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KANDUNGAN ANTOSIANIN DAN ANTOSIANIDIN DARI JANTUNG PISANG KLUTUK (Musa brachycarpa Back ) DAN PISANG AMBON (Musa acuminata Colla)

Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 20, No 2 (2009): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

KANDUNGAN ANTOSIANIN DAN ANTOSIANIDIN DARI JANTUNG PISANG KLUTUK  (Musa brachycarpa Back ) DAN PISANG AMBON (Musa acuminata Colla)  [Anthocyanin Content and Identification of Anthocyanidin of Banana Bract Klutuk variety (Musa brachycarpa Back) and Ambon variety (Musa acuminata Colla)]   Lydia Ninan Lestario*, Dhanu Lukito, dan Kris Herawan Timotius Program Studi Kimia, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, Jl. Diponegoro 52-60 Salatiga – 50711. Diterima 15 Mei  2009 / Disetujui  7 Desember 2009   ABSTRACT   The aims of this research were to determine total anthocyanin content and to explore the type of anthocyanidin of banana bract klutuk variety and ambon variety. The total anthocyanin content was determined with pH differential method, the data were then statistically-analyzed with t-test with 5 replications, whereas the exploration of anthocyanidin was based on Rf value and maximum absorbance of the spots on TLC, and also time retention of the peak on HPLC equiped with anthocyanidin standards. The results showed that the total anthocyanin content of banana bract of klutuk variety 909,44 ± 280,53 mg/ 100 g; which was significantly different from  ambon variety 1515,40 ± 193,74 mg/ 100 g. The type anthocyanidin of banana bract of klutuk variety include delphinidin and cyanidin, whereas ambon variety were delphinidin, cyanidin, and pelargonidin.       Key words : banana bract, total anthocyanin, type of anthocyanidin

Optimum Concentration of Glucose and Orange II for Growth and Decolorization of Orange II by Enterococcus faecalis ID6017 under Static Culture

Microbiology Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2008): August 2008
Publisher : Indonesian Society for microbiology

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Abstract

Growth and decolorization performance of bacterial grown on azodyes-containing-medium is influenced by various concentrations of carbon sources and azodyes. The optimum level of glucose and Orange II concentration for growth and Orange II decolorization by Enterococcus faecalis ID6017 are reported in this paper. The experiments were carried out in liquid static culture as batch experiments. Glucose and Orange II concentrations used in these experiments were 0.45, 0.90, 1.80 g l-1, and 40, 80, 120 mg l-1, respectively. The specific growth rate and decolorization rate of Orange II by E. faecalis were highest on the medium which contained at least 0.90 g l-1 glucose. It is necessary to note that glucose above 0.90 g l-1 gave no significant difference. On the medium containing 0.90 g l-1 glucose and 80 mg l-1 Orange II, E. faecalis grew with the highest specific growth rate (0.28 h-1) and Orange II decolorization rate (0.47 h-1). The maximum specific growth rate of biomass (μmax) and the halfsaturation coefficient (KS) under optimal conditions were 0.25 h-1 and 1.5 g.l-1, respectively. The kinetics of decolorization indicated that the process followed first order kinetics with respect to the initial concentration of Orange II. The inhibition constant (KI) was found to be 750 mg l-1 Orange II, indicating that Orange II concentration at e” 750 mg l-1 would inhibit bacterial growth to decolorize Orange II..

Products of Orange II Biodegradation by Enterococcus faecalis ID6017 and Chryseobacterium indologenes ID6016

Microbiology Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2007): August 2007
Publisher : Indonesian Society for microbiology

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Abstract

Chryseobacterium indologenes and Enterococcus faecalis were isolated from activated sludge of textile wastewater treatment plant. These bacteria had the ability to decolorize several azo-dyes. Degradation of azo dyes was initiated by decolorization (reduction of azo bond) which occurred in anaerobic condition. In this study, we focussed on biodegradation of Orange II by pure culture of C. indologenes ID6016 and E. faecalis ID6017, and to determine the metabolite products of Orange II degradation. The degradation of Orange II by both bacteria was carried out in batch experiments using liquid medium containing 80 mg/l Orange II, under sequential static agitated incubation. During the bacterial growth under static incubation (6 h), 66.1 mg/l Orange II were decolorized by 35.54 mg/l biomass of E. faecalis ID6017, but no decolorization found with C. indologenes ID6016. Based on HPLC results, the decolorized Orange II products were identified as sulfanilic acid and amino-naphthol. These metabolites were probably used or degraded by C. indologenes ID6016 under agitated incubation.

