Helmy Faizi Bahrul Ulumi
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NGAREKSAKEUN SASAKA PUSAKA BUANA: PANDANGAN ETIKA URANG KANEKES TENTANG HUBUNGAN MANUSIA DENGAN ALAM Ulumi, Helmy Faizi Bahrul
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 20, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jf.3424

Abstract

AbstractThe environmental ethic of the Kanekes people lies in their world view of the navel of the universe (inti jagat), namely Sasaka Pusaka Buana which two primary events took place in a locality they refered to: the origin of the universe and the first humankind who was descended to the earth. The Kanekes people were entrusted to maintain the navel of the universe by a God (Batara Tunggal), and their ancestors (karuhun). Therefore within the moral system of the Kanekes People, the cosmos is regarded as a moral subject, like the human. The environmental ethic of the Kanekes people originates rom their philosophical views and culture, on which they establishes the foundations of their environmental ethic. Then from those bases, the Kanekes people formulates their environmental moral norms, which consist of proximate and ultimate norm. The proximate norms of their morality are their being congruent with the sacredness of the cosmos and Kanekes as the navel of the universe; their being congruent with the holiness of the human soul, which should be maintained; their being congruent with the tradition and the belief of their ancestors; the principles of modest life and the exploitation of things only when necessary. These proximate norms culminated to the ultimate norm which constitutesthe origin and the goal of mankind, i.e. God.Keywords: environmental ethic, ecology, Urang Kanekes, the navelof the universe, indigenous society, Sunda Wiwitan.
Magic and the Communist Revolt of 1926 in Banten: Ulumi, Helmy Faizi Bahrul
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 2 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (656.302 KB)

Abstract

Studies on magic in civil revolts in Indonesia are remarkably scarce. The use of magic in Bantenese revolts are presented in the works of Kartodirdjo (1966) and Williams (1982,1990). This article explains several aspects of magic such as the form, the ritual, and thesources related to magic sourced from the Script of K.H. Muqri Labuan, one of the important figures in the communist revolt of 1926 in Banten, by using philological and historical approaches. The Script was written byK.H. Muqri during his escapee from Surabaya to Mecca when the Dutch colonial could defeat his rebellion in Labuan. His script is 17,5x21 cm consisted of 540pages written in Jawiand Arabic.  It mostly contains the magical formula and wird of severaltariqa. It also comprises his genealogy, the magical licence (ijâzah)he obtained, his journey notes to Mecca, his activities during living in Mecca, and the list of his disciples. Keywords: Banten, Magic, Tariqa, Social Revolution, Communism
DIMENSI ONTOLOGIS MAGI ORANG BANTEN Ulumi, Helmy Faizi Bahrul
ALQALAM Vol 25 No 3 (2008): September - December 2008
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1299.352 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v25i3.1688

Abstract

Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menyelidiki ontologi yang terkandung dalam magi Orang Banten. Dengan menggunakan teori ontologi Anton Bakker, pengungkapan ontologi yang terkandung di dalam magi Orang Banten dibatasi pada tujuh masalah, yaitu (1) prinsip pertama, (2) keesaan dan keanekaan pengada, (3) ciri homogal transendental pengada, (4) permanensi dan kebaharuan pengada, (5) kejasmanian dan kerohanian pengada, (6) norma ontologis transendental yang berlaku dalam pengada, dan (7) struktur manusia.Dimensi ontologis yang terceermin dalam magi Orang Banten adalah sebagai berikut. Prinsip pertama ontologi dalam magi Orang Banten bersifat theosentris. Tuhan adalah prinsip pertama yang mendasari seluruh ontologi. Ontologi dalam magi Orang Banten menerima prinsip azali yang banyak, tetapi ada satu yang dianggap paling utama dan memberi makna, yakni Tuhan (Pluralisme Metafisika Sentris). Ciri homogal transendental yang dimiliki pengada adalah bahwa segala pengada adalah ciptaan; gerak dan wujudnya berada di bawah kendali Tuhan. Gerak segala pengada itu permanen, ditentukan dan bertujuan. Sifat gerak segala pengada adalah statis-teleologis-deterministik. Kesemestaan pengada yang plural itu terdiri dari pengada jasmani, pengada rohani dan pengada jasmani-rohani. Norma ontologis transendental yang berlaku untuk semua pengada adalah determinisme. Struktur fundamental manusia adalah ciptaan Tuhan yang berdimensi jasmani dan rohani ketika hidup di dunia dan berdimensi rohani ketika jasmani sudah mati dan berada di alam akherat.