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KONSEP DADI WONG MENURUT PANDANGAN WANITA JAWA

Jurnal Humaniora Vol 17, No 3 (2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

A successful person is always related with wealth and life satisfaction. Meanwhile the term successful person in different ethnic groups has different meaning and interpretation. The concept about dadi wong (being successful person) exists in Javanese culture which is always mentioned to describe the success of person in his or her life. The article will discuss this .The research was conducted in Yogyakarta on 1995 using a qualitative research method with in-depth interview. The research was held among selected (20) Javanese women aged 17-68 years, which had different education and socio economic status. Dadi wong requires economic, religious, moral, psychological and physical aspects. Other aspects includes gender ideology and culture. According to the Javanese concept dadi wong means merely economic aspect. The ideal concept of Dadi wong should be combined with economic (economic independence, income), culture (socio-status, marriage, family life, education, good in social relation, meaningful to other), morality/religion (religiosity, good moral) and psychology (independence, happiness).

Aspek Simbolisme Telepon Genggam

Jurnal Humaniora Vol 15, No 1 (2003)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

Perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan di Indonesia jauh tertinggal dibandingkan negara maju. Terlebih lagi dalam hal kemajuan teknologi. Era informasi yang berkembang sekarang ini telah mendorong negara maju dan negara berkembang terusmenerus melakukan penemuan-penemuan baru di bidang teknologi, termasuk teknologi komunikasi informasi. Kemajuan teknologi komunikasi informasi di negara India dan Cina yang luar biasa terjadi karena sumber daya manusia yang mampu mengembangkan dan mengendalikan teknologi tersebut (Komputer Aktif, 2002:76). Dibandingkan kedua negara tersebut, Indonesia tertinggal jauh, baik pada perangkat lunak, keras, juga akibat terbatasnya sumber daya manusia yang mampu mengembangkan teknologi. Di Indonesia tradisi pendidikan, pengembangan, termasuk penelitian di bidang ilmu pengetahuan belum begitu mendarah daging sehingga tradisitradisi penemuan-penemuan baru di segala bidang kurang berkembang. Permasalahan utama penelitian ini adalah bagaimana pemakai telepon genggam memfungsikan benda tersebut. Apakah lebih ditekankan pada fungsi utamanya atau pada gengsi yang melekat di dalamnya? Di samping itu, penelitian ini juga meneliti aspek simbolisme yang muncul dari pemakaian benda ini, termasuk etika pemakaiannya. Adapun tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui fungsi dan manfaat telepon genggam, mengetahui aspek simbolisme, mengidentifikasi norma dan etika yang berlaku, serta mengidentifikasi aspek positif dan negatif pemakaian alat ini bagi masyarakat.

Masuk Angin dalam Konteks Kosmologi Jawa

Jurnal Humaniora Vol 23, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

This study examines the meaning of masuk angin among the Javanese society, by the ethnographic approach. In this context, the meaning of masuk angin cannot be separated fromJavanese cosmological doctrine, especially in relation to health and human body. In Javanese cosmology, being healthy or ill is perceived as the result of condition of equilibrium. Thus, the therapy for illness or masuk angin should be conducted by restoring the equilibrium.

Gaya Pengelolaan dan Dinamika Trah Jawa

Jurnal Humaniora Vol 21, No 3 (2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

the aims of the article are to know the management of trah to solve the problem in relation to the maintenance of the dynamics of its members. The Javanese trah is important in any level of social class. Even though the old generation is dominant trah member but some adaptation has been will introduce by trah committee in order to attract the attention of young generation to participate in syawalan meeting. Recreation, scholarship, free medication, lottery, door prize, quiz, musical performance syawalan are the ways to create the happiness of the Javanese trah members, to enhance equality and decrease the gap among senior and junior members.

Menjaga Tradisi: Tingginya Animo Suku Banjar Bersalin kepada Bidan Kampung

Jurnal Humaniora Vol 22, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

This article is an attempt to explain why the bidan kampung exists among the Banjarese, despite the existence of midwives. The data for the research were obtained from interviews with selected mothers, bidan kampung, midwives and religious leaders from the Binuang district, South Kalimantan. The results indicate that nominal or symbolic economic factors for their services and such psychological aspects as patience and peacefulness were determinant in the choice of bidan kampung. Social relationship among bidan kampung and the clients in rural society contribute to their existence.

PENGOBATAN TRADISIONAL, UPAYA MEMINIMALKAN BIAYA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT DESA DI JAWA

Jurnal Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan Vol 13, No 02 (2010)
Publisher : Jurnal Manajemen Pelayanan Kesehatan

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Abstract

Background: Traditional medicine is frequently perceived asnegative and even though many people still practice. It the useof traditional medicine is mainly due cause to tradition. Thevillager tends to use traditional medicine as primary healing.This article tried to identify frequent diseases among Javaneseand economic capability to afford health cost.Methods: Ethnography study using observation and in-depthinterviewamong 48 informants and 6 key informant of peasantcommunity in Sleman, DIY and fisherman in Rembang, CentralJava, during 2007-2008. Phenomenology approach used duringdata collection and analysis.Result: Masuk angin (wind illness) is a disease whichfrequently occur among the villager. Traditional medicine wasapplied because it is inexpensive, easy, effective and suitablewith the cognitive related to the harmony (equilibrium). Theprinciple of coining was binary opposition such as: hot x cold;loose x tight; angin masuk x angin keluar; better x awful andthe equilibrium is the basic rational of traditional medicine.Recommendation: Traditional medicine must be recognizedby the government and should be in equal position to modernmedicine in order to reduce negative opinion, so the rational ofit is recognized by others.Keywords: holistic, traditional, masuk angin, effective, cheap

