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Journal : Jurnal Community

ANALISIS GULIRAN DANA SIMPAN PINJAM KHUSUS PEREMPUAN (SPP) PNPM MANDIRI PERDESAAN DI KECAMATAN SAMATIGA

Jurnal Community Vol 3, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Prodi Sosiologi FISIP Universitas Teuku Umar

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Abstract

The countrys economic growth depends not only on export and industrial output from factories scattered throughout Indonesia. Factories and other large-scale companies only provide macro economic growth, in fact people can not enjoy the growth of the economy directly. Therefore, in order for the people to be prosperous, the State must boost economic growth through micro enterprises run in real terms by the (small) people themselves. In fact, it is difficult for small people to gain access to formal financial institutions to stimulate the growth of micro-enterprises in the community. Finally, the State makes it easy for its people to develop micro businesses managed by the community itself through a program of womens special savings and loans (SPP) PNPM Mandiri Perdesaan. Based on the results of the research shows that this program succeeded in increasing the growth of Micro Enterprises and able to absorb the work force in Kecamatan Samatiga. The SPP-PNPM program is able to generate the creativity of the community in entrepreneurship among the housewives. The SPPPNPMfund roll is used to form the community-run business such as making food andbeverage, raising, producing salted fish, and other businesses. Meanwhile, to run the new business is always needed human resources as a manager. Thus, the amount of effort in the community is directly proportional to the needs of the workforce, the SPP PNPM fund spools greatly affect the development of SMEs and labor. Key words: SPP PNPM, Savings and Loans, Samatiga, Aceh Barat.

MENJADI ISLAM SAMA DENGAN MENJADI MISKIN (Studi Adaptasi Muallaf Tionghoa Terhadap Masyarakat Aceh)

Jurnal Community Vol 2, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Prodi Sosiologi FISIP Universitas Teuku Umar

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Abstract

Muallaf life of Chinese Crossbreed community in Aceh Barat is not as good as with other crossbreed. Muallaf were expelled from their family, even business relationships between the members of the ethnic Chinese crossbreed also cut off so economically bankrupt and ended up living in poverty. Because of this, part of other ethnic Chinese who wants to convert to Islam with fear and cancel his intention. The emergence of the phrase "to be Islam is synonymous with being poor" because of poverty muallaf occurred since left the business relationship that has been built, and also expelled from their family, so that the financial assistance from the family when someone needs also suspended. One thing that makes business relations and expulsion of muallaf family leave because they have left ("betray") and their ethnic ancestry. Meanwhile, in the face of poverty, some of them were forced to leave Meulaboh city and live in Banda Aceh or Medan. It is not exactly known how the living conditions of ethnic Chinese crossbreed muallaf of Meulaboh in those cities. While others choose to stay in Meulaboh and live in simple life. To finance his family life, muallaf are working as parking attendants, bookselling, garbage collectors and scavengers, caring for and maintaining the child, as well as working as a factory worker. However, the simple and poor life would be rewarded with good, because it reverts Chinese crossbreed people can live together with Acehnese people. In the belief that a new life as a new muallaf will receive a trial from God. For that, there is only one strong determination to survive as a muallaf despite poor living up to his death, and the Lord called him in eternity. Keywords: adaptation, poverty, convert, Chinese, Meulaboh, Peranakan.

Adaptasi Budaya Etnis Tionghoa di Meulaboh Aceh Barat (Studi : Masyarakat Tionghoa Non Muslim)

Jurnal Community Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Prodi Sosiologi FISIP Universitas Teuku Umar

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Abstract

There are almost no area where there are no ethnic Chinese, including Meulaboh Aceh Barat. Its existence is always interesting to learn because there are always different problems of interaction with the majority of the locals. His case is often related to preserving his minority and cultural identity, which is always different or even contrary to local culture. The problem of this work is how to adapt ethnic minorities to maintain their identity in the community. The method used in this research is a qualitatif method with the technique of determining the informant using the snowball sampling technique. The results showed that the adaptation of Chinese ethnic culture conducted in Meulaboh by interacting naturally with the surrounding community with organizations leading to the Hakka and daily activities very closely with them as trademarks of the Chinese, such as the use of clothing, religious events, and others.

