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FAMILY INTERVENTION IN THE PROBLEM OF MATERNAL DEATH: A CASE STUDY OF PREGNANT WOMEN IN MBOJO, BIMA, WEST NUSA TENGGARA Triratnawati, Atik; Izdiha, Anis
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 30, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (413.95 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.36682

Abstract

In 2015, the maternal mortality rate in Bima was recorded as 3 cases per 1,000 births, equivalent to 300 maternal deaths per 100,000 births. Although this number is low, it is much higher than the zero mortality rate set by the Sustainable Development Goals. This study discusses the family and community aspects of the maternal health framework, reading the gendered symbolic violence that affect maternal health in Jatibaru Village, Asakota, Bima, West Nusa Tenggara. Data was collected using an ethnographic approach, with techniques including Focus Group Discussions, participatory observation, interviews, and document study. The existence of gender inequities in the family can cause problems when women attempt to access healthcare. Furthermore, families and communities exert control over pregnant women, directing their behavior and attempts to access healthcare according to local customs and traditions. As such attitudes and behaviors are part of the digestive process of knowledge and experience, women often accept and do what is recommended by their families and communities. This social reality of maternal health thus becomes part of gender inequality in society. 
PENGOBATAN TRADISIONAL, UPAYA MEMINIMALKAN BIAYA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT DESA DI JAWA Triratnawati, Atik
Jurnal Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan Vol 13, No 02 (2010)
Publisher : Jurnal Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (231.415 KB)

Abstract

Background: Traditional medicine is frequently perceived asnegative and even though many people still practice. It the useof traditional medicine is mainly due cause to tradition. Thevillager tends to use traditional medicine as primary healing.This article tried to identify frequent diseases among Javaneseand economic capability to afford health cost.Methods: Ethnography study using observation and in-depthinterviewamong 48 informants and 6 key informant of peasantcommunity in Sleman, DIY and fisherman in Rembang, CentralJava, during 2007-2008. Phenomenology approach used duringdata collection and analysis.Result: Masuk angin (wind illness) is a disease whichfrequently occur among the villager. Traditional medicine wasapplied because it is inexpensive, easy, effective and suitablewith the cognitive related to the harmony (equilibrium). Theprinciple of coining was binary opposition such as: hot x cold;loose x tight; angin masuk x angin keluar; better x awful andthe equilibrium is the basic rational of traditional medicine.Recommendation: Traditional medicine must be recognizedby the government and should be in equal position to modernmedicine in order to reduce negative opinion, so the rational ofit is recognized by others.Keywords: holistic, traditional, masuk angin, effective, cheap
MENJAGA TRADISI: TINGGINYA ANIMO SUKU BANJAR BERSALIN KEPADA BIDAN KAMPUNG Serilaila, .; Triratnawati, Atik
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 22, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2845.438 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.991

Abstract

This article is an attempt to explain why the bidan kampung exists among the Banjarese, despite the existence of midwives. The data for the research were obtained from interviews with selected mothers, bidan kampung, midwives and religious leaders from the Binuang district, South Kalimantan. The results indicate that nominal or symbolic economic factors for their services and such psychological aspects as patience and peacefulness were determinant in the choice of bidan kampung. Social relationship among bidan kampung and the clients in rural society contribute to their existence.
ASPEK SIMBOLISME TELEPON GENGGAM Triratnawati, Atik
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 15, No 1 (2003)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (74.099 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.778

