I Made Tasma
Indonesian Center for Agricultural Biotechnology and Genetic Resources Research and Development, Jl. Tentara Pelajar 3A, Bogor 16111, Indonesia Phone (+62-251) 8337975

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Journal : Jurnal AgroBiogen

Phylogenetic and Maturity Analyses of Sixty Soybean Genotypes Used for DNA Marker Development of Early Maturity Quantitative Trait Loci in Soybean Tasma, I Made; Satyawan, Dani; Warsun, Ahmad; Yunus, Muhamad; Santosa, Budi
Jurnal AgroBiogen Vol 7, No 1 (2011): Jurnal AgroBiogen
Publisher : Jurnal AgroBiogen

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Abstract

The Indonesian soybean productivity is still very low with the national average of 1.3 t/ha. One means to improve national soybean productivity is by manipulating harvest index by cultivating very early maturing soybean cultivars. Development of early maturing soybean cultivars can be expedited by using marker-aided selection. The objective of this study was to select parental lines having contrasted maturity traits and selected parents must be genetically distance. The parents then were used to develop F2 populations for detecting early maturity QTL in soybean. Maturity tests of 60 soybean genotypes were conducted at two locations, Cikeumeuh (Bogor) and Pacet (Cianjur) using a randomized block design with three replications. Genomic DNA of the 60 genotypes were analyzed using 18 SSR markers and genetic relationship was constructed using the Unweighted Pair-Group Method Arithmatic through Numerical Taxonomy and Multivariate System program version 2.1-pc. Results showed that the 60 genotypes demonstrated normal distribution in both locations for days to R1 (32-48d), days to R3 (35-55d), days to R7 (75-92d), and days to R8 (78-99d). Four early maturing genotypes and three late genotypes were obtained. Total SSR alleles observed were 237 with average allele per locus of 12.6 (3-29), and average PIC value of 0.78 (0.55-0.89). Genetic similarity among genotypes ranges from 74.8-95%. At similarity level 77% divided the genotypes into six clusters (the four selected early maturing genotypes located in clusters III and IV, while the three late genotypes located in cluster II). Based on maturity data, pubescent color, and phygenetic analysis seven parents were selected (four early maturing genotypes B1430, B2973, B3611, B4433 and three late genotypes B1635, B1658, and B3570). Twelve F2 populations were developed with the aid of SSR markers Satt300 dan Satt516. Two of the populations will be used to develop DNA markers for earliness in soybean.
Genetic Mapping of SSR Markers in Eight Soybean Chromosomes Based on F2 Population B3462 x B3293 Tasma, I Made; Warsun, Ahmad; Satyawan, Dani; Pardal, Saptowo Jumali; Slamet, Slamet
Jurnal AgroBiogen Vol 7, No 2 (2011): Oktober
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian

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Genetic Mapping of SSR Markers in Eight SoybeanChromosomes Based on F2 Population B3462 x B3293. IMade Tasma, Ahmad Warsun, Dani Satyawan, SaptowoJ. Pardal, and Slamet. Aluminum toxicity is one of the maincontrains for cultivating soybean in acid soils. GeneticHak Cipta © 2011, BB-Biogenmapping of SSR markers is one step for detecting aluminumtoxicitytolerant QTLs in soybean. Another step is tophenotype the same population at various aluminum-toxicityenvironments. The objectives of this study were to analyzethe segregation of SSR markers in progenies of an F2population and map the markers in 8 soybean chromosomes.The F2 population was previously developed bycrossing the Al-tolerant parent B3462 and the Al-sensitiveparent B3293. Polymorphic SSR markers in the parents wereused to PCR amplify DNA of the 100 F2 progenies. PCRproducts were separated using agarose or polyacrylamidegels. A Chi-Square test was done with a null hypothesis thatprogenies segregated in a 1 : 2 : 1 ratio. Results showed that125 SSR markers were polymorphics in the parents. Out of125 polymorphic markers, 122 were segregated in theprogenies of the F2 population. Among the segregatingmarkers, 114 were segregated in a 1 : 2 : 1 ratio. Only 8markers (5.6%) did not follow the 1 : 2 : 1 ratio. One hundredand nineteen SSR markers were mapped in 8 soybeanchromosomes. These include 18 markers in chromosomeA2, 10 in B1, 16 (C1), 16 (F), 10 (G), 23 (J), 16 (L), and 10 (N).Total genetic maps covered was 1,194.8 cM with averagemap distances between two adjacent markers of 10.7 cM.Further SSR marker enrichment is required to fill in the gapsof several chromosomal regions. Genetic maps presented inthis study should be useful for detection of Al-toxicitytolerant QTLs in soybean.
Genetic Diversity Analysis of Aluminum-toxicity Tolerant and Sensitive Soybean Genotypes Assessed with Microsattelite Markers Tasma, I Made; Warsun, Ahmad
Jurnal AgroBiogen Vol 5, No 1 (2009): April
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian

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Abstract

Analisis Diversitas Genetik Genotipe Kedelai Toleran danPeka Keracunan Aluminium Menggunakan Marka Mikrosatelit.I Made Tasma dan Ahmad Warsun. Persilangandua genotipe kedelai dengan jarak genetik jauh menghasilkanprogeni dengan polimorfisme tinggi pada banyak lokusyang memfasilitasi keberhasilan program pemuliaan dan pemetaankarakter agronomi penting kedelai. Tujuan penelitianini untuk mengetahui diversitas genetik genotipe kedelaitoleran dan peka keracunan aluminium (Al), informasi diversitasalel dan tingkat polimorfisme marka SSR dari genotipekedelai yang diuji, menentukan genotipe dengan jarak genetikjauh sebagai tetua dalam pembentukan populasi pemetaankarakter toleran Al, dan informasi diversitas genetik dalampemilihan tetua untuk program pemuliaan kedelai tolerankeracunan Al. Dua puluh empat genotipe kedelai tolerandan peka keracunan Al dianalisis menggunakan 15 markaSSR. Marka SSR lokasinya menyebar pada 14 kromosom kedelai.Dendrogram dikonstruksi menggunakan UnweightedPair-Group Method Arithmatic (UPGMA) melalui programNumerical Taxonomy and Multivariate System (NTSYS) versi2.1-pc. Diversitas genetik antara dua genotipe kedelai berkisarantara 2-33,2%. Pada diversitas 33,2% uji klaster UPGMAmembagi genotipe menjadi 2 kelompok masing-masing terdiridari 19 dan 5 genotipe untuk kelompok 1 dan 2. Jumlahalel SSR total 81dengan rata-rata jumlah alel per lokus SSR4,4 dan rata-rata tingkat polimorfisme 0,55. Menggunakan diversitastertinggi 33,2% dua genotipe paling peka Al (B3293dan B3442) dari kelompok 1 dan dua genotipe paling toleranAl (B3462 dan B3851) dari kelompok 2 dipilih untuk membentukpopulasi pemetaan karakter toleran Al. Berdasarkannilai diversitas genetik tertinggi 33,2% banyak kemungkinankombinasi persilangan dapat dilakukan antara genotipetoleran Al untuk pemuliaan kedelai toleran Al.
Development and Characterization of F2 Population for Molecular Mapping of Aluminum-Toxicity Tolerant QTL in Soybean Tasma, I Made; Warsun, Ahmad; Asadi, Asadi
Jurnal AgroBiogen Vol 4, No 1 (2008): April
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian

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Abstract

Keracunan aluminium merupakan salah satukendala utama dalam budidaya kedelai pada lahan masam.Pembentukan populasi F2 merupakan langkah awal yangmenentukan keberhasilan program pemuliaan tanaman. Tujuanpenelitian ini untuk membentuk dan mengkarakterisasipopulasi F2 hasil persilangan tetua toleran dan tetua pekakeracunan Al. Pembentukan populasi dilakukan menggunakanbantuan marka SSR. Dengan marka SSR populasi dapatdibentuk dengan cepat, akurat, dan efisien. Skrining genotipakedelai pada tanah masam kahat hara menghasilkan duagenotipa toleran dan dua peka. Empat persilangan tunggaldibuat untuk mendapatkan benih F1. Tanaman F1 dan F2 diidentifikasimenggunakam marka SSR Satt_070. Dua populasi(B3462 X B3293 dan B3462 X B3442) dipilih berdasarkansuperiotas fenotipa pada lahan masam dan karakteristik molekulerpasangan tetua. Karakterisasi kedua populasi di lapangmenunjukkan transgresiveness luas untuk karakter reproduksiseperti jumlah polong dan berat 100 biji. Ini mengindikasikanbahwa karakter penting lain selain karakter ketahananterhadap keracunan Al potensial untuk dipetakandari populasi ini. Metoda pembentukan populasi ini akan sangatbermanfaat bagi pemulia tanaman khususnya pemuliakedelai untuk meningkatkan efisiensi program pemuliaanketahanan terhadap keracunan Al.
Phylogenetic and Maturity Analyses of Sixty Soybean Genotypes Used for DNA Marker Development of Early Maturity Quantitative Trait Loci in Soybean Tasma, I Made; Satyawan, Dani; Warsun, Ahmad; Yunus, Muhamad; Santosa, Budi
Jurnal AgroBiogen Vol 7, No 1 (2011): April
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian

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Abstract

Phylogenetic and Maturity Analyses of Sixty SoybeanGenotypes Used for DNA Marker Development of EarlyMaturity Quantitative Trait Loci in Soybean. I MadeTasma, Dani Satyawan, Ahmad Warsun, MuhamadYunus, and Budi Santosa. The Indonesian soybeanproductivity is still very low with the national average of 1.3t/ha. One means to improve national soybean productivity isby manipulating harvest index by cultivating very earlymaturing soybean cultivars. Development of early maturingsoybean cultivars can be expedited by using marker-aidedselection. The objective of this study was to select parentallines having contrasted maturity traits and selected parentsmust be genetically distance. The parents then were used todevelop F2 populations for detecting early maturity QTL insoybean. Maturity tests of 60 soybean genotypes wereconducted at two locations, Cikeumeuh (Bogor) and Pacet(Cianjur) using a randomized block design with threereplications. Genomic DNA of the 60 genotypes wereanalyzed using 18 SSR markers and genetic relationship wasconstructed using the Unweighted Pair-Group MethodArithmatic through Numerical Taxonomy and MultivariateSystem program version 2.1-pc. Results showed that the 60genotypes demonstrated normal distribution in bothlocations for days to R1 (32-48d), days to R3 (35-55d), days toR7 (75-92d), and days to R8 (78-99d). Four early maturinggenotypes and three late genotypes were obtained. TotalSSR alleles observed were 237 with average allele per locusof 12.6 (3-29), and average PIC value of 0.78 (0.55-0.89).Genetic similarity among genotypes ranges from 74.8-95%.At similarity level 77% divided the genotypes into six clusters(the four selected early maturing genotypes located inclusters III and IV, while the three late genotypes located incluster II). Based on maturity data, pubescent color, andphygenetic analysis seven parents were selected (four earlymaturing genotypes B1430, B2973, B3611, B4433 and threelate genotypes B1635, B1658, and B3570). Twelve F2populations were developed with the aid of SSR markersSatt300 dan Satt516. Two of the populations will be used todevelop DNA markers for earliness in soybean.
Genetic Diversity Analysis of Jatropha Curcas Provenances Using Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA Markers Satyawan, Dani; Tasma, I Made
Jurnal AgroBiogen Vol 7, No 1 (2011): April
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian

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Genetic Diversity Analysis of Jatropha CurcasProvenances Using Randomly Amplified PolymorphicDNA Markers. Dani Satyawan and I Made Tasma.Jatropha curcas nuts are rich in oil that is higly suitable forHak Cipta © 2011, BB-Biogenthe production of bio-diesel or to be used directly inmodified diesel engines. The objective of this study was toassess the extent of genetic diversity among 50 J. curcasprovenances and one accession of J. integerrima usingRAPD markers. The fifty J. curcas provenances werecollected from ecologically diverse regions of Indonesia, andplanted in the Pakuwon Experimental Station (Sukabumi,West Java). Fourteen RAPD primers with 60-80% G+Ccontent were used in this genetic diversity analysis andproduced 64 bands with 95.7% polymorphism level. ThePolymerase Chain Reactions used to generate the RAPDbands sometimes produced inconsistent and nonreproducibleresults, necessitating the duplication of eachreaction to prevent scoring errors. Sixty one validated bandswere subsequently used for genetic diversity analysis usingUnweighted Pair Group Method Arithmetic (UPGMA)method and Dice coefficients. It was shown that thesimilarity coefficients among the provenances ranged from0.2 to 0.98 with an average similarity of 0.75. Dendrogramanalysis produced two major groups of provenances, withone outlier from South Lampung. There was no tendency forprovenances originated from nearby regions to clustertogether in each group, and several provenances showedmore similarities with provenances originated from distantregions. This pattern lent credence to reports that Jatrophawas introduced to Indonesia around four centuries ago andwas mainly spread by humans. Based on the meansimilarities among the accessions and their clusteringpattern, the genetic diversity of the Jatropha collectionappeared to be fairly low. Future additions of geneticmaterials from more diverse genetic background will benecessary to maintain the current progress of Jatrophaimprovement program.
Genetic Diversity Analysis and F2 Population Development for Breeding of Long Juvenile Trait in Soybean Tasma, I Made; Yani, N. P. Mega Gena; Purwaningdyah, Rosliana; Satyawan, Dani; Nugroho, Kristianto; Lestari, Puji; Trijatmiko, Kurniawan R.; Mastur, Mastur
Jurnal AgroBiogen Vol 14, No 1 (2018): June
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian

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Abstract

Genetic diversity analysis using molecular markers is an important step for selecting appropriate parents in a soybean breeding program. The aims of this study were to (1) analyze genetic diversity of 29 soybean genotypes assessed with 27 SSR markers for selecting appropriate parents and (2) develop F2 populations to be used for breeding long juvenile (LJ) trait in soybean tobe cultivated in short photoperiod condition. The soybean genotypes used consisted of 11 Indonesian soybean genotypes and 18 genotypes introduced from the USA. F2 populations were developed by crossing Grobogan with three introduced genotypes carrying LJ character. The PIC values of the 27 SSR markers ranged from 0.87 to 0.96. Cluster analysis resulted in three mainclusters at coefficient similarity of 0.76. The five LJ introduced accessions and the nine Indonesian genotypes showed high genetic distances and are useful as parent pairs for developing breeding populations. The F1 progeny phenotypicperformances of the cross far exceeded the performaces of both parents. Three F2 populations were developed by crossing the distantly related soybean genotypes. The F2 populations were verified by using SSR markers and it was found that they segregated in a 1:2:1 ratio confirming the segregation ratio of codominant SSR markers. The F2 populations should be useful for breeding LJ characters to improve soybean productivity in low latitude tropical countries such as Indonesia, which has day length of approximately 12 h all year round.