuff in Central Kalimantan: 2. The effect of feeding palm oil mill effluent on cholesterol, fatty acid and vitamin A of broilers Widjaja, Ermin; Utomo, Bambang Ngaji
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 12, No 1 (2007): MARCH 2007
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.149 KB)

Abstract

Solid heavy paste, a byproduct of crude palm oil processing, is found in an excessive amount in Central Kalimantan. It is estimated that 400 tons of this material were produced per day by crude palm oil (CPO) factories in this region. This material contains 12.63-17.41% crude protein, 9.98-25.79% crude fiber, 7.12-15.15% crude fat, 3217-3454 kcal/kg (gross energy) and 1.5% CPO. Considering its composition, this material can be used as an ingridient in broiler’s diet. This study was conducted on broiler chickens of Hubbard strain in Kapuas district. The objectives of the experiment were to study the cholesterol, fatty acid and vitamin A retained in meat and liver of broilers as a result of feeding ration containing solid heavy paste. This experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design. The treatments were levels of solid in the diet, i.e., 0.0, 12.5, 25 and 37.5%. Four hundred broilers were divided into 4 treatmen groups with 5 replications, consisted of 20 chickens in each replication. Data was analyzed based on statistical and descriptive analyses. The results of this experiment indicated that 25% solid in the diet decreased the total fat and cholesterol in the meat and liver, but increased polyunsaturated fatty acid contained in meat. The highest contain of vitamin A in meat and liver was found in the group that received diet containing 12.5% solid. Key Words: Solid, Broiler Chickens, Cholesterol, Fatty Acid, Vitamin A
Oil palm by product as an alternative feedstuff in Central Kalimantan: 1. The effect of feeding palm oil mill effluent on broiler’s performance Widjaja, Ermin; Piliang, Wiranda G; Rahayu, Iman; Utomo, Bambang Ngaji
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 11, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (62.738 KB)

Abstract

Palm oil mill effluent, a by product of crude palm oil processing, is found in an exessive amount in Central Kalimantan. It is estimated that 400 ton of this material is produced per day by crude palm oil (CPO) factory in this region. This material contains 12.63-17.41% crude protein, 9.98-25.79% crude fiber, 7.12-15.15% crude fat and 3217-3454 kcal/kg (gross energy). An experiment was conducted on broiler chickens of Hubbard strain in Kapuas District. The objectives of the experiment was to study the performance of broilers fed solid in the diet. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design. The treatments were levels of solid in the diet, i.e., 0.0, 12.5, 25.0 and 37.5%. Four hundred broilers were devided into 4 treatment groups with 5 replications, consisted of 20 chickens in each replicate. The results of this experiment showed that diet containing 0.0, 12.5, 25.0 and 37.5% of solid respectively produced final live weight of broilers 2508, 2229 and 1880 g respectively, whereas control (0.0% of solid) was 2712 g. Feed conversion of the treatments were 2.39, 2.76, 3.24 respectively and without solid as control was 2.36. It is concluded that diet containing as much as 12.5% of solid can be used in broiler ration. Key Words: Solid, Broiler Chickens, Performance
The qualitative variation of Katingan cattle Utomo, Bambang Ngaji; Noor, R.R.; Sumantri, C; Supriatna, I; Gunardi, E.D; Tiesnamurti, B
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 17, No 1 (2012): MARCH 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1849.577 KB)

Abstract

The characterization is main activities in order to identify important trait of Katingan cattle. Information of its phenotypic characteristic is not available yet. The aim of the study is to describe the qualitative characteristic of Katingan cattle. Three location of the study were sub-district of Tewah Sanggalang Garing (Pendahara Village), sub-district of Pulau Malan (Buntut Bali Village), and sub-district of Katingan Tengah (Tumbang Lahang Village). The samples of Katingan cattle were taken as many as possible based on the field conditions to observe pattern of colour, growth of horn and gibbosity appear among two horns. General characteristic of Katingan cattle was various in colours of coat, having horns, humped and dewlop. The main characteristics were expressed at female of Katingan cattle. There were six variations of horn shape at female, however the growth of arching forwards was dominant (78.4%). Horn shape of male was generally grown upside (98.3%). Gibbosity was founded among horn only at female cattle (92.6%). There were 9 combinations of coat colour of female Katingan Cattle, those were brown reddish (27%), brown whitish (14.1%), brown like colour of Bali cattle (13.8%), black (12.5%), brown dull (9.6%), brown sorrel (9.3%), blackish (7.1%), white brownish (5.5%) and white grayish (4.5%). Male of Katingan cattle had eight colour combinations, those were brown whitish (14.8%), brown whitish and reddish (14.8%), brown reddish (13.1%), blackish (12.3%), brown whiteish with black withers (10.7%), brown sorrel (9.8%) and brown sorrel with black withers (7.8%). Based on qualitative analysis, the Katingan cattle had variations in coat of colour, growth of horn and the gibbosity. The variation of coat colour had potentially selection related to the value of cultural. Key Words: Katingan Cattle, Qualitative, Coat Colour, Horn, Gibbosity