Ketut Tirtayasa
Bagian Fisiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana

Published : 43 Documents
Articles

PELATIHAN PLYOMETRIC DENGAN DEPTH JUMP MENINGKATKAN DAYA LEDAK OTOT TUNGKAI LEBIH BESAR DARIPADA PELATIHAN STANDING JUMP PADA PEMAIN BOLA VOLI PUTRA Pratama, I Gede Widyatmika; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Pinatih, Gde Ngurah Indraguna; Adiatmika, Putu Gede; Muliarta, Made; Griadhi, Putu Adiartha
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.3, September 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i03.p07

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Volleyball is a popular sport that is competitive. In volleyball, the volleyball player must play the volleyball over the net. The physical factor that supports that ability is explosion power of legs muscles. One of the ways to increase the explosion power of legs muscles is plyometric exercise. The exercises that were given in this research were plyometric depth jump and standing jump exercises to increase the explosion power of legs muscles. Purpose: The objective of this exercise is to compare the effect of both exercises for increasing the explosion power of legs muscles. Method: This research used experimental method Pre Test and Post Test Group Design in six weeks and frequency of three times a week. The samples are 22 people who are divided into two groups through ordinal pairing technique. The first group was given plyometric depth jump exercise and the second group was given standing jump exercise. The measurement of the explosion power of legs muscles used jump MD that was measured before and after exercises in every groups. Next, the average result was compared with statistical test of t- paired test. Result: The average of the explosion power of legs muscles pre test of the first group was 39.73 ± 3.74 centimeters and the post test was 55.64 ± 4.03 centimeters are statistically significant (p<0.05). Otherwise, on the second group, the pre test was 39.73 ± 3.58 centimeters and the post test was 51.36 ± 3.85 centimeters are statistically significant (p<0.05). The increasing of the explosion power of legs muscles between both groups are significant (p<0.05). The percentage of increasing of plyometric depth jump was 40.05% and for the standing jump was 29.27%. Conclusion: Plyometric depth jump increased the explosion power of legs muscles is bigger than standing jump exercise for all students on the men’s volleyball extracurricular of SMK Triatma Jaya Badung.Keywords : Plyometric depth jump and standing jump exercises, the explosion power of legs muscles, volleyball.
PELATIHAN PLIOMETRIK DEPTH JUMP LEBIH MENINGKATKAN DAYA LEDAK OTOT TUNGKAI DARIPADA PELATIHAN PLIOMETRIK BOX JUMP SISWA PESERTA EKSTRAKURIKULER BOLA VOLI SMK NEGERI 1 PETANG Jaya, I Putu Prisa; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Muliarta, I Made; Sri Handari Adiputra, Luh Made Indah; Purnawati, Susy; Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.3, September 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i03.p02

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe basic techniques of volleyball used to use muscular group in our body, especially the leg’s muscles that is facilitating the springboard movement. Explosive power is the ability of muscles to exert maximum force in a very quick time. Leg muscle explosive power is one of the essential components required in the sport of volleyball particular in the motion of smash, passing and blocking hat needs to be improved by training plyometrics. The training that were conducted during this research are the plyometric depth jump and plyometric box jump training using the principle of progressive load with 3 times frequencies a week within 6 weeks. The aim of this study is to compare the explosive power of training leg muscle. This study use a randomized experimental design with pre test and post test group design for six weeks with 3 times frequencies a week. The sample’s numbers is 32 participants that was divided into two groups. The first group was given training in plyometrics depth jump and the second group was given training plyometrics box jump. The explosive power of leg muscle is measured by using a jump DF which measured before and after training for each groups. The result of this research is shown before training in group I is 42.25 ± 3.92 cm and 51.81 ± 4.41cm after training (p <0.05). While, in group II the mean shows 40.25 ± 5.14 cm before training and 45.25 ± 5.07 cm after training (p <0.05). Training in group I can increase explosive power leg muscle than group II (p <0.05). Based on the result, it is concluded that the plyometric depth jump training is more better than the plyometric box jump training in increasing explosive power leg muscle for the students of volley ball extracurricular at SMK Negeri 1 Petang.Keywords: plyometrics depth jump training and box jump, explosive power leg muscle, sports volleyball.
INTERVAL RUNNING EXERCISE REDUCES RUNNING TIME OF 800 METERS DASH WITHOUT CAUSING INCREASED LEVEL OF SGOT – SGPT IN MALE STUDENTS OF THE FACULTY OF SPORTS SCIENCES, MANADO STATE UNIVERSITY Galatang, Alprodit; Alex Pangkahila, Jahja; Ngurah Nala, I Gusti; Tirtayasa, Ketut
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES Vol. 3, No. 2 Juli 2009
Publisher : Udayana University

