Pratiwi Trisunuwati
Dosen Program Studi Ilmu Ternak, Program Pasca Sarjana, Universitas Brawijaya Malang

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PENGARUH VAKSINASI BRUCELLOSIS PADA SAPI PERAH DENGAN BERBAGAI PARITAS TERHADAP EFISIENSI REPRODUKSI

Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan Vol 20, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Brucella vaccination was not only able to reduce the prevalence of brucellosis, but it could also affect reproductive efficiency. The objective of the study was to know the effect of brucellosis vaccination on reproductive efficiency of dairy cattle in terms of service per conception (S/C), days open (DO) and calving interval (CI). Data from individual records of 100 dairy cows at parity one, two and three owned by ranchers were analyzed descriptively based on a randomized block design. The results showed that vaccination had a significant effect on days open (DO) and services per conception (S/C). (JIIPB 2010 Vol 20 No 1: 38-47).   Keywords: Brucellosis, reproductive efficiency, Vaccination

Eficacy of Water Clover Extract (Marsilea crenata) Against Blood Estrogen Progesteron Balance, Blood Calcium Levels and Impact on Dense of Bone Tissue of Rat (Rattus novergicus)

Research Journal of Life Science Vol 4, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The potential of phytoestrogen for the stabilized of low condition blood estrogen hormone much more important to be sudy. So the aim of this reseach were to find an natural herbal active compounds Water Clover Extract (Marsilea crenata) which contain phytoestrogen isoflavones as an alternative invasive treatment against menopause women and subestrus in dam of livestock. The other advantage is that could be potential to develop as alternative compound against animal with low level of blood calcium that relevance on progesterone level, because there was some rising of exogen phytoestrogen. This research is true experimentally post test control design based on completely randomized design. The old females white rat (Rattus norvegicus), divided into 5 groups challenges with 2 ml each Marsilea crenata extract in different concentration such as 6.25%, 12.5%, 25%, 50% given by gastric sonde along 23 days, compare negative control group. Level of blood calcium using SSA showed increase in all the treatment (P<0,05)  started on 12,5%, lower the progesterone and raised estrogen hormone as natural balance. To find about effect of Calcium toward osteogenesis used to determine the description of histopathologis (HE) bone tissue that impact on bone density. Histology os humerus showed that have impact on dense of bone tissue. The conclusion of this research were Marsilea crenata juice plays a role in increasing toward blood calcium levels and surely increase bone density in animal laboratory (Rattus norvergicus), supporting by blood  estrogen progesterone  balance. The suggestion was Marsilea crenata extract could be potential as a substance to increase estrogenic progesterone balance and rise blood calcium both in human and animal.

PENGARUH LAMA MASSAGE DAN LAMA MILK FLOW RATE TERHADAP LAJU PANCARAN PRODUKSI SUSU SAPI FRIESIAN HOLSTEIN DI PT GREENFIELDS INDONESIA

TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production Vol 17, No 1 (2016): TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production (JTAPRO)
Publisher : Jurusan Produksi Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Produksi susu sapi perah dipengaruhi oleh manajemen pemerahan. Lama massage dan milk flow rate merupakan bagian dari manajemen pemerahan yang dapat mempengaruhi laju pancaran produksi susu sapi perah. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan mulai bulan Januari sampai April 2016 di PT Greenfields Indonesia.Tujuan dari penelitian ini mengetahui adanya pengaruh interaksi lama massage dan lama milk flow rate yang berbeda pada sapi FH (Friesian Holstein) terhadap laju pancaran produksi susu. Materi penelitian menggunakan sapi FH periode laktasi sebanyak 64 ekor dengan bulan laktasi 3.Metode yang digunakan adalah penelitian eksperimen yang dilakukan 8 pengulangan.Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) pola Faktorial, dan dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis ragam/Analysis of Variant (ANOVA), dan apabila terdapat perbedaan yang nyata maka untuk mengetahui perlakuan yang optimal menggunakan Uji Jarak Berganda Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat interaksi lama massagedenganlama milk flow rate yaitu memberikan pengaruh sangat nyata (P<0,01) terhadap laju pancaran produksi susu.  Perlakuan terbaik yaitu pada perlakuan M4 MFR2 (lama massage 4 detik dengan lama milk flow rate 60-120 detik) dengan rata-rata laju pancaran produksi susu 9,64±0,38liter/ekor/milk flow rate. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah terdapat pengaruh yang nyata interaksi lama massage, lama milk flow rate terhadap laju pancaran produksi susu. Berdasarkan dari hasil rata-rata laju pancaran produksi susu pada perlakuan dapat diketahui bahwa semakin lama waktu massage dan lama milk flow rate akan meningkatkan laju pancaran produksi susu. Kata kunci: lama massage, milk flow rate, laju pancaran produksi  susu dan sapi perah FH.

GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF ETTAWA SENDURO GOAT BY USING ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (AI) AND TRAINING COURSE OF MILK PROCESSING AT LUMAJANG DISTRICT

Journal of Innovation and Applied Technology Vol 3, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to disseminate the technology of Artificial Insemiation (AI) and Milk Processing. This activity expected to help the Ettawa goat farmer to overcoming their problems which subsequently it can be improve theirincome.The methods use dinthisstudywastogiveinsightknowledgeandsimpletechnologytotheselectedEttawa goat partner group. Based on the discussion with Etawa goat partner group, several activities were carried out, i.e.: (1) to improve  good genetic quality of Etawa goat  livestocks, (2) providing milk technology product such as yogurt and kefir  (3)provide assistance of  cup sealer,(4)trainingofproductionandfinancialmanagement,(5)provide training artificial insemination. The result of this study showed that the Ettawa goat farmer as partner group  receive the strengthening  of their business. Such as adopted the techniqueofselectingsuperiorsires,livestock management,recycling of  manure  as a fertilizerproduction, milk technology production plant. .

THE ROLE OF LEAF WATER CLOVER (Marsilia crenata) SQUEEZE TOWARDS ESTROGEN BLOOD LEVEL AND UTERINE HISTOLOGY IN RATS (Rattus norvegicus)

TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production Vol 17, No 2 (2016): TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production (JTAPRO)
Publisher : Jurusan Produksi Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Water clover (Marsilea crenata) is contained with isoflavones, shown to mimic the role of the female hormone estrogen. Isoflavones binding to estrogen receptors that produce beneficial effects. However, research on the optimal dose of water clover use is still not much studied. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of leaf squeeze water clover  towards estrogen and how affect the histology of uterine. This study used 30 female Wistar Rats (Ratus norvegicus) divided into six groups. P1 as a negative control group, P2 as a positive control group. P4, P5 and P6 were given squeeze water cloverleaf  concentrations given as follow (6.25%, 12.5%, 25%, 50%). The results was analized with one way ANOVA showed significant (p< 0.05) between groups, among  group P3, P4, P5 and P6 increase the blood  estrogen mostly  higher than the negative control (P1) and a positive control (P2). Histological features of the uterus in the positive control group showed endometrial lining thicker than the negative control group. Histology of the uterus in the treatment group P4, P5 and P6 are also seen endometrium thickening as in group P3. This research has proved that water clover extract consumption show a promising supporting phytoestrogen hormone theraphy in the future both in animal and human. However there was needed a much futher research in order to found a proper dose for as a prospective pytotherapy. Keyword: Water Clover (Marsilia crenata), estrogen, uterine histology

Performa produksi Broiler starter akibat cekaman panas dan perbedaan awal waktu pemberian pakan

Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan Vol 28, No 2 (2018): Agustus
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

The study was conducted to know performance (feed consumption, body weight gain and feed conversion) response of broiler starter due to heat stress and different initial feeding. The material used in this study was 64 male DOC broilers of Lohmann strain with average of initial weight 47,98 ± 2,24 g. The experiment was designed based on Randomized Blok Design with 2x2 factorial and four replications. The treatment combinations as follow: S1W1= low temperature, feeding 12 hours post-hatching; S1W2 = low temperature, feeding 24 hours post-hatching; S2W1= high temperature, feeding 12 hours post-hatching; S2W2 = high temperature, feeding 24 hours post-hatching. The data were analyzed by using ANOVA. If there was significant effect (P<0.05) or very significant effect (P<0.01) followed by Duncan’s test. The result showed that feed consumption had very significant effect (P<0.01) due to heat stress treatment and initial feeding. The initial feeding treatment had significant effect (P<0.05) to the body weight gain and feed conversion. It concluded that heat stress affected negatively to the performance of broiler starter. The initial feeding has significantly affected to the feed consumption, body weight gain and feed conversion in broiler starter.

PENGARUH LAMA SIMPAN SEMEN DALAM PENGENCER NaCl FISIOLOGIS PADA SUHU KAMAR TERHADAP KUALITAS SPERMATOZOA AYAM KAMPUNG (Gallus domesticus)

Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 7, No 1 (2013): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui kualitas spermatozoa ayam kampung dalam pengencer NaCl fisiologis dengan lama simpan yang berbeda pada suhu kamar. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah semen ayam kampung berumur 1-1,5 tahun. Lama simpan pada suhu kamar adalah 0, 30, 60, 90, dan 120 menit dengan 10 kali ulangan. Rasio pengenceran semen dengan pengencer 1:10. Variabel yang diamati yaitu motilitas dan viabilitas spermatozoa. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode percobaan menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL). Hasil analisis statistik menunjukkan bahwa lama simpan semen ayam kampung pada suhu kamar dengan pengencer NaCl fisiologis selama 0, 30, 60, 90, dan 120 menit berpengaruh sangat nyata (P<0,01) terhadap motilitas individu dan viabilitas. Rata-rata motilitas individu pada penyimpanan selama 0, 30, 60, 90, dan 120 menit masing-masing adalah 68,5+5,5; 58,5+5,79; 49,5+7,25; 39,5+8,9; dan 26+11,7% sedangkan rata-rata viabilitas masing-masing adalah 83,1+3,63; 77,6+3,47; 67,8+4,4; 57,7+7,7; dan 45,6+7,19%. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa motilitas dan viabilitas spermatozoa ayam kampung mengalami penurunan secara bertahap seiring dengan lama simpan pada suhu kamar.

Zoonotic Potential of Rotavirus from Swine and Bovine in South of Taiwan

The Journal of Experimental Life Science Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Graduate School, University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Rotavirus was recognized as the virus that responsible for causing acute gastroenteritis, especially young livestock. Taiwan Center for Disease Control (CDC) confirms the majority cases of acute gastroenteritis in Taiwan on February 2015 were caused by rotavirus. In this study, we report the incidence and zoonotic impact of rotavirus strain from Taiwan. This study examined 90 (swine) and 60 (bovine) fecal samples collected from south of Taiwan in March 2015. Detection of rotavirus using VP6 gene by RT-PCR technique with amplicons 379 bp. Zoonotic potential analysis based on nucleotide sequence and phylogenetic analysis. RT-PCR utilizing the primers specific for VP6 gene detected rotavirus with positive reactions 3/30 (10%) in piglets and 1/20 (5%) in the calf. Based on the nucleotide sequences and phylogenetic analysis indicated that 1 of 3 wild strains from swine rotavirus had 85.0% - 91.1% and 1 wild strain from bovine had 78.7% - 85.9% identity relations with human strains. These findings indicated that the wild strains of swine and bovine rotavirus may broadly spread and contribute to zoonotic transmission. Keywords: Bovine, Rotavirus, RT-PCR, Swine, Zoonotic.

ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION OF SENDURO GOAT AS GENETIC PRESERVATION AND DISSEMINATION OF VARIAN PROCESSED MILK GOAT PRODUCTS AT LUMAJANG DISTRICT

Journal of Innovation and Applied Technology Vol 3, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to disseminate the technology of Artificial Insemiation (AI) and managenet of Milk Processing. This activity expected to help the Ettawa goat farmer to over coming their problems which sub sequentlyit can be improve their income.The method susedin this study was to give in sight knowledge and simple technology to the selected Ettawa goat partner group.The result of these activities were achieved the result of loco  goat artificial insemination about  77%  Conception rate,  so that farmers will accept this technology. In other ways showed  the Ettawa goat farmer as partner group  receive the strengthening  of their business wether kid product and milk procesing product.Hopefully  farmers will  adopted  the technique of selecting superior sires, livestock  management,and  milk processing technology production plant.

Penggunaan ekstrak semanggi air (Marsilea crenata) sebagai sumber fitoestrogen terhadap gambaran darah tikus (Rattus norvegicus)

ARSHI Veterinary Letters Vol 3, No 1 (2019): ARSHI Veterinary Letters - Februari 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Tanaman semanggi air mengandung fitoestrogen yang mungkin dapat berpengaruh terhadap profil darah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat gambaran darah pada tikus betina setelah pemberian semanggi air. Tikus betina (Rattus norwegicus) sebanyak 30 ekor dalam penelitian ini dibagi menjadi 6 kelompok yaitu: I (K-) kontrol negatif, II (K+) kontrol positif, III (P1) diberi ekstrak semanggi air 6.25%, IV (P2) diberi ekstrak semanggi air 12.5%, V (P3) diberi ekstrak semanggi air 25% dan VI (P4) diberi ekstrak semanggi air 50%. Ekstrak etanol semanggi air diberikan peroral selama 21 hari pascapenyerentakkan berahi menggunakan prostaglandin 2 alfa dua hari sebelumnya. Profil darah lengkap diperiksa sesudah perlakuanpada parameter White Blood Cell (WBC), Red Blood Cell (RBC), Hemoglobin (Hb) dan Packed Cell Volume (PCV). Hasil analisa menunjukkan bahwa WBC, RBC, Hb dan PCV pada darah tikus menunjukkan perbedaan yang tidak signifikan diantara kelompok perlakuan. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini yaitu pemberian ekstrak semanggi tidak mempengaruhi profil hematologi tikus.