Merasa aman karena dianggap normal, kemudahan dan kepasrahan sebagai alasan ibu-ibu memilih persalinan rumah di desa: Studi Kualitatif di Kalimantan Tengah

Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat (BKM) Vol 32, No 6 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

    PurposeThe purpose of this paper was to explore mothers perception of delivery at home in Kartika Bhakti Village, Province of Central KalimantanMethodA case study was conducted involving observation, indepth interview and focus group dicussion on 7 maternity women, 1 maternity women’s husbands, 1 village midwife, 1 community leader and 1 midwife of the village health post in Kartika Bhakti village, Province of Central Kalimantan.ResultsThe study found six reasons why maternity tend to choose to do delivery at home: barriers to delivery at health facilities; attitudes and preparedness of the midwife to deliver home deliveries; delivery at home benefits; based on the results of the pregnancy examination; not afraid of the risks of delivery; and ready to accept the dangers and risks of delivery.ConclusionMaternity tend to choose to do delivery at home based on the results of pregnancy tests conducted at Posyandu and doctors premises. The results will be used as a consideration for choosing the birthplace. When the results of pregnancy’s examination is good, maternity will tend to choose a home delivery. Furthermore, obstacles in health facilities such as barriers in health centers, geographical, hospital barriers, no postpartum services, and economic abilities are also the main reasons to choose to deliver at home. Health education and approaches related to delivery safety need to be improved to change maternity’s perceptions.     

Acculturation in Javanese Traditional Medicine Practice in Yogyakarta

KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 1 (2016): Komunitas, March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

The rampant practice of traditional medicine in the big cities in Java can not be separated from the influence of globalization. The practice of traditional medicine advertised through flyers, pamphlets, signage, television and internet. In medical practice, it can not be separated from the mixture of elements of the local culture, external/ foreign as well as modern medical later adopted in order to enhance public interest in their treatment. The purpose of this article is to analyze the practice of acculturation in traditional medicine both related to methods, tools, how to advertise and meaning behind the ways the adoption of other culture into the traditional practice.An intergrative ethnographic study was conducted in Bantul and Sleman, Yogyakarta, on traditional healers such as gurah, bekham, metaphysical/ spiritual, herbal, traditional massage therapy, as well as traditional healers specifically hemorrhoids. Other information was obtained from interviews with their patients.Medical pluralism by wrapping traditional therapy combined with health culture from the outside to attract consumers with a dogmatic way in order to improve the clients made by Javanese traditional healers. They advertise with testimony on local television screen with the aim of introducing methods, tools, disease cure rates, fees, in order made populair so the number of patients increases. Acculturation appears that more and more people believe in business practices and its treatment.

Menjaga Tradisi: Tingginya Animo Suku Banjar Bersalin kepada Bidan Kampung

Humaniora Vol 22, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science

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Abstract

This article is an attempt to explain why the bidan kampung exists among the Banjarese, despite the existence of midwives. The data for the research were obtained from interviews with selected mothers, bidan kampung, midwives and religious leaders from the Binuang district, South Kalimantan. The results indicate that nominal or symbolic economic factors for their services and such psychological aspects as patience and peacefulness were determinant in the choice of bidan kampung. Social relationship among bidan kampung and the clients in rural society contribute to their existence.

Aspek Simbolisme Telepon Genggam

Humaniora Vol 15, No 1 (2003)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science

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Abstract

Perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan di Indonesia jauh tertinggal dibandingkan negara maju. Terlebih lagi dalam hal kemajuan teknologi. Era informasi yang berkembang sekarang ini telah mendorong negara maju dan negara berkembang terusmenerus melakukan penemuan-penemuan baru di bidang teknologi, termasuk teknologi komunikasi informasi. Kemajuan teknologi komunikasi informasi di negara India dan Cina yang luar biasa terjadi karena sumber daya manusia yang mampu mengembangkan dan mengendalikan teknologi tersebut (Komputer Aktif, 2002:76). Dibandingkan kedua negara tersebut, Indonesia tertinggal jauh, baik pada perangkat lunak, keras, juga akibat terbatasnya sumber daya manusia yang mampu mengembangkan teknologi. Di Indonesia tradisi pendidikan, pengembangan, termasuk penelitian di bidang ilmu pengetahuan belum begitu mendarah daging sehingga tradisitradisi penemuan-penemuan baru di segala bidang kurang berkembang. Permasalahan utama penelitian ini adalah bagaimana pemakai telepon genggam memfungsikan benda tersebut. Apakah lebih ditekankan pada fungsi utamanya atau pada gengsi yang melekat di dalamnya? Di samping itu, penelitian ini juga meneliti aspek simbolisme yang muncul dari pemakaian benda ini, termasuk etika pemakaiannya. Adapun tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui fungsi dan manfaat telepon genggam, mengetahui aspek simbolisme, mengidentifikasi norma dan etika yang berlaku, serta mengidentifikasi aspek positif dan negatif pemakaian alat ini bagi masyarakat.