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Abstract

The effort to gain best achievement in sports by means of exercise has twodilemmatic sides, both for the coaches and sport promoters. On one side, exercise shouldbe done intensely and maximally, but on the other side, it is a known fact that excessiveand maximal exercises can damage the body organs. The purposes of this study were toobserve the side effects of interval running exercise of 800 meters, to find out level offatigue by examining lactate acid produced by each model, and to assess the negativeeffects on organs as indicated by the level of SGOT-SGPT. The exercise model appliedin the study comprised interval running of 2 x 800 meters, 4 x 400 meters, 8 x 200meters, 16 x 100 meters and one standard of comparison exercise, which was runningexercise of 2 x 800 meters with passive rest. This study was true experimental usingrandomized pre-test-post-test control group design. Samples of this study were 27 malestudents of the Faculty of Sports Sciences, Manado State University, who were dividedinto five groups. Group 1 was with interval running exercise of 2 x 800 meters. Group 2was assigned to interval running exercise of 4 x 400 meters. Group 3 was with intervalrunning exercise of 8 x 200 meters. Group 4 was with interval running exercise of 16 x100 meters. Group 5 as comparison standard was with running exercise of 2 x 800 meterspassive rest. All the exercise models were carried out for six weeks, each with afrequency of three times a week. Results of the study showed that the five groupsdemonstrated reduction of running time of 800 meters dash (p<0.05), lactate acidproduction differed in some of the groups (p>0.05), levels of SGOT and SGPT of allgroups did not show significant increase (p>0.05). From the above findings, it can beconcluded that all exercise models of interval running 2 x 800 meters, 4 x 400 meters, 8 x200 meters, 16 x 100 meters and 2 x 800 meters with passive rest lowered the runningtime of 800 meters dash and did not increase level of SGOT-SGPT.
ERGONOMIC INTERVENTION DECREASES THE LOAD OF LEARNING AND INCREASES THE STUDENTS PERFORMANCES Pungus, Meity; Manuaba, Adnyana; Adiputra, Nyoman; Tirtayasa, Ketut
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES Vol. 4, No. 2 Juli 2010
Publisher : Udayana University

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Abstract

Most students’ activities in respect to the implementation of the academic curriculumare done at home. In fact, conventional activity done by the students in boardinghouse ofMinahasa tradition showed unfavorable risks to students based on the load of learning withindicators of musculoskeletal complaints, boredom, and fatigue. Consequently, thestudents were not yet able to attain the intended performance. To overcome the problems,it has made the efforts of ergonomics intervention. In order to test the capability of theergonomics interventions, it had been done a research with the hypothesis, the ergonomicsinterventions on the activity in boardinghouse of Minahasa tradition: normalizes the bodytemperature; decreases the musculoskeletal complaints; decreases the level of boredom;decreases the level of fatigue; increases the accuracy of working; increases the speed ofworking; increases the constancy of working; and increases the results of working of thestudents. This research was done in two periods by utilizing the treatment by subjectdesign. The first and second period was done during four weeks, without and withergonomic intervention. The subjects utilized in the research were as many as 15 persons.The measurements of dependent variables were done before and after doing the activity.The results of the research showed that the ergonomics interventions on the learningactivities in boardinghouse could decrease load of learning significantly (p<0.05): the bodytemperature became normal, the musculoskeletal complaints decreased 44.79%; the levelof boredom decreased 9.79%; the level of fatigue decreased 15.20%; the accuracy ofworking decreased 55.06%; the speed of working decreased 17.32%; the constancy ofworking decreased 30.72%; and the results of working of the students increased 131.44%.It can be concluded that the ergonomics interventions can: decrease the load of learning ofthe students and increase the performance of the students.
INTERVENSI ERGONOMI PADA AKTIVITAS BELAJAR DI RUMAH KOS DAERAH DINGIN MENINGKATKAN KINERJA MAHASISWA Pungus, Meity Martina; Tirtayasa, Ketut
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment Vol 11, No 1
Publisher : Udayana University

