Bau Toknok
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KELEMBAGAAN KELOMPOK TANI HUTAN PROGRAM PENDAMPINGAN SCBFWM DISEKITAR SUB DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI MIU (KASUS DESA PAKULI KECAMATAN GUMBASA KABUPATEN SIGI) Sari, Novita; Golar, Golar; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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This research aimed to know form of the farmers group organization in Pakuli village and determine the problems that faced by them in Pakuli village, Gumbasa district, Sigi regency, Central Sulawesi. Data was collected by using questionnair and in-depth interviews on respondents. The total number of respondents were twenty five. Theres pondents were selected by using purposive sampling method with qualitative descriptive analysis. The results showed that form of the farmer group organization in Pakuli village was a formal organization and it is exist before SCBFWM programs were introduced and implemented in this area. Hence, organization problems that causes farmers group go out from SCBFWM supervising were imbalance of actions, leadership and social gaps. Keywords: Organization form, farmers group, SCBFMW
TINGKAT KERUSAKAN HUTAN MANGROVE PANTAI DI DESA MALAKOSA KECAMATAN BALINGGI KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Anugra, Fuad; Umar, Husain; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
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The main cause of mangrove destruction was due to land convertion to housing, aquaculture, illegal loging. Those uncontroled activities was neglect to consider the environmental preservation. Malakosa is one of the village which has mangrove forest, however most of the forest was declining in number, it is therefore important research on the extent of damage to be done in orderto manage the mangrove forest. This phenomenon had motivated this research to investigate the extend and the caused of mangrove forest destruction in Malakosa village, Balinggi district, Parigi Moutong Regency. This research employ Nested Sampling Method. Data was collected from three path. These includes path 1 at second floodgate, path 2 at first floodgate, and path 3 at third floodgate. Physic and water chemical parameter observations was also conducted at these three different floodgates. The result shows that the extend of mangrove forest destruction at malakosa village is between good to severe range continum, with density rate of 6700 btg/ha (low destruction), 1300 btg/ha (modest destruction), and 100 btg/ha (high destruction). Although the physic and water chemical effects on observation stations was still in good conditions, the salinity parameter and iron (Fe) parameters was found to be above the accepted standard.Keyword: Destruction, Forest, Mangrove
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS TUMBUHAN OBAT PADA KAWASAN HUTAN LINDUNG DI DESA TINDOLI KECAMATAN PAMONA TENGGARA KABUPATEN POSO Tudjuka, Kurniawan; Ningsih, Sri; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Indonesia is a tropical that has vast forest regions. The existence of the forest region is national asset must be managed continuously and developed to the better way so that they can be sustainable utilized. Herbal plant is a kind of forest product non wood which useful for ecology, social-cultural, or economic that must be managed as long as the utilization rationally to nowadays generation needs and the fature. The objective of the research was to find out the difersity of herbal plants located in preserved forest utilised by Tindoli people at Tindoli village of South East Pamona Sub District Poso Regency. The vegetation analysis method in the field was multi plots method which purposively done. The vegetation specimen taking was done by emloying 20 plots specimen located in spread. The size of the observation plots was 20m x 20m made as 20 plots that the whole wide of observation plots was 0.8 ha. The research result done in preserved forest at Tindoli Village of South East Pamona Sub District Poso Regency found that there were 25 kinds of herbal plants including 21 familes. For each of tree vegetation level, it was obtained the kind of diversity index 1.87, pople vegetation level 1.96, stake vegetation level 1.76, seedling vegetation level and plants 2.43. based on the index calculation of herbal plants diversity at the preserved forest in Tindoli Village from herbal plants of seedling level and underground plants, stake level, pople level, they were generally categorized low. Keywords: The Diversity of Plants Kind, Preserved Forest
SIFAT FISIK TANAH DI BAWAH TEGAKAN MANGROVE DI DESA TUMPAPA KECAMATAN BALINGGI KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Mahmud, Mahmud; Wardah, Wardah; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Mangrove forest grows on transition of land and sea area which plants community grow on salty tolerance. Naturally properties of mangrove soil can be a standard on asessing its potency and productivity. The aim of this research was to investigate the physical properties of mangrove forest soil.The usage of  this research are to enrich knowledge about physical properties of mangrove forest soil and may be as an input on mangrove forest development. This research was conducted in mangrove forest of Tumpapa Village Balinggi District, Parigi Moutong Regency, as long as three months (September up to December 2013) by using descriptive method. Descriptive research is research that intends to create a description