Abstract

Perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan di Indonesia jauh tertinggal dibandingkan negara maju. Terlebih lagi dalam hal kemajuan teknologi. Era informasi yang berkembang sekarang ini telah mendorong negara maju dan negara berkembang terusmenerus melakukan penemuan-penemuan baru di bidang teknologi, termasuk teknologi komunikasi informasi. Kemajuan teknologi komunikasi informasi di negara India dan Cina yang luar biasa terjadi karena sumber daya manusia yang mampu mengembangkan dan mengendalikan teknologi tersebut (Komputer Aktif, 2002:76). Dibandingkan kedua negara tersebut, Indonesia tertinggal jauh, baik pada perangkat lunak, keras, juga akibat terbatasnya sumber daya manusia yang mampu mengembangkan teknologi. Di Indonesia tradisi pendidikan, pengembangan, termasuk penelitian di bidang ilmu pengetahuan belum begitu mendarah daging sehingga tradisitradisi penemuan-penemuan baru di segala bidang kurang berkembang. Permasalahan utama penelitian ini adalah bagaimana pemakai telepon genggam memfungsikan benda tersebut. Apakah lebih ditekankan pada fungsi utamanya atau pada gengsi yang melekat di dalamnya? Di samping itu, penelitian ini juga meneliti aspek simbolisme yang muncul dari pemakaian benda ini, termasuk etika pemakaiannya. Adapun tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui fungsi dan manfaat telepon genggam, mengetahui aspek simbolisme, mengidentifikasi norma dan etika yang berlaku, serta mengidentifikasi aspek positif dan negatif pemakaian alat ini bagi masyarakat.
Merasa aman karena dianggap normal, kemudahan dan kepasrahan sebagai alasan ibu-ibu memilih persalinan rumah di desa: Studi Kualitatif di Kalimantan Tengah Aderi, Aderi; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo; Triratnawati, Atik
Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat (BKM) Vol 32, No 6 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (258.902 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/bkm.6646

Abstract

    PurposeThe purpose of this paper was to explore mothers perception of delivery at home in Kartika Bhakti Village, Province of Central KalimantanMethodA case study was conducted involving observation, indepth interview and focus group dicussion on 7 maternity women, 1 maternity women’s husbands, 1 village midwife, 1 community leader and 1 midwife of the village health post in Kartika Bhakti village, Province of Central Kalimantan.ResultsThe study found six reasons why maternity tend to choose to do delivery at home: barriers to delivery at health facilities; attitudes and preparedness of the midwife to deliver home deliveries; delivery at home benefits; based on the results of the pregnancy examination; not afraid of the risks of delivery; and ready to accept the dangers and risks of delivery.ConclusionMaternity tend to choose to do delivery at home based on the results of pregnancy tests conducted at Posyandu and doctors premises. The results will be used as a consideration for choosing the birthplace. When the results of pregnancy’s examination is good, maternity will tend to choose a home delivery. Furthermore, obstacles in health facilities such as barriers in health centers, geographical, hospital barriers, no postpartum services, and economic abilities are also the main reasons to choose to deliver at home. Health education and approaches related to delivery safety need to be improved to change maternity’s perceptions.     
KONSEP DADI WONG MENURUT PANDANGAN WANITA JAWA Triratnawati, Atik
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 17, No 3 (2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (74.437 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.855

Abstract

A successful person is always related with wealth and life satisfaction. Meanwhile the term successful person in different ethnic groups has different meaning and interpretation. The concept about dadi wong (being successful person) exists in Javanese culture which is always mentioned to describe the success of person in his or her life. The article will discuss this .The research was conducted in Yogyakarta on 1995 using a qualitative research method with in-depth interview. The research was held among selected (20) Javanese women aged 17-68 years, which had different education and socio economic status. Dadi wong requires economic, religious, moral, psychological and physical aspects. Other aspects includes gender ideology and culture. According to the Javanese concept dadi wong means merely economic aspect. The ideal concept of Dadi wong should be combined with economic (economic independence, income), culture (socio-status, marriage, family life, education, good in social relation, meaningful to other), morality/religion (religiosity, good moral) and psychology (independence, happiness).
Acculturation in Javanese Traditional Medicine Practice in Yogyakarta Triratnawati, ATIK
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 1 (2016): Komunitas, March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i1.4960

Abstract

The rampant practice of traditional medicine in the big cities in Java can not be separated from the influence of globalization. The practice of traditional medicine advertised through flyers, pamphlets, signage, television and internet. In medical practice, it can not be separated from the mixture of elements of the local culture, external/ foreign as well as modern medical later adopted in order to enhance public interest in their treatment. The purpose of this article is to analyze the practice of acculturation in traditional medicine both related to methods, tools, how to advertise and meaning behind the ways the adoption of other culture into the traditional practice.An intergrative ethnographic study was conducted in Bantul and Sleman, Yogyakarta, on traditional healers such as gurah, bekham, metaphysical/ spiritual, herbal, traditional massage therapy, as well as traditional healers specifically hemorrhoids. Other information was obtained from interviews with their patients.Medical pluralism by wrapping traditional therapy combined with health culture from the outside to attract consumers with a dogmatic way in order to improve the clients made by Javanese traditional healers. They advertise with testimony on local television screen with the aim of introducing methods, tools, disease cure rates, fees, in order made populair so the number of patients increases. Acculturation appears that more and more people believe in business practices and its treatment.
Dominasi Medis Modern Atas Medis Tradisional Suku Sumuri, Teluk Bintuni, Papua Barat Triratnawati, Atik
Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik Vol 30, No 2 (2017): Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik
Publisher : FISIP Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mkp.V30I22017.174-187

