Kunadi Tanzil
Bagian Mikrobiologi Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya

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PENYAKIT RABIES DAN PENATALAKSANAANNYA Tanzil, Kunadi
E-Journal Widya Kesehatan dan Lingkungan Vol 1 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : E-Journal Widya Kesehatan dan Lingkungan

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Abstract

Abstrak: Rabies adalah infeksi virus akut yang menyerang sistem saraf pusat manusia dan mamalia dengan mortalitas 100%.Penyebabnya adalah virus rabies yang termasuk genus Lyssavirus, famili Rhabdoviridae. Rabies adalah penyakit zoonosis, penularan melalui jilatan atau gigitan hewan yang terjangkit rabies seperti anjing, kucing, kera, sigung, serigala, raccoon dan kelelawar. Walaupun telah tersedia vaksin rabies yang efektif dan aman bagi manusia dan hewan untuk pencegahan, sampai saat ini rabies masih menjadi masalah kesehatan diberbagai negara termasuk Indonesia. Tujuan penulisan makalah ini untuk menjelaskan sifat-sifat virus rabies, patogenesis, gejala klinik, diagnosis, dan penatalaksanaannya. Metode yang digunakan adalah kajian kepustakaan dan data-data penelitian lainnya. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa rabies adalah penyakit zoonosis yang menyerang sistem saraf pusat binatang menyusui dengan mortalitas 100%. Mortalitas rabies dapat dikurangi bila penyakit ini cepat diketahui dan disertai penatalaksanaan yang cepat dan tepat. Kata kunci: rabies virus, binatang rabid,vaksin. Abstract: Rabies is an acute viral disease of the human and mammalian central nervous system that considerable 100% mortality. The etiologic agent is a rabies virus. Rabies viruses are member of the genus Lyssavirus, in the family Rhabdoviridae. Rabies is a zoonotic disease that is generally transmitted to humans by bites of rabid animals or by contact with saliva from rabid animals. Susceptible variesamong mammalian species, ranging from dogs, cats, monkeys, skunks, raccoon, and bats. Although, the rabies vaccine are safe and effective for human and animal prevention, nowadays rabies has become the public health problem in many countries, especially in Indonesia. The purpose of this paper is to explain properties rabies virus, pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, diagnosis and control. The method is based on literature study and other data. It is concluded that rabies is a zoonosis can invade the human central nervous system that almost always fatal. Mortality can be decreased if the disease is promptly recognized, treated quickly and appropriately. Key words : rabies virus, rabid animals, vaccine.
ASPEK BAKTERIOLOGI PENYAKIT ANTRAKS Tanzil, Kunadi
E-Journal Widya Kesehatan dan Lingkungan Vol 1 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : E-Journal Widya Kesehatan dan Lingkungan

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Abstract

Etiologi penyakit antraks adalah Bacillus anthracis. Penyakit ini sering menyerang binatang herbivora, yang memperoleh endospora dari tanah yang terkontaminasi. Spora antraks dapat bertahan hidup sampai beberapa decade. Tujuan penulisan makalah ini untuk menjelaskan aspek bakteriologi antraks, patogenesis, gejala klinik, diagnosis dan pengobatannya. Metode yang digunakan adalah kajian kepustakaan dan data penelitian lainnya. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa: (1) Penyakit Antraks terutama menyerang herbivore, dan jarang pada manusia, biasanya terjadi diakibatkan kontak dengan binatang terinfeksi atau yang berasal dari produk binatang yang terinfeksi. (2) Tiga gejala klinik utama antraks, tergantung dari tempat masuknya yakni (a) gastrointestinal, (b) kulit dan (c) inhalasi. Antraks inhalasi biasanya fatal dan memiliki kestabilan spora. Faktor ideal ini yang menjadi salah satu alasan mengapa dipakai sebagai senjata biologis. (d) Antraks akan mudah diobati bila penyakit ini cepat diketahui disertai pengobatan tepat dan cepat. Kata kunci: Bacillus anthracis, herbivora, senjata biologis.  Bacillus anthracis, the etiologic agent of anthrax disease occurs most frequently in herbivorous animals, which acquire the endospores from contaminated soil. Human disease is less common and results from contact with infected animals or with commercial product derived from them. The three major clinical forms of anthrax, depending on the route of acquisition are gastrointestinal, cutaneous and inhalational. Inhalational anthrax is the form most likely to be responsible for death in the setting of biologic weapon. The purpose of this paper is to explain the bacteriologic aspects of anthrax, pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, diagnostic and therapy. The method is based on literature study and other data. It is concluded that anthrax are predominantly disease in herbivores. Anthrax spores can remain viable for decades. The remarkable stability of these spores makes them on ideal bioweapon. Anthrax can be successfully treated if the disease is promptly recognized and appropriate therapy is initiated early. Key words: Bacillus anthracis, herbivora, bioweapon.
EKOLOGI DAN PATOGENITAS KUMAN LEPTOSPIRA Kunadi Tanzil Tanzil, Kunadi
MAJALAH ILMIAH WIDYA 2012
Publisher : MAJALAH ILMIAH WIDYA

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Abstract

Genus Leptospira is member of Leptospiraceae family with a tightly coiled, thin, flexible 5-15 μm long, with very fine spirals 0,1-0,2 μm wide; one end is often bent, forming a hook. Leptospirosis are essentially animal infections, human infection is only accidental,following contact with water or other materials contaminated with the excreta of animal hosts. The purpose of this paper is to explainthe causes of leptospirosis, ecology, pathogenesis clinical symptoms, diagnostic and to prevent the leptospirosis. The method isbased on literature study and other data.It is concluded that: (1) leptospirosis is a zootoxins disease caused by pathogenic leprosiesand is characterized of clinical manifestation, varying from in apparent infection to fatal disease. (2) Diagnosis of leptospirosis canbe done by clinical presentation, isolating, and microscopic examination and serological examined from collection of the specimenspatient
EKOLOGI DAN PATOGENITAS KUMAN LEPTOSPIRA Tanzil, Kunadi
MAJALAH ILMIAH WIDYA 2012
Publisher : MAJALAH ILMIAH WIDYA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (27.6 KB)

Abstract

Genus Leptospira is member of Leptospiraceae family with a tightly coiled, thin, flexible 5-15 μm long, with very fine spirals 0,1-0,2 μm wide; one end is often bent, forming a hook. Leptospirosis are essentially animal infections, human infection is only accidental,following contact with water or other materials contaminated with the excreta of animal hosts. The purpose of this paper is to explainthe causes of leptospirosis, ecology, pathogenesis clinical symptoms, diagnostic and to prevent the leptospirosis. The method is basedon literature study and other data. It is concluded that: (1) leptospirosis is a zootoxins disease caused by pathogenic leprosies andis characterized of clinical manifestation, varying from in apparent infection to fatal disease. (2) Diagnosis of leptospirosis can be doneby clinical presentation, isolating, and microscopic examination and serological examined from collection of the specimenspatient