DAMPAK EKONOMI DAN SOSIAL BUDAYA PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK TENAGA UAP (PLTU) TERHADAP MASYARAKAT DI GAMPONG SUAK PUNTONG KABUPATEN NAGAN RAYA

Jurnal Community Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Prodi Sosiologi FISIP Universitas Teuku Umar

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Abstract

Anything that is in around of human society always has an influence on the human himself. Similarly, the existence of a steam power plant (PLTU) located in Gampong Suak Puntong Nagan Raya. According to preliminary observations, researcher founds data on the existence of steam power plants have worried the community where some buildings are cracked due to the vibration of the soil during construction, heated air, dust, and wastewater suspected to be the cause of the disease. However, this study examines its impact from an economic and socio-cultural point of view. The formulation of the problem are how is the influence of the existence of PLTU to welfare? and how is the influence of the existence of PLTU to socio-cultural life?.The results showed that PLTU has an effect on improving peoples welfare in Suak Puntong. This is proved by Pearson Chi-Square value in Asymp column. Sig. lower than 0.05 so that H0 is rejected and H1 accepted. While the power plant has no influence on the socio-cultural life of the community, this is proved by the value of Pearson Chi-Square in all tables in the Asymp column. Sig. Higher than 0.05, except for the Chi-Square Tests in the steam power plant that had assisted in the construction of the mosque against the religious activities of the community worth 0.000 and less than 0.05. But in general the value of Chi-Square Tests is higher than 0.05 so that H0 is accepted and H1 is rejected.Keywords: PLTU, Suak Puntong, Nagan Raya, Social Culture,

RITUAL NGALAB BERKAH DALAM MENCARI KEKAYAAN DI GUNUNG KEMUKUS

Jurnal Community Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Prodi Sosiologi FISIP Universitas Teuku Umar

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Abstract

Every society in the world has a culture, and every culture has is a system of beliefs held by the community. Likewise community actors in Kemukus ritual that has its own beliefs about how to find fortune by doing free sex. The conviction was strung in a ritual which known as ngalab berkah. This ritual begins from a myth that spoken by the RA Ontrowulan towards moksha as a royal family that promise to grant all requests of people who participated in Kemukus nyonggo wirang. The existence of this ritual is able to increase the local economy, as evidenced that is the emergence of jobs for the community. But it on the other hand it also cause negative impacts such as raises prostitution. It becomes an interesting phenomenon, because if this ritual is closed, then many people will be unemployed. Meanwhile if left unchecked, would be bad for society. To describe this ritual conception it was conducted qualitative research. The result is the people have a conception which is the influence of Hindu-Buddhist and animist dynamism, especially about the king who is believed to be manifestation of God. Based on this conception ritual actors believe the myth, so that conception nyonggo wirang is a form of defense and the participation of actors ritual with the pathos of the character who is the royal family, so it is not impossible if the request will be met.