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Abstract

Learning activity at home is a routine task performed by the students as the implementation of academic curriculum. Most of activities done by the students in respect to the implementation of the academic curriculum such as in preparing self and structured tasks, in writing practicum reports, in preparing for the mid and last exams of the semester, are done at home. In general, the students of the faculty of mathematics and natural sciences (FMNS), Manado State University, live in homes of Minahasa tradition. In fact, conventional activity done by the students at the lease home of Minahasa tradition in cool area showed unfavorable risks to students based on the load of learning with indicators of musculoskeletal complaints, boredom, and fatigue. Consequently, the students were not yet able to attain the intended performance based on indicators the accuracy, speed, constancy and the results of working. In other words, the conventional activity is not able to be an ergonomic one. To overcome the problems, by using total ergonomics approach (TEA), it has made the efforts of ergonomics interventions. In order to test the capability of the ergonomics interventions, it had been done a research with the hypothesis, the ergonomics interventions on the activity in boardinghouse of Minahasa tradition: (1) increases the accuracy of working; (2) increase the speed of working; (3) increase the constancy of working; and (4) increase the results of working of the students. This research was done in two periods by utilizing the treatment by subject design. The first period, without intervention, was done during four weeks. The second period, with intervention, was also done during four weeks. The subjects utilized in the research were as many as 15 persons. The measurements of dependent variables were done before and after doing the activity of learning in every unit of activity. The results of the research showed that the ergonomics interventions on the learning activities in boardinghouse could significantly (p<0.05): (1) increases the accuracy of working 55.06%; (2) increase the speed of working 17.32%; (3) increase the constancy of working 30.72%; and (4) increase the results of working of the students 131.44%. The ergonomics interventions were successful in overcoming the ergonomic problems in the learning activity in boardinghouse. Based on the research it can be concluded that the ergonomics interventions can increase the performance of the students with indicators; increasing the accuracy of working; increasing the speed of working; increasing the constancy of working; and increasing the results of working of the students. It can be suggested that for the lecture of Basics Physics II, the learning activity with ergonomic interventions can be an alternative for the lecturer team so that the students achieve the intended performance.
RATIONAL MANAGEMENT OF PARKINSON’S DISEASE Yin Yen, Mun; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Sutjana, Dewa Putu
E-Jurnal Udayana Medica vol 1no1 2013
Publisher : E-Jurnal Udayana Medica

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Abstract

Parkinson’s disease is a chronic and progressive neurodegenerative disease which is characterized by motor and non-motor symptoms. The motor symptoms which are also known as cardinal features are resting tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity and postural instability. The etiology is unknown in most cases but there are findings that relate Parkinson’s disease to the genetics and environmental factors. The clinical course of Parkinson’s disease varies from patient to patient. Levodopa is still the main therapy of this disease although it leads to motor complications as the disease progresses.
SENAM AEROBIC EXERCISER CHI MACHINE LEBIH EFEKTIF DARIPADA BERSEPEDA STATIS MENURUNKAN KADAR GULA DARAH PADA PASIEN DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE II DI PUSKESMAS MENGWI III Surasta, I Wayan; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Adiatmika, I Putu Gede
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 1, No.2, 2013
Publisher : Sport and Fitness Journal

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic syndrome with hyperglycemic in characteristic. Exercise is one of intervention hopefully curing diabetes mellitus. The objective of the study was to analyze effect of aerobic exerciser chi- machine  and static bicycle   reducing of blood glucose level type 2 diabetes mellitus. Design   of study quasi eksperiment, pre test and post test control group design. Group 1 (10 samples) was provided   aerobic exercise chi-machine and group 2 (10 samples) static bicycle   15 minutes three time a week the duration of six weeks. Study  locati was at Mengwi III  Public Health Center, of Badung Regency with 20 samples was selected by using simple random sampling from the patient of diabetes mellitus type 2. Result of study is showed  aerobic exerciser chi-machine reduced the mean of blood glucose level of 124 mg%. Static bicycle  reduced mean of blood glucose level of 70.4 mg%. Conclusion of study aerobic exercise chi-machine more effective 17% than static bicycle exercise (p: 0,028) for reducing of blood glucose level type 2 diabetes mellitus.  
PELATIHAN PLIOMETRIK ALTERNATE LEG BOUND DAN DOUBLE LEG BOUND MENINGKATKAN DAYA LEDAK OTOT TUNGKAI PADA SISWA PUTRA KELAS VII SMP NEGERI 3 SUKAWATI TAHUN PELAJARAN 2012/2013 Tri Widhiyanti, Komang Ayu; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Pangkahila, Alex
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 1, No.2, 2013
Publisher : Sport and Fitness Journal