Abstract

Declaration 1990-2015 MDGs 4 and 5 points in Indonesia fail due to a decrease in maternal and infant mortality rate is not reached until three quarters. Sumuri District, in West Papua is one of the area that maternal and infant mortality rates high, althought free health care for its residents. This paper wants to explore how the interaction between modern medicine and local medicine so the dominant health care in the community will be identified. Ethnographic study by living together with the local community to make the observation of the patients health centers, community leader interviews, adult population, health workers and mini Focus Group Discussion among 4 mothers who has under 5 years old children conducted in June 2014. Government, oil and gas companies are aggressively introducing modern medical to the residents of SumuriDistrict, as a result communities have high interest to visit the health center for treatment and natural healing tends to disappear. New health institutions such as health centers, integrated health, midwives, nurses, physicians are able to shift the role of traditional birth attendants, traditional healer or traditional medicine. As a result of social relations within the extended family was replaced by a stronger role of midwives, nurses and doctors. However, the older generation tends to be more suitable with traditional healing compare to modern medicine.
Acculturation in Javanese Traditional Medicine Practice in Yogyakarta Triratnawati, ATIK
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 1 (2016): Komunitas, March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i1.4960

Abstract

The rampant practice of traditional medicine in the big cities in Java can not be separated from the influence of globalization. The practice of traditional medicine advertised through flyers, pamphlets, signage, television and internet. In medical practice, it can not be separated from the mixture of elements of the local culture, external/ foreign as well as modern medical later adopted in order to enhance public interest in their treatment. The purpose of this article is to analyze the practice of acculturation in traditional medicine both related to methods, tools, how to advertise and meaning behind the ways the adoption of other culture into the traditional practice.An intergrative ethnographic study was conducted in Bantul and Sleman, Yogyakarta, on traditional healers such as gurah, bekham, metaphysical/ spiritual, herbal, traditional massage therapy, as well as traditional healers specifically hemorrhoids. Other information was obtained from interviews with their patients.Medical pluralism by wrapping traditional therapy combined with health culture from the outside to attract consumers with a dogmatic way in order to improve the clients made by Javanese traditional healers. They advertise with testimony on local television screen with the aim of introducing methods, tools, disease cure rates, fees, in order made populair so the number of patients increases. Acculturation appears that more and more people believe in business practices and its treatment.
Perilaku seksual promiskuitas pada remaja laki-laki di Wirobrajan, kota Yogyakarta Isnugroho, Hernawan; Triratnawati, Atik; Supriyati, Supriyati
Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat (BKM) Vol 33, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/bkm.12443

Abstract

Promiscuity in sexual behavior in adolescent boys in Wirobrajan, Yogyakarta cityPurposeThis study aimed to obtain a description of the factors that promote promiscuity in sexual behavior and its impact in adolescent boys in Wirobrajan.MethodThis qualitative research used a case study design, using snowball sampling. Data were analyzed by content analysis technique.ResultsThe permissiveness of sexual behavior of teenagers will have an impact, and is easily affected by promiscuity behavior. The influence of peer group or peers is very dominant in the behavior of teen promiscuity. Lack of adolescent awareness about the dangers of promiscuity, the orientation of seeking pleasure and curiosity triggers the behavior of teen promiscuity by exploiting loopholes of rules and lack of control. The confidence and experience of the impact of promiscuity behavior becomes the dominant factor so that teenagers who do not behave with promiscuity do not repeat the behavior. Impact of juvenile promiscuity behavior among others included being ostracized, gonorrhea, syphilis, and genital herpes and other sexually transmitted diseases.ConclusionGreater supervision is needed from various sectors and enforcement of the rules so that the behavior and impact of promiscuity can be minimized. The supervision of teenagers’ association will have an impact on adolescent behavior.