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Journal : Jurnal Kawistara

PARADOKSALITAS PEMOSISIAN PEREMPUAN NOVEL COLOMBA KARYA PROSPER MERIMEE Udasmoro, Wening
Jurnal Kawistara Vol 5, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (297.869 KB)

Abstract

Women have been narrated by men authors since classical literature; this has continued into contemporaryliterature. In the 19th century, many authors were interested in narrating and positioning women intheir novels. This period can be considered one of transition, in which traditionality and modernity werecontested because of influences from the industrial revolution and many other social movements inEurope. This period was also one of challenge, with the appearance of Gustave Flaubert’s novel MadameBovary, which was questioned because of moralistic issues. If in the early 19th century traditionalitywas represented by Eugénie Grandet and Balzac’s figures of woman, but in the middle of the centuryFlaubert dealt with freedom of sexuality, what discourses were presented in between these two differentperiods? This article aims at explaining the bridging of the gap between the symbols of traditionalityand modernity, especially through the representation of women. Mérimée’s novel, Colomba, depicts theagency of a woman named Colomba. In this novel, Mérimée not only showed the position of women visà vis men in parental or conjugal relation, like in the novels Eugénie Grandet or Madame Bovary. Rather,the author attempted to look at the relationship between masculinities and femininities in a Corsicancontext, in which the intersection of gender and social class (as well as traditions) was different than inthe Parisian context. The relation between the novel and the social structure in the 19th century Europeplays an important part in the discussion and explanation of the relationship between the literature andsocial narration of that period
RESISTENSI PEREMPUAN TERHADAP TRADISI-TRADISI DI PESANTREN ANALISIS WACANA KRITIS TERHADAP NOVEL PEREMPUAN BERKALUNG SORBAN Adnani, Kamila; Udasmoro, Wening; Noviani, Ratna
Jurnal Kawistara Vol 6, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (276.754 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.15520

Abstract

Gender issue in a pesantren (Islamic Boarding House) is a part of larger gender issues in Indonesia,either in education or religion. The main indicator of gender issue in pesantren is a striking gap betweenmen and women. Themes related to this issue actually are not new for novels in Indonesia. Some novelsrelated to pesantren usually portray women as helplessness, subordinate, inferior, and marginalized.However, in Perempuan Berkalung Sorban (PBS) novel, the author tried to empower women throughhis writings. Women in PBS novel was portrayed as smart, brave, and critical towards pesantren’shegemony such as power relation between santri (students) and kiai (teachers), the understanding ofclassical books (Kitab Kuning), social relations between men and women in pesantren, and so forth
RESISTENSI DAN NEGOSIASI INDIVIDU SEBUAH KAJIAN IDENTITAS TERHADAP NOVEL GRAFIS PERSEPOLIS KARYA MARJANE SATRAPI Yunita, Sandya Rani; Udasmoro, Wening
Jurnal Kawistara Vol 6, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (296.889 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.22942

Abstract

This research aims at revealing the form of resistance and survival strategies and form of the negotiation of an individual facing the identity issues as the impact of Islamic revolution in Iran and the war crisis as reflected in the french graphic novel Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi. The theory of identity and agency by Giddens are used in this research to reveal the influential agents in the construction of individuals’ identity and how he acts. The results of this research are (1) Persepolis as a graphic novel expresses critical views against changes in Iranian society and has a correlation with the history of Iranian revolution and the war of Iran-Iraq, (2) Persepolis represents the forms of resistance and survival strategies of Iranian society during the revolution and the war. Identity in those days was a symbol of resistance by an individual who has been dominated by tradition, religion, radical change in the society, western values and the regime, (3) the representation of individuals’ identity who brings the eastern culture will negotiate with the western culture as an encountered foreign culture. Identity will always be on process and will change when it’s related to social and cultural context. Individual negotiation, regarding to this research, relates with the memory: ‘to forget’ to start a new life but also ‘to remember’ its historical context.
PARADOKSALITAS PEMOSISIAN PEREMPUAN NOVEL COLOMBA KARYA PROSPER MERIMEE Udasmoro, Wening
Jurnal Kawistara Vol 5, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (297.869 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.6399

Abstract

Women have been narrated by men authors since classical literature; this has continued into contemporaryliterature. In the 19th century, many authors were interested in narrating and positioning women intheir novels. This period can be considered one of transition, in which traditionality and modernity werecontested because of influences from the industrial revolution and many other social movements inEurope. This period was also one of challenge, with the appearance of Gustave Flaubert?s novel MadameBovary, which was questioned because of moralistic issues. If in the early 19th century traditionalitywas represented by Eugénie Grandet and Balzac?s figures of woman, but in the middle of the centuryFlaubert dealt with freedom of sexuality, what discourses were presented in between these two differentperiods? This article aims at explaining the bridging of the gap between the symbols of traditionalityand modernity, especially through the representation of women. Mérimée?s novel, Colomba, depicts theagency of a woman named Colomba. In this novel, Mérimée not only showed the position of women visà vis men in parental or conjugal relation, like in the novels Eugénie Grandet or Madame Bovary. Rather,the author attempted to look at the relationship between masculinities and femininities in a Corsicancontext, in which the intersection of gender and social class (as well as traditions) was different than inthe Parisian context. The relation between the novel and the social structure in the 19th century Europeplays an important part in the discussion and explanation of the relationship between the literature andsocial narration of that period