of situations or events in the field. The placement of sampling plots purposive sampling methode with one plot in each of mangrove forest zonation. Collected soil samples were analyzed of soil textures, colours, and permeabilities. This research results shown that the soil of zone that anytime flooded has dusty-clayey clay texture, upper layer has gray colour, bottom layer has black colour, and slow permeability; the soil of zone with moderate tide flooded has dusty clay texture, upper layer has black colour, bottom layer has brown colour, and moderate permeability; the soil of zone with high tide flooded has dusty clay texture, upper layer has brown colour, and moderate permeability; and soil of transition area has clay texture, upper layer has brown colour, sub layer has black colour, bottom layer has gray colour,and slow permeability. Keywords : Mangrove forest, physical soil properties, zonation
KEARIFAN MASYARAKAT LOKAL DALAM PENGELOLAAN HUTAN DI DESA RANO KECAMATAN BALAESANG TANJUNG KABUPATEN DONGGALA Ariyanto, Ariyanto; Rachman, Imran; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
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The local wisdom is a knowledge obtained in hereditary that becomes a custom and based on the values and based on the values and norms of society. As the To`Balaesan ethnic or the original ethnic in Rano village inhibiting Tanjung Balaesang cluster lies on viscous culture covering language, religion system, and a little different physics from the other society in the area of Balaesang Tanjung sub district. The method employed was explorative descriptive with a qualitative approach through the exploration of key informants information. Thus it can describe a certain situation or a group of human systematically, factually, and accurately based on the fact in the field. The data were collected through observation and interview with a good structured guidance or free interview. The population was the Rano people. The selection of the informants was by using snow-ball sampling. The result indicates that Rano people still uphold their tradition they know from the past, seen from the land selection process, land opening and the farming process. All of it accumulated in a topomaradia tradition institution which contains a set of rules and inferences as the attitude manager norms and behavior of the ethnic society to`balaesang in Rano village. Key words: Local Wisdom, ethnic of ta`Balaesan, Rano Village
NILAI MANFAAT HUTAN MANGROVE DI DESA SAUSU PEORE KECAMATAN SAUSU KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Motoku, Abner Widoyo; Umar, Syukur; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
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Mangrove forest is a typical ecosystem in tropical regions, which have multiple benefits and effects especially on the social, economic and ecological aspects. This study was aimed to know direct and indirect benefits of mangrove forest by analyze and quantify its value to Indonesian currency (IDR). The study was conducted at Sausu Peore village, Sausu sub-district, Parigi Moutong regency, Central Sulawesi, from March through May 2014. The method used in this study was based on the market price. Respondents were selected by purposive sampling method. Identification and quantification of the use natural resources was done by assessment on the market and replacement price. The results showed that direct benefits of the mangrove forests in this area are firewoods, wood as construction materials, fishs, shellfish, crabs, and bats, while indirects benefits of the mangrove forests is as a buffer on coastal aberration. The economic value of direct benefits was IDR. 513,499,753, while the value of indirect benefits was IDR. 499,655,240, so the total value of all benefits was IDR.1,013,164,993. Keywords: Direct Benefit, Indirect Benefit, Mangrove, Economic Value
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS ROTAN (Calamus Spp.) DI KAWASAN HUTAN LINDUNG WILAYAH KECAMATAN DAMPELAS SOJOL KABUPATEN DONGGALA Kunut, Agus A.; Sudhartono, Arief; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Rattan is persevering climbing plant and almost can grow in all areas. Rattan is one of forest plant and have commercial price at market. At the public this plant can grow naturally, spread begin from the beach until the mountain and grow fast and relative easy to harvest and transport. Rattan stick can reach for the hundreds meter. Spray water if we slash the stick and can be used for survival at the forest. This research purpose to know many types of rattan at the protection forest area in Dampelas Sojol subdistrict Donggala regency. This research using the box line method with cut contour line. Supervision form with long track 100 m and wide 20 m. furthermore build 20 sub box with format 10 X 10 meter. Number of supervision is 3 track with box placement and intentional directed according “purposive sampling” basic on the area can grow rattan . Research result indicate that kind variety of rattan in Dampelas Sojol subdistrict Donggala regency main kind variety of rattan cacing (Calamus melanoloma Mart) lambang (Calamus ornatus), tohiti (Calamus inops), batang (Calamus zollingeri Becc) and noko (Calamus koordersianus Becc),. The kind of rattan was so dominate is worm rattan with INP 76,67 %. Index kind variety of rattan at the protection forest area in Dampelas Sojol subdistrict Donggala regency include very low with H’ number 0,52 %. Key word: rattan, protection forest, Donggala.