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Abstract

This study was conducted to know the improvement the explosive power of leg muscle. It was done through 5 set 12 repetitions during 6 weeks in the field of SMP Negeri 3 Sukawati started from 4 p.m. until 6 p.m. There were 3 groups applied in this study such as group 1 (control group) that was instructed to kick a ball, group 2 (plyometric training of alternate leg bound), and group 3 (plyometric training of double leg bound). The sample was 14 male students who were in the seventh grade class of SMP Negeri 3 Sukawati in the academic year 2012/2013. The data was gained by doing the movement of alternate leg bound and double leg bound that each movement was done three times before and after the training. The hypothesis was examined by using independent t-test with the result 0.05 (p<0.05). Based on the different result of analysis test in each group, the gain score of the group 2 with the group 1 about 0,51 that shows the significant differences p = 0,00, the gain score of the group 2 with the group 3 about 0,31 that shows the significant differences p = 0,00, the gain score of the group 3 with the group 1 about 0,20 that shows the significant differences p = 0,00. Thus, alternate leg bound plyometric training is more effective than double leg bound. It is expected that the coach and the gym teacher to apply alternate leg bound plyometric training as an alternative to improve the explosive power of leg muscle.
SWISS BALL EXERCISE DAN KOREKSI POSTUR TDAK TERBUKTI LEBIH BAIK DALAM MEMPERKECIL DERAJAT SKOLIOSIS IDIOPHATIK DARIPADA KLAPP EXERCISE DAN KOREKSI POSTUR PADA ANAK USIA 11 – 13 TAHUN Sari, Suriani; Tirtayasa, Ketut; -, Sugijanto
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 1, No.2, 2013
Publisher : Sport and Fitness Journal

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Abstract

Scoliosis is abnormalities in skeletal form of the curvature of the spine , where the spine bending occurs towards the left or right side or abnormalities spine in the form of C or S. Common Signs of scoliosis include different shoulder bone , protruding shoulder blades , spine curvature real , pelvic tilt, the difference between arm and body space. Degree of scoliosis can be known with adam forward Bending and inclinometer test. The purpose of this study was to determine effectivity of swiss ball exercise training and posture correction and training effectiveness Klapp and posture correction exercise in reducing the scoliosis degree in children aged 11-13 years . This type of research was experimental design with pre and post contol group . In this study , 15 respondents were given swiss ball exercise training and 15 respondents were given Klapp excercise training . Each posture correction treatment was given every activity . Exercises performed with 45-minute frequency of 3 times a week for 12 weeks of data in the form of pre test and post test . Obtained by decreasing the degree of scoliosis. The results of this study are in the treatment group swiss ball exercise training the degree of scoliosis occurs with mean difference value of p < 0.05 and showed a significant difference . While in the commission of exercise training occurs Klapp mean difference degrees of scoliosis with a value of p < 0.05 and showed a significant difference. The conclusion of this study is the combination of swiss ball exercises and posture correction equally effective in reducing the degree of scoliosis with Klapp combination of exercise and posture correction in children aged 11-13 years.
KOMBINASI TEKNIK MULLIGAN DAN FASILITASI VASUS MEDIALIS OBLIQUUS LEBIH EFEKTIF MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS FUNGSIONAL DARIPADA APLIKASI KINESIO TAPING PADA SINDROMA NYERI SENDI PATELLOFEMORAL Yulianti, Atika; Tirtayasa, Ketut; -, Sugijanto
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 1, No.2, 2013
Publisher : Sport and Fitness Journal

