Ari Udiyono
Program Magister Epidemiologi PPs Undip

Published : 44 Documents
Articles

Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Perilaku Masyarakat Dalam Memelihara Ikan Cupang (Betta Splendens) Untuk Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk Demam Berdarah Dengue Di Kota Pontianak Agustiansyah, Agustiansyah; Pietojo, Harbandinah; Udiyono, Ari
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 1, No. 2, Agustus 2006
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Background: High humidity, high population density, rainy season and community habit in storing rain water in large water jar are estimated as the major factors in increasing DHF cases in Pontianak city. Raising cupang fish has become an alternative way to decrease the number of aedes agepty larva. Cupang fishes, besides they have many beautiful colors andforms, they have also recognized as masquito larva eater. Recently many people have been interesting in raising these fishes in Pontianak city.This study identifies the factors such as knowledge of cupang fish breeder and DHF disease, personal factors including profit of raising cupang fish and the number of family members influence the respondent behaviour in breeding cupang fish.Method : A proportional random sampling technique has been used to select 96 sample from four subdistricts in Pontianak city. The data was analysed by using univariate, bivariate and multivariate techniques.Results : The profit of money , the number of family members, knowledge of respondent in terms of DHF disease and cupang fish breeder have significant relationships to the practice of cupang fish breeder. Logistic regression shows that knowledge of DHF disease and cupangfish breeder, and the number of family members are the predictor variables which influence the practice of respondents in raising cupang fish.Keyword : Community behaviour, Cupang fish breeder, DHF
Risiko Kejadian Pnemonia pada Balita Kaitannya dengan Tipe Rumah di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sidorejo Lor dan Cebongan Kota Salatiga. Zuraidah, Siti; Adi, Sakundarno; Udiyono, Ari
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 1, No 2 (2002): vol 1, No 2 (2002)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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ABSTRACT Background : In Indonesia, pneumonia is quantitatively the biggest problem among infectious diseases of infants. Based on the World Health Organization data, incidence of pneumonia among children under five years old in Indonesia is 10%.. Pneumonia detection rate in Salatiga in the year of 2001 is still low (6%). The causes of this low detection rate are lack of trained health workers in the management of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) in the primary health center level and lack of “ari timer” usage by the health workers to classify pneumonia patients. Objectives of this study are to know the risk of getting pneumonia among children under five year old who live in the non permanent house. Methods : this was a cohort study, independent variable of interest was house type. Other independent variables was nutritional status, immunization status, sex, duration of breast feeding, infant age, ventilation, type of energy for cooking, house occupant density, mother’s education, mother’s age and type of the floor. Samples consisted  of 208 children under five year old who were suffering from ARI. Of those samples, 104 children were living in the permanent houses (unexposed group) and other 104 children were living in the non permanent houses (exposed group). Analysis were conducted by calculating Relative Risk (RR) and by applying multiple logistic regression. Result : the study shows that pneumonia occur in 31,25%  of the samples. Crude Relative Risk (c-RR) for the exposed group compared to the unexposed group is 4. This RR varies between 5,440 and 7,8248 after stratifying association between house type and the occurrence of pneumonia with other independent variables. Risk factor of pneumonia among children under five year old are non permanent house (p=0,001; OR=5,0341); bad ventilation (p=0,0001; OR=21,108) and wood of energy for cooking (p=0,0066; OR=3,115). Conclusion : : Non permanent house, bad ventilation and stick of energy for cooking, are to be risk factors of pneumonia among children under five year old in the working area of Sidorejo Lor and Cebongan Primary Health Centers. It is suggested primary health centers and the linked institution do together for health education, house improvement and not use wood of energy for cooking. Key Word : pneumonia, children under five year old, house type.
SURVEI MULTI RESIDU ORGANOKLORIN DALAM BERAS DENGAN METODE GAS CHROMATOGRAHY ELECTRON CAPTURE DETECTOR (STUDI DI DISTRIBUTOR BERAS “X”SENTRA PENJUALAN BERAS DARGO KOTA SEMARANG) Aritonang, Firman Apul; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Rice (Oryza sativa) is the world’s most important food crop and a primary source of food for most Indonesian people. Application of organochlorine pesticides in  rice and other factor cause pesticide residue contaminating rice. One of the most harmful pesticide residues that may contaminating rice is organochlorine pesticides. But in Indonesia, there is less information regarding the analysis of organochlorine pesticides residue in rice. The aims of this study were to analyse and  find organchlorine pesticides residue in rice. The research was conducted in Saraswanti Indo Genetech (SIG) pesticide residue laboratory. This observational analytic study using  gas chromatography electron capture detector (GC-ECD) method. The results show that organochlorine pesticide residue were not detected in rice. This study indicates the rice is safe for consumption according to Indonesian Goverment Legislation, SNI 7313:2008, and codex alimentarius pesticides residue in food.
