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GOAL PROGRAMMING: OPTIMALISASI KONSUMSI PANGAN BALITA PADA KELUARGA NELAYAN

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The objective of the study was to analyze food consumption optimalization for children under five years in poor families. The study design was a cross-sectional study.  Research was conducted in Grogol village, in the Gunung Jati sub district, Cirebon. Respondents were all households that have lived in that  village for under five years.  The data collected include socio economic and demographic data, food expenditure and food intake. An Individual energy adequacy level was calculated by comparing actual intake to RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances). The goal programming method was applied to analyze food consumption optimalization. The results showed that there are 23 food types for consumption in combination for one week. Per capita food expenditure is Rp 4,194.- with Q1 as a lower level and Q3 as an upper level.  Goal programming is the solution giving adequate  energy and protein levels between 90-110%, and > 77% for vitamins and minerals. Keywords: goal programming, food consumption optimalization

PENGARUH STATUS GIZI DAN STATUS ANEMIA TERHADAP DAYA INGAT SESAAT SISWA DI SDN PASANGGRAHAN 1 KABUPATEN PURWAKARTA

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 2 (2012): Juli 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between nutritional status and anemia status on short term memory among Elementary School Children of SDN Pasanggrahan 1, District of Purwakarta. Cross-sectional study design was used in this study. Fifty children from this elementary school were selected by purposive sampling, but only thirty nine children that fulfilled the requirements. Short term memory tests used in this study were done by giving several words to be learned by children and then retrieved. Pearson and Spearman correlation was used to analyze correlation between social economic, anemia and nutritional status with short term memory. Linear regression was used to analyze effects of children characteristics, physical activity, consumption, anemia and nutritional status on short term memory. The result showed that average score of short term memory in the morning was higher than score in the afternoon. Nutritional status had positive correlation with short term memory score in the afternoon (p

KANDUNGAN KLOROFIL BERBAGAI JENIS DAUN TANAMAN DAN Cu-TURUNAN KLOROFIL SERTA KARAKTERISTIK FISIKO-KIMIANYA

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The chlorophyll is well known as natural antioxidant which is commonly high  level  in some geen leafy and has potential biological effect for a good  health and  has been proved has antioxidant and antimutagenic activity. In fact, a high content of chlorophyll is available in nature but in contrast its found commercially in Indonesia as imported product with a high price. The objectives of this study were to determine of chlorophyll level  of various leaves (Premna oblongifolia Merr., Saurpus androgynus  Merr. Centella asiatica, and Morus alba L),  to produce copper-chlorophyll derivative powder, and to observe its physico-chemical properties. The research showed that cincau leaf had higher level of chlorophyll than other leaves, meanwhile cincau leaf used as material of copper-chlorophyll derivative. Cincau leaves chlorophyll extract solution with Cu2+  100 mg/l level produce the cincau copper-chlorophyll derivative powder with highest  pH, solubility, and geenness compare to other copper levels. The cincau copper-derivate chlorophyll  powder contained chlorophyll 3986 mg/kg, b-carotene 33.8 mg/kg, and contained alkaloid, saponin, tanin, steroid, and glycoside. Keywords: chlorophyll, Premna oblongifolia Merr., Saurpus androgynus  Merr.,                  Centella asiatica, Morus alba L., copper-chlorophyll derivative

ANALISIS JALUR FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA DI KABUPATEN LEBAK, PROPINSI BANTEN

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 2 (2009): Juli 2009
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The objective of the study was to analyze direct and indirect factors that influence household’s food security. The study design was a crosectional study.  Research was conducted in Pasindangan and Banjarsari Village, Cileles and Warunggunung Subdistrict, Lebak Distric, Banten Province in April - May 2009. A purposive sampling was applied to select 101 households. The data collected include socio economy and food intake. Quantitatively, a household is categorized as food security, if his/her TKE >90%, and a household is categorized as food insecurity, if his/her TKE < 90%. The Rank Spearman test was applied to analyze correlation of socioeconomic, demographic and food intake variables between food securities. Path analysis was used to analyze direct and indirect factors that influence household’s food security. The results showed that 62.4% households were food security, and 37.6% households were food insecurity. There are correlation between household expenditure per capita, number of household member and land area to household food security. Based on the path analysis, direct factor that influence household food security was household expenditure per capita. Indirect factors that influence household food security were number of household member – household expenditure per capita – household food security.             Keywords: food security, path analysis, and socio economic

KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA DI DESA PANGHASIL DAMAR KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

Repong is a forest management system which inherently conducted by community in Lampung Barat Coast. The objective of this research were to analyze: 1) household socio economic characteristics, 2) household food access, 3) household food security, 4) socio economic factors that influence household food security. This research was conducted by using retrospective design. The location was in Penengahan Village, Karya Penggawa Subdistrict, Lampung Barat District that chosen purposively with consideration that the village is the main village producing resin. The samples were 30 households who own repong and 30 households who do not own repong that chosen snowbally. The result of the research shows that: 1) almost all (93.3%) household who own repong work as farmer, while half of household who do not own repong work as farmer (46.67%), service (40%), and trading (13.33%); 2) there is 30% of household who own repong and 36.7% of household who do not own repong that have low food access; 3) only 33.33% of household who own repong and 23.33% household who do not own repong are food secure; 4) factors that significantly influence energy consumption level are number of household member, size of repong, and food expenditure; factors that significantly influence protein consumption are number of household member and food expenditure; factors that significantly influence consumption diversity are number of household member and size of repong.       Keywords: repong, food access, food security

PERILAKU PETANI DALAM PRODUKSI DAN PENANGANAN PANGAN SEGAR DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The objective of this  research was to analyze farmer’s behavior in the production and post harvest management of fresh food (vegetables). A survey and cross sectional study design were applied in this study. The locations are chosen purposively, ie: Sukarame Village in Balik Bukit Subdistrict and Sekincau Village in Sekincau Subdistrict. The sixty respondents were chosen randomly using stratified sampling method. The data was analyzed descriptively and inferentially. Fresh food farmers in West Lampung District had low knowledge about GAP and also had attitude and behavior that was not appropriate with GAP. Activity in farm group and attitude about GAP had significant correlationship with behavior in production and post harvest management. The farmer’s attitude about GAP has bigger influence on the behavior than the activity in farm group. Keywords: fresh food, production and post-harvest management, farmer’s behavior

ANALISIS DETERMINAN POSITIVE DEVIANCE STATUS GIZI BALITA DI WILAYAH MISKIN DENGAN PREVALENSI KURANG GIZI RENDAH DAN TINGGI

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 2 (2010): Juli 2010
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The aim this study was to analyze the determinant of positive deviance nutritional status of under five year old children in poor areas with low and high prevalence of undernutrition. Cross sectional study was conducted in the study using secondary data analysis taken from Basic Health Research 2007 in four provinces with determination samples criterias of high poverty levels according BPS 2009 (>14.15%) and low and high prevalence of undernutrition (+18.4%) which were analyzed through quadrants. The number of samples was 3.494 under five year old children from poor families. The significancy relations among variables were measured using Pearsons correlation and path analysis to analyze the determinants. The results, the determinant of positive deviance were income through mothers characteristics, health upbringing, and health status, the four provinces had the same determinants pathway (β=0.0451), with mothers characteristics (p

DETERMINAN INTENSITAS KERAWANAN PANGAN SERTA HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN FOOD COPING STRATEGIES DAN TINGKAT KECUKUPAN ENERGI DI KECAMATAN RAWAN DAN TAHAN PANGAN

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 1 (2010): Maret 2010
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Abstract

