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Syammaun Usman
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PENGARUH KONSENTRASI TEPUNG Spirulina platensis PADA PAKAN TERHADAP PENINGKATAN WARNA IKAN MASKOKI (Carassius auratus) Effect of Spirulina platensis Concentration in Diet to Increase Color of Goldfish (Carassius auratus) Barus, Ricky Suranta; Usman, Syammaun; Nurmatias, Nurmatias
AQUACOASTMARINE Vol 5, No 4 (2014): JURNAL AQUACOASTMARINE VOLUME 5, NO 4, DESEMBER 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

Goldfish (Carassius auratus) is a beautiful freshwater ornamental fish. Price of goldfish depends on several factors, one of them is the body color. Goldfish have stable price in the market whether market demand that continues to increase. Goldfish have characteristics from the type of colors and the beauty of their fins. Color is aesthetics ornamental fish that affect it economical values. Thus, the color should be upgraded and maintained its quality. Such efforts to increase color will be done by adding natural pigment into the feeds. Pigments natural resources can be obtained from Spirulina platensis. The purpose of this research is to know dosage Spirulina platensis that optimal to increase the color of Goldfish. This Research using Complete Random Design (CRD) with three repetition, with the dose treatment by 0 %, 1 %, 3 %, and 5 % for up during 28 days. Additional Spirulina platensis through the feed can increasing colors of the Goldfish. The nutrient that enriched with Spirulina platensis dosage 3% can produce colors brighter than the other dose. Additional Spirulina in the feed has no effect on growth of Goldfish.Keywords: Carassius auratus, Goldfish, Spirulina platensis, Color
PENGARUH PADAT TEBAR TERHADAP KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP DAN LAJU PERTUMBUHAN IKAN MASKOKI (Carassius auratus) YANG DIPELIHARA DENGAN SISTEM RESIRKULASI Ginting, Andrius; Usman, Syammaun; Dalimunthe, Maragunung
AQUACOASTMARINE Vol 5, No 4 (2014): JURNAL AQUACOASTMARINE VOLUME 5, NO 4, DESEMBER 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

Goldfish is the most desirable ornamental. The market demand required intensive cultivation. Intensive cultivation can be done by optimizing stocking density. This study aims to determine the effect of stocking density on survival and growth rate of goldfish (Carassius auratus) as well as to determine the maximum stocking density goldfish with an average length 4,16 cm and average weight 1,84 grams. The experimental design used was Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three treatments is stocking density 1 fish / liter (P1), 2 fish / liter (P2), and 3 fish / liter (P3) and repeated 3 times. Treatment P1 shows the growth rate of weight daily and length growth rate that equal to the best daily is 2,75% and 0,87%. Stocking density significantly affect the growth rate of the long and weight growth rate daily but did not significantly affect survival. DMRT furthertest results indicate treatments P3 is significantly different from P1.Keywords: Carassius auratus, Goldfish, Growth Rate, Stocking Density, Survival Rate.
PENGARUH KOMBINASI PAKAN ALAMI DENGAN PAKAN BUATAN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BENIH IKAN LELE DUMBO (Clarias gariepinus) The Influence of Combination Natural Feed with Artificial Feed for Growth the African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) Amanta, Ricky; Usman, Syammaun; Lubis, M. Riza Kurnia
AQUACOASTMARINE Vol 8, No 3 (2015): JURNAL AQUACOASTMARINE VOLUME 8, NO 3, JUNI 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

Increased cultivation of the African catfish, the demand for seedling in the form of seed is also increasing. Therefore, It has to have an availability seeds with good quality and quantity in halls seeding. Giving proper woof can determine the quality and continuity of the fish seed. Increasing growth of the African catfish by giving the combination feed. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the use combined natural feed of dried sludge worms (Tubifex sp.) with artificial feed of pellets flour to the seed growth of the African catfish (Clarias gariepinus), it sizes 3,32 – 3,40 cm with a weight is 0,37 – 0,38 g were kept in the aquarium measuring 60 × 30 × 30 cm by 15 units with a volume is 20 liters per aquarium and arranged randomly. The design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with a combination of 100 % pellets flour, 100 % dried sludge worms, 75 % pellets flour + 25 % dried sludge worms, 50 % pellets flour + 50 % dried sludge worms, 25 % pelets flour + 75 % dried sludge worms. Feed given as much as 10 % of the body weight of the fish. The results showed that the good combination for the African catfish growth is 75 % pellets flour + 25 % dried sludge worms, with length and weight growth is 3,51 cm and 1,66 g.Keywords: Clarias gariepinus, Feed, Combination, Growth
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN JAGUNG (Zea mays) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN IKAN MAS (Cyprinus carpio) DI DESA TANJUNG MULIA KECAMATAN TANJUNG MORAWA KABUPATEN DELI SERDANG Saleh, Muhammad Khairul; Yusni, Eri; Usman, Syammaun
AQUACOASTMARINE Vol 8, No 3 (2015): JURNAL AQUACOASTMARINE VOLUME 8, NO 3, JUNI 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

Common carp (Cypirinus carpio) is fish consumption. It is a higheconomic value and suitable for cultivationed. This is very popular in Indonesiapeople. The Experimental wer give commercial feed and combinasion with thecorn (Zea mays). Feed this were give 3 times a day, and the corn (Zea mays)weregive for the treatment 1(1%), treatment 2(2%), and treatment 3 (3%, but to thecommercial feed were give 3% for the all treatment. During 3 mounth of thisstudys were used 9 cages,eat 1 cages were put of 50 fish and the results werefound of treatment 3(3%) were to be better than treatment 1 and treatment 2.Body weight of treatment 3 were found of 170 gram, followed treatment 2 of 120gram and treatment 1 of 87 gram. The body length treatment 3 were found of 16 –18 cm, followed treatment 2 of 15 – 17 cm and treatment 1 of 13 – 15 cm.Keyword: Cypirinus carpio,Common carp, Feeding, Zea mays.
PENGARUH KONSENTRASI TEPUNG ASTAXANTHIN PADA PAKAN TERHADAP PENINGKATAN WARNA IKAN MASKOKI (Carassius auratus) Effect of Astaxanthin Concentration in Diet to Increase Color Of Goldfish (Carassius auratus) Sitorus, Artha Maria Gabriella; Usman, Syammaun; Nurmatias, Nurmatias
AQUACOASTMARINE Vol 8, No 3 (2015): JURNAL AQUACOASTMARINE VOLUME 8, NO 3, JUNI 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

Goldfish in Indonesia is popular and likely ornamental fish for all of society. Goldfish have a stable price in the market and quite affordable with the ever-increasing market demand. Goldfish as ornamental fish have interesting colour and excellence in body shapes especially the beauty of their fins. The bright and brilliant colors of Goldfish is an attraction that affect it economical values. Thus, the color should be upgraded and maintained its quality. Such efforts to increase color will be done by pigments manipulation techniques with adding suplement into the feeds. The suplement pigments can be obtained from Astaxanthin. The purpose of this research is to know dosage Astaxanthin that optimal to increase the color of Goldfish.this research using Complete Random Design (CRD) with three repetition, with the dose treatment by 0%, 1%, 3%, and 5% for up during 28 days. Additional Astaxanthin through the feed can increasing colors of the Goldfish. The nutrient that enriched with Astaxanthin dosage is 1% can produce brighter colors than the other dose. Additional Astaxanthin in the feed has no effect on growth of GoldfishKeywords : Astaxanthin, Carassius auratus, Color, Goldfish
PENGARUH PADAT TEBAR TINGGI TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP IKAN LELE DUMBO (Clarias gariepinus) (The Influence of Stocking Density to The Growth of Catfish (Clarias gariepinus)) Waker, M.Bobbie Jhora; Djayus, Yunasfi; Usman, Syammaun
AQUACOASTMARINE Vol 9, No 4 (2015): AQUACOASTMARINE
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

Catfish is one of the most interest fish consumption to full fill the market demands is needed of intensive cultivation can be done by optimizing the stocking density using high stocking density system. This research aims to determine the effect of nigh stocking densities on the survival and growthrates of catfish as well as to determine the maximum stocking density of fish catfish with an average length of 5 cm and a weight of 1,2 grams. Catfish use as many as 450. The study was conducted in the laboratory cultivation of marine resources management, agricultural faculty of usu field in april – may 2015, maintance container used were aquarium size 60 cm x 40 cm x 40 cm with a water volume of 72 liters each aquarium. The meters were observed for 42 day is the survival rate of growth in weight and length daily, during the reasearch of artificial fish fed as much as 2 daily 5. During the study 10.00, 18.00. The experimental design used is Completely Randomized Design (CRD) is a stocking density of 600 tail/m³ (P1), 700 tail/m³ (P2), and 800 tail/m³ (P3) best daily 3,25% and 1,10%. Stocking density significantly affected the growth rate of the daily length and weight growth rate daily but did not significantly affect survival. Tuckey test result furtner showed significantly different treatment P3, P1 and P3 but not significantly different to P2.Keyword: Clarias gariepinus, Cathfish, Stocking density system of the growth of life
Pengaruh Garam (NaCl) terhadap Pengendalian Infeksi Argulus sp. pada Ikan Mas (Cyprinus carpio) The Influence of Salt (NaCl) against Argulus sp. Infection Control on Goldfish (Cyprinus carpio) Sinaga, Anasthazya Christy Hanna; Usman, Syammaun; Nurmatias, Nurmatias
AQUACOASTMARINE Vol 10, No 5 (2015): JURNAL AQUACOASTMARINE
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

The development of goldfish cultivation has a good prospect due to theincreasing market demand. But the attack Argulus sp. on hatchery goldfish is a seriousproblem that can cause a loss of the farmers that is decreased production of fish, as wellas the low value. This research aims to know the extent to which the effectiveness saltagainst Argulus sp. infection in goldfish (Cyprinus carpio) and to know the optimallevels of salt in the control of infection of Argulus sp. on goldfish. This study used aRandomized Complete Design (RAL), namely 3 and 1 control treatment with eachtreatment was repeated as many as 3 times, with a dose of the treatment 3 ppt, 6 ppt, 9ppt. Data analyzed with ANOVA. The results showed that the giving of the salt effecton the value of the prevalence, intensity of infection of Argulus sp. and survival rate ofgoldfish. The concentration of salt in controlling attacks Argulus sp. found in thetreatment of the G3 (9 ppt) that is the value of the prevalence of 60,17%, the value ofthe intensity of 1,54 ind/tail with survival rates of fish 93,33%.Key words : Cyprinus carpio, Argulus sp., salt (NaCl), prevalence, intensity
Pengaruh Konsentrasi Tepung Wortel (Daucus carota) Pada Pakan Terhadap Peningkatan Warna Ikan Maskoki (Carassius auratus) Karo-Karo, Riki MS; Usman, Syammaun; Irwanmay, Irwanmay
AQUACOASTMARINE Vol 10, No 5 (2015): JURNAL AQUACOASTMARINE
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

Maskoki fish (Carassius auratus) is a type of fish that have other names which have a gold fish body shape ranging from red, yellow, green, black and silvery. As fish are included in the category of ornamental fish, then to produce the best maskoki fish, needed a good environment and foods high in nutrients. Good food nutrition will support color, good health. Color is one of the reasons ornamental fish demand by the public, so farmers need to retain the color of ornamental fish in particular by giving feed containing pigment. The work done to obtain a uniform bright colors in fish is added to the pigment in the feed source. Source of natural pigments can be obtained from flour carrot (Daucus carota). The purpose of this study was to determine the dose of carrot flour that can enhance the color of maskoki fish. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications, with doses of 0%, 1%, 3%, and 5% for 30 days. The addition of carrot powder through the feed can improve the color of maskoki fish. Giving carrot flour with a dose of 5% produces a brighter color than the other doses. Carrots Flour Addition on the feed had no effect on the weight and length maskoki goldfish.Keywords: Carassius auratus, maskoki fish, Daucus carota, color
Penambahan Berbagai Sumber Beta Karoten Alami Dalam Pakan Terhadap Peningkatan Kecerahan Warna Ikan Koi (Cyprinus carpio) Issue of Various Sources of Natural Beta Carotene In Feed To Koi Fish (Cyprinus carpio) Color Brightness Enhancement Hulu, Evan Aspirata; Usman, Syammaun; Nurmatias, Nurmatias
AQUACOASTMARINE Vol 10, No 5 (2015): JURNAL AQUACOASTMARINE
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

The potential for aquaculture in Indonesia has a very promising opportunity.The ornamental fish have a beauty value of its body shape, active movement and colordiversion. Koi (Cyprinus carpio) is one type of ornamental fish that can be cultered. Koifish which have beautiful and bright colors can be have a high value. Natural colormatters in feed is done to improve and maintain the color of ornamental fish. Materialsof beta carotene used were astaxanthin, carrot powder and spirulina. The purpose ofthis research is to determine the best effect of natural beta carotene issue to increasecolors brightness in koi fish and determine the treatment efficient or not. This researchused Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with four treatments: T (without givingcolor material), W (carrots), S (spirulina) and A (astaxanthin) each of dose 3% andthree repetition. Data were analyzed with ANOVA system. The result has shown thatissue 3% of astaxanthin produce the best color brightness at 0,97 point than the othertreatment. The result showed that the treatment of color materials issue in feed wasefficient (benefit) because of the efficiency values smaller than 1 (one).Keywords: Cyprinus carpio, koi fish, color, carotenoids
TINGKAT PENGGUNAAN Azolla pinnata PADA PAKAN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN IKAN NILA (Oreochromis niloticus) Grade of use of azolla pinnata the feed to growth of nila fish (Oreochromis niloticus) Sinaga, Daniel; Usman, Syammaun; Nurmatias, Nurmatias
AQUACOASTMARINE Vol 11, No 1 (2016): JURNAL AQUACOASTMARINE
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

Nila fish is economic valuable fish, consumer demand increasing, but hasnot been followed by intensive cultivation and optimal. One of attempt toovercome these problems by substituting commercial feed with fish meat mealAzolla pinnata for growth nila fish. The tested fish are nila fish size 6 cm whichmaintained in an pain diameter 50 cm by 12 unit. With completely randomizeddesign. With treatment commercial pakan 100% without added azolla flour,commercial pakan 94 % added 10 % azolla flour, commercial pakan 88 %added 20 % azolla flour, and commercial pakan 82 % added 30 % azolla flour,the result showed that azolla flour can be used as a substitute for fish meal in fishfeed. The fourth feed that gives the best growth as feeds commercial pakan 82 %added 30 % azolla flour with weight growth of 4.33 g and length growth 2.23 cm.Keywords : Oreochromis niloticus, Azolla pinnata flour, Growth