GAMBARAN PERKEMBANGAN PUBERTAS DAN PERBEDAAN USIA AWAL PUBERTAS PADA SISWA - SISWI SEKOLAH DASAR (Studi di Kecamatan Semarang Tengah Kota Semarang) Hardy, Milka Noviananda; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Puberty is a development process from childhood to adulthood with physical and physiological changesleading to sexual maturity and reproductive capacity. Improving nutrition is assumed to be responsible for secular trend to earlier onset of puberty and sexual maturity in develop and development countries. Early onset of puberty are known as the risk factor for breast cancer, prostate cancer, obesity and mental disorder. The aim of this research was to describe the difference of pubertal timing between boys and girls in elementary students in Central Semarang and to describe some factor associated with early onset of puberty and early sexual maturity. This research was a comparative study that use cross sectional design with descriptive survey. The population of this study were all boys in grade IV,V,VI and girls grade III,IV,V,VI. 126 boys and 166 girls were choosen by using proportionate statified random sampling method. The result showed that prepubertal stage was mostly found in boys (55,6%) than in girls (45,2%).Mean age of pubertal onset in boys is ±10,9 year and in girls in ±10 years. The onset of puberty in boys and girls were found earlier than current standard, but girls begin their puberty faster than boys. Parents should pay more attention to children’s dietary and education about puberty. Children also need to get more education about puberty in school.
GAMBARAN FAKTOR RISIKO PENINGKATAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA REMAJA USIA 12-14 TAHUN (Studi Pada Siswa SMP Islam Al Azhar 14 Semarang) Nugroho, Dwi Utari; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Hypertension is an increase in blood pressure in the arteries. Hypertension was an increasing of blood pressure in artery. Adolescent who suffered from high blood pressure were likely to undergo it until adulthood. A research conducted in Semarang in 2012 showed that 30,03% of Junior High School adolescents suffer from hypertension. Research in Semarang in 2012 hypertension adolescents was 30.03%. The purpose of this study was to describe the factors associated with blood pressure in in 12-14 years old adolescents in Al Azhar 14 Islamic Junior High School. This study type was descriptive observational with cross sectional design. The population of this study were all students in Al Azhar 14 Islamic Junior High School aged 12-14 years old. 100 samples were chosen by using proportionate stratified random sampling method. Descriptive analysis results showed that prevalence of hypertension was 5% and sistolic hypertension was 5% and diastolic hypertension was 43%. Mean sistolic blood pressure of adolescent is 105,91 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure is 74,63 mmHg.Systolic and diastolic hypertension were mostly found on boys (7.1% and 51,8%), had obesity (18.2% and 68,2%), had sedentary behavior (6.2% and 44,4%), had less physical activity (5.1% and 43,9%), had a habit of frequent consumption of sodium (6.9% and 51,7%), had a habit of frequent consumption of fat (5.7% and 50,9%), had a habit of frequent sugar consumption (5.8% and 51,9%). It was concluded that the occurrence of hypertension was most common in boys, obesity, sedentary behavior > 2 hours, less physical activity, sodiumconsumption habits, fat consumption habits, and habits of sugar consumption. Suggestions for adolescents were to reduce the consumption of sodium, fat and sugar, to do physical activity and to reduce sedentary behavior.