SIFAT FISIK TANAH DI BAWAH TEGAKAN EBONI ( Diospyros celebica Bakh ) PADA KAWASAN CAGAR ALAM PANGI BINANGGA KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Evarnaz, Novita; Toknok, Bau; Ramlah, Sitti
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
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The function of soil is a medium for growth and root development in supporting plants to grow and supply the need of water and nutrients to the planst roots. The issue raised in this study is how the physical properties of soil, including the texture, structure, porosity, bulk density and permeability of soil under the stand of ebony at the Natural Reserve of Pangi Binangga. Ebony is one of the endemic tree species in Sulawesi Island including Central Sulawesi. The purpose of this study was to determine the physical properties of soil under the stands of ebony at the Natural Reserve of Pangi Binangga, Parigi Moutong Regency. This study was conducted for 3 months (May-July 2013) at the Natural Reserve of Panggi Binangga, Sakina Jaya Village, Parigi Moutong Regency, Central Sulawesi Province. This study used survey and analysis in the laboratory. Soil samples were collected by using purposive sampling technique, that is, deliberately having particular consideration: the level of slope 0-8%, 8-15%, 15-25%, and 25-40%. The number of soil samples was 16 soil samples taken from the four slopes in two depths (0-30 cm and 30-60 cm). The study shows that the soil under the stands of ebony has a sandy loam soil texture class and loamy sand, structure soil crusts and granular, slight porous and porous (37.84 to 58.07%), rapid and very fast permeability (13,27 to 36,10 cm/h) and has a high and very high of bulk density of the medium (1.11 to 1.65 g/cm3). Keywords: Diospyros celebica, natural reserve, Pangi Binangga, soil physical property
KONDISI FISIK HABITAT TARSIUS (Tarsius dentatus) DI KAWASAN TAMAN NASIONAL LORE LINDU DISEKITAR DESA SUNGKU KECAMATAN KULAWI KABUPATEN SIGI Nofrianti, Nofrianti; Sudhartono, Arief; Toknok, Bau
Warta Rimba Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
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Tarsier (tarsius dentatus) is an endemic species in Sulawesi Island, these animals have a strong dependence on the forest. The objective of this study was to identify the physical conditions (abiotic) of tarsier habitat focused on the altitude, air temperature, air humidity and slope. These data were collected by conducting surveys and observation of the purposive sampling plot that was located in tarsier habitat in Lore LIndu National Park area around the village of Sungku. Physical conditions of the tarsier habitat were descriptively analyzed from identification, observation, measurement and actual conditions in the field. The result would be then compared with the other tarsier habitats at LLNP in village of Kamarora, Palolo sub-district. The altitude discovered tarsier habitat at the village Sungku is at 702-861- m a.s.l. the air temperatures range 20,33°C-24,66°C and humidity in the morning, and afternoon and evening were 85,3%, 71% and 75,3% is respectively. The slope of tarsier habitat varied from steep up to very steep (25%-40%). Where as in Kamarora village, tarsier habitat was at an altitude of 694 m a.s.l., whit a slope of 10%, air temperature (20,77°C-27,1°C) and humidity (72,3%-82%). The tarsier nets were observed during the study were at the bamboo cluster and Ficus sp. Tree. Keywords: Tarsier, tarsius dentatus, Habitat, Lore Lindu National Park.
PERAN SERTA KELOMPOK TANI DALAM PELESTARIAN HUTAN MANGROVE DI KAWASAN KABONGA BESAR KECAMATAN BANAWA KABUPATEN DONGGALA Wiakanti, Liska; Rahman, Imran; Toknok, Bau
Jurnal Warta Rimba Vol 4, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Mangrove forest is a group of plant species that grow along tropical coast line to sub tropical coast line  that has special function in the environment that contain salt and a land of coast. Mangrove forest is primary ecosystem in supporting an important life in coastal and ocean area. Other of its ecological fucntion as nutrient supllier for water biota, other biota, beach abrasion preventative, lunge of typhoon and tsunami, waste absorber, sea water interusion preventative. Mangrove ecosistem has function of supporting of higher human life than other ecosistem because of the very high primary productivity. Central Sulawesi has mangrove forests that spread in some areas one of them is in Kabonga Besar village. The research was conducted from  April 2015 up to May 2015 in Kabonga Besar village Banawa subdistrict Donggala district, that aimed to find out how the active role of farmers community in preserving  the mangrove forest in Kabonga Besar village Banawa subdistrict Donggala district. The data gathering was done by observing and interviewing with questionnaire. The data analysis used quantitative descriptive and used double Regresi linear analysis. The result of the research showed that the role form of farmers community  in Kabonga Besar village Banawa subdistrict Donggala district that not throwing waste to the mangrove ecosystem, and not parking boat on mangrove ecosystem. The factor of work program was the factor that influenced mostly in the efforts of the mangrove preservation by the farmer community in Kabonga Besar village Banawa subdistrict Donggala district..Keywords: Farmers community, Mangrove forest, Kabonga Besar area.