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Abstract

Patellofemoral pain syndrome is complained of knee pain by young adults who are productive oftenly, syndrome characterized by pain that is felt around the kneecap, and aggravated the activity squat and stand, up and down stairs, and change the position of the knee after a long standstill ( stand up after sitting for a long time). This is due to the weakness of the thigh muscles especially vasus medialis obliquus. Reinforcement of weak muscle in particular strengthening of the vastus medialis  oblique an appropriate treatment to increase the functional activity of the syndrome. The study was a randomized experiment with pre and post-test group design. This study aimed to compare the combining of mulligan techniques and facilitate of vasus medialis obliquus with application of kinesio taping to increase the functional activity of the lower extremities. In this study, 11 respondents were given a combination of mulligan techniques and facilitation of vastus medialis oblique for 5 weeks with a frequency of exercise 3 times a week, and 11 respondents provided application of kinesio taping for 5 weeks with 3 days and replaced with a new taping. Each treatment was measured by the Lower Extremity Fungtional Scale before and after 5 weeks. Statistical analysis parametric paired sample t-test results is the influence of a combining of mulligan techniques and facilitate of vastus medialis oblique and application of kinesio taping to increase the functional activity of the lower extremities with p<0.05. Test of different with the independent sample t-test with a result there are significant difference between the combining of techniques mulligan and facilitation of vasus medialis obliquus with application of kinesio taping values with  p <0.05. Conclusions in this study that a combining of mulligan techniques and facilitation of vasus medialis obliquus, 3 times a week for 5 weeks effectively to increase the functional activity of the lower extremities of patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome compared to application of kinesio taping for 5 weeks with 3 days in a single use.
Co-Authors -, Wahyuddin Adiatmika, I.P.G Adiatmika, IGP Adnyana Manuaba Adnyana, I Wayan Bandem Alex Pangkahila Alit Kamayoga, I Dewa Gede Alprodit Galatang Anniza, Meiza Ariyuda, I Made Dwi Astiti Suadnyana, Ida Ayu Atika Yulianti Bagus Komang Satriyasa Denny Nurkertamanda DESAK MADE WIHANDANI Dewa Putu Sutjana Dharmawan, Prima Krishna Dhofirul Fadhil Dzil Ikrom Al Hazmi Dika Rizki Imania, Dika Rizki Fauziah, Enny Gangga Permana, I Kadek Arya Griadhi, Putu Adiartha I Dewa Ayu Inten Dwi Primayanti I Dewa Putu Sutjana I Gede Widjanegara, I Gede I Gusti Ngurah Nala I Made Cahyadi Dwi Putra I Made Jawi I Made Kasmadi Gunawan, I Made Kasmadi I Made Muliarta I Made Rasna I Made Sutajaya I Nengah Sandi I Nyoman Adiputra I Nyoman Mangku Karmaya I Nyoman Nuada I Putu Adiartha Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha I Putu Gede Adiatmika I Wayan Surasta I Wayan Weta I.D.P. Sutjana Indah Sri Handari Adiputra, Luh Made Indri Susilawati J Alex Pangkahila J. Alex. Pangkahila Jahja Alex Pangkahila Jaya, I Putu Prisa Jayanti, D.M. Ari Dwi Junaedi, Myranti Puspitaningtsya Kartiko Pertiwi, Jasmine Ketut Laksmi Puspa Dewi, Ketut Laksmi Puspa Komang Ayu Tri Widhiyanti Komang Satriyasa, Bagus Lestari, Ni Kadek Yuni Lilik Sudiajeng Luh Made Indah Sri Handari Adiputra Luh Putu Ratna Sundari, Luh Putu Ratna M Yusuf M. Ali Imron Made Muliarta Manuaba, Ida Bagus Adnyana Meity Martina Pungus Meity Pungus Muh Irfan Muh. Irfan Muhammad Irfan Muliani . Mun Yin Yen Munawaroh, Muthiah N. Adiputra Nancy Sylvia Bawiling Ngurah, Ida Bagus Ni Ketut Guru Prapti Nila Wahyuni Norlinta, Siti Nadhir Ollin Nyoman Adiputra Paramita, Diah Pradnya Pinatih, Gde Ngurah Indraguna Pramana Putra, I Putu Yudi Pratama, I Gede Widyatmika Putu Astawa, Putu Putu Gede Adiatmika, Putu Gede Putu Oka Yuli Nurhesti, Putu Oka Yuli Putu Suryawan, Putu RA Tuty Kuswardhani Ratna Sundari, Luh Putu Rusni, Ni Wayan S. Indra Lesmana S.Indra Lesmana Sri Handari Adiputra, L.M. Indah Sri Handari Adiputra, Luh Made Indah Suardana, Putu Gede Ery Sugijanto - Suriani Sari Susy Purnawati Syahmirza Indra Lesmana Triandari, Listya Ulfa, Merinda Wiardani, Ni Komang Yuhana Damantalm, Yuhana