FAKTOR – FAKTOR INTERNAL KETIDAKPATUHAN PENGOBATAN HIPERTENSI DI PUSKESMAS KEDUNGMUNDU KOTA SEMARANG Pujasari, Ajeng Sri; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Non-compliance is cause of treatment failure. Non-compliance treatment often occurs in patients with chronic diseases for example hypertension. Hypertension is defined as raised systolic or diastolic blood pressure more than 140/90 mmHg. Adherence treatment of hypertension assessed on pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment. Internal factors affecting adherence to treatment include age, sex, level of education, employment, knowledge, duration of sufering, duration of treatment, number of antihypertensive drugs taken, and side effects of drugs. This research aim to know internal factors related with Non-compliance in the treatment of hypertensive patients.This research was observational-analytic with cross-sectional approach. Samples were 128 samples chosed with consecutive sampling. Instrument research was questionnaire. Data was analysed with chi-square for bivariate analysis dan regression logistic for multivariat analysis with 95% CI. Bivariate analysis there were not significant association between age (p=0,811), sex (p=0,396), employment (p=0,248), duration of sufering (p=0,081), number of antihypertensive drugs taken (p=0,467) dan and side effects of drugs (p=0,182), but there were significant association between level of education (p= <0,0001), knowledge (p= < 0,0001; 95% CI=24,21-307,10; POR=86,2) and duration of treatment (p=0,003). Multivariate analysis there were significant association between knowledge (p= < 0,0001) dan duration of treatment (p=0,025; 95% CI=0,04-0,81; POR=0,2). We conclude that significant association between knowledge and duration of treatment with non-compliance in the treatment of hypertensive patients. Suggestions for the officer can increase patient knowledge and treatment of hypertension-related diseases that the patient can undergo treatment for a long period even a lifetime.
GAMBARAN TINGKAT KEBUGARAN JASMANI MAHASISWA LAKI-LAKI FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO Ewildsycraev R., Weildsrie; Udiyono, Ari; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Physical fitness is an important component that students need to follow the lecture. Similarly, the students of Faculty of Engineering, an engineering student requires optimal fitness in particular through the activities of lectures are more dense than the other faculties. Research in the School of Public Health Diponegoro University in 2013  found the 67.9% of the students had less fitness level (poor). The purpose of this study is to describe the factors associated with the level of physical fitness of male students of Faculty of Engineering, University of Diponegoro. This research is a descriptive study with cross sectional design. This research subject is a male student of the Faculty of Engineering of Diponegoro University who actively enrolled a total of 100 people. The sampling technique is simple random sampling. From the results of the study concluded that 72% of respondents had a physical fitness less category, 82% of respondents had a physical activity light weight category. Suggestions for students of the Faculty of Engineering is to do exercise at least 1 time a week. Suggestions for Undip engineering faculty will not provide practicum on holiday.
BEBERAPA FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN HIPERTIROID PADA WANITA USIA SUBUR DI KABUPATEN MAGELANG “Studi Kasus di Klinik Litbang BP2GAKI Magelang” Sari, Erent Ersantika; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Udiyono, Ari; Suwandono, Agus
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Hyperthyroidism is the condition that occurs due to excessive production of thyroid hormone by thyroid gland which increased the levels of fT4, T4, fT3, and decreased TSH. The results of RISKESDAS showed that the proportion of household iodine suplementation increased to 5% in 2013. This can eventually leads to hyperthyroidism. Last screening by Magelang District Health Department showed that there is 16,67 % cases of Hyperthyroidism in 2013. The purpose of this research is to analyze some risk factors of hyperthyroidism in fertile age women in Magelang District. This research use analytical observation with cross sectional comparative design with 100 sample in endemic area and 54 in non endemic area of GAKI (Iodine deficiency disorders). Logistic Regression was used to analyze data with significance level of 5 %. The results of multivariate analysis showed in endemic GAKI areas, the consumption of iodine capsule (pOR=10,6 p=0,001), stress level (pOR = 8,4 p=0,001), high iodine food (pOR=5,8 p=0,007), iodine salt > 30 ppm (pOR=6,9 p=0,002) and smoke exposure (pOR=4,1 p=0,030) were risk factors of hyperthyroidism. Despite, hormonal contraception (pOR=8,0 p=0,007) was not a risk factor of hyperthyroidism. The results of multivariate analysis showed in non endemic GAKI areas, stress level ( pOR = 11.2 p = 0.002 ) and high iodine food  (pOR = 8.0 , p = 0.007 ) were risk factors of hyperthyroidism. Despite, iodine salt > 30 ppm , hormonal contraception , the consumption of iodine capsule, and smoke exposure have P value ≥ 0.05 so it was not a risk factors of hyperthyroidism in Magelang District. The results of multivariate analysis showed in Magelang Distric, stress level ( pOR = 41,1  p ≤ 0,0001 ), high iodine food  (pOR = 11,2 p ≤ 0.0001), smoke exposure (pOR=3,5 p=0,037) and  the consumption of iodine capsule(pOR =4,97 p=0,016) were risk factors of hyperthyroidism. Despite, iodine salt > 30 ppm and hormonal contraception have P value ≥ 0.05 so it was not a risk factors of hyperthyroidism in Magelang District.