The objective of the study was to analyze the correlation among intensity of food insecurity and food coping strategy with energy intake and child nutritional status. The study design was a crosectional study.  Research was conducted in Pandeglang Distric, in April - May – July 2009. A purposive sampling were applied to select 220 households. The data collected include socio economi, food coping strategy, intensity of food insequrity and, food intake. The Rank Sperman and Pearsons test were applied to analyse correlation between variable socio economic, food insecurity intensity, food coping strategy and energy intake. Logistic regression was used to analyze determinant of food insecurity intensity. Multiple regression was used to analyse determinant of energy intake. The results showed that there were significant correlatin between intensity of food insequrity with household expenditure, and food coping startegy. Determinan of food insecurity intensity were household expenditure per capita (OR=0.033) and type of food insecurity program (OR=6.664). determinan of energy intake were food insecurity intensity, household expenditure percapita and household size.

INTERVENSI DENGAN PENERAPAN KONSEP MILLENNIUM ECO-VILLAGE DAN PERUBAHAN PERILAKU KONSUMSI PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA DI DESA PETIR, KECAMATAN DRAMAGA, KABUPATEN BOGOR

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 2 (2012): Juli 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe research aimed to assess the impact of interventions to the behaviour changes of household food consumptionand to search the role of community institutions in accelerating the achievement of the millenniumeco-village. The study involved thirty households in Desa Petir, Dramaga Subdistrict, District of Bogor (15 agricultural and 15 non agricultural-households). Pre and post test method was used to analyze the behaviourchange, and focused group discussions were conducted to explore initiatives of the community group toward eco-village. The results indicated the changes of expenditure proportion for food and non food. At the agricultural households, changes are from 61.7% to 53.9%, whereas in the non agricultural household, the changes are from 59.9% to 41%. Food consumption for under five children become more diverse, nutritious, and balanced. Life Style on Clean Life and Health (PHBS) on family farmers and non farmers become better. Cooperation between community groups, local leaders, the government, and facilitators could strengthen institution to enable real action towards the millennium eco-village.Key words: food consumption, MDGs, social institutionsABSTRAKTujuan penelitian secara umum adalah untuk mengembangkan model millennium eco-village melalui intervensiprinsip eco-village. Sebanyak 30 keluarga terpilih sebagai subjek yang terdiri dari 15 keluarga petani (KP) dan 15 keluarga non-petani (KNP). Metode penelitian pre dan post digunakan untuk mengukur dampak intervensi terhadap perubahan pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat (PHBS) dan peran kelembagaan masyarakat dalam percepatan pencapaian MDGs. Hasil menunjukkan perubahan pada proporsi pengeluaran pangan dan non pangan, yakni pada KP dari 61.7% menjadi 53.9%, sedangkan pada KNP dari 59.9% menjadi 41%. Meskipun perubahan antara kedua kelompok tersebut tidak signifikan, namun terdapat peningkatandalam kesejahteraan petani. Terjadi perbaikan status gizi balita yang signifikan (p=0.009). Terjadi perubahankonsumsi pangan balita menjadi lebih Beragam, Bergizi, dan Berimbang (3B). PHBS pada KP maupun KNP menjadi lebih baik. Kerjasama antara kelompok masyarakat, pemimpin informal, pemerintah desa, dan kader desa dapat memperkuat kelembagaan sosial.Kata kunci: konsumsi pangan, MDGs, status gizi, kelembagaan sosial

MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN PETANI MENUJU KETAHANAN PANGAN KELUARGA

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 1 (2011): Maret 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the model of farmer empowerment for household food security. Research design was cross sectional, it was conducted in Lebak District on March - November 2010. The data collected was household characteristics, consumption, level of farmer empowerment, and household food security. A systematic stratified random sampling was applied to select 95 farmer households. The path analysis was applied to analyze Model of Farmer Empowerment for Household Food Security. The results showed that 42.1% of farmer household are food insecure, and most of them (52.6%) have low level of empowerment. Model of farmer empowerment for food security can be started with the development and strengthening of megapolitan environment, followed by strengthening the means of production and capital. Key words: Food security, Farmer, empowerment