Co-Authors A. Isnansetyo, A. A.E.T.H. Wahyuni Abdul Muthalib Abidin Abidin Agus Cahyono Agus Nursalim, Agus Agustiar, Devie Ahmad, Hariyatunnisa ALIM ISNANSETYO Ambariyanto , Andriansyah, Rico Andrianus Andrianus, Andrianus Anik Rahmawati, Anik Anshor, Arrini Shabrina Anung Pujiyanto Ardiyawan, Ardiyawan Arief Taslihan Arief, Ahmad Fikri Astri Charolina Azmi, Azmi Azmi, Ulya Zakaria Basri, Novysa Basuki, Umar Beniarso, Mundin Cahyana Amiruddin Darfioes Basir Daya Agung Sarwono Desrina Desrina Desty Ratna Permatasari, Desty Ratna Dian Indriani Dini Siswani Mulia Dini, Tria Ayu Drajad Sarwo Seto, Drajad Sarwo Duranta D. Kembaren, Duranta D. Dwiningtyas, Ratih Dyah Indriyani, Putri E. Sarmini Edi Irawan Eko Sugiarto, Eko Endang Sarmini Enny Lestari Erik, Mohamad Erni Martani Ervia Yudiati FAJAR SETIAWAN Fatimah Azzahrah Fatmawati, Harlinda Fauziyah, Fuzi Afiza Finny Fitry Yani Fitriani Fitriani H. Syakuri, H. Habib Adjie Hadi, Muhammad Tesar Hambali Hambali Hartono Hartono Henny Ekana Ch. Henny Ekana Chrisnawati Herlina Herlina Hotnida Junita Situmeang Imamudin, Kurniasih INDAH ISTIQOMAH Irfan D. Prijambada Islami, Hidayatul Iswidiarti, Sri JAKA WIDADA K. H. Nitimulyo, K. H. Kadarisman Kadarisman Kamiso H. N., Kamiso H. KAMISO HANDOYO NITIMULYO KH, Abdul Aziz Kundharu Saddhono Kurniasih Kurniasih LANGKAH SEMBIRING Lantip Diat Prasojo Lestari, Fajar Sumi Lili Sholichah, Lili Ma'sum, Aziz Malarsih Malarsih, Malarsih Manik, Astri Marita Mardi Mardi Mardiyana Mardiyana Maria Ulfahmi, Cut Gesti Mayang Pitaloka MIFTAKHUL JANNAH Mirwa, Tetty Muh. Ibnan Syarif, Muh. Ibnan Muhammad Murdjani Muhammad Zainuddin Muhammmad Murdjani, Muhammmad Mujiyono Mujiyono Murti, Fahriza Murwantoko Murwantoko Namastra Probosunu Nina Yuliana Ningsih, Maya Nirmalasari Idha Wijaya Noer Kasanah, Noer Nur Fadhilah Nur Rokhmat Nursyirwani Nursyirwani Pratiwinindya, Ratih Ayu Prayogo, Sugeng Putri Puspitasari R Sudradjat, R Rachmansyah Rachmansyah Raden Bagus Sugio Sumanta Ratna Puspita, Ratna REZA Adi ADI PRADANA Risca Damayanti, Risca Risnawati, Ririn Riyadi Riyadi Rukayah Rukayah S. Soenarjo Sabillah, Masayu Selly Sahli, Zamahsjari Salu, Vega Ricky SANTI NURBAITI Sebastian Margino Sesung, Rusdiyanto Setyaningrum, Ikha Sulis Setyobudi Setyobudi Shanie, Arsan Shatrie, Dikry N Shatrie, Dikry Novel Siti Amirah Budiastuti Sri Hartati Sri Iswidayati Sri Rejeki Sriyono Sriyono Subagiyo Subagiyo Suharno Suharno Suherman Suherman Sumarwati Sumarwati Sumaryanto Florentinus, Totok Sunarhadijoso Soenarjo Sunarto Sunarto Suparti Suparti Sutarman Sutarman Sutrisno sutrisno Suyono Suyono syakir syakir Syarif, Muh Ibnan Tanjung, Dailami Tjetjep Rohendi Rohidi, Tjetjep Rohendi Totok Sumaryanto Florentinus, Totok Sumaryanto Totok Sumaryanto, Totok Triani Widyaningrum Udi Utomo Umi Nur Sholikhah W. Asmara W.Y. Rahman Wadiyo Wadiyo, Wadiyo Wardani, Anestia Widya Widaningtyas H, Adoniati Meyria Wijaya, Dhimayu Ichtiara Wilis Ari Ari Setyati1,2, Wilis Ari Wilis Ari Setyati Windi Amelia, Windi Wira Rahman Wira Y. Rahman Wisnu Nurcahyo Wulandari, Tita Yudha Trinoegraha Adiputra Yulius Docang Casessar Yuniarti, Ivana