KANDUNGAN ANTOSIANIN DAN ANTOSIANIDIN DARI JANTUNG PISANG KLUTUK (Musa brachycarpa Back ) DAN PISANG AMBON (Musa acuminata Colla) [Anthocyanin Content and Identification of Anthocyanidin of Banana Bract Klutuk variety (Musa brachycarpa Back) and Ambo

Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 20, No 2 (2009): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (380.228 KB)

Abstract

The aims of this research were to determine total anthocyanin content and to explore the type of anthocyanidin of banana bract klutuk variety and ambon variety. The total anthocyanin content was determined with pH differential method, the data were then statistically-analyzed with t-test with 5 replications, whereas the exploration of anthocyanidin was based on Rf value and maximum absorbance of the spots on TLC, and also time retention of the peak on HPLC equiped with anthocyanidin standards. The results showed that the total anthocyanin content of banana bract of klutuk variety 909,44 ± 280,53 mg/ 100 g; which was significantly different from  ambon variety 1515,40 ± 193,74 mg/ 100 g. The type anthocyanidin of banana bract of klutuk variety include delphinidin and cyanidin, whereas ambon variety were delphinidin, cyanidin, and pelargonidin.      

Kandungan Antosianin dan Identifikasi Antosianidin dari Kulit Buah Jenitri (Elaeocarpus angustifolius Blume)

Agritech Vol 31, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were to determine total anthocyanin content and to identify kinds of anthocyanidin of blue marble (Elaeocarpus angustifolius Blume) fruit peel. Total anthocyanin content was determined by pH differential method was 23,87 ± 4,11 mg/100 g of dry weight of fruit peel. Kinds of anthocyanidin determined by TLC, UV-VIS spectrophotometer and HPLC and it showed that the major anthocyanin of blue marble fruit peel was cyanidin­3­ rutinoside, and two others were delphinidin­3­rutinoside and delphinidin­3­glucoside.ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kandungan antosianin total dan mengidentifikasi jenis-jenis antosianidin dari kulit buah jenitri (Elaeocarpus angustifolius Blume). Kandungan antosianin total kulit buah jenitri yang diukur dengan metode perbedaan pH adalah 23,87 ± 4,11 mg/100 g berdasarkan berat kering kulit buah. Jenis antosianidin yang diukur dengan KLT, spektrofotometer UV-VIS dan KCKT, menunjukkan bahwa antosianin yang paling dominan pada kulit buah jenitri adalah sianidin-3-rutinosida, sedang dua jenis yang lain adalah delfinidin-3-rutinosida, dan delfinidin-3-glikosida.

In Vitro Antidiabetic and Antioxidant Activities of Aqueous Extract from the Leaf and Fruit of Psidium guajava L.

The Indonesian Biomedical Journal Vol 10, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : The Prodia Education and Research Institute (PERI)

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The leaf and fruit of Psidium guajava L. are potential for neutraceutical beverage especially for antidiabetic drink. The aims of this study were to determine the antidiabetic activity of aqueous extract of leaf (LE) and fruit (FE) from P. guajava.METHODS: Both extracts were investigated for their inhibitory effect on α-glucosidase activity in vitro. Their antioxidant activities were measured by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging, ferrous ion chelating, reducing power and phosphomolybdate methods.RESULTS: The IC50 of LE, FEandacarbose as a positive control were 5.67, 428.00 and 823.99 μg/mL, respectively. The enzyme kinetic analysis indicated that LE inhibited α-glucosidase in a competitive inhibition type, similar to that of acarbose. Both extracts showed antioxidant activities, with LE showed stronger activities than FE in all methods. In DPPH method, IC50 of LE and FE were 74.77 and 843.84 μg/mL respectively, compared to 53.24 and 21.36 μg/mL for reference antioxidants butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and ascorbic acid (AA), respectively. In ferrous ion chelating activity, the IC50 were 147.07 and 2105.05 μg/mL for LE and FE, whereas ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) as a control sample was 66.50 μg/mL. In reducing power and phosphomolybdate methods, at different concentrations, the activities of LE, FE, and standard compounds showed the following order: AA > BHT > LE > FE.CONCLUSION: LE from P. guajava exhibited excellent inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase. In addition, LE had better antioxidant acivities than FE. This study can recommend the aqueous extract from P. guajava as a promising candidate for neutraceutical drink for prediabetic and diabetic patients.KEYWORDS: antioxidant, aqueous extract, α-glucosidase inhibition, guava, Psidium guajava L.

Antioxidant Activity of Methanol Extract from Several Indonesian Green Teas

Jurnal Kedokteran YARSI Vol 26, No 1 (2018): JANUARI - APRIL 2018
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian Universitas YARSI

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Abstract

As a common beverage, green tea is supposed to have beneficial health effect, such as antioxidant. At present, there are many green teas available in the market in Jakarta. Their quality, in their antioxidant activity, should be proved. This study aimed to investigate the antioxidant activity of extracts of green tea products commercially available in Jakarta. Four green tea samples from different factories (coded as A, B, C, and D) were selected and macerated using methanol. DPPH radical scavenging activity, reducing power ability and total antioxidant capacity were used to measure the antioxidant activity. The total phenolic content (TPC) was also determined. The studied green teas had varied TPC from 23.80  to  84.03 mG GAE/g extract, ranked as B > D > A > C. All samples exhibited various but strong antioxidant activity by DPPH assay, even better than standards ascorbic acid and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). However, all extracts showed similar activities in their reducing power ability and total antioxidant capacity, with activities less than standards. These findings confirm that the quality of the Indonesian commercial green teas were heterogeneous both in TPC or DPPH scavenging capacity. But, there is an indication that they are good as an antioxidant containing beverage.