GAMBARAN BEBERAPA FAKTOR KEJADIAN KARIES GIGI PADA SISWA TUNAGRAHITA DI SLB C, KOTA SEMARANG Permatasari, Diajeng Sri Andriani; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Udiyono, Ari; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Caries is a disease of dental hard tissue, email, dentin and cementum, which is caused by the activity of a microorganism in a carbohydrate that can be fermented. Children with intellectual development disorders have a below average intellegence. The prevalence of caries in Indonesian children aged 12 years is 98%. The purpose of this study is to describe factor of dental caries in caries in students with intellectual development disorder in SLB C, Semarang. The population of this study are 123 students.The samples are part of the population who have the inclusion criteria. This research uses descriptive method with cross-sectional design. The results showed 66.3% of respondents are male, 83.2% of children with intellectual development disorders have dental caries, Average DMF-T index is 3.94 which according to WHO criteria in middle category, 44.6% of respondents have a relatively acidic pH of saliva, 52.5% higher cariogenic consumption, 16.8% of respondents oral hygiene medium category, 80.2% income parents than average, 53.5% of women respondents have good knowledge, 4% of respondents have a bad plaque, and 61.4% practice toothbrush is a good category.
GAMBARAN KARIES GIGI PADA ANAK TUNAGRAHITA DI SLB C KOTA SEMARANG Istiqomah, Fajar; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Udiyono, Ari; Adi, Mateus Sakundarno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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A intellectual development disorder child is more comprehensively defined as individuals who have significant intelligence below average and are accompanied by the inability of the behavior adaptation, which appear in the developmental period. Dental caries and gingivitis occurs more frequently in children with special needs compared to a normal child. The prevalence of caries in Indonesia reaches 60-80% of the entire population, while one of the dental caries on mentally disabled children reaches 82,6%. This research was observational analytic with cross sectional study design. The population in this research is whole intelectual development disorder children aged 6-12 years. The cariesdata collection was obtained from the children’s DMF-T examination. Out of the 101 respondents, this study found 83,2% in caries.
Co-Authors Afina Karimatu Zahidah, Afina Karimatu Agus Suwandono Agustiansyah Agustiansyah Ajeng Sri Pujasari, Ajeng Sri Antonius Raga Wida Dirgantara, Antonius Raga Wida Apriliana, Indah Arman Arman Chasanah, Mazroatul Damayanti, Vika Agustin Dela Rosa, Satya Kirana Diah Ajeng Pratiwi, Diah Ajeng Diajeng Sri Andriani Permatasari, Diajeng Sri Andriani Dwi Utari Nugroho, Dwi Utari Erent Ersantika Sari, Erent Ersantika Fajar Istiqomah, Fajar Firman Apul Aritonang, Firman Apul Fitrianur Laili, Fitrianur Frima Rifqi Azzahroh, Frima Rifqi Ghea Yanna Aulia, Ghea Yanna Harbandinah Pietojo Haryuti, Haryuti Helmi, Tri Amelia Rahmitha Henry Setyawan Santoso, Henry Setyawan Henry Setyawan Susanto, Henry Setyawan Henry Setyawan, Henry Ida Mahfiroh, Ida Intania, Shella Isnina Adi Indrarini, Isnina Adi Istiyawanti, Hari Kairul Kairul, Kairul Kusariana, Nissa Lintang Dian Saraswati M. Arie Wuryanto M. Sakundarno Adi Marisa Gita Putri, Marisa Gita Martini Martini Mateus Sakundarno Adi, Mateus Sakundarno Mazroatul Khasanah, Mazroatul Milka Noviananda Hardy, Milka Noviananda Moch Ardyan Pratama Putra, Moch Ardyan Pratama Mubarokah, Esti Praba Ginandjar Rahmani, Nabila Yasminuljannah Ratna Puspita Sari, Ratna Puspita Sakundarno Adi, Sakundarno Sandi Saputra, Yemema Victory Selvy Soejono, Selvy Septiyani, Dina Dwi Sirait, Merry Putri R. Siti Zuraidah, Siti Sri Yuliawati Tanjung, Insani Kamilia Tunjung Trisna, Ferina Hana Umi Ardiningsih, Umi Via Diarisma Anggarika, Via Diarisma Wagiran Wagiran Wahyu Estining Tyas, Wahyu Estining Weildsrie Ewildsycraev R., Weildsrie