Mustofa Umar
Universitas Islam Negeri Alaudin Ujungpandang. Jalan Sultan Alaudin II. Telp. (0411) 868756.

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KONVERGENSI AGAMA DAN SAINS DALAM MELACAK BASIS ONTOLOGI SEMESTA: Tinjauan Hermeneutika Hadis Penciptaan Umar, Mustofa
Jurnal THEOLOGIA Vol 27, No 1 (2016): FILSAFAT ISLAM & ISU-ISU KONTEMPORER
Publisher : Fakulta Ushuluddin dan Humaniora Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/teo.2016.27.1.925

Abstract

Abstract: The main purpose of this article (research) is to provide the unity of coherent conceptual frameworks between religion and science on the discourse about the origins of the universe. Contemporary cosmological theories reveal the continuing encounter between physics and theology (religion). The concepts of modern physics show surprising parallels to the ideas expressed in the religious philosophies that the basic features of their worldview are the same. Mystical traditions are present in all religions and they also can be found in the theory of modern physics on the holistic conception of reality. It obviously indicates a new “paradigm”— a new vision of reality. By the “antinomic” principles of light, both religion and science, ontologically, can trace the beginning of the universe, and also unveil the deepest secrets of the laws of physics. Light as the basic ontology of reality in the hadith texts has been used by muslem theosophists (sufi) to formulate their theories of the universe creation, especially, in the sufism of Ibn Arabi. His cosmological concepts are essentially similar to the scientific conceptions of cosmology and completely in accordance with the laws of physics in the very heart of the cosmos itself. At the moment, the integration of religion and science has arrived at the same holistic conception of reality. As the pillar of civilization, both are expected to go hand in hand and form a powerful force for social change in the new conceptual frameworks for ways of life, thought, and consciousness. Abstrak: Tujuan utama dari artikel (riset) ini adalah untuk membuktikan terdapatnya kesatuan kerangka konseptual yang koheren antara agama dan sains tentang persoalan muasal alam semesta. Teori-teori kosmologi modern menunjukkan adanya titik temu yang berkelanjutan antara sains dan teologi (agama). Konsep-konsep fisika modern memperlihatkan kesejajaran yang menakjubkan terhadap ide-ide yang diungkapkan dalam filsafat agama, yaitu ciri-ciri dasar pandangan mereka yang sama. Tradisi-tradisi mistik yang terdapat dalam agama, juga dapat dijumpai dalam teori fisika modern tentang konsep realitas yang holistik. Ini dapat disebut sebagai paradigm baru-visi baru terhadap realitas. Melalui prinsip “antinomi” cahaya, secara ontologis, agama dan sains keduanya dapat melacak permulaan semesta, juga dapat membuka selubung terdalam dari rahasia hukum alam (sunnatullāh). Cahaya sebagai basis ontology realitas yang terdapat dalam teks-teks hadis, telah digunakan oleh para sufi untuk menformulasikan teori-teori mereka tentang penciptaan semesta, khususnya Ibn Arabi. Secara esensial, konsep kosmologi Ibn Arabi memiliki kemiripan dengan konsepsi dalam sains dan secara sempurna sesuai dengan hukum alam pada aspek yang paling dalam dari kosmos itu sendiri. Saat ini, intregrasi agama dan sains sudah sampai pada kesamaan konsepsi tentang realitas secara holistik. Sebagai pular peradaban, keduanya diharapkan dapat berjalan beriringan dan membentuk sebuah kekuatan penuh bagi perubahan sosial dalam bingkai keonseptual baru terhadap pandangan hidup, pemikiran dan kesadaran.
Sejarah Religio-Politik di Singapura: Interaksi Islam dalam Dinamika politik Multi Etnis Umar, Mustofa
Millah: Jurnal Studi Agama Vol. IV, No.1, Agustus 2004 Pluralisme Agama
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Agama Islam, Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/millah.vol4.iss1.art9

Abstract

In this article, the writer tries to explain the historicity of political system formulation and government in Singapore. Besides, the writer also explores the religion role in establishing state institution. Moreover, the writer specifies that social structure of Singapore society-the multiracial country with the majority of Chinese immigrant have been working out nationalism awareness. The political social interaction based on ethnic and religious sentiment had crystallized and ended by separation of Singapore from Malaysia federation, as a free country based on industry and trade. In many sectors, the sake of Singaporean Moslems is accommodated. The accommodated Moslems aspiration is along with the improvement of Moslems awareness of the important of formal institution to accommodate their aspiration. However, Islam is still paced as a distrustful movement.
MESOPOTAMIA DAN MESIR KUNO: Awal Peradaban Dunia Umar, Mustofa
EL HARAKAH (TERAKREDITASI) Vol 11, No 3 (2009): EL HARAKAH
Publisher : UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/el.v0i0.434

Abstract

The existence of civilization cannot be separated from the existence of human beings. Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt were the centers of the oldest civilization in the world. Both Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt had typical characteristics. Mesopotamian civilization was more non-physical compared to Egypt. Sciences were emphasized more in Mesopotamia, while Egypt emphasized religious aspects. Political systems in both areas were almost the same, that is, absolutism and considered the king as god. Mesopotamia was more humanist than Egypt. The effectiveness of both civilizations was determined much by political power and economy. Keberadaan peradaban tak lepas dari keberadaan manusia. Mesopotamia dan Mesir Kuno adalah pusat peradaban tertua di dunia. Mesopotamia dan Mesir Kuno memiliki ciri khas. Peradaban Mesopotamia lebih bersifat non fisik dibandingkan dengan Mesir. Ilmu pengetahuan lebih ditekankan di Mesopotamia, sementara Mesir menekankan aspek religius. Sistem politik di kedua wilayah hampir sama, yaitu absolutisme dan menganggap raja sebagai tuhan. Mesopotamia lebih humanis daripada Mesir. Keefektifan kedua peradaban itu ditentukan oleh kekuatan politik dan ekonomi.
KETEPATAN SASARAN DANA BOS BAGI SISWA SMP NEGERI DI KOTA MAKASSAR Irawati, Irawati; Kara, Muslimin; Umar, Mustofa
Assets Vol 8, No 1 (2018): Assets : Jurnal Ekonomi, Manajemen dan Akuntansi
Publisher : Assets

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The School Operational Assistance Program is a form of government compensation for reducing subsidy funds for fuel oil in order to increase the demand of the poor for education services. This study aims to analyze the progressiveness of the School Operational Assistance Program for Public Junior High Schools in Tamalate District, Makassar City. This research was conducted using Benefit Incidence Analysis (BIA) analysis method. This research was conducted at SMPN 15 Makassar, SMPN 18 Makassar, SMPN 24 Makassar, SMPN 26 Makassar and SMPN 27 Makassar in February 2017. Data collection in the study used survey method through questionnaires distributed to students in the sample schools. The results of this study indicate that the School Operational Assistance Program for Public Junior High Schools in Tamalate District, Makassar City is a progressive policy that provides benefits